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新概念英语第一册完全讲义(
  1.
  1)
2006-12-10 23:36:45 大 中 小 Lesson 1 字母:(26 个)A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 音标:(48 个) 元音:(20 个)单元音:前元音,中元音、后元音 双元音:合口双元音、其它双元音 辅音:按声带振动与否,分为 清辅音和浊辅音; 按发音器官,分为:爆破音、摩擦音、破擦音、鼻音、舌边音、半 元音。 前元音: 前元音:/ :// / / / / / / :/ bee pea key tea sea Chinese Japanese / / big city with family happy little / /bed beg red men never very left / /bad bag back man cat dad jazz excuse v.(动词)原谅 me pron(代词)我(宾格) Excuse me (
  1)打扰一下,引起注意(
  2)表示反对意见 eg: Excuse me! Is anybody sitting here? Excuse me. Can I get past? 与 sorry 比较:sorry 有实质伤害,excuse 只是表示礼貌。 eg:Sorry. Did I tread on your toe ? 人称代词 单数 复数 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称 第一人称 第二人称 第三人 称 主格 I you he,she,it we you they 宾格 me you him,her,it us you them eg:I love you. 主语 宾语 主语:动作的发出者
宾语:承受动作的人或物 主语用主格,宾语用宾格。 I love you. You love her. She loves him. He loves me. We love you. yes adv . (副词)(
  1)表肯定(
  2)询问(什么事情)(What’s up)(打 招呼) yesman 唯唯诺诺的男人,好好先生 eg:Is this your car? Yes,it is. Tom. Yes? John is here.
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新概念英语第一册完全讲义(
  1.
  2)
2006-12-11 22:25:52 大 中 小 is v.be 系动词 be:am 用于 I 的后面;is 用于第三人称单数后;are 用于 you 和复数名 词后。 主谓宾表动作,主系表表状态 eg: She is tall. We are fat. 陈述句:陈述事实的句子,分为肯定句和否定句。 eg: This is my handbag. This is not my handbag. She is a girl. She is not a girl. 一般疑问句:问是非;是非问句。读声调。 Is this your handbag? Yes, it is. Is she a teacher? Yes, she is. 在一个句子当中,谓语动词是由 be 充当的时候,否定句和一般疑问句都在 be 上面 发生变化,否定句在 be 后面加 not,疑问句将 be 提前,大写。 This is my pen. This is not my pen. Is this your pen? Yes,it is. this pron 这个 that 那个 handbag n. 女用手提包 pardon int.原谅,请再说一遍 (读用升调) I beg your pardon? your possessive adjective (形容词性物主代词,作用相当于形容词,不能单独使用, 后面接名词)你的,你们的 形容词性物主代词 单数 复数 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称 my your his,her,its our your their 一朵漂亮的花 我的书 This is his car.
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新概念英语第一册完全讲义(
  2)
2006-12-12 11:58:04 SALOON 大 中 小 Lesson2 pen [pen]n.钢笔 pencil[`pensl] n.铅笔 book[buk]n.书 v.预定 book a room 订房间 book a table 订座位 watch n.表 v.观看 watch Tv watch a football game clock n 钟 dress n.连衣裙 evening dress 晚礼服 no dress 不需要穿的很正式(不需要正装 出席) skirt n.裙子 miniskirt 迷你裙 shirt n.衬衣(男士) car n.小汽车 bus 公共汽车 minibus 小巴 taxi 出租车 saloon car 轿车 sport car 跑车 racing car 赛车 truck 卡车 motorcycle 摩托车 bicycle/bike 自行车 metro/subway 地铁 house n.房子(物质上的,独门独院的) flat 公寓 home 家(精神上)Let’s go home. family 家庭,家庭成员 I have a large family. 中元音: /?/SPAN>:/ /?\/ early sir nurse first dirty bird work around driver arrive forget famous nut country colour must under mother (注: 因为系统不能识别一些音标, 所以本讲义中涉及到音标的一些内容本博 主尽量努力,单仍然无法识别的请大家找其他学习资料自我补充。不要怪我,要怪 就怪系统吧: )
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新概念英语第一册完全讲义(
