新目标初二下英 各个单元知识点总结 免费) 单元知识点总结( 新目标初二下英语 1?5 各个单元知识点总结(免费) 初二下
一. 知识点总结:

  1) (Unit
  1)
一般将来时
一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或者存在的状态. 通常与表示将来的时间状语连用, 如 tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next year, next month, next week, in 100 years 等. be going to do (动词原形)结构:表示打算,准备做的事情或者肯定要发生的事情.如: It is going to rain. will do 结构表示将来的用法:
  1. 表示预见 Do you think it will rain? You will feel better after a good rest.
  2. 表示意图 I will borrow a book from our school library tomorrow. What will she do tomorrow? 基本构成如下: 一般疑问句构成: (
  1)will+主语+do…? Will Sarah come to visit me next Sunday? (
  2)there be 结构的一般疑问句:Will there + be …? Will there be fewer trees? Yes, there will. / No, there won't 否定句构成:will + not (won't)+do Sarah won't come to visit me next Sunday. 特殊疑问句构成: 特殊疑问词+will+主语+…?What will Sarah do next Sunday? 根据例句,用 will 改写下列各句 例:I don't feel well today. (be better tomorrow) I'll be better tomorrow.
  1. Gina has six classes today. (have a lot of homework tonight)
  2. I'm tired now. (sleep later)
  3. My parents need a new car. (buy one soon)
  4. We can't leave right now. (leave a little later)
  5. The weather is awful today. (be better tomorrow) 答案:
  1. She'll have a lot of homework tonight.
  2. I'll sleep later.
  3. They'll buy one soon.
  4. We'll leave a little later.
  5. Maybe it'll be better tomorrow.
(Unit
  2)
的用法: should 的用法:
should 用来提出建议和忠告,后边加动词原形,否定句直接在 should 后边加 not.
1
例如:I think you should eat less junk food. 我认为你应该少吃垃圾食品. She drives a lot and she seldom walks. So I think she should walk a lot. 她经常开车,很少走路.所以我认为她应该多走路. Students shouldn't spend too much time playing computer games. 学生们不应当花太多的时间玩计算机游戏. 学习向别人提建议的几种句式: (
  1)I think you should… (
  2)Well, you could… (
  3)Maybe you should … (
  4)Why don't you…? (
  5)What about doing sth.? (
  6)You'd better do sth. 用 should 或 shouldn't 填空
  1. I can't sleep the night before exams. You take a warm shower before you go to bed.
  2. Good friends argue each other.
  3. There is little milk in the glass. We buy some.
  4. They didn't invite you? Maybe you be friendlier.
  5. I am a little bit overweight. So I think I do exercises every day. 答案:
  1. should
  2. shouldn't
  3. should
  4. should
  5. should
(Unit
  3)
过去进行时
过去进行时表示过去某一点时间正在进行的动作或者过去某一段时间内一直进行的动作.
  1. 构成 was /were + doing,例如: I was watching TV at 9 o'clock last night. at 9 o'clock last night 是时间点 They were playing football all afternoon. all afternoon 是时间段
  2. 过去进行时的标志词 at 8 o'clock last night, this time yesterday 等.例如: I was having lunch at home this time yesterday. 昨天的这个时候我正在吃午饭. At that time she was writing a book. 那阵子她在写一本书.(表示她在那段时间里一直在做那件事情.) 用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空.
  1. This time yesterday I (read)books.
  2. At 9 o'clock last Sunday they (have)a party.
  3. When I (come)into the classroom, she (read)a storybook.
  4. She (play)computer games while her mother (cook)yesterday afternoon.
  5. I (have)a shower when you (call)me yesterday. 答案:
  1. was reading
  2. were having
  3. came; was reading
  4. was playing; was cooking
  5. was having; called
(Unit
  4)
间接引语
2
形成步骤: (
  1)不要逗号,冒号,引号 (
  2)要考虑到人称的变化(人称的变化与汉语是一致的) (
  3)要考虑时态的变化 (
  4)要考虑时间状语,地点状语和语示代词的变化.
  1. 直接引语变成间接引语时,几个主要时态的变化规律 直接引语 间接引语 一般现在时 一般过去时 一般将来时 过去将来时 现在进行时 过去进行时
  2. 直接引语变成间接引语时,一些词汇的变化规律 间接引语 直接引语
  1. am / is
  1. was
  2. are
  2. were
  3. have / has
  3. had
  4. will
  4. would
  5. can
  5. could
  6. may
  6. might 用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空.
