新概念英语详细讲解 一,肯定句改否定句的方法?? , 一步法?1,在 be 动词后加 not. 如:is not , are not , am not, was not, were not;? 2,在 can,should, will 等后加 not.如:cannot, should not, will not; ?3,上述都没有的,在动词前加助动词否定形式 don't/doesn't/didn't. ?4, some 改成 any. ??二,肯定句改一般疑问句的方法?? 三步法? 1,把 be 动词放在句首,剩下的照抄, (some 改成 any,my 改成 your 等)句点改成问号. 2,把 can,shall, will 等放到句首,剩下的照抄, (some 改成 any,my 改成 your 等)?句点改成问号. ?3,上述都没有的,在句首请助动词 Do/Does/Did 帮忙,剩下的照抄, (some 改成 any,my 改成 your 等) 句点改成问号. ??三,肯定句改特殊疑问句的方法??四步法? 1,在一般疑问句的基础上,句首添加一个疑问词即可,可根据划线部分确定是什么疑问词.2,接着找 be 动词或 can,shall, will 等放在疑问词后面,若没有则请助动词 do/does/did 帮忙,写在疑问词后面,how many/whose 除外,必须先写物品,再写 be 动词等. ?3,划线部分去掉后剩下的内容照抄, (some 改成 any,my 改成 your 等) ?4,句点改成问号.?总之,要教好句子,首先要给学生渗透句子的纲,学生才可以依葫芦画瓢,有纲可 循. ?
  1. That is a chair. (变一般疑问句) ?
  2. ?
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
  8.
  9.
  10.
  11.
  12.
  13. That`s my teacher.(变一般疑问句)
This is letter D.(变一般疑问句)??? Tom is here.(变一般疑问句) This is Bob.(变一般疑问句)? I`m Li Lei. (变一般疑问句) This is a pencil-case.(变否定句) This is a pen in English.?
It is an English book. It was sunny yesterday.(变否定句)? The apples are five yuan. My mum cleans the room every day.(变否定句) They are looking for bag.(对画线部分提问)

  14.
I am mending my bike now.(对画线部分提问)

  15. There are twelve studens over there.(对画线部分提问)
  16. It's ten o'clock.(对画线部分提问) ??一般将来时? 一,一般将来时的用法
  1.表示将要发生的行为动作或存在的状态. 常与表示将来的时间状语连用: tomorrow, next week, next month, in a few days, from now on 等. 例如:I'll be there in half an hour.我将在半小时内到那儿. I'm going to visit the museum this Sunday.这个星期天我将去参观博物馆.
  2.表示将来经常发生的动作?例如:From now on ,I will get up early every day.从现在开始,我将每天早 起.? I will often go to see you next year.我明年会经常去看你的.
  3.引导的时间状语?时间状语有如下几种 ?
  1)this 引导的短语 如 this year ?
  2)tomorrow 及其相关短语 如 tomorrow morning ?
  3)next 引导的短语 如 next month ??
  4) from now on ; in the future ; in an hour 等. 二,一般将来时的形式
  1.用 will/shall 表示一般将来时,形式为 will/shall+动词原形??will 在陈述句中用于各人称,在一般疑 问句争求意见时 shall 用于第一人称,will 常用于第二第三人称. 例如:Which paragraph shall I read first.我首先要读哪一段? Will you be at home at seven this evening?今天晚上七天你在家吗?
  2.用 be going to 表示将来,形式为 be going to+动词原形?? a. 主语的意图,即将做某事.(和 will 可互换)??例如:What are you going to do tomorrow?你明天要做 什么? b. 计划,安排要发生的事. 例如:The project is going to be finished next month.这项工程下个月将完成. ?c. 有迹象要发生的事??例如:Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm.看那黑云,要有一场 暴风雨了
  3.be 不定式表将来,按计划或正式安排将发生的事,形式为 be+ to do??We are to discuss the report next Saturday.下周六我们要讨论这个报告.
  4. about to 不定式,意为马上做某事,形式为 be about to do??He is about to leave for Beijing.他马上要 离开去北京. ??注意:be about to 不能与 tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用. 三,句式变换??