  3)
2006-12-14 14:42:16 大 中 小
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lesson3 umbrella n.伞 put up an umbrella 打开雨伞 take down an umbrella 关伞 My coat and my umbrella.=(Give me)my coat and my umbrella. 祈使句:命令、建议、叮嘱。以动词原型开头的句子是祈使句。 ticket n.票 cloakroom n.衣帽存放处 please int.请①表客气 Come in,please. Please come in.②接受他人好意 Would you like some coffee? Yes,please. Here adv. 这里①here is to sb.敬酒 Here is to the bride. ②地点副词 there,upstairs,downstairs,home,abroad go to school go to the park come into my room (介词+名词) come here go there go home come downstairs go abroad (地点副词前通常没 有介词) ③Here be 可引起句子倒装,起强调作用。倒装:主语和谓语倒。 My ticket is here. Here is my ticket. Ticket n①.票②标签③罚单 No Parking.不准停车 a parking ticket 罚单(乱停车) One,two,there,four,five,six,seven,eight,nine,ten(1-
  10) Give me five 击掌 Sir n. 先生(学生对老师,下属对上司的称呼,很少接姓) John Smith 名 姓 Mr. Smith, Mr. John Smith, 但是 Mr. John 是错误的,Mr.后面可以接姓,也可以接姓 名,但是不能只接名。 gentleman 阁下 lady first 女士优先 guy 家伙哥们 gay 同性恋 boy 男孩(可以指任何年龄阶段的男士??作为 称呼语)lesson4
suit n.一套衣服(特殊功能的衣服)suit-dress 套裙 a running suit 运动服(跑步衫) a diving suit 潜水服 go to school 去上学,去学校读书(固定搭配) go to the school 去学校 teacher n.教师(不可用作称呼语,我们曾经很习惯说的 good morning teacher 实际是错的) pupil n.小学生,学徒 Like teacher like pupil.有其师必有其徒 son n.儿子 sun 太阳 son-in-law 女婿 Like father like son. 有其父必有其子。 daughter 女儿 doctor 医生 daughter-in-law 儿媳 妇 sister-in-law 嫂子 brother-in-law 姐夫 like mother like daughter 有其母必有其女 后元音: fast card park laugh dark hard dog bottle boss shop job hot dog 热狗 form door talk horse walk short
put good should mood food tooth
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book move
cook shoe
sugar school
room
新概念英语第一册完全讲义(
  5)
2006-12-18 10:30:01 大 中 小 lesson 5 Mr. 先生(接姓、姓名,不能接名) Mr. right 好好先生 Miss 小姐(未婚) Mrs 已婚 Ms.无法判断 Lady?gentleman madam?sir male 男性 female 女性 good adj. 好的 Good morning 早上好 Good afternoon 下午好 Good evening 晚 上好(晚上
  7-8 点) Good night 晚安 a good table 一桌好的丰盛的饭菜 morning n.早晨 new adj.新的 a new friend a new film a new car new to…对……不熟悉 I am new to this city. 我对这个城市不熟悉。 student n.学生(中、大学生,学员)I am a new student. He/she is a new student. French adj.法国的 n.法国人,法语 France 法国 I am a French. n.我是法国人。 I am French. adj.我是法国的。 German adj.德国的 n.德国人,德语 Germany 德国 I am a German. I am German. He is tall. adj. He is a boy. n. (主系表,表状态) 表语:主语补语,说明主语情况。表语可由 adj. n. I am a French. n.我是法国人。 I am French. adj.我是法国的。 He is my son. He is fat. I am a German. I am German. Japanese adj.日本的 n.日本人,日语 Japan 日本 Chinese adj.中国的 n.中国人,中文 China 中国 china 瓷器 Korean adj.韩国的 n.韩国人,韩语 Korea 韩国 I am a new student. I am a Chinese. 冠词:不定冠词:a/an 用在一般可数名词单数前,泛指 定冠词:the 特指 冠词是虚词,不能独立使用,附着在名词上,帮助说明名词含义。 a:①“一个”??one Rome was not built in a day. I have a pair of shoes. ② “某一个”,不特定,泛指 He picked up a book and read it.
