新概念英语 2 第二单元单词详解
-1-
Lesson25 Do the English speak English?
  1. railway
  1) n.铁路,铁道 (Br) 铁路, 铁路 铁道(u) railroad (Am) a line of railway 一条铁路 railway station 火车站
  2) n. 轨道 (pl.) (c) E.g. The railway was opened to traffic last year. 这条铁路是去年通车的。 high level railway 高架铁路 subway tube underground metro (Am)地铁 (Br) 地铁 (Br) 地铁 (Paris)地铁
level ['lev?l]n. 水平;标准;水平 面 adj. 水平的;平坦的;同高的
rail n. 横杆、扶手、围栏、轨道 横杆、扶手、围栏、 jump the rail 出轨 stair rails 楼梯扶手 ride the rails 逃票乘火车 sit on the rails (Am) 骑墙,保持中立 骑墙, railing n.栏杆 栏杆 iron-bar railing 铁栏杆
  2. porter n. 搬运工,脚夫(在车站、机场、旅馆等处的) 搬运工,脚夫(在车站、机场、旅馆等处的) bellboy/pageboy (Am) 旅馆,俱乐部等通常穿制服的男服务员 port n. 港口、口岸 clear a port 出港 close a port 封港 reach a port / enter a port 入港 E.g. Many ships frequent the port. 许多船只常来此港。 any port in a storm. 慌不择路,穷途之策(谚)
  3. several
  1) more than three but fewer than many 一些,几个 一些, E.g. Several more people than usual came to the concert. 来音乐会的人 比平常多了几个 I repeated my question several times. 我把问题重复了几遍。
  2) 各自的,各个的(文) 各自的,各个的( E.g. Several men, several minds. 人各有志,10 个人 10 个样。 (谚)
stair [stε?]n. 楼梯,阶梯;梯级
iron ['ai?n] adj. 铁的;残酷的;刚 强的
frequent ['fri:kw?nt, fri'kwent] vt. 常到,常去;时常出入于

