新课标高中英语交际口语话题分类 新课标高中英语交际口语话题分类 一、问候 (Greetings) A. Hi! 喂!你好! Hello! 喂!你好! Good morning / afternoon / evening. 上午/下午/晚上好。 How are you? 你好吗? How are you doing? 你怎么样? Please say hello to your parents. 请代我向你父母问好。 Please give my love / best wishes to Lucy. 请代我向露西问好。 B. Hi! 喂!你好! Hello! 喂!你好! Good morning / afternoon / evening. 上午/下午/晚上好。 I'm OK. 我还好。 Fine, thanks, and you? 还行,谢谢,你呢? Very well, thank you. 很好,谢谢,你呢? Just so so. 一般般,还过得去。 Sure. 当然可以。 All right. 好的,好吧。 二、介绍 (Introduction) A. My name is Jim. 我的名字叫吉姆。 I’m a student. 我是一名学生。 I’m from England. 我来自英国。 This is Mr. / Mrs. / Miss / Ms Brown. 这位是布朗先生/夫人/小姐/女士。 I’d like you to meet Bob. 我想遇见 Bob。 May I introduce Professor Jeff Brown? 让我介绍一下杰夫布朗。 B. Hello! 喂!你好! How do you do? 你好! Nice / Glad / Pleased to meet (see) you. 见到你很高兴。 三、告别 (Farewells ) A. Good-bye / Bye / Bye-bye. 再见。 Good night. 晚安。 See you later / then / tomorrow / soon. 再见。 I am sorry I have to go now. 抱歉,我的走了。 I am afraid I must be leaving now. 恐怕我得离开啦。 B. Good-bye / Bye / Bye-bye. 再见。 See you. 再见。 Good night. 晚安。 See you later / then / tomorrow / soon. 再见。
四、感谢 (Thanks ) A. Thank you (very much). (非常)谢谢。 Thanks a lot. 非常谢谢。 Thank you for your help. 谢谢你的帮忙。 It’s very kind / nice of you. 你真是太好了。 I appreciate your help. 我很感谢你的帮助。 B. It’s a pleasure. 很乐意。 My pleasure. 很乐意。 That’s OK/ all right. 没关系。 You’re welcome. 没关系。 Don’ t mention it. 不值得一提。 五、道歉 (Apologies) A. Sorry. I’m sorry. 对不起。 Excuse me, please. 打扰了。 I beg your pardon. 请再说一遍。 I’ m sorry for losing your book. 对不起,把你的书丢了。 I’m sorry to interrupt you. 对不起,打扰了。 I’m sorry (that) I’m late. 对不起,我迟到了。 B. That’s OK. 行,没问题。 It’s all right. 好了。 Never mind. 没关系。 It doesn’t matter. 不要紧,没关系。 It’s nothing. 没事,不要紧。 Forget it. 忘了吧。 六、邀请 (Invitation) A: Are you free this weekend?这个周末你有空吗? Are you doing anything this afternoon?你今天下午有安排吗? Would you like to go for a walk? 去散步,好吗? May I invite you to dinner? 我请你吃饭,好吗? What / How about having a swim? 去游泳,怎么样? Could I see you again?我们还可以再见面吗? Where shall we meet?我们在哪儿见面? Shall I come to pick you up?要我开车去接你吗? *pick up“开车去接某人” 。 Let's make it around six. 咱们约在六点左右吧。 B. OK. 好的。 ①Thank you. 谢谢。 I’d like that, thanks. 我愿意,谢谢。 Yes, I’d love to. 好的,我很乐意去。
That would be very nice. 那样会很好。 Sounds great! 那太好了! ②No, thank you. 不,谢谢。 It’s very nice of you, but my mother is ill. 你太好了,但我母亲病了。 I’d love to, but I’m afraid I have no time. 我想去,恐怕我没时间。 I’m sorry I can’t. What about another time? 对不起,我没时间,换个时间怎么样? Sorry, I’m tied up.真对不起,我另有安排。*be tied up“受时间的约束” 。 Thanks for the invitation, but...谢谢您的邀请,可是……
七、请求允许 (Asking for permission ) A. May I come in? 我可以进来吗? Can / Could I use your telephone? 我可以借用一下你的电话吗? Is it all right if I sit here? 我坐这儿,行吗? I wonder if I could smoke here. 我想知道我可以在这儿抽烟吗? Would / Do you mind if I open the window? 我打开窗户你介意吗? B. ①Yes, please. Sure. Certainly. 当然可以。 Please do. That’s all right. Of course, you can. 好的,当然可以。 Go ahead, please. 用吧。 ②I’m sorry, it’s not allowed. 对不起,这不允许。 I’m afraid not. You’d better not. 恐怕不能,你最好不要。 It’ s not allowed. 不允许。 I’m sorry, but you can smoke in the next room. 对不起,不能在隔壁房间里吸烟。
