Do the English speak English? 英国人讲的是英语吗? 【New words and expressions】 生词和短语 ★railway n. 铁路 railroad:铁路 railway/railroad station:火车站 ★porter n. 搬运工 ★several quantifier 几个 some:一些,即可以修饰可数,又可以修饰不可数 several:只能修饰可数=a number of(一些) a great number of:大量的 some time:一段时间 some time age sometime: 某时 I will defeat you sometime. sometimes:有时,偶尔 some times:不存在这种说法 several times:许多次 ★foreigner n. 外国人 ★wonder v. 感到奇怪 wonder n. 奇观 wonderful 极好的 It's a wonder. seven wonders wonder at sth. 对...事情感奇怪 I wonder at this. wonder:want to know:想要知道 I wonder 间接引语的疑问句:一般疑问句用 if 引导,特殊疑问句用特殊疑问词引导 wonder+if:是否 wonder+特殊疑问词 I wonder if you have any spare time. I wonder what time it is 所有的从句都用陈述句的句序,陈述句句序:主语在动词前面 I wonder why you are late. I wonder where you are going. I wondered where you were going. Could you tell me how to get to? I wondered how to get there. no wonder:难怪 wonder n.:奇观 wonderful:极好的 wonder v.感到奇怪,wonder at
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wonder:want to know:想知道 I wonder if you have friend. I wonder how many friend you have. Why does the writer not understand the porter? I arrived in London at last. The railway station was big, black and dark. I did not know the way to my hotel, so I asked a porter. I not only spoke English very carefully, but very clearly as well. The porter, however, could not understand me. I repeated my question several times and at last he understood. he answered me, but he spoke neither slowly nor clearly. 'I am a foreigner,' I said. Then he spoke slowly, but I could not understand him. My teacher never spoke English like that! The porter and I looked at each other and smiled. Then he said something and I understood it. 'You'll soon learn English!' he said. I wonder. In England, each person speaks a different language. The English understand each other, but I don't understand them! Do they speak English? 参考译文 我终于到了伦敦。火车站很大,又黑又暗。我不知道去饭店的路该怎么走, 于是向一个搬运工打听。我的英语讲得不但非常认真,而且咬 字也非常清楚。然而搬运工却不明白我的话。我把问话重复了很多遍。他终于听 懂了。他回答了,但他讲得既不慢也不清楚。“我是个外国人 ,”我说。于是他说得慢了,可我还是听不懂。我的老师从来不那样讲英语!我 和搬运工相视一笑。接着,他说了点什么,这回我听懂了。“ 您会很快学会英语的!”他说。我感到奇怪。在英国,人们各自说着一种不同的 语言。英国人之间相互听得懂,可我却不懂他们的话!他们说的是英语吗? Lesson 26 The best art critics 最佳艺术评论家 【New words and expressions】 生词和短语 ★art n. 艺术 art student 艺术系的学生 English student 学英语的学生 student of England 英国学生 artist 艺术家 artiste 艺人 art gallery 艺术画廊 black art 巫术 ★critic n. 评论家 criticise v. 批评,批判 criticism n. 批评,批判 critical adj. 挑剔的
critically adv. 爱挑剔的 He criticised my painting. You are critical. ★paint v. 画 draw a picture 用线条画 paint a picture 强调油画 painting oil painting Chinese painting 中国国画 Beijing opera 国戏,京剧 ★pretend v. 假装 pretend to do something When his mother came in,the baby pretended to go to sleep. pretend that... ★pattern n. 图案 pattern drills pattern 模式,典范 ★curtain n. 窗帘,幕布 ★material n. 材料 listening material 听力材料 ★appreciate v. 鉴赏 enjoy 欣赏 enjoy the music I like poems. I love... I enjoy...得到乐趣 I appreciate... 程度一个比一个深 appreciate something appreciate doing sth I appreciate your help. 我很感激你的帮助 ★notice v. 注意到 pay attention to 思想上的注意 I notice the boy. 细节上的注意 I notice the beauty spot. ★whether conj. 是否 If 在表示是否的时候可以被 whether 所取代 If 在表示如果的时候不可以用 whether 取代 If it will rain... Whether it will rain... Whether it will rain or not... I wondered if it will rain.