  4. foreigner n. 外国人 a blue-eyed foreigner 蓝眼睛的外国人
-2-
blue-eyed ['blu:,aid]adj. 蓝眼睛;
entertain foreigner 款待外国人 foreign adj.外国的,无关的,陌生的 外国的, 外国的 无关的, foreign languages 外语 foreign goods 外国货,洋货 foreign students 留学生 foreign affairs 外交事务 foreign policy 外交政策 foreign trade 外贸、对外贸易 E.g. The question is foreign to the matter in hand.这问题与处理中的事 情无关。 The subject is foreign to us. 我们对这个问题很陌生。 同义词: overseas / oversea
  1) adj.在海外的,来自海外的,侨居海外的 overseas trade 海外贸易
  2) adv. 在海外,来自海外 go overseas 到海外去 live overseas 在海外生活 adj. + er → n. strange → stranger foreign → foreigner
  5. wonder n./v
  1) n. 奇迹 the seven wonders of the world E.g. What a wonder! 真奇妙! It is a wonder that he survived the plane crash. 他从空难中幸存下来是个奇迹。 短语: 短语: and no wonder /and little wonder 不足为奇,难怪(用来强调前面的 句子) E.g. He declined our offer, and no wonder. 难怪他拒绝了我们的给予。 a nine-day wonder 一时的轰动 No wonder that …/ It is no wonder that … 难怪… E.g. No wonder you were late! 难怪你来晚了
  2)v. 感到惊奇,惊讶 ) 感到惊奇, wonder at sth E.g. We wonder at the speed of modern trains.
-3-
entertain [,ent?'tein]vt.娱乐; 招待; 怀抱;容纳 vi. 款待
affair [?'fε?] n. 事情; 事务; 私事; policy ['p?lisi] n. 政策,方针 trade [treid]n. 贸易,交易;行业 in hand 在手头;在进行中 matter ['m?t?]n.物质;原因;事件
survive [s?'vaiv]vt. 幸存;生还
decline [di'klain]vt. 谢绝;婉拒
speed [spi:d]n. 速度,速率;迅速
接宾语从句 E.g. I wonder that you weren’t killed. 真奇怪你居然没有被杀死。
  3) v. 对某事感到好奇,想知道(ask oneself question) 对某事感到好奇,想知道( ) E.g. I wonder who he is. 我想知道他是谁。 I wonder whether you can lend me $
  20. 我想知道是否你能借给我 20 美元。 wonderful adj. 令人惊奇的,绝妙的,神奇的(口) 令人惊奇的,绝妙的,神奇的( E.g. She is a wonderful mother. 她是个伟大的母亲。 She is a wonderful wife. 她是个极出色的妻子。 The weather is wonderful. 天气好极了。 The teacher is wonderful. 这个老师非常好。 The enthusiasm to study English is wonderful. 学习英语的热情是极 棒的。
enthusiasm[in'θju:zi?z?m, in'θu:-]n. 热心,热忱,热情
课文短语: arrive in 到达(大地方) arrive at 到达(小地方) get to 到达 reach vt. 到达 at last 终于,到底(强调努力的结果) in the end 表示一种结局,结果 like that 象那样 feel like doing 想要做某事
-4-
Lesson26 The best art critics
  1. art
  1) (u) 艺术、美术 艺术、 an art student 学艺术的学生 an art gallery 艺术画廊 an art critic 艺术评论家 an art lover 艺术爱好者 E.g. Art is long; life is short. 艺术长久,人生短暂(谚语) arts 文科 文科(languages, literature, history…) y Bachelor of Arts 文学学士学位 Bachelor of science 理科学士学位 bachelor’s degree 学士学位 master’s degree 硕士学位 doctor’s degree 博士学位 B.A. in English for trade 外贸英语专业的文学学士学位
  2) 技术,技巧,窍门 技术,技巧, E.g. He is good at the art of making friends. 他在交朋友方面很有技巧 arts and crafts 工艺;工艺美术 artist n. 艺术家,画家 艺术家, E.g. He is a great critic and artist. 他是著名的评论家兼画家
  2. critic n. 评论家,批评家 评论家, E.g. I’m my own critic. 我是一个严于律已的人 a music critic 音乐评论家 a theatre critic 戏曲评论家 a literary critic 文学评论家 E.g. He is famous as an art critic. 他是一个有名的艺术评论家 critical adj. 批评的,非难的,苛刻的,岌岌可危的, 疾病)危急的 批评的,非难的,苛刻的,岌岌可危的, 疾病) (疾病 ( a critical remark 批评性的评论 E.g. Why are you always so critical? 你怎么老是吹毛求疵? That teacher is too critical of his students. 那个老师对学生太苛刻 a critical situation 危急的情况 eg. He is now in a critical condition. 他现在病况危急 critically adv. 苛刻地,非难地 苛刻地, eg. She looked at my picture critically. 她苛刻地看着我的画 criticize v.批评,评论,对…挑剔 批评, 批评 评论, eg. He criticized the American film favorably. 他对那部美国影片给予好评。
-5-
bachelor['b?t??l?]n. 学士; 单身汉 degree [di'?ri:]n. 程度,等级;学 位;阶层
craft [kr?:ft, kr?ft]n. 工艺;手艺;
condition [k?n'di??n]n. 条件;情 况;环境;身分
criticize ['kriti,saiz]vt. 批评 favorably ['feiv?r?bli]adv. 顺 利 地;亲切地;好意地
She’s always criticizing her friends for being selfish. 她总是批评她的朋友们自私。 表批评的词: attack (with words) 用话语来进攻 blame 责备 condemn 严责 attack [?'t?k]n. 攻击;抨击 blame ['bleim]n. 责备;责任; condemn [k?n'dem]vt. 谴责