  1.be going to 形式?? (
  1)肯定句 ??句型 主语 + be ( am, is, are ) + going to + 动词原形 ??例如:I'm going to go there next month. 下个月我将去那里. ?? He is going to visit his grandparents next year. 明年他将要去看望他的爷爷奶奶. (
  2)否定句 :be 动词后面加 not??句型 主语 + be ( am, is, are ) + not + going to + 动词原形 ??例如:He isn't going to see the movie. 他不会去看电影. ?? You aren't going to work on the farm this weekend. 这个周末你们不去家场劳动. ??(
  3)一般疑问句及回答 :be 动词提前,后面不变??句型 Be ( am, is, are ) + 主语 + going to + 动词原形
回答:??回答:Yes,主语+be(is,am,are)l No,主语+be not? ?例如:Are you going to have a party tomorrow? 明天你们要开联欢会吗??? Yes,I am. No,I am not ??(
  4)特殊疑问句 : 特殊疑问词+一般疑问句??句型 特殊疑问词 + be ( am, is, are ) + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 ??例如:What are you going to have tomorrow? 明天你们要吃什么? ?? What are you going to do tonight? I'm going to watch the baseball game.??今晚你打算做什么? 我想要看棒球赛. ??(
  5)反意疑问句??句型 原句,isn't/aren't+主语? ??例如:He is going to be a teacher this year, isn't he???
  2.will/shall 的形式? ?(
  1)肯定句??句型 主语+will/shall+动词原形? ?例如:I'll go to Beijing next week.我下周要去北京. ??(
  2)否定句 :will/shall 后面加 not,其余不变 ??句型 主语+will/shall+not+动词原形? ?注意: shall not 与 will not 的紧缩式分别是: shan't, won't? ?例如:He won't go to Beijing next week.我下周不去北京. ??(
  3)一般疑问句及回答:will/shall 提前,其余不变 ??句型 will/shall+主语+动词原形??回答:Yes,主语+will No,主语+will not.? ?例如:Will you go to Beijing next Beijing? 你下周要去北京吗??? Yes,I will. No,I will not. ??(
  4)特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+一般疑问句??句型 特殊疑问词+will/shall +主语+动词原形 ??When will you go to Beijing? 你什么时候去北京? ??(
  5)反意疑问句??句型 原句,won't/shan't+主语? ??例如:He will go to Beijing next year, won't he? ??四,做题时常见错误?? (一)易忽视动词用原形形式?? 例:1 He will is (be) at school next Monday.下个周一他将在学校.?? 2 He is going to does (do) his homework after school.放学后他要做他的作业. ?? 答案:1 be 2 do?? 解析:第一题有的同学一看 he 做主语就用了 is,忽视了 will 后应加动词原形.我们在写句子时,很 容易把动词丢掉, "英语句子里,动词不能少"的 规律必须要牢记.第二题中 to 后加动词原形,而不是用 单三人称.? ?(二)be going to +动词原形与 will+动词原形用法不清楚?? 例:我正努力学习,准备参加英语考试.?? I am studying hard and I will try for my English exams. ?? 答案:I am studying hard and I am going to try for my English exams. ??解析: "be going to"
  1. 表示计划,打算要做某事.例如:He is going to visit his friends. ??要拜访他 的朋友.
  2.还表示某种迹象表明会发生某事. 例如.:Look at the clouds.It's going to rain.看天上的黑云,要有一 场暴风雨了. ??"Will+动词原形 "指对将来事物的预见,表示意愿,决心. ??例如.:I will wait for you until you come. 在单纯预测未来时,二者可以互换,但在此题中只能用 be going to,而不能用 will. ??(三) There be 结构的一般将来时易出错? ?例:There a basketball match this afternoon.
