11.sth be in/under the possession Sth belong to sb of sb Sb be in/under possession of sth Sb own sth. 这房子是我叔叔拥有的。 This house is in the possession of my uncle. My uncle is in possession of the house

  6.Where did the hunt for the puma begin?
  7.Why did they begin to hunt at that particular place?
  8.Did the puma attack human being?
  9.Why were the experts finally convinced that animal was a puma?
  10.Did they know where it was from?
  11.Why did the experts believe the puma must have belonged to a private collector?
Lesson one 课后习题
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
  1. D A 只是一个具体的特定的事例,阅读理 解题的时候要把握中心大意 B large cat 关键性用词
  2. B
  3. C
  4.makemake sb. do, be made to do 主动语态中不定式to的符号应该省略 被 动语态中不定式to的符号必须补充完整 5D 把say改成claimPeople claimed to have seen the puma.
  6.B 与原句中的when意思要一致,when引 导的时间状语从句表示一 结构形式和as soon as 相一致的 如果用主动: On observing her, it immediately ran away. On seeing me, he waved to me. ? ? ? ?
  7. D 原句中unlesif…not / except on the condition thatwhen=if except可以和名词/名词性从句进行搭配, 也可以是when / if 引导的从句形式。
  8. D must be 只是对客观现实的推测, 时态不一致 情态动词表达推测的语意 概念时,对于过去事实推测一定要用于 情态动词have以及过去分词形式进行搭 配。 9 C no more than = only within = not more than 10 B .in a corner 表示处于困境、尴尬 的境地 in a trap 表示落于陷阱中 at an angle 表示弯曲的、不直的 11 fishes for pleasure 钓鱼为了游玩
  12、 A .on his own = alone C选项是秘密的, D选项是不为总人所知的。不符合语义。
? ? ?
Lesson2 thirteen equals one
? Learning objectives:
  1、However的用法;
  2、掌握used 的基本用法;
  3、了解强调句型的结构;
  4、介词in 用法总结。
?
Lesson 2 Thirteen equals one
vicar. 'You've probably woken up everyone in the village as well. Still, I'm glad the bell is working again.' ? 'That's the trouble, vicar,' answered Bill. 'It's working all right, but I'm afraid that at one o'clock it will strike thirteen times and there's nothing I can do about it.' ? 'We'll get used to that, Bill,' said the vicar. 'Thirteen is not as good as one, but it's better than nothing. Now let's go downstairs and have a cup of tea.'
?
However的用法 However的用法
? however 用于口语,主要用于句首,作文中,最 好用在句中、句尾,翻译时放在句首,要用逗号 分隔开来 ? He said that it was so, he was mistake, however. ? or: He said that it was so, however, he was mistake. ? I know his story, however, I wouldn’t like to tell you. ? however 可用nevertheless nonetheless 替换

  2、掌握used 的基本用法 、掌握used
? “Uesd to +动词不定式”这一结构只有过去 式,指过去的习惯和状态。如果我们说某 人used to do sth。意思是不久以前他习惯 于做某事,但现在已经不做了。 ?
  1.在疑问句里可把used放在主语前面,作 用相当于助动词。如: used to come by train?

  2、掌握used 的基本用法 、掌握used
? 在否定句里有以下几种形式: he used not to come by train?(主要用在 文字里) he usedn’t to come by train? he didn’t use to come by train? (以上三例主要用在谈话里)

  2、掌握used 的基本用法 、掌握used
? 注意:
  1. be used to do sth (=be employed to do sth)被用来做… the basin is used to bathe.这个盆子是用来洗 澡的。
  2. be used to do sth. (=be accustomed to doing)习惯于… he has been used to getting up early.他已经 习惯用于早起了。

  2、掌握used 的基本用法 、掌握used
也可以说主要用在文字里,第二句主要用在 谈话里。 在否定的疑问句里有以下四种形式: Used he not to come by train?(主要用在文字 里) Usedn’t he to come by train? Didn’t he use to come by train?

  4、介词in 用法总结 、介词in
?
? ? ? ? ?