  3. paint
  1) n. (u)油漆 油漆 a pot of paint 一桶油漆 a pail of paint give the door two coats of paint. 给这个门刷两层油漆 eg. Wet paint! 油漆未干
  2) n. (c)绘画颜料 绘画颜料 oil paints 油画颜料
  3) v. 刷涂,油漆,涂 刷涂,油漆, paint the house blue
  4) v. 画;化妆;把(药等)涂于… 化妆; 药等)涂于… paint a picture paint a flower paint a girl paint a still life 画静物 eg. She spends several hours painting her face.她花了几个小时来化妆 paint a wound with iodine 在伤口上涂碘酒 Paint the town red. 到酒吧,夜总会寻欢作乐。 painter 画家、油漆工 画家、 a portrait painter 肖像画家
  4. pretend v. 假装
  1) pretend to do sth 假装做某事 pretend to be doing 假装正在做某事 eg. She pretended to know the answer. 她假装知道答案 The students pretended to reading books when the teacher came in. 老师进来时,学生们假装正在读书。
  2) pretend +that eg. When we rang the bell, she pretended that she was not at home. 当我们按门铃的时候,她假装她不在家。 Many people pretend that they understand modern art. Don’t pretend to know what you don’t know. 不要不懂装懂
  3) (口语 敢于…,胆敢…,厚着脸皮做… 口语) 胆敢… 厚着脸皮做… 口语 eg. I don’t pretend to be a scholar. 我不敢假装是一个学者
  4) pretended adj. 虚伪的,只是表面的 虚伪的, pretended illness 假装的病
iodine ['ai?udi:n]n. 碘;碘酒 wound [waund]n. 创伤,伤口
portrait ['p?:trit, -treit, 'p?u-]n. 肖 像;描写;半身雕塑像
scholar ['sk?l?]n. 学者
-6-

  5. pattern n.
  1) 图案,花样,式样 design 图案,花样, eg. What a pretty pattern! eg. She wore a dress with a pattern of roses on it. 她穿了一条印有玫瑰 花的裙子
  2) 模式,方式 模式, behavior pattern 行为方式 eg. The murders all seem to follow the same pattern.这些谋杀案同一手 法
  3) 模范,榜样;(adj.)模范的 模范,榜样; 模范的 eg. She is a pattern of good behavior. 她是行为的榜样 a pattern husband 模范丈夫 a pattern wife 模范妻子
  6. curtain n. 窗帘,幕布 窗帘, curtain material / curtain cloth 窗帘布 ring up the curtain 开幕 ring down the curtain 落幕、闭幕 ring up the curtain on a new football season 新的足球赛季正式开始 behind the curtain 在幕后地,秘密地 在幕后地, curtain call 要求谢幕的声音
  7. material
  1) n.(c) 材料、原料 材料、 raw materials for industry 工业原料 building materials 建筑材料 eg. He is no officer material. 他不是当官的料
  2) n. (u) 织物,面料 fabric, cloth 织物, enough material to make two dresses eg. This curtain material is very good cloth. 这个窗帘的布很好 tough cotton material 结实的棉布
  3) adj. 物质的 material gains 物质利益 material civilization 物质文明 反义词: spiritual adj. 精神的
  4) pl 工具,用具 工具, writing materials 书写工具
  8. appreciate v. 欣赏、鉴赏、感激 欣赏、鉴赏、 understand and enjoy eg. I can’t appreciate modern art.
-7-
behavior [bi'heivj?]n. 行为,举止 murder ['m?:d?]n. 谋杀,凶杀
gains [?einz]n. 收益;利益 civilization [,sivilai'zei??n, -li'z-] n. 文明;文化 spiritual ['spiritju?l, -t?u?l] dj. 精神的,心灵的
I really appreciate a good cup of tea. 有好茶一杯,我就乐在其中了 Your help was greatly appreciated. 非常感谢你的帮助。 /Thank you so much for your help. appreciation [?,pri:?i'ei??n] n.(u) 欣赏、感激 欣赏、 ? ? eg. I show no appreciation of jazz. 我对爵士乐没有欣赏能力。 Please accept this gift in appreciation of all you’ve done for us. 多蒙鼎力协助,不胜感激,谨备薄礼,敬请笑纳。
  9. notice
  1) n.布告,通知,启事 布告,通知, 布告 put up a notice put an obituary notice in the paper 在报纸上登了一则讣告 eg. He gave his secretary a month’s notice. 他提前一个月通知他的秘书 短语:
  1. take notice of 注意到,留心到(通常用于否定句) 注意到,留心到(通常用于否定句) eg. Take no notice of what others say about your way of life. 别理会别人对你的生活方式的批评 没事先通知,
  2. without notice 没事先通知,擅自 eg. He came to me without notice. 他来之前没有事先通知
  3. beneath a person’s notice 不值一顾
  2) v. 注意到,看到 注意到, notice sb do sth 注意到某人做某事 eg. Have you noticed her cry?你没有注意到她哭了吗? notice sb doing sth 注意到某人正在做某事 eg. He was noticed breaking into the door. 注意到他正在破门而入 eg. Didn’t you notice? He has dyed his hair red. 你没注意到吗?他把 头发染红了。 Sorry, I didn’t notice you. She just wants to be noticed that’s why she dresses so strangely. 她就是想引起注意,所以她穿得比较奇怪。
  10. whether conj. 是否 /if eg. Whether the weather is chilly or whether the weather is hot, we’ll weather the weather whatever the weather is. We’ll go there believe it or not. 易混淆词: weather n.天气 易混淆词: 天气 under the weather 心情不佳的,身体不适的 in all weathers 不论晴雨,不论幸与不幸 make heavy weather or sth. 大惊小怪,小题大做 weather-beaten 饱经风霜的
-8-
gift [?ift]n. 礼物;天赋;赠品
obituary [?u'bitju?ri, -t?u?-] n. 讣告
beneath [bi'ni:θ]prep. 在之下 adv. 在下方