Whether he is mad or not. ★hang v. 悬挂,吊 hang hanged hanged 绞死 hang hung hung 悬挂 The thief was hanged. The coat was hung. ★critically adv. 批评地 ★upside down 上下颠倒地 两个同样的发音连在一起时,前边的音省去不读 Who is the student's best critic? I am an art student and I paint a lot of pictures. Many people pretend that they understand modern art. They always tell you what a picture is 'about'. Of course, many pictures are not 'about' anything. They are just pretty patterns. We like them in the same way that we like pretty curtain material. I think that young children often appreciate modern pictures better than anyone else. They notice more. My sister is only seven, but she always tells me whether my pictures are good or not. She came into my room yesterday. 'What are you doing?' she asked. 'I'm hanging this picture on the wall,' I answered. 'It's a new one. Do you like it?' She looked at it critically for a moment. 'It's all right,' she said, 'but isn't it upside down?' I looked at it again. She was right! It was! 参考译文 我是个学艺术的学生,画了很多画。有很多人装成很懂现代艺术的样子,总 是告诉你一幅画的“意思”是什么。当然,有很多画是什么“意思”也没有的。它们 就是些好看的图案,我们喜爱它们就像我们喜欢漂亮的窗帘布一样。我觉得小孩 子们往往比任何人都更能欣赏现代绘画,他们观察到的东西更多。我的妹妹只有 7 岁,但她总能说出我的画是好还是坏。昨天她到我房里来了。 Lesson 27 A wet night 雨夜 【New words and expressions】 生词和短语 ★tent n. 帐篷 ★field n. 田地,田野 airfield 飞机场(介词用 on) in the field in one's field 在...领域 He is an expert in his field. football field 足球场地 ★smell v. 闻起来 smell 作半联系动词,接表语,接形容词 The food smelt good.
感官动词 You look fine. You look better. You look beautiful. taste 尝起来 The food smelt good,and it tasted better. sound 听起来 look taste sound smell feel feel;⑴感到 I feel ill. ⑵用手的感受,The blackbroad felt cold. ★wonderful adj. 极好的 Great ! Excellent ! brilliant fantastic She is an excellent teacher. outstanding ★campfire n. 营火,篝火 fire 可数也不可数 ★creep v. 爬行 climb the tree. climb up or down crawl / The baby is crawling on the floor. creep out 蹑手蹑脚 climb crawl creep ★sleeping bag 睡袋 passing plane 正在路过的飞机 动词加 ing 变成形容词作定语有二个意思: ⑴ 正在... ⑵ 用来做... sleeping bag/sleeping dog listening material walking stick 拐杖 ★comfortable adj. 舒适的,安逸的 ★soundly adv. 香甜地 sleep soundly go to beg/go to sleep/fall asleep 坠入梦乡/sleep well/sleep deeply fast/fall fast asleep ★leap v. 跳跃,跳起 leap/jump jump up and down 原地跳跃 leap 跳跃,有距离 skip Let us skip it? Look before you leap.三思而后行 leap year/month 闰年/月 ★heavily adv. 大量地
rain/snow heavily He smokes heavily. smoke heavily ★stream n. 小溪 ★form v. 形成 ★wind v. 蜿蜒 wind one's way 蜿蜒而行 The road winds its way. ★right adv. 正好 强调作用 right 做副词时强调后边的形容词,副词,介词短语,不强调动词 用 just 来替换 just like/just as 后边加代词时只能用 just. just you Right here. Right here waiting for you. in the garden I found my lost watch right in the graden. What happened to the boys in the night? Late in the afternoon, the boys put up their tent in the middle of a field. As soon as this was done, they cooked a meal over an open fire. They were all hungry and the food smelled good. After a wonderful meal, they told stories and sang songs by the campfire. But some time later it began to rain. The boys felt tired so they put out the fire and crept into their tent. Their sleeping bags were warm and comfortable, so they all slept soundly. In the middle of the night, two boys woke up and began shouting. The tent was full of water! They all leapt out of their sleeping bags and hurried outside. It was raining heavily and they found that a stream had formed in the field. The stream wound its way across the field and then flowed right under their tent! 参考译文 傍晚时分,孩子们在田野中央搭起了帐篷。这件事刚刚做完,他们就在篝火 上烧起了饭。他们全都饿了,饭菜散发出阵阵香味。他们美美地吃了一顿饭后, 就围在营火旁讲起了故事,唱起了歌。但过了一阵子。天下起雨来,于是他们扑 灭了篝火,钻进了帐篷。睡袋既暖和又舒服,所以,他们都睡得很香。午夜前后, 有两个孩子醒了,大声叫了起来。原来帐篷里到处都是水!他们全都跳出睡袋, 跑到外面。雨下得很大,他们发现地上已经形成了一条小溪。那小溪弯弯曲曲穿 过田野,然后正好从他们的帐篷底下流过去。 Lesson 28 No parking
