Lesson 1 A private conversation
私人谈话
Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. 'I can't hear a word!' I said angrily. 'It's none of your business,' the young man
said rudely. 'This is a
private conversation! Notes:【NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS】生词和短语
★private
adj.私人的
it's my private letter/house ;private school:私立学校 public:公众的,公开的 public school ; public letter 公开信 ;public place :公共场所 privacy:隐私 it's a privacy. adj.
《Private Ryan》 private soldier:大兵 private citizen 普通公民 private life:私生活
★conversation n.谈话 subject of conversation:话题 talk.可以正式,也可以私人的 conversation. 比较正式一些 let's have a talk They are having a conversation. conversation 用的时候比 talk 正式,意思上往往不非常正式. talk: 可正式可不正式 dialogue:对话 China and Korea are having a dialogue. 正式 chat: 闲聊 gossip:嚼舌头 have a + talk/chat/dialogue/conversation/gossip 名词变动词
★theatre
n.剧场,戏剧
cinema: 电影院
★seat
n.座位
have a good seat(place) take a seat : 座下来,就座 take your seat/take a seat Is the seat taken? 这个座位有人吗?no/yes sit sit down ,please seat take your seat,please be seated,please 更为礼貌 seat 是及物动词,后面有宾语 sit 是不及物动词,后面不加宾语 seat 后面会加人; seat sb; seat him; seat:让某人就座 sit he is sitting there.
you seat him;
〖语法精粹〗
  4.When all those present(到场者)_D_ he began his lecture.(重点题) A.sit B.set C.seated D.were seaed
sit,sit down; seat,be seated;take a seat ★play
n.戏
★loudly adv. 大声的 ★angry adj. 生气的 cross=angry ; I was angry.He was cross.
annoyed: 恼火的; I was annoyed. I was angry/cross. I was very angry. be blue in the face; I am blue in the face.
★angrily adv. 生气的 副词修饰动词 ★attention n. 注意 Attention ,please. 请注意 pay attention :注意 pay attention to : 对什么注意 You must pay attention to that gril. pay a little attention :稍加注意 pay much attention :多加注意 pay more attention :更多注意 pay no attention :不用注意
★bear(bore,borne) v. 容忍 bear,stand I can't bear/stand you endure :忍受,容忍 put up with :忍受 I got divorced.I could not put up with him bear/stand/endure 忍受的极限在加大 put up with=bear=stand bear n.熊 white bear bear hog :热情(热烈)的拥抱 give sb a bear hug ★Business n. 事 Business man :生意人 do Business: 做生意 go to some place on Business:因公出差 I went to Tianjin on Business. thing 可以指事情,也可以指东西 It's my Business 私人事情 it's none of your Business
★rudely adv. 无礼地,粗鲁地
rude adj.
【TEXT】 Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. "I can't hear a word!" I said angrily. "It's none of your Business," the young man said rudely. "This is a private conversation!" 参考译文 上星期我去看戏.我的座位很好,戏很有意思,但我却无法欣赏.一青年男子与一青 年女子坐在我的身后,大声地说着话.我非常生气,因为我听不见演员在说什么.我回过头去 怒视着那一男一女,他们却毫不理会.最后,我忍不住了,又一次回过头去,生气地说:"我 一个字也听不见了!" "不关你的事,"那男的毫不客气地说,"这是私人间的谈话!"
