新概念英语第一册 第33课 主讲人:张生云Lesson 101 A card from Jimmy

[词汇]
Scotland [5skCtlEnd] n. 苏格兰(英国)
card n. 明信片
youth [ju:W] n. 青年
hostel [5hCstEl] n. 招待所,旅馆(简易的)
association [E7sEusi5eiFEn] n. 协会
soon adv. 不久
write(wrote, written) v. 写

name card:名片(不正规)
business card:名片
birthday card:生日贺卡
membership card:会员卡
postcard:明信片

a youth of twenty
youth club
youth center

hotel:宾馆
inn:(尤指乡村或公路边的)旅馆,客栈
motel:汽车旅馆
tavern:小酒店;客栈 [5tAvE(:)n]

write to sb./write sb. a letter/write a letter to sb.
write down:记下
hear from:收到某人来信
I write to my mother every month.
I wrote a letter to my husband last week.
I have written a letter to my boss.
Andy has written a letter to Lucy.
I hear from my mother every day.
They have heard from the boss.
The boss has heard from his wife.
He heard from his wife yesterday.

课文注释:
1 'I have just arrived in Scotland …a Youth Hostel.'
直接引语
2 the Y.H.A.=the Youth Hostels Association:青年招待所协会“青招协”
a member of the Y.H.A.
3 speak up:大声地说
4 Love, Jimmy:爱你的吉米

反意疑问句:
首先,明白语法的含义。
询问某种情况是否真实,或者别人是否同意自己。
分为两部分:
逗号前面为主句;后面为反意疑问句。
当前面是肯定句时,后面是否定句。
当前面是否定句时,后面是肯定句。
特点:
1 问句的主语与主句的主语一致;
2 前后的助动词一致;
3 前后的时态一致。

Sally can speak French, can't she?
Sally can't speak French, can she?

升调 - 表示疑问,期待对方回答。
降调 - 语气确定,不需要回答。

You are a student, aren't you?
It's a fine day, isn't it?
You went to the party yesterday, didn't you?
You have finished your homework, haven't you?
You like music, don't you?
Your father doesn't like music, does he?
He isn't a good man, is he?
He doesn't say very much, does he?

[词汇?略]

What is Penny doing?
She is reading a card.
For whom?
For grandmother.
Whose card.
Jimmy's card.
Where is Jimmy now?
Scotland.
Has Jimmy stayed in Scotland/been there for a long time?
He has just arrived in Scotland.
Where is he staying now?
At a Youth Hostel.
Why can he stay at a Youth Hostel?
Because he's a member of the Y.H.A.
Will Jimmy write a letter soon?
He says he will.
What does Jimmy hope?
Jimmy hopes that they are all well.
Why does grandmother ask Penny to speak up?
Because she is afraid she can't hear very well.
Jimmy wrote a lot on the card, didn't he?
No, he didn't.
Is grandmother very happy about this?
No, she is not very happy.

Jimmy is the only child in the family.
The grandmother loves him very much.
Jimmy went to Scotland last week.
Grandmother got a card from Jimmy today.
Jimmy's mother is reading the card for grandmother.
He says he's just arrived in Scotland.
He says he is staying at a Youth Hostel.
Jimmy is a member of the Y.H.A.
(I know Jimmy is a member of the Y.H.A.)
He says that he'll write a letter soon.
He hopes we are all well.
The grandmother is asking Penny to speak up.
Because she is afraid she can't hear.
Jimmy doesn't write very much on the card.
(He can't write very much on a card.)
The grandma is not very happy.

[课文]
Read Jimmy's card to me please, Penny. 祈使句
'I have just arrived in Scotland and I'm staying at a Youth Hostel.' 直接引语
Eh?
He says he's just arrived in Scotland. 间接引语
He says he's stay at a Youth Hostel.
You know he's a member of the Y.H.A.
The what?
The Y.H.A.,Mum.
The Youth Hostels Association.
What else does he say?
'I'll write a letter soon. I hope you are all well.'
What?
Speak up, Penny.
I'm afraid I can't hear you.
He says he'll write a letter soon.
He hopes we are all well.
'Love, Jimmy.'
Is that all?
He doesn't say very much, does he?
He can't write very much on a card, Mum.