(B)今天下午要有一场篮球比赛.??A is going to be B is going to have C are going to be D are going to have??答案: A??解析:There be 结构的一般将来时既要符合 There be 结构,又要符合一般将来时.有的同学认为 have 当"有"讲,所以选了 B,但 There be 结构就不成立了,此句中 is 是 be going to 中的,是由后边的单数名词决定的. ??四,be going to 结构中易丢掉 to ??例:I'm going (go) school by bike tomorrow. (C) 明天 我要骑自行车去学校.??A to will go B to go to C go to D to go ??答案:B??解析:由 tomorrow 可知是 一般将来时,be going to +动词原形,所以先确定用 to go , 在 B, D 当中选,而 go to school 是固定词组, 不能因为前边有一个 to 而省略,这是一个易错点,需要注意.? ?一般将来时专项练习?? 一,单项选择. ??( )
  1. There a meeting tomorrow afternoon.?? A. will be going to B. will going to be?? C. is going to be D. will go to be?? ( )
  2. Charlie here next month.?? A. isn't working B. doesn't working?? C. isn't going to working D. won't work ??( )
  3. He very busy this week, he free next week.?? A. will be; is B. is; is?? C. will be; will be D. is; will be ??( )
  4. There a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.?? A. was B. is going to have?? C. will have D. is going to be ??( )
  5. ? you free tomorrow??? ? No. I free the day after tomorrow.?? A. Are; going to; will B. Are; going to be; will?? C. Are; going to; will be D. Are; going to be; will be ??( )
  6. Mother me a nice present on my next birthday.?? A. will gives B. will give?? C. gives D. give ??( )
  7. ? Shall I buy a cup of tea for you??? ?. (不,不要. )?? A. No, you won't. B. No, you aren't.?? C. No, please don't. D. No, please. ??( )
  8. ? Where is the morning paper??? ? I if for you at once.?? A. get B. am getting?? C. to get D. will get ??( )
  9. a concert next Saturday??? A. There will be B. Will there be?? C. There can be D. There are ??( )
  10. If they come, we a meeting.?? A. have B. will have?? C. had D. would have ??( )
  11. He her a beautiful hat on her next birthday.?? A. gives B. gave?? C. will giving D. is going to giving ??( )
  12. He to us as soon as he gets there.?? A. writes B. has written?? C. will write D. wrote ??( )
  13. He in three days.?? A. coming back B. came back?? C. will come back D. is going to coming back ??( )
  14. If it tomorrow, we'll go roller-skating.?? A. isn't rain B. won't rain?? C. doesn't rain D. doesn't fine ??( )
  15. ? Will his parents go to see the Terra Cotta Warriors tomorrow??? ? No, (不去).?? A. they willn't. B. they won't.?? C. they aren't. D. they don't. ??( )
  16. Who we swimming with tomorrow afternoon??? A. will; go B. do; go?? C. will; going D. shall; go ??( )
  17. We the work this way next time.??
A. do
B. will do??
C. going to do
D. will doing
??( )
  18. Tomorrow he a kite in the open air first, and then boating in the park.?? A. will fly; will go B. will fly; goes?? C. is going to fly; will goes D. flies; will go??( )
  19. The day after tomorrow they a volleyball match.?? A. will watching B. watches?? D. is going to watch ??( )
  20. There a birthday party this Sunday.?? B. will be?? C. shall going to be D. will going to be ??二,动词填空 C. is watching A. shall be
.??
  1. I (leave)in a minute. I (finish)all my work before I (leave) ??
  2. ?How long you (study) our country??? ?I in (plan) be here for to about one more year.?? ?I (hope)to visit the other parts of your country.?? ?What you (do) after you (leave) here??? ?I (return) home and (get)a job. ??
  3. I (be)tired. I (go)to bed early tonight. ??
  4. Mary's birthday is next Monday, her mother (give)her a present. ??
  5. It is very cold these days. It (snow)soon. ??
  6. ? you (be)here this Saturday??? ?No. I (visit)my teacher. ??
  7. ? I (get)you a copy of today's newspaper??? ?Thank you. ??
  8. I am afraid there (be)a meeting this afternoon. I can't join you. ??
  9. Mike (believe, not)this until he (see)it with his own eyes. ??
  10. Most of us don't think their team (win)
.??三,句型转换 .??
  1. People in the north often go skating in winter. (next winter) ??陈述句 ??变为否定句 ??
  2. There are two cinemas in that town. (next year) ??陈述句 ??变为否定句 ??
  3. He comes back late.(in two days) ??陈述句 ??变为一般疑问句并作肯定回答 ??
  4. She is a conductor of a train.(soon) ??陈述句 ??变为一般疑问句并做出否定回答 ??
  5. Li Ming is ten years old.(next year) ??陈述句 ??划线提问 ??
  6. I sometimes write to my mother in the evening.(tonight) ??陈述句 ??划线提问 ??
  7. He went there by plane.(some day next year)
??陈述句 ??变为反意疑问句 ??
  8. China is a modern and strong country.(in twenty years) ??陈述句 ??变为反意疑问句 ??现在完成时 ?
 

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