【课文讲解】 Last week go to the theatre see a film,go to the cinema go to the +地点 表示去某地干嘛 go to the doctor's 去看病 go to the dairy 去牛奶店 go to the + 人 + 's 表示去这个人开的店 go to the butcher's 买肉 go to school: 去上学 go to church: 去做礼拜 go to hospital(医院):去看病 go to the Great Wall go home; 跟 Home 相连一定表示没有事情可做,回家休息 I am at Home
enjoy, enjoy oneself:玩的开心 enjoy+sth :喜欢,从当中得到一种享受 I like something very much./I love something. I enjoy the class. I enjoy the music. I enjoy the book. enjoy the dinner/film/progeam/game were sitting :当时正座在 过去进行时态 :过去的某个时间正在发生的动作 一个故事的背景往往用进行时态描述 I+be+v(ing) The girl was reading a book in the garden.A boy came to her. got :变得,表示一种变化,got angry I am/was angry 是一个事实 I got angry:强调变化过程 It is hot. It got hot. got 取代 be 动词,got 是一个半联系动词,可以直接加形容词 说话的时候喜欢用缩略.I'm not,he isn't,they aren't 写的时候会说:I am not,he is not,they are not I didn't do sth,I did not do sth hear:听见 hear+人:听见某人的话 I could not hear you.Beg your pardon? I couldn't hear you./I couldn't hear a word./I couldn't catch your word. I couldn't hear you clearly./I couldn't catch your words. Beg your pardon? /I couldn't catch your words. turn round:转头 pay any attention 表示注意,pay attention; 对什么加以注意,pay attention to sth not any=no I could not bear it./you./the noise. I can't hear a word. 美音:肯定 .I can,否定,I can't,只能根据上下文来定
hear a word, a word 等于一句话 He didn't say a word. May I speak to Jim?/May I have a word with Jim? It's none of your business./None of your business/It's my Business. I couldn't bear you. This is private conversation! private :私人的,不想与别人共享 I can't hear a word. hear a word of sb (actors) : 关键句型
Key stuctures
Summary writing : 摘要写作 answer this questions in not more than 55 words. 写作当中的第一步从完整句子开始写起
【KEY STUCTURES】 关键句型 Word order in simple statements: 简单陈述句的语序 陈述句一定是有主语,有动词,有宾语,有句号 看教材第 2 页 6 when? 1 Who? Which? What? Last week 1 主语一般有名词或代词构成 2 谓语由动词充当 3 宾语 4 副词或介词短语,对方式或状态提问,往往做状语 I like her very much 5 地点状语 6 时间状语可以放在句首或句末 I like the girl very much in Beijing last year. 简单陈述句一定不能少的是主语
  6. Immediately left he. He left immediately. 2 Action 3 Who? Which? What? 4 How? 5 6 Where? When?

  13. The little boy; an apple; this morning; ate greedily; in the Kitchen. The little boy ate an apple greedily in the Kitchen this morning. 4 game; played; yesterday; in their room; the children; quietly
The children played games quietly in their room yesterday. 主语??>动词??>宾语??>状语 状语: 放在最前面是副词,方式状语,表示状态/程度的状语,下面是地点,然后是时间
  1.主语和动词不能少
  2.如果时间和地点连在一起,先放地点,再放时间 如果问何时何地,是一个固定搭配 when and where
【Multiple choice questions】多项选择题 Comprehension 理解 Strucures Vocabulary 句型 词汇
(
  1)...b... "They did not pay any attention" pay attention: 注意(在思想上) notice: 注意(=see 眼睛看)
(
  4)... sitting behind behind: 在...后面
in front of :在...前面 (相对静止的概念) before : above: ahead of: 在...前面 (+词,句子,一定和时间相连) 在...上面 在...前面 (+时间,位置)(动态的行为)
He arrived before six o'clock. Before he came back Ahead of time He goes ahead of me.
(
  5) ...c... how ??对一个方式,状态提问 特殊疑问词对后面的答案提问 angry(adj) how(adv.)??对形容词,副词,介词短语提问 where when why ??用介词,地点 ??用介词,时间 ??用 because 回答
(
  7) ...d... any??用在否定句和疑问句中 some??用在肯定句中 none??没有任何东西,没有任何人 None knows./None of us knows. not any=no not??否定词,要放在非实义动词后面 He didn't pay attention no??形容词,修饰名词 I don't have any friends./I have no friends. I have no time./I don't have any time.
(
  11)... suffer:遭受,忍受 (精神或肉体上)+痛苦 bear: 忍受=stand I suffer the headache. He often suffers defeat.
Lesson 2 Breakfast or lunch? 早餐还是午餐? 早餐还是午餐?
It was Sunday. I never get up early on Sundays. I sometimes stay in bed until lunchtime. Last Sunday I got up very late. I looked out of
the window. It was dark outside. 'What a day!' I thought. 'It's
raining again.' Just then, the telephone rang. It was my aunt Lucy. 'I've just arrived by train,' she said. 'I'm coming to see you.'But I'm still having breakfast,' I said.'What are you doing?' she asked.'I'm having breakfast,' I repeated.'Dear me,' she said. 'Do you always get up so late? It's one o'clock!'
【NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS】
★until 直到...才; 直到...为止
prep.直到
后面加(时间状语)从句,前面就是主句
  1) His father didn't die until he came back. (肯定) 直到他回来,他爸爸才死.
