新课标高考英语词汇辨析精选练习一详解
  1. The noise was so that only those with excellent hearing were aware of it. A. dim C.faint. faint(=weak, indistinct; not clear)“微弱的,模糊的,不清楚的”。Dim(=not bright, not clearly to be seen)不亮的,看不清的;the dim light of a candle(微弱的烛光)。
  2. His landlady gave him a week's to leave the flat. A. threat B. notice. notice 预先通知(尤用雇主、雇员或房东、房客之间) :give one's employee a month's notice (通知雇员一个月后离职)。本题译文:他的女房东通知他一周后 从套间搬走。
  3. When I took his temperature, it was two degrees above . A. average D. normal normal 正常的;ordinary 普通的;average 平均的;regular 有规律的,定期的。
  4. When I worked as the general manager of the firm, I sometimes had to visit London on business. A. opportunity B. possibility C. occasion D. chance B. ordinary C. regular D. normal B. notice C. advice D. caution B. soft C. faint D. gentle
C. occasion. occasion 作可数名词时, 意为“时机”, 作不可数名词时, 意为“必要”, 本题中 occasion 意为“必要”。从句语法结构上看,本句中用 opportunity(难得的) 机会,chance(偶然的)机会均可,但按逻辑意思,应用 occasion.

  5. He has left his book here on , so that you can read it. A. purpose B. intention C. aim D. meaning
A. purpose. on purpose 是介词习语,意为“故意地”。如用 intention,则应说 by intention 故意地。
  6. I caught a of the car before it disappeared around the bend. A. glance B. glimpse catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调行为的结果) I caught a glimpse of her in the crowd. 我在人群中瞥见了他。take a glance (or look) at 看一眼(强调行为过程本 身)。Take a glance at the Tv programs 瞄一下电视节目
  7. The car salesman took the customer for a driver in the new model in order to its improved features. A. advocate B. demonstrate demonstrate(=show clearly by giving proof or example)以实物说明,示范,展示 The salesman demonstrated the new personal computer. advocate 拥护,提倡。 exhibit 展览,陈列。reveal 揭示,暴露。
  8. The old man got into the of storing money under the bed. A. tradition B. habit C. use D. custom B. demonstrate C. exhibit D. reveal B. glimpse C. glare D. stare
B. habit. get into the habit of doing sth.意为"养成了做......的习惯"。habit 指个人 的习惯,而 custom 则指社会的风俗习惯。tradition"传统

  9. One-room schoolhouses can still be found in areas where there are no other schools for many miles. A. disposed B. deserted C. isolated D. abandoned
C. isolated. isolated 孤立的。 Deserted 被遗弃的; 空无一人的 a deserted house 空 无一人的房屋; abandoned 丢弃的, 如; abandoned cars(因报废而丢弃的汽车)。 Dispose of sth. 处理掉某物:He disposed of his old car .(他把旧的汽车处理掉 了。)意为卖掉或扔掉等。
  10.It’s bad for a man to smoke in the public places where smoking is not allowed. A. behavior B. action C. manner D. movement
behavior 意思为"举止,行为";action "动作";manner"方式"; movement "运 动,行动"。答案 A。
  11.Before the final examination, many students have shown of tension. Some have trouble in sleeping while others have lost their appetite. A. anxiety B. marks C. signs D. remarks
anxiety 与 tension 同义,意思为"紧张";mark"记号,痕迹"; sign"迹象,现 象,标记"; remark"评论"。根据句意,应为 show signs of tension"表现出紧 张的样子"。答案 C。
  12.When you arrive at the hotel, you’ll notice the friendly staff, who will make your holiday a wonderful dream. A. sensitively obviously B. scarcely C. immediately D.
C“立即”。 A“敏感地”;B“几乎不,将近”;D“明显地”。
  13.As they haven’t a child of their own, they’re going to a little girl. A. accept D“领养”。 A“接受”;B“收到”;C“适应”。
  14.The headmaster is to give a formal at the annual ceremony. A. address A“演讲”。 B“争论”;C“辩论”;D“话语,评论”。
  15.He had a talent for music and was conductor of Shanghai Symphony Orchestra at the age of
  30. A. assigned B“任命”。 A“布置”;C“命名”;D“给……荣誉”。
  16.Psychologists say that our emotions will make us feel better and there is nothing to be ashamed of. A. relieving C“释放”。 A“减轻”;B“放松”;D“清除”。
  17. After many years’ waiting, Chinese people realized their dream to hold the Olympic Games. B. relaxing C. releasing D. removing B. appointed C. named D. honored B. argument C. debate D. remark B. receive C. adapt D. adopt
A. constantly generally B“最终地”。
B. eventually
C. lastly
D.
A“经常地”;C“最后地”;D“通常地”。
  18.Such noble deeds of the doctors and nurses can’t be only with money. A. rewarded B. awarded C. praised D. valued
A“回报”,常用于 reward sb.with sth.结构。 B“授予(奖品等)”,常用于 award sb. sth; C“表扬”;D“评价,重视”。