  1. She said I (be)hard-working.
  2. Peter told me he (be)bored yesterday.
  3. She said she (go)swimming last Sunday.
  4. Bobby said he (may)call me later.
  5. Antonio told me he (read)a book then. 答案:
  1. was
  2. was
  3. went
  4. might
  5. was reading 请转述他人说的话:
  1. I go to the beach every Saturday. (Tom)
  2. I can speak three languages. (Lucy)
  3. I will call you tomorrow. (Mike)
  4. I'm having a surprise party for Lana. (she)
(Unit
  5)
if 引导的条件状语从句
结构:if+一般现在时,主语+将来时 含义:如果……,将要…… 例如:If you ask him, he will help you. 如果你请求他,他会帮助你. If need be, we'll work all night. 如果需要,我们就干个通宵. 根据中文提示,完成句子.
  1. 如果你参加聚会,你将会过得很开心. If you the party, you .
  2. 如果明天下雨,我们将不去野餐. If it tomorrow, we .
  3. 如果你经常听英文歌,你将会喜欢英语的. If you often , you . 答案:
3

  1. If you go to the party, you will have a good time
  2. If it rains tomorrow, we won't go to the picnic
  3. If you often listen to English songs, you'll like English 二. 完形填空特点及解题思路 (一)题型分类与特点 完形填空试题是在给出的一篇短文中有目的地拿掉若干个词, 留下一些空格, 要求考生借助短 文保留的部分,从所给的短文整体出发,在正确理解短文意思的基础上,根据句子和句子间的内在 联系,词的用法和习惯搭配等,用适当的词或词语填空,使补全后的短文意思通顺,前后连贯,结 构完整.这种题型测试的内容从形式上看是单词或短语的填空,但它必须注意到短文中上,下文意 思连贯, 词语搭配和语法结构正确, 所以在空格上所填的词必须符合语义适用和语法正确两条原则, 只考虑某一侧面都可能导致错误. 中考中完形填空试题的基本题型分两类: 完形填空选择题和完形 填空题.
  1. 完形填空选择题:该题型的特点是将一篇短文中若干词语抽掉留下空格,对每一空格提供若 干个选择项,要求考生通读短文后,在理解短文意思的基础上,运用所学的词汇,句型,语法等语 言知识,从所提供的备选项中选出一个最佳答案,使短文内容完整正确.中考完形填空主要以这种 题型为主.它所给的短文一般与初中英语教材难易程度相当,字数在 150-200 个单词之内,多数 设置 10 个左右空格,所设考点涉及词汇,语法及对短文内容的理解.短文的第一句一般不设空, 以期提供一个语境, 对每一空格设置的选项基本都属于相同或对等的词类, 给判定选择带来一定的 干扰,侧重考查了考生准确运用词汇的能力及对短文的整体理解和逻辑推理能力.
  2. 选词填空题:该题型的特点是把抽出的词打乱顺序,不按原文顺序排列,放在短文前面或后 面的方框内, 有时还增加几个文外的词, 要求考生从中选出适当的词以正确的形式填入短文空格内. (A) he had only learnt the phrase (短语) Jack wanted to ask for two days off, 1 "have a day off". He 2 , then he had an idea. "Grandmother is ill. May I have a day off, 3 ? "he asked the teacher. "Of course, you can. "replied (答复)the teacher at once. After a while, the boy came to 4 at the teacher's door. "May I have a day 6 it just now? " "Yes, sir. off 5 ? "The teacher was very surprised, "Didn't you But I can't be here 7 , either. "The teacher understood him and could not help 8 . Then he said with a smile, "Why didn't you say'May I have two days off? '"The boy answered quickly 9 a loud voice. "But you only 10 us'have a day off! '" ( )
  1. A. but B. and C. or D. for ( )
  2. A. thought hardly B. thought hard and hard C. hard thought D. thought and thought ( )
  3. A. Miss B. sir C. teacher D. Mr ( )
  4. A. strike B. best C. hit D. knock ( )
  5. A. also B. again C. too D. once ( )
  6. A. speak B. tell C. say D. do ( )
  7. A. tomorrow B. the day after tomorrow C. yesterday D. the day before yesterday ( )
  8. A. laugh B. to laugh C. laughed D. laughing ( )
  9. A. with B. on C. in D. by
4
(
)
  10. A. teach
B. taught
C. are teaching
D. were teaching
(B) 请根据内容从所给的 15 个单词中选出最恰当的 10 个填入空白处, 使短文完整, 有些词要根据 需要作适当的词形变化. than, so, tell, us, them, report, beause, love, composition, understand, to, that, much, for, what A generation gap (代沟)has become a serious problem. I read a (
  1)about it in the newspaper. Some children have killed (
  2) after quarrels (争吵) with parents. I think this is (
  3)they don't have a good talk with each other. Parents now spend (
  4)time in the office. (
  5)they don't have much time to stay with their children. As time passes, they both feel (
  6)they don't have the same topics (话题)to talk about. I want to (
  7)parents to be more with your children, get to know them and understand them. And for children, show your feeling (
  8)your parents. They are the people who (
  9)you. So tell them your thoughts (想法). In this way, you can have a better (
  10)of each other. 完形填空选择题的一般解题思路是: 完形填空选择题的一般解题思路是:
  1. 跳过空格,通读全文,把握大意.先跳过空格,通读试题所给的要完形填空的短文,获得整 体印象,做到弄清文脉,抓住主旨,较好地把握短文大意.要在阅读理解短文意思的基础上才开始 判定选择,切忌仓促下笔.
