piano
clavichord
Lesson 10 Not for jazz
Made by Helen
Passive voice: 被动语态
结构: 结构 be (am, is, are, was, were) + P.P(动词 动词 过去分词) 过去分词 e.g.: Bill每天吃一个苹果 每天吃一个苹果. 每天吃一个苹果 Bill eats an apple every day. e.g.:苹果被 苹果被Bill吃了 吃了. 苹果被 吃了 The apple is eaten by Bill. e.g.: 这本书是 这本书是1995年买的 年买的. 年买的 The book was bought in 19
  95. e.g.:我的钱昨天被偷了 我的钱昨天被偷了. 我的钱昨天被偷了 My money was stolen yesterday.
e.g.: 这个被叫做 这个被叫做Marker笔. 笔 This is called a Marker pen. 动词作及物动词用(后可接宾语 后可接宾语)时才能构成被动 动词作及物动词用 后可接宾语 时才能构成被动 语态.如果要说明是什么人或什么东西做了某事 如果要说明是什么人或什么东西做了某事, 语态 如果要说明是什么人或什么东西做了某事 行为主体”结构: 则用 “by + 行为主体”结构 e.g.: 那张桌子是我爷爷做的 那张桌子是我爷爷做的. That desk/ table was made by my grandfather.. “行为主体”也可以不表示出来 行为主体” 行为主体 也可以不表示出来: e.g.: 这架钢琴是英国造的. 这架钢琴是英国造的 The piano was made in England.
e.g.:这辆车是上星期修的 这辆车是上星期修的. 这辆车是上星期修的 The car was repaired last week. Change the following sentences into passive:
  1. William cooked the food yesterday. The food was cooked by William yeaterday.
  2. A friend of my father’s is repairing the instrument. The instrument is being repaired by a friend of my father’s.

  3. We keep our clavichord in our living room. The clavichord is kept in our living room.
  4. A visitor damaged it. It was damaged by a visitor.
Phrases
belong to: 属于 e.g.: 这本书属于我 这本书属于我. This book belongs to me. e.g.: 这个名字属于我已经 年了 这个名字属于我已经12年了 年了. The name has belonged to me for 12 years.
allow sb. to do sth: 允许某人做某事 sb. be allowed to do sth. e.g.: Jane被允许每天只能吃一个 被允许每天只能吃一个 苹果. 苹果 Jane is allowed to eat one apple every day. e.g.: 我们不能 不被允许 大声说话 我们不能(不被允许 大声说话. 不被允许)大声说话 We are not allowed to speak loudly.
Listen and answer:
① We have an old musical instrument: ④Our clavichord is kept in the living room. . ②It is called a clavichord.
③It was made in Germany in 16
  81.
①we have ④ kept ② called
③ made
has belonged ①It has belonged
to our family for
a long time. bought ②The instrument was bought by my grandfather for many years.
She tried to play jazz on it!
She stuck the keys too hard that two of the ② strings were broken.
③struck the keys ⑤ my father
My father was shocked.
④ two of strings
① a visitor
Recently it was damaged by a visitor.
Now, we are not allowed to touch it . It is being repaired by a friend of my father’s. .
a friend of my father’s
② ⑤ my father ③struck the keys
④ two of strings
① the visitor
Answer questions:
What kind of instrument do we have? We have an old musical instrument. What’s it called? It is called clavichord. Where and when was it made? It was made in Germany in 16
  81. Where is our clavichord kept? Our clavichord is kept in the living room.
How long has it belonged to our family? It has belonged to our family for a long time. Who damaged it? It was damaged by a visitor. How did she strike the keys? She struck the keys too hard. How many strings were broken? Two of strings were broken. Who was shocked? My father was shocked
Word study
相关的几个介词: 与made相关的几个介词: 相关的几个介词
  1. made in: 可表示产地或时间 This bike was made in China. 这辆自行车是中国造的。 这辆自行车是中国造的。 It was made in 19
  88. 它生产于1988年。 它生产于 年
  2. made of: 表示某种材料制成(通常指制造后 表示某种材料制成( 不改变该材料原来的性质或形状): 不改变该材料原来的性质或形状):
This chair is made of wood. 这椅子是木制的。 这椅子是木制的。
  3. made from: 表示用数种材料制成,或者是制 表示用数种材料制成, 造后改变了材料原来的性质或形状: 造后改变了材料原来的性质或形状: Paper can be made from wood. 用木材可以造纸。 用木材可以造纸。
  4. made by:表示由谁制造: 表示由谁制造: 表示由谁制造 This scarf was made by Helen. 这条围巾是Helen做的。 这条围巾是 做的。 做的
 

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