  1.prep 表达惊奇,恐惧,失望或生气等感情色彩的名词搭配连用, 在句中起状语的作用 in surprise; in astonishment; in alarm; in embarrassment; in amazement; in despair; in dismay; in anger; in disappointment
  2.prep表达以、用: 用于语言,书写材料,色彩或声音等方面 in English; in pencil; in ink; in a few words; in such a high voice; in oil; in red; in code 3,用于状态、情况或处境 in trouble; in difficulty; in bed; in a hurry; in debt; in love with sb; in tears; in good order; in good repair; in good health; in por health; in the bad mood; in the good mood; in haste; in a favor of excitement; in poverty; in luxury

  3、了解强调句型的结构
? you certainly did give me a surprise。这句话是强调句。 ? 肯定句中常用do, did, does 加强语气和情感色彩,一定要位 于动词原形之前。 ? Eg: You do like beauty today. ? 英语中另一个强调句型结构为:it’s+被强调部分+that\who it’s+ +that\who (m)+其他. m + . 例如:It’s Lucy who solved the problem. It’s on the Thursday that I have class for you .
Exercise: Exercise:
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? very quickly = in a hurry eventually = in the end (eventually adv.最后, 终于) be seen = in sight with a pen = in ink / with a pencil = in pencil which they share = in common (share v.共享) crying = in tears Multiple choice questions 多项选择
  1... D in order adv.整齐, 状况良好, 适宜 out of order adv.次序颠倒, 不整齐, 状态不好 (= was damaged)
  2... B
  3... C 为…表示感谢:be grateful for… / be thankful for… 不辞辛劳地做某事:take the trouble to do sth.
  4... B in the past 是过去时态的标志;always用在实 意动词之前
  5... D stroke n.击, 敲, 报时的钟声 强调句式结构:It was not until...that... ? 直到…才… -- It was not until midnight that snow stopped. ? 直到 半夜, 雪才停了。 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
  6... B 宾语从句的语序是陈述句语序
  7... C Mend vt.修理, 修补 突出结果或者对现在的影响, 用现在完成时。
  8... A get used to doing 表示习惯于 (to是介词)
  9... B fund 基金; cash 现金; scholarship 奖学金; investment 投资
  10... A run a shop 经营商店
  11... A night after night = every night
  12... C still 1>adv.仍, 仍然, 还 -- He came yesterday and he is still here. 他昨天来的, 现仍在此。 still 2>adv.(连接副词) 尽管如此, 依旧, 仍然(表达一 ( 种坚持的态度) 种坚持的态度) 相当于in spite of that, even though, just the same) -- It's raining;Still, I must go out. -- This picture is not too valuable;Still, I like it. Yet conj.但是, 然而(表示一种转折的关系) (表示一种转折的关系) -- I have failed, yet I shall try again.
Lesson 3 An unknown goddess
Detail explainition of the Text 1
? some time 1>经过若 ? How did the archao 干时间 2>在未来的某 logists know that ts 时 tatue was a godde ? sometime adv.在某一 ss? 时候, 曾经, 有一天 ? Some time ago, a ? sometimes adv.不时, 有时 n interesting disc overy was made b ? 中文习惯用主动语态。 英文习惯用被动语态。 y archaeologists 以事件、结果、影响、 事件、 事件 结果、影响、 on the Aegean isl 效果为主语,强调对客 效果 and of Kea. 观事实的陈述。
Detail explainition of the Text 2
? An American team explored a temple which stands i n an ancient city on the promontory of ? Ayia Irini. ? which引导定语从句,修饰限定temple。(which = that) ? stand(不及物) = lie(不及物) 位于 ? = situate(及物) 使位于, 使处于 ? = locate(及物) 使...坐落于, 位于 ? which stands in... = which lies in… = which is located in… = which is situated in... ? Stand 1 >身高 2>表示高高坐落于, 矗立于 ? -- She stands
  1.75m. 她身高
  1.75米 ? -- A great tree stands on the mount. 一棵大树竖立在山 上。
Detail explanation of the Text 3
? The city at one time must have been prosperous, f or it enjoyed a high level of civilization. ? for 引导原因状语从句:对 引导原因状语从句: 主句的附加说明和解释, 主句的附加说明和解释, 提供更多的信息。 提供更多的信息。 ? because 引导原因状语从 强调原因。 句:强调原因。 The day broke for the bir ds were singing. ? at one time 表达曾经 一 表达曾经, 过去时态的标志, 度(过去时态的标志 = once) ) ? must have been 对过去事 实肯定的推测