an an apple an umbrella a:一般可数名词单数前 an:用以元音发音开头的可数名词单数前 A man is coming. The man is my father. This is a pen. 介绍:this is This is my father. This is Susan. Nice adj. ①美好的 Nice to meet you.(初次见面)很高兴认识你。 ②漂亮的 a nice handbag a nice dress/skirt ③和善的 He is nice to us. meet v.遇见 too adv.也 Nice to meet you,too. I like you, they like you ,too. She is tall, he is tall, too. She is not tall. He is not tall, either. Is he tall ,too? too “也” 用语肯定句 疑问句,否定句用 either。
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新概念英语第一册完全讲义(
  6)
2006-12-18 10:34:25 大 中 小 Lesson6 Make n.(产品)牌号 What make is your car? It is a Volvo. v.制造 make money 赚钱 make eyes 放电,抛送秋波 选择疑问句:一般疑问句+供选择部分① or 是标志词② 回答时不用 yes/no 回答, 而进行选择③ 语音语调前升后降。 Alice is a Chinese student. Is Alice a Chinese student? 问是非 Is Alice a Chinese student or a Korean student? 是 还是 Is Tom fat or thin? He is fat./ He is not thin. Is it a French car or a German car? Shall we leave at six or seven? 合口双元音:由前滑到后,前重后轻。 pice white quite write fight nice hate waste game snake plate face boy choice join noise employ enjoy
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I
lesson 7 pron. 我
am v.be 动词现在时第一人称单数 I am a student. I’ m a student. Are you a student? Yes, I am.(后面没有内容不 能缩写) No, I am not./No, I’m not . name n.名字 family name 姓 given name (取的) 名 last name 姓 first name 名 a bad name 坏名声 He has a bad name. What’s your name? 你叫什么? My name is Susan. I’m Susan. May I have your name? 特殊疑问词:what , who ,when ,where , which ,whose ,how ,why. what 什么 what’s your name? 特殊疑问句:针对句子特殊部门提问 what’s your job? My name is Susan. Is your name Susan? What What is your name ?特殊疑问句结构:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句 His name is Tom . Is his name Tom ? What is his name? nation n.国家(民族性) country(中性词) state(政权上的) motherland(感情上 的) national adj.国家的,国有的, 民族性 nationality n. 国籍, 国家, 部落, 民族, 民族性 what’s your name? pron. What’s your job ? pron . What make is your car ? What nationality are you ? Adj. n. 附合特殊疑问词 He is Japanese. What nationality is he ? What nationality is she ? job n.工作,指有报酬,既可是体力也可是脑力的劳动。part-time job 兼职 full-time job 全职 work n.泛指 task n. 任务(有责任要完成的) keyboard n.钥匙;按键,琴键;答案;关键 blackboard 黑板 operator n.操作人员;接线员;骗子 engineer n.工程师 engine 发动机 What do you do ? I am a teacher. What do you do for living? (特殊疑问句读降调)
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lesson 8 policeman n.警察 察 policedog n.警犬 postman n.邮递员
policewoman
n.女警
housewife n. 家庭妇女 milkman n. 送牛奶的人 long time no see . 很久不见了 其它双元音 soap show over most snow out how cloudy about shout brown idea near ear hear dear clear wear fair bear air chair care tour poor sure rural(乡下的,农村的)
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fat
lesson 9 how adv.怎样 (特殊疑问词) I am fine. Are you fine ? How How are you ?你好吗?(问候身体健康状况)通常不是第一次见面 How do you do ? (第一次见面) How old are you ?你多大年龄? I am well . I am very well . well adj.只指身体好 good 其它方面的好 Fine . I am fine . Thanks . Thank you . And you ? And how are you ? today adv.今天 How is Tom , today ? He is very well . yesterday 昨天 the day before yesterday 前天 tomorrow 明天 the day after tomorrow 后天 goodbye . byebye see you so long 再见(口语) see v.见 nice to meet you .(初次见面) nice to see you . (熟人) see a doctor 看病 see a movie 看电影 see 看见,强调看的结果;look ,看,强调看的过程和动作。 I look but I can see nothing . watch 观看 watch TV watch a football game how are you doing ? 你好吗? How’s going ? How’s life ?生活过得怎么样? How’s work ?工作怎么样? Not too bad .不是很不好。 Just so-so . 一般般。 Pretty good .相当好。 Couldn’t be better .好的不能再好。 I’m just my old self .我还是老样子。 Glad to see you . Pleased to see you . It’s my pleasure to see you . It’s my honor to see you. Lesson10 adj.胖的 n.脂肪,肥肉 a fat cat 暴发户(含有点贬义) a fat year 丰年
woman n.女人 Pretty Woman thin adj. 瘦的 a thin colour 浅色 tall adj.高的(有生命的)a tall tree a tall woman high adj.(无生命的) a ligh building short adj.短的; 矮的 (形容身材只能用 short,不能用 small) she is short . a short ruler . 一把短尺 small 小人 dirty adj.脏的 dirty money 不义之财 dirty weather 坏天气 clean adj.干净的 hot adj.①热的 I’m hot .②The food is hot . 食物很辣。③The girl is hot .辣妹。 cold adj.冷的 old adj.老的 old people 老人:old man 老头 old woman 老太太 old friend 老 朋友 young adj.年轻的 young people 年轻人 young man young woman busy adj.忙的 a busy morning/day 一个繁忙的早晨/一天 a busy street 热闹的街 道 the telephone line is busy 占线 The subscriber(电话持有人) you dial is busy now. Please redial later .您拨叫的号码忙, 请稍后再拨。 lazy adj.懒的 a lazy boy/dog/beggar 懒鬼 lazybones
 

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