八、祝贺与祝愿 (Expressing wishes and congratulations) A. Have a good day / time! 玩得开心! Have a good journey / trip! 一路顺风!旅途愉快! Good luck! 祝你好运! Enjoy yourself! 玩得开心! Best wishes to you. 向你致以最美好的祝愿! Happy New Year! 新年快乐! Merry Christmas! 圣诞快乐! Happy birthday! 生日快乐! Wish you all the success! 祝你成功! Congratulations! 恭喜你! Well done! 一切很好! B. Thank you. 谢谢。 You, too. 你也一样。 The same to you. 你也一样。 九、提供帮助 (Offering help)
A. Do you want me to clean the room? 要我帮你打扫教室吗? Can I help you? 需要帮忙吗? Would you like me to help you? 你要帮忙吗? What can I do for you? 我能帮你做什么? Let me take your bags. 让我帮你提包吧? B. ①Yes, please. Yes, thanks. 好的,谢谢。 Thank you. 谢谢。 That would be nice / fine. 那样会很好。 Thank you for your (the) help. 谢谢你的帮助。 ②No, thanks / thank you. 不用,谢谢。 Thank you all the same. 仍然感谢你。 That’s very kind of you, but I can manage it myself. 你太好了,我尽力自己来做。 十、打电话 (Making telephone calls ) A. Hello! May I speak to Tom? 喂,请找汤姆接电话,好吗? Hello! I’d like to speak to Mr. Green. 你好,我找格林先生。 Is that Liu Ying speaking? 你是刘英吗? Extension six two two six, please. 请接分机 62
  26。 Can I leave a message? 我能留个口信吗? I’ll call back later / again. 我等会儿在打过来。 I’ll ring him / her up again. 我再给她打电话。 B. Hello! This is Mary speaking. 你好,我是玛丽。 Hello, who is that? 你好,你是哪位? Hold the line, please. 请稍等。 Just a moment, please. 请稍等。 Hello, who’s speaking? 喂,你是哪位? Sorry. He / She isn’t here right now. 对不起,他/她现在不在这儿。 Can I take a message? 我能稍个信吗? Sorry. I can’t hear you. 对不起,我听不清。 The line is bad / busy. 占线。 I couldn’t get through. 电话打不通。 Sorry, I’m afraid you have the wrong number. 对不起,恐怕你打错电话了。 十一、就餐 (Having meals) A. Would you like something to eat / drink? 你想吃/喝点什么? What would you like (to have)? 你想吃什么? Would you like some more fish? 你想再吃一块鱼吗? Help yourself to some fish. 请吃鱼。 Which do you prefer, rice or noodles? 米饭和面条,你更喜欢哪样? What would you like to drink, tea or coffee? 你想喝什么,茶还是咖啡? B. ①Yes, I’d like a drink. 我想要杯饮料。
I’d like rice and chicken. 我想吃米饭和鸡肉。 Just a little, please. 只一点点。 Can I have some more soup? 我能再喝点汤吗? It’s so delicious. Thank you. 谢谢,非常好吃。 I prefer noodles to rice. I like green tea. 我想吃面条,而不吃米饭。我想喝绿茶。 ②No, thank you. I’ve had enough. 谢谢,我够了。 I’m full, thank you. 谢谢,我吃饱了。 It’s very delicious, but I can’t eat any more. 非常可口,但是我不能再吃了。
十二、就医 (Seeing the doctor) A. What’s the matter? 你怎么啦? What seems to be the trouble? 好像出了什么毛病? Do you have a fever? 你发烧吗? How long have you felt like this? 像这样子有多久了? It’s nothing serious. 不是很严重。 Take this medicine three times a day. 这要每天服三次。 You’ll be all right / well soon. 你很快就会好的。 Give up smoking and keep on taking more exercises. 戒烟坚持多做运动。 B. I have a headache / cough / fever. 我有点头疼/咳嗽/发烧。 I feel terrible / bad / horrible / awful. 我感觉很不好很可怕/糟糕。 I don’t feel well. 我感觉不舒服。 I’ve got a pain here. 我这儿有点痛。 It hurts here. 这儿疼。 I don’t feel like eating. 我不想吃。 I can’t sleep well. 我睡不好。 十三、购物 (Shopping) A. Can / May I help you? 你想买什么? What can I do for you? 你想要点什么? How many / much would you like? 你想要多少? What colour / size / kind would you like? 你想要什么颜色/多大尺寸/什么类型? What about this one? 这件怎么样? Here’s your change. 你的零钱。 B. I want /I’d like a pair of shoes. 我想买双鞋。 How much is it / are they? 什么价钱? May I try it on? 我可以试一下吗? It’s too big / small. 太大/小了。 Sorry, it’s too expensive. 对不起,太贵了。 Do you have any other colours / sizes / kinds? 你有其他的颜色/尺寸/类型吗? Two and a half kilos / pounds, please. 两公斤半/两英磅半。 That’s fine. I’ll take it. 好的,我买下。