  19.Shanghai is so full of, it seems as if things never stop. A. strength D“精力,活力”。 A“力气”;B“精神”;C“力量,武力”。
  20.My knowledge of Hong Kong came only from some movies: a of criminals are pursued by the police in the narrow streets and then they have a fight. A. group D“一伙”。 A“组”;B“队”;C“种类,等级”。
  21.When we finally arrived, a lady gave us a introduction of the university. A. clear B“简要的”。 A“清晰的”;C“主要的”;D“抽象的”。
  22.A(n) is a person who understand people’s characters. B. brief C. main D. abstract B. team C. class D. gang B. spirit C. force D. energy
A. photographer B“心理学家”。
B. psychologist
C. physician
D. physicist
A“摄影师”;C“内科医生”;D“物理学家”。
  23.If you build a house with good , it will last long. A. foundation B. floor C. basis D. ground
A“基础”,此处指地下的基础。 B“地板,楼层”;C“基础,根据”,主要用于比喻方面,具有抽象意义;D“地 面”。
  24.Although I had read the book assigned by the professor several times, it didn’t make any to me. A. meaning B. importance C. sense D. significance
C make sense“有意义”。句意为:虽然我把教授布置的书读了好几遍,但是 我仍看不懂它。
  25.Burning all the lights in the classroom will be a great on electric power. A. waste B. lack C. drain D. damage
C“消耗”,常与介词 on 连用。 A“浪费”,为不可数名词;B‘“缺少”;D“损坏,损害”。
  26.As civilization, more and more people have realized the importance of preserving rare animals from extinction. A. stretches B“传播,扩散”。 A“伸展”;C“延长”;D“膨胀,扩大”。 B. spreads C.extends D. expands
新课标高考英语词汇(同义、近义、相似词)精选练习(二)详解 新课标高考英语词汇辨析精选练习二详解
  1. In this factory, suggestions often have to wait for months before they are fully . A. admitted D. considered considered 考虑; admit 承认; absorb 吸收。 [注意]acknowledge
  1) (=agree or admit the truth of; confess) 承认, 供认; A. He acknowledged his mistake. (他承认了他的错误。 B. 接动名词 He acknowledged ) having been beaten. (他承认被打败了。)
  2) (express thanks for) 致谢; A. Mary acknowledged the gift with a pleasant letter. (玛丽致函感谢馈赠的礼物。) B. His long service with the company was acknowledged with a present. (向他赠送礼品 以感谢他长期来对公司的服务。)
  2. American women were the right to vote until 1920 after many years of hard struggle. A. ignored D. denied. deny
  1)否认:A. He didn't deny the facts. B. They couldn't deny that it was a serious blow to them. C. He denied having ever there.(他否认曾 到过那里。)
  2)(=say 'no' to a request; refuse to give sth. asked for or needed)不给 予;Lots of people were denied the right to vote.(许多人被剥夺了选举权。)He B. refused C. neglected D. denied B. acknowledged C. absorbed D. considered
denies his wife nothing.(他对他的妻子有求必应。)
  3. The lost car of the Lees was found in the woods off the highway. A. vanished B. abandoned abandoned (=give up completely) 放弃, 抛弃;
  1) The scientist abandoned his research for lack of fund.
  2) The sailors abandoned the burning ship. [注意]abandon 暗指某人对其所抛弃的人或物将会发生什么事情不感兴趣, 如 把撞坏的汽车抛弃在路旁。vanish (=suddenly disappear; go out of existence) vi. 消失, 绝迹;
  1) The airplane vanished into the clouds.
  2) Many kinds of animals have vanished form the earth. (许多种类的动物以在地球上绝迹。) scatter B. abandoned C. scattered D. rejected
(=send, go in different direction) 驱使, 使分散; The police scattered the crowed. (警察驱散人群。) (=throw or put in various directions) 撒, 到处放; He scattered his clothes all over the room. reject (=refuse to accept) 拒绝接受; She rejected my suggestion.
  4. Henry's news report covering the conference was so that nothing had been omitted. A. understanding understandable C. comprehensive. comprehensive 完 全 的 无 所 不 包 的 ; comprehensible 能 懂 的 , 可 以 理 解 的 ; understandable 可以理解的, 主要用来指人的行为。understanding 用来指人时, 表示"善于理解别人或别人问题的 (人) 。"注意下面的搭配:a comprehensive B. comprehensible C. comprehensive D.
map (街区详图) ; a comprehensible remark (听得懂的话) ,an understandable mistake (可以理解的错误) ; an understanding friend (一位能理解人的朋友) 。
  5. No one has been able to trace the author of the poem. A. still B. yet
  6. The managing director took the for the accident, although it was not really his fault. A. guilt C. blame. take the blame for 对......承担责任。Take charge of 负责管理 (照顾) 。[注 意]charge 前无冠词 the.
  7. He has impressed his employers considerably and he is soon to be promoted. A. eventually D. accordingly. accordingly (=for that reason, therefore) 因此, 所以。
  8. It was a great for him to be pleasant to people he didn't like. A. attempt D. effort. effort (作可数名词用) (=vigorous attempt) 努力的尝试:Does it require a great effort of will to give up smoking? (戒烟需要坚强的毅力吗?)
  9. His new appointment takes from the beginning of next month. A. place B. effect C. post D. office B. trouble C. power D. effort B. yet C. finally D. accordingly B. charge C. blame D. account B. yet C. already D. just
B. effect.
take effect 生效。