[词汇?略]

Lesson 102 He says he … She says she … They say they … P208

A Rewrite these sentences.
Example:
He is drinking his milk.
He says he has drunk his milk.
shut - shut/ put - put/ read - read/ speak - spoken/ rise - risen
1 She is shutting the door.
She says she has shut the door.
2 He is putting on his coat.
He says he has put on his coat.
3 He is reading this magazine.
He says he has read this magazine.
4 They are speaking to the boss.
They say they have spoken to the boss.
5 The sun is rising.
They say the sun has risen.

B.Look at this table.
He says hehas got
feels
will sell
needs
must wait forcold
a bus
a haircut
tired
a cold
thirsty
an X-ray
an earache
his house
ill
He says he has got a cold.
He says he feels cold/tired/thirsty/ill.
He says he will sell a bus/his house.
He says he needs a bus/a haircut/an X-ray/his house.
He says he must wait for a bus/an X-ray.

补充材料 P27

I 语法(GRAMMER)
my/your/her/his/its/our/your/their
mine/yours/her/his/its/ours/yours/their
myself/yourself/herself/himself/itself
ourselves/yourselves/themselves

That book belongs to me. It's my book. It's mine. I bought it myself last week.
Her pen belongs to her. It's hers.
Come to my birthday party and enjoy yourselves.
This morning, my father shaved himself and cut himself.
Luckily, they didn't hurt themselves in the traffic accident.

II 经典口语习语、词组、谚语(phrases/idioms/proverbs)
as like as two peas(beans) 一模一样
cat nap 猫打盹 have a nap:打盹,小憩
carry out/fast food 外卖食品
in a jam 在果酱里;陷入困境
in hot water 处于困境里
wet blanket 扫兴的人,败兴的事
raise the roof 吵翻了天
Pain past is pleasure. 苦尽甘来

补充材料 P29

I.语法(grammar)
He says:"I'm a typist." -> He says he is a typist.
They say:"We are playing football." -> They say they are playing football.
She says to me:"You need a haircut." -> She says that I need a haircut.
My teacher says:"I can sing and dance." -> My teacher says he can sing and
dance.
He says:"I went to the butcher's." -> He says he went to the butcher's.
I tell him to bring that book here. -> I tell him not to bring that book here.

II.精编测试题(EXERCISES)
change the direct speech into in direct speech:
1 I will fly to Beijing. (the old man says)
The old man says he will fly to Beijing.
2 My son is doing his homework. (Mrs.Jones says)
Mrs.Jones says her son is doing his homework.
3 He can paint the room pink. (Jane says)
Jane says he can paint the room pink.
4 She wanted to swim across the river. (they say)
They say she wanted to swim across the river.
5 I am afraid I have got only little money. (He says)
He says he is afraid he has got only little money.
6 We have read these books. (they say)
They say they have read these books.

Change the indirect speech into direct speech:
1 My friend says she likes coffee.
My friend says:"I like coffee."
2 Mr.Bird says he missed[疑为笔误,misses可能更为合适] his daughter very much.
Mr.Bird says:"I miss my daughter very much."
3 They say they need a good rest.
They say:"We need a good rest."
4 I say you can wait for the bus at the bus stop.
I say:"You can wait for the but at the bus stop."
5 He says he feels tired and thirsty.
He says:"I feel tired and thirsty."
6 She says she was glad to help you.
She says:"I was glad to help you."
7 He says he doesn't think he can finish the job by himself.
He says:"I don't think I can finish the job my myself."

补充材料 P28

II 经典口语习语、词组、谚语(phrases/idioms/proverbs)
be on cloud nine 非常高兴
hit the ceiling 气得暴跳如雷
hot seat 坐不住;陷入困境
More haste, less speed. 欲速则不达 [heist]
Money makes the mare go. 有钱能使鬼推磨
Let bygones be bygones. 过去的就让它过去吧。
Love makes the world go around. 爱能使世界转动。
 

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