Just have a look. 只是看看。 Well, I’11 think about it. 哦,让我考虑一下。 十四、问路 (Asking the way) A. Excuse me. Where’s the washroom? 打扰一下,请问洗手间在哪? Can you tell me how to get to the post office? 你能告诉我去邮局怎么走吗? Excuse me. Which bus goes to World Park? 打扰一下,请问到世界公园坐哪路车? Excuse me. Which is the way to the Bank of China? 打扰一下, 请问去世界银行怎么走? Excuse me. Could you tell me the way to the station, please? 打扰一下,请问到火车站怎么走? How can I get to No. 4 Middle School? 去第四中学怎么走? B. ①It’s over there. 在那边。 It’s about 400 metres from here. 从这儿去大约 400 米。 Go down this street until you see the tall red building. 沿着这条街走直到看到那栋红色的高房子。 Turn right / left at the first / second crossing / corner. 在第二个十字路口/拐角处向左/右转。 You can’t miss it. 你不会错过的。 You can take bus No. 1
  03. 你可乘坐 103 路公共汽车。 You’d better take a taxi. 你最好做出租车。 ②Sorry. I don’ know. I’ a stranger here. 对不起, t m 我不知道, 在这儿我是一个陌生人。 十五、谈论天气 (Talking about weather)www.rr3
  65.com A. What’s the weather like today? 今天的天气怎样? How’s the weather in Beijing? 北京的天气如何? What a cold / hot day today! 今天好冷/热。 It’s a nice / fine / beautiful / horrible day today. 今天天气很好/可怕。 B. It’s sunny / cloudy / windy / rainy / snowy / foggy. 天晴/多云/刮风/下雨/下雪/多雾。 It’s getting cool / cold / warm / hot. 天气变得很凉快/冷/暖和/热。
十六、语言交际困难 (Language difficulties in communication) Pardon? 再说一遍,好吗? I beg your pardon? I don’t understand. Sorry, I can’t follow you. 请再说一遍,好吗?对不起,我没听懂。 Could you say that again, please? 你能在说一遍吗? Could you repeat that, please? 请你重复一遍,好吗? Can you speak more slowly, please? 你能说慢一点吗? What do you mean by killing time? 消磨时间你是什么意思? How do you say ... in English? 用英语你怎么说? I don’t know how to say that in English. 我不知道用英语怎么说?
I don’t know the word in English. 我不知道这个词用英语怎么讲? How do you spell it, please? 请问怎么拼写? I’m sorry I only know a little English. 对不起,我只懂一点点英语 十七、提醒注意 (Reminding and warning) Don’t forget your raincoat. Remember to lock the door. 不要忘了带雨衣,记得锁门。 Make sure that all the windows are closed. 务必把所有的窗户都关上。 Mind your head/step! 动动脑精/加快点。 No smoking! 禁止吸烟! No spitting! 不要随地吐痰。 Wet floor! 地面未干! Look out! 当心! Be careful! 小心! Don’t touch! 不要乱摸! It’s dangerous! 危险! 十八、劝告 (Advice) You’d better go to see the doctor. 你最好去看医生。 You should listen to and read English everyday. 你应该每天听和读英语。 You need to buy a Chinese-English dictionary. 你需要买一本汉英词典。 If I were you, I’d phone him now. 如果我是你,我现在就打电话给他。 Don’t rush / hurry/ push. 不要匆忙/急/推。 Please stand in line. 请站成一排。 十九、建议 (Suggestions) Let’s go and have a look. 我们去看看。 Should we go now? 我们应该现在就去吗? What / How about a picnic this Sunday? 这个星期天去野餐怎么样? Why don’t you buy a computer? 为什么不买一台电脑呢? Why not go to a movie? 为什么不去看电影呢? 二十、同意和不同意 (Agreement and disagreement) Sure. Certainly. 当然可以! Exactly. 正是。 That’s correct. 正确。 Of course. All right. 好吧,当然可以。 I agree. 我同意。 No problem. 没问题。 That’s a good idea. 那是个好主意。 Yes, I think so. 是的,我想是这样。
No way. 没门。 Of course not. 当然不行。
 

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