禁止停车 【New words and expressions】 生词和短语 ★rare adj. 罕见的 rare animal 稀有动物 rare bird 珍稀鸟类 rare illness 疑难杂症 scarce 少有的 Watermelon is scarce in winter. coconut 椰子 steak 牛排 well done 全熟 medium 半生半熟的 rare 几乎是生的 ★ancient adj. 古代的,古老的 ancient Egypt 古埃及 antique 古董,古老而有价值的 ★myth n. 神话故事 fairy 神仙故事 ★trouble n. 麻烦 woman/man troubles child troubles never trouble troubles until troubles trouble you 永远不要自寻烦恼 Let sleeping dog lie. 不要自找麻烦。 ask for trouble He is asking for trouble. I'm sorry to put you in trouble. 我很抱歉给你带来麻烦(口语) have trouble in doing sth I have trouble (in) parking the car. I have a lot of trouble parking the car. ★effect n. 结果,效果 have an effect 有效果 have no effect 没有效果 have effect on 对...有效果 The advice has no effect on me. ★Medusa n. 美杜莎(古希腊神话中 3 位蛇发女怪这一) ★Gorgon n. (古希腊神话中的)3 位蛇发女怪这一(凡见其貌者都会变成石 头) What is Jasper White's problem? Jasper White is one of those rare people who believes in ancient myths. he has just bought a new house in the city, but ever since he moved in, he has
had trouble with cars and their owners. When he returns home at night, he always finds that someone has parked a car outside his gate. Because of this, he has not been able to get his own car into his garage even once. Jasper has put up 'No Parking' signs outside his gate, but these have not had any effect. Now he has put an ugly stone head over the gate. It is one of the ugliest faces I have ever seen. I asked him what it was and he told me that it was Medusa, the Gorgon. jasper hopes that she will turn cars and their owners to stone. But none of them has been turned to stone yet! 参考译文 贾斯珀.怀特是少有的相信古代神话的人之一。他刚在城里买下一所新房子, 但自从搬进去后,就和汽车及车主们发生了磨擦。当他夜里回到家时,总是发现 有人把车停在他家大门外。为此,他甚至一次也没能把自己的车开进车库。贾斯 珀曾把几块“禁止停车”的牌子挂在大门外边,但没有任何效果。现在他把一个丑 陋的石雕头像放在了大门上边,这是我见过的最丑陋的头像之一。我问他那是什 么?他告诉我那是蛇发女怪美杜莎。贾斯珀希望她把汽车和车主们都变成石头。 但到目前为止还没有一个变成石头呢! Lesson 29 Taxi! 出租汽车 First listen and then answer the question. 听录音,然后回答以下问题。 Does Captain Fawcett think any trip is too dangerous? 【New words and expressions】 生词和短语 ★taxi n. 出租汽车 taxi driver 出租车司机 take a taxi/take a bus/take a lift Whose plane landed in the field ★Pilatus Porter ★land v. 着陆 ★plough v. 耕地 plough .n. 梨 farm 农田 ★lonely adj. 偏僻的,人迹罕见的 lonely (人) 孤独的/cold fish She felt lonely 感到,主观 She is alone. 事实,客观 Home alone ★Welsh adj. ★roof n. 楼顶 ceiling 天花板
raise the roof v. 喧闹,大声抱怨 hit the ceiling [美口] 勃然大怒,暴跳如雷 ★block n. 块,一座大楼 a block of flats 公寓楼 office block 办公楼 ★flat n. 公寓房 apartment 公寓 a block of apartments ★desert v. 废弃 desert the house = let the room empty desert .n. 沙漠 Captain Ben Fawcett has bought an unusual taxi and has begun a new service. The 'taxi' is a small Swiss aeroplane called a 'Pilatus Porter'. This wonderful plane can carry seven passengers. The most surprising thing about it, however, is that it can land anywhere: on snow, water, or even on a ploughed field. Captain Fawcett's first passenger was a doctor who flew from Birmi
 

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