  11. hang hang ? hung ? hung v.悬挂,吊 hang ? hanged ? hanged v. 绞死,吊死
  1) v. 悬挂,吊 悬挂, eg. I am hanging my picture on the wall. 我正在把我的画挂在墙上. / My picture is being hung on the wall. 我的画正被我挂在墙上。 eg. He hung a map of the world on the wall. Hang your coat on the hook!
  2) v. 绞死,吊死 绞死, eg. He was hanged for murder. 他因为谋杀被绞死。 She hanged herself. / She killed herself. / She committed suicide. 她自杀了。 Hang it! 见鬼!岂有此理! 短语: hang by a thread / hang by a hair 千钧一发,危在旦夕 hang round 徘徊,闲荡
  12. upside down
  1) adv. 上下颠倒地 eg. It’s upside down. 它颠倒了 /It isn’t the right way up. 它没有正确的方向 eg.
 

相关内容

新概念英语2 第二单元单词详解

   新概念英语 2 第二单元单词详解 -1- Lesson25 Do the English speak English? 1. railway 1) n.铁路,铁道 (Br) 铁路, 铁路 铁道(u) railroad (Am) a line of railway 一条铁路 railway station 火车站 2) n. 轨道 (pl.) (c) E.g. The railway was opened to traffic last year. 这条铁路是去年通车的。 high level ...

新概念英语第二册课后习题答案详解 and 单元测试答案(全)

   新概念英语第二册课后习题答案详解 Lesson 1 1. b 选 b 最为正确。因为 a. d.都与课文内容不符合,也不合乎逻辑;c.的 意思是“他们没有注意他” ,而作者的意图并不是 想让他们注意他,而是想让他们停止谈话。 所以选 b. 最能表达作者当时心里的感受。 2.c 其余 3 个答案都与原句意思不符合。 3.b 因为 a. to 不对,可以是 He went to the theatre;c. into 也不对,可以是 He went into the theatre;d. on ...

新概念英语第四册第一单元单词学习

   新概念英语第四册第一单元单词学习 新概念英语第四册第一单元单词学习 第四册 fossil man 化石人 ['f?l] recount 叙述 叙述:[,ri:'kaunt] I recounted the tale to Steve.我把故事讲给史蒂夫听。 He recounts how they often talked of politics.他讲述他们如何常常谈论政治。 He recounted to us his childhood adventures.他向我们讲述了他孩提时代的种 ...

新概念英语第四册第十九单元单词学习

   新概念英语第四册第十九单元单词学习 新概念英语第四册第 新概念英语第四册第十九单元单词学习 speculation 推测 /,spekju'lei?Yn/ ? Your speculations were all quite close to the truth.你的揣测都很接近于事实。 Speculation is a dangerous way of trying to make fortune.做投机买卖是一种很危险的谋财之 道。 engage in speculation 从事投机, ...