? Houses often three storeys high -were built of stone.They had large rooms with beautifully decorated walls. ? With… 具有 具有… a young man with broad sho ulders an old lady with black hair ? beautifully decorated 过去分 词做定语,被修饰词与修饰词之 词做定语 被修饰词与修饰词之 间为逻辑上的被动关系 a deserted car park 废弃的停 车场 a white painted door 被刷成白 色的门 ? 现在分词做定语 被修饰词与修 现在分词做定语, 饰词之间为逻辑主动关系 ? -- a boy climbing the tree the students reading in the r oom
Detail explanation of the Text 4
? The city was equipped with a drainage system, for a great many clay pipes were found ? beneath the narrow streets. ? be equipped with 配备 装备 配备, 装备, (equip vt.装备 配备) 装备 配备) ? air conditioning 空气调节装置 / air conditioner 空气调节机, 空气调节机 空调设备 The car was equipped with air c onditioning. ? for 引导原因状语从句 ? 在正下方:Beneath = under 在正下方: ? beneath the narrow streets = under the narrow streets He is standing under/beneat h the umbrella. ? 在进行中:只能用 在进行中:只能用under ? -- under control 控制之中 / under discussion 讨论之中 / under repairs修理之中 修理之中 ? below 在下方(强调在斜下方) 在下方(强调在斜下方) She is sitting below the wind ow ? The temple which the archae ologists explored was used as a place of worship from th e ? fifteenth century B.C. until R oman times.
Detail explanation of the Text 5
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? be used as / be used to be 把… 用作为 The box was used as a desk in t he small village school. The wooden box was used as a bookcase. be used to do 被用来做 被用来做… The wooden box is used to cont ain books In the most sacred room of tem ple, clay fragments of fifteen sta tues were found. Each of these represented a go ddess and had, at one time, bee n painted. represent vt.代表 代表 I represent all the classmates.
? The body of one statue was found a
? ? ? ? ?
?
mong remains dating from the fi fteenth century B.C. dating 现在分词 修饰 现在分词, 修饰remains date from = date back to (开始 起始于…) 于…, 起始于 ) The custom dating from 19
  90. 习惯, (custom n.习惯 风俗) 习惯 风俗) The tradition dates from the tim e when his grandfather was you ng. The castle dates from the 14th c entury. = The castle dates back to the 14t h century. 城堡建造于14世纪 城堡建造于 世纪
Detail explanation of the Text 6
? Its missing head happe ned to be among remai ns of the fifth century B. C. ? happen to 偶然 碰巧 偶然, (强调事情的偶然发生) 强调事情的偶然发生) ? I happen to have driven that kind of car. 我恰巧 开过那种车。 开过那种车。 ? He happened to find the ticket in his pocket. ? It happens that +从句 从句 It happened that I met her o n my way to work. ? =I happened to meet her on my way work. ? happen on 碰巧碰上 I happened on this old picture in the back of the drawer. ? 我偶然的在抽屉的背面发 现了这张旧照片。 现了这张旧照片。 ? Guess, who did I happen on while I was i n London last month?
Detail explanation of the Text 7
? This head must have be en found in Classical ti mes and carefully prese rved. ? It was very old and prec ious even then. ? When the archaeologist s reconstructed the frag ments, they were amaze d to find that the ? goddess turned out to b e a very modernlooking woman. ? Reconstruct = put together, piece together, restore 恢复, (vt.恢复 使回复) 恢复 使回复)
? Amazed = very much surprised ? surprised > astonished > amazed > astounded 感到惊 语气递增) 讶(语气递增) ? to find... / to discover... / to realize... / to see… ? I'm not surprised to see you here ? 1> turn out…(表示结果)结 (表示结果) 果是, 果是 原来是 (= prove, 都表 示系动词) 示系动词) ? turn out (to be)+ n/adj. ? The concert turned out to be a failure. ? Our party turned out (to be) a success. 我们的聚会非常的 成功。 成功。
Detail explanation of the Text 8
? 2> It turned out + that从句 从句 作形式主语) (it作形式主语) 作形式主语 ? It turned out +其它名词从句 其它名词从
 

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