  2. 结合选项,综合考虑,初定答案.在理解全文意思的基础上,再结合所给备选项细读全文, 联系上,下文内容,注意从上,下文的语法结构和词语搭配及从选择项中寻找解题的提示,以词, 句的意义为先, 再从分析句子结构入手, 根据短文意思, 语法规则, 词语固定搭配等进行综合考虑, 对备选项逐一进行分析,比较和筛选,排除干扰项,初步选定答案.
  3. 瞻前顾后,先易后难,各个击破.动笔时要瞻前顾后,通篇考虑,先易后难.对比较明显直 接的,自己最有把握的答案先做,一下子不能确定答案的,先跳过这一空格,继续往下做,最后回 过头来再集中精力解决难点. 这时可结合已确定答案的选项再读一遍短文, 随着对短文理解的深入, 可以降低试题的难度,提高选择的正确率.
  4. 复读全文,逐空验证,弥补疏漏.完成各道题选择后,把所选的答案代入原文,再把全文通 读一篇, 逐空认真复查. 看所选定的答案是否使短文意思前后连贯, 顺理成章, 语法结构是否正确, 是否符合习惯表达法.如发现错误答案或有疑问的,应再次推敲,反复斟酌,做出修正. 完形填空试题的一般解题思路是:
  1. 跳过空格,通读短文,了解大意.解题时先跳过空格,通读完形填空的短文,了解全篇的内 容和要旨.要重视首句,善于以首句的时态,语气为立足点,理清文脉,推测全文主题及大意.
  2. 复读短文,确定语义,判断词形.把握短文大意后再认真复读短文,利用上下文的语境,结 合所学过的知识,先确定空格处所需词语的意义,再根据空格在句子中的位置,判断其在句中充当 的成分,从而确定所填词的词性,再依据词语搭配和语法规则,判断所填的词的正确形式.
  3. 三读短文,上下参照,验证答案.在短文的每一空白处填上一个词后,将完成的短文再细读 一遍,上下参照,连贯思考.把所填的答案放入短文中进行检验,可从上,下文内容是否协调一致, 顺理成章,语法结构是否正确无误等进行综合验证,凡有疑问必须重新推敲考虑.
(三)课文阅读指导
5

  1. 初中阅读 阅读理解能力 (
  1)理解主旨要义 (
  2)理解文中具体信息 (
  3)根据上下文猜测生词的意义 (
  4)做出简单判断的推理 (
  5)理解文章的基本结构 (
  6)理解作者的意图和态度
  2. 培养良好阅读习惯 (
  1)扩大视距 (
  2)克服声读 (
  3)克服逐字读
  3. 猜测词文 (
  1)通过标题或主题句进行预测 (
  2)文章的标题或主题句可包括作者的意图和倾向,篇章的总体意义和深层意义,因此通过 文章标题或主题句进行预测,以便正确理解. (
  3)通过语篇标记进行预测 (
  4)语篇标记包括关联词,转换词也包括其他关键词. (
  5)利用背景知识预测 (
  6)利用图片进行预测 【模拟试题】(答题时间:80 分钟) 模拟试题】 选择填空. 一. 选择填空. ( )
  1. Beijing won the chances the 2008 Olympics. A. to host B. host C. hosting D. hosted ( )
  2. Tiger Woods can make billions dollars
 

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