高中英语必修一第二单元单词句子详解笔记本

   必 修 单 词 petrol 英.汽油 = 美 gasoline ) gas 汽油.气体.煤气;毒气。 official adj 官方的.正式的.公务的 voyage n 航行.航海 conquer 征服.占领 because of 因为 native 本国的;本地的 n 本地人.本国人 come up 走近,上来.提出 apartment<美>公寓住宅.单元住宅 actually 实际上,事实上 base 根据 n 基部;基地,墓础 at present 现在;目前 gradual 逐渐的 ...

新概念英语第二册课后习题答案详解Lesson_1-96

   新概念英语第二册课后习题答案详解 Lesson 1 1. b 选 b 最为正确。因为 a. 最为正确。 d.都与课文内容不符合 , 也不合乎逻 都与课文内容不符合, 都与课文内容不符合 的意思是“ 辑 ;c.的意思是“他们没有注意他” 而作 的意思是 他们没有注意他” , 者的意图并不是想让他们注意他, 者的意图并不是想让他们注意他, 而是想让 他们停止谈话。 他们停止谈话。 所以选 b. 最能表达作者当时心里的感 受。 2.c 其余 3 个答案都与原句意思不符 . 合。 3. 因为 a. ...

新概念英语2-26

   Lesson 26 New words and expressions ☆art n.艺术 art student 艺术系的学生 English student 学英语的学生 student of England 英国学生 artist 艺术家 artiste 艺人 art gallery 艺术画廊 black art 巫术 ☆critic n.评论家 criticise v.批评,批判 criticism n.批评,批判 critical adj.挑剔的 creitically adv.爱 ...

新概念英语2-47

   lesson 47 thirsty adj 贪杯的 ghost n 鬼魂 haunt v (鬼)来访,闹鬼 block v 堵 furniture n 家具 whisky n 威士忌 suggest v 暗示 shake v (shook,shaken)摇动 accept v 接受 thirsty 渴的 i am thirsty for the book。 be thirsty for 渴望得到 ghost 强调魂 the ghost haunt 闹鬼 the ghost haunted t ...

新概念英语第二册(打印版,适合背诵)

   新概念英语第二册(打印版) Lesson 1 A private conversation 私人谈话 Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got ver ...

新概念英语第二册第1-2课.doc

   新概念英语第二册 Lesson 1 【TEXT】 A private conversation 私人谈话 Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got v ...

热门内容

2010-2011学年七年级英语下册 Unit 2单元精华课件 人教新目标版

   英语新目标七下Unit 2单 元精华课件 Is there a … in the neighborhood? Yes, there is. It’s on…. / No, there isn’t. garden park restaurant hotel post office bridge bank library hospital pay phone airport supermarket road street avenue highway 1a post office f a lib ...

宾馆英语

   HOTEL IN EGYPT Reserving a Room 1、Have you got any vacancies for the nights of 22th? 2、Do you have available room? 3、What’s the rate, please? 4、How much do you charge for a double room? 5、What services come with that? 6、Is there a special rate for ...

高中英语各类作文例文

   应聘信:某中外合资企业在英文报纸上刊登一则广告,招聘一名秘书.基本条件如下: 应聘信 1,年龄不超过 25 岁,未婚(unmarried ) 2,身体健康, 男性身高 1.70 米以上,女性 1.60 米以上. 3,有较好的英语基础,英语口语能力强者优先录用. 4,擅长写作,具有从事文秘工作的能力. 假设你是王强,看了广告后想求此职,请用英语写一封求职信,针对招聘条件介绍自己的情 况. August 18, 2001 Dear Miss Green, I am so glad to lear ...

1--4激情晨读英语美文

   [ti:] [ar:] [al:] [by:] [00:05.57]Chapter One Human Life Like a Poem [00:09.07]I think that, from a biological standpoint, [00:13.89]human life almost reads like a poem. [00:16.95]It has its own rhythm and beat, [00:20.12]its internal cycles of gro ...

1994 年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案

   1994 年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案 part Ⅰ: Section A 1. y time arrive London, e in B the you in w Europe two for weeks. A. hall tay have s s B. stayed will ave C. h stayed have staying D. been 2.appreciated I opportunity study the to abroad years two ago. ...