  10. The policeman stopped him when he was driving home and him of speeding. A. charged B. accused. accuse sb. of... 控告某人犯有......, warn sb. of 警告、告戒某人有......deprive sb. of sth.剥夺某人某事。charge sb. with murder (指控某人犯有杀人罪) 。
  11. Mr. Smith gradually a knowledge of the subject. A. attained D. acquired. acquired (=gain for oneself by skill or ability, by one's own efforts or behavior) (由技术、能力、努力或行为) 获得; 得到:He has acquired a good command of English language. (他已精通英语。) achieve, vt. 取得 (胜利、成功等) , 实现 (目标、目的等) 。 attain, vt. 达到 (目的等) , 取得 (成就等) :
  1) I hope you will attain your object. (我希望你会达到你的目的。)
  2) He attained success through hard work.
  12. My camera can be to take pictures in cloudy or sunny conditions. A. treated C. adjusted. adjust (=arrange, put in order or agreement; make suitable or convenient for use) 强调, 调节, 使适应; The body adjusts itself to change of temperature. (身体能自 ) 行调节以适应温度的变化。 My eyes have not been adjusted to dark yet. (我的眼 B. adopted C. adjusted D. reminded B. achieved C. required D. acquired B. accused C. blamed D. deprived
睛还没有适应黑暗。 本句中 adjust 是不及物动词。 must adjust my watch. It's ) I slow. (我必须调一下我的表。它走得慢了。)
  13. According to the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, wisdom comes from the of maturity. A. fulfillment accomplishment B. achievement achievement (=something successfully finished or gained especially through skill and hard work) 取得, 达到, 成就。例如:achievement age 智力成熟年龄。 fulfillment (=the act of fulfilling or condition of being fulfilled) 履行, 实行。如: He was willing to face any hardship in fulfillment of his duties. (他愿意迎向困难 去履行他得职责。) establishment 建立,建设。Accomplishment (顺利) 完成: It was a great accomplishment to finish the house cleaning in two days. (两天内打 扫完这栋屋子是件很了不起的事。)
  14. The number of tickets will be determined by the size of the stadium. A. adaptable D. available. available. (=capable of being used
 

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