  2) His father was alive until he came back. (否定) 直到他回来为止,他爸爸都是活着的. 到他回来这一点之前,没死 : not die; 活的 : 不加 not. 把 until 作为时间终止线 从句的时间终点之前,这个动作做了还是没做? 做了??肯定; 没做??否定. For he A(C)(wait) until it stopped raining. A. waited B.left B.didn't wait C.didn't leave A.leave
I stay in bed until twelve o'clock. I didn't get up until 12 o'clock. ★outside 作状语 He is waiting for me outside. It is cold outsid. ★ring(rang.rung) adv. 外面
v.(铃,电话等)响 (刺耳的)
The telephone(door bell) is ringing.
jingle(bell): (铃儿) 响叮当 给某人打电话 : ring sb. Tomorrow I'll ring you. 打电话(名) : give sb. a ring remmember to ring me/reember to give me a ring 戒指(名词)
★aunt uncle: 叔叔 cousin: 堂兄妹 nephew: 外甥 niece: 外甥女
n.姑,姨,婶,舅妈
★repeat v.重复
【TEXT】 It was Sunday. I never get up early on Sundays. I sometimes stay in bed until lunchtime. Last Sunday I got up very late. I looked out of the window. It was dark outside. 'What a day!' I thought. 'It's raining again.' Just then, the telephone rang. It was my aunt Lucy. 'I've just arrived by train,' she said. 'I'm coming to see you.' 'But I'm still having breakfast,' I said. 'What are you doing?' she asked. 'I'm having breakfast,' I repeated. 'Dear me,' she said. 'Do you always get up so late? It's one o'clock!' New words and expressions 生词和短语 until prep. 直到 outside adv. 外面 ring v. (铃,电话等)响 aunt n. 姑,姨,婶,舅母 repeat v. 重复
参考译文
那是个星期天,而在星期天我是从来不早起的,有时我要一直躺到吃午饭的时候.上 个星期天,我起得很晚.我望望窗外,外面一片昏暗."鬼天气!"我想,"又下雨了."正在这 时,电话铃响了.是我姑母露西打来的."我刚下火车,"她说,"我这就来看你." "但我还在吃早饭,"我说. "你在干什么?"她问道. "我正在吃早饭,"我又说了一遍. "天啊,"她说,"你总是起得这么晚吗?现在已经 1 点钟了!"
【课文讲解】 On Sundays: 所有的星期天,每逢星期天 never: 从来不 (可以直接用在动词前面) =not (变成否定句,前面一定要加助动词) I don't like her.=I never like her. 因为是上个星期,所以时态不是一般现在时. look out of :朝窗外看 从...里:from,out of dark: 天很黑 What a day? What + a + n.??感叹句 It is terrible day.==> What a terrible day! What+a/an (+a.)+n.(+主语+谓语) What a terrible day! what a good girl (she is)! What a day! 有上下文和一定的语境,才能省略形容词. just then: 就在那时 如果不知道对方性别,可以用 it 取代 Who are you?/Who is it ? just 只会出现在"现在完成时" by train by 直接加交通工具(不能有任何修饰词,复数) I go out by bus/on two buses. 如果加修饰词,就要换掉 by
I'm coming to see you. 我将要来看你. 用 come 的现在进行时态 be coming 表示一般将来 go,come leave,arrive,land,meet,die,start,return,join... Dear me:天哪 My god! My dear! 【Key structures】 关键句型
Now,often and Always 表示现在和经常发生的动作 Now??现在进行时(说话的当时正在发生,现阶段正在发生) Often ad Always??一般现在时 "现阶段" I am working as a teacher. I do.../he does... I get up... 一般现在时,是一种习惯,真理,是过去,现在和未来都会发生的事情. 现在还在睡觉 He is still sleeping. 频率副词往往放在句子中间,实义动词前,非实义动词后 非实义动词:
  1.系动词(be)
  2.助动词帮助动词构成时态的(do,does,will,shall,have,had,has)
  3.情态动词:(must,can,may) p4 Exercises
  1.are playing; "always" play; is kicking"now"; is running
  2.are you doing; am leaving; (用进行时态表达将来时:go,come.leave,arrive join,return,die,land,meet) "别人用什么时态,你就用什么
 

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