新目标八年级(上)英语复习提纲(全套) Unit 1: How often do you exercise? 【复习目标】 会使用频率副词及短语; 能描述课余时间的活动安排; 会描述基本饮食结构。 【语言目标】 ● What do you usually do on weekends? I sometimes go to the beach. ● How often do you eat vegetables? Every day. ● Most students do homework every day. 【重点词汇】 ● always, usually , often, sometimes , hardly , ever, never. ● how often, once , twice , three times a week , every day. ● milk, junk food, health, unhealthy, habit, exercise, most, result, try, different maybe, although, arm, foot, tooth, ear, eye, advice, thirsty ,forget, finish, plan . 【应掌握的词组】
  1. go to the movies 去看电影
  2. look after = take care of 照顾
  3. surf the internet 上网
  4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式
  5. go skate boarding 去划板
  6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康
  7. exercise=take(much)exercise=do sports 锻炼
  8. eating habits 饮食习惯
  9. take more exercise 做更多的运动
  10. the same as 与什么相同
  11. be different from 不同
  12. once a month 一月一次
  13. twice a week 一周两次
  14. make a difference to 对什么有影响
  15. how often 多久一次
  16. although = though 虽然
  17. most of the students=most students
  18. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物
  19. as for 至于
  20. activity survey 活动调查
  21. do homework 做家庭作业
  22. do house work 做家务事
  23. eat less meat 吃更少的肉
  24. junk food 垃圾食物
  25. be good for 对什么有益
  26. be bad for 对什么有害
  27. want to do sth 想做某事
  28. want sb to do sth 想某人做某事

  29. try to do sth 尽量做某事
  30. come home from school 放学回家
  31. of course = certainly = sure 当然
  32. get good grades 取得好成绩
  33. some advice
  34. hardly=not nearly / almost not 几乎不
  35. keep/be in good health 保持健康
  36.be stressed 紧张的,有压力的
  37. take a vacation 去度假
  48.get back 回来 【应掌握的句子】
  1. How often do you exercise? 你(你们)多久锻炼一次身体? (在 How often + 助动词 do(does 或 did) + 主语 + do sth.? 疑问词 how often 是问频率(多久一次), 这里助动词 do(does 或 did) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用)与一般现在时或一般过去时连用,回答 一般是用表示频率的副词,如:once, twice, three times…, sometimes, often, quite, often, never, every day, once a week , twice a month , three times a month , three or four times a month 等。 翻译:“你们多久到工厂去一次?”“每星期两次。” (“How often do you go to the factory?” “Twice a week. ”) “他们多长时间举办一次舞会?”“通常每两周举办一次。” (“How often do they have a dancing party?” “Usually, once every other week.”) “他多久去购一次物?”“一个月一次。” (“How often does he go shopping?” “He goes shopping once a month.”)
  2. “What do you usually do on weekends?” “ I usually play soccer.” “周末你通常做什么?”“我通常踢足球。” 第一个 do 为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个 do 则是实义动词。 翻译: What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies. What does she usually do on weekends? She sometimes go hiking.
  3. “What’s your favorite program?” “It’s Animal World.” “你最喜欢什么节目?”“动物世界。”
  4. As for homework , most students do homework every day . as for...意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的-ing 形式(即动 名词) 。如: As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。 As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你最好不要相信。 翻译:至于我自己,我现在不想去。 (As for myself, I don’t want to go now. ) 至于那个人,我什么都不知道。(As for the man, I know nothing about him.)
  5. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her . want to do sth. 意思是“想要做某事”; want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如: Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗? The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡包。
  6. She says it’s good for my health. be good for...表示“对……有益 (有好处)”;其反义为:be bad for...。 (这里 for 是介词,后跟名词、 代词或动名词) 如:It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处。 Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。
  7. How many hours do you sleep every night?
  8. I exercise every day , usually when I come home from school .
  9. My eating habits are pretty good . 这里 pretty 相当于 very 。

  10. I try to eat a lot of vegetables , usually ten to eleven times a week . try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思而 try doing sth.表示“(用某一办法) 试着去做某事”。 如: You’d better try doing the experiment in another way. 你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验。
  11. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades. help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事
  12. Good food and exercise help me to study better. 这里 better 是 well 的比较级,而不是 good 的比较级
  13. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different? =Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from yours? be the same as … / be different from …
  14. What sports do you play ?
  15. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health . keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy
  16. You must try to eat less meat . try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思,less 是 little 的比较级
  17. That sounds interesting. 这是“主语+系动词+表语”结构的简单句。sound(听起来) ,look(看起来) ,smell (闻起来) ,taste(尝起来) ,feel(觉得) ,seem(好象) ,grow(变得),get (变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。如: It tastes good. 这味道好。 The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。 The smoke grew heavier and heavier. 烟雾变得越来越浓了。 【词语辨析】 一、maybe / may be
  1. The baby is crying she is hungry.
  2. The woman a teacher . maybe 是副词,意为“大概, 可能, 或许”,一般用于句首。May be 是情态动词,意为“可能是.., 也许是..,大概是..”. 二、a few / few / a little / little
  1. people can live to 100,but people can live to 1
  50.
  2. There is time left, I don’t catch the first bus.
  3. Could you give me milk? a little (一点儿,少量) 表示肯定 a few (少数的,几个,一些) few (很少的,几乎没有的) little (很少的,几乎没有的) 表示否定 修饰可数名词 修饰不可数名词 三、none / no one
  1、 of the pens are mine .
  2、 is in the classroom. none 指人或物,强调数量,用 how many 提问,常与 of 连用。no one 多指人,强调“无人”这种 状态,用 who 提问,不可与 of 连用,作主语时,其谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。 四、hard / hardly
  1. The ground is too to dig
  2. I can understand them.
  3. It’s raining ,the people can go outside. hard 作形容词,意为“困难的,艰苦的,硬的”;作副词,意为“努力地,猛烈地”。Hardly 意为“几乎不”。
Unit 2 What’s the matter? 【复习目标】 ● 掌握身体各部位名称的英文表达方式 ● 能表述身体的种种不适以及对他人身体的种种不适给予适当的建议 【语言目标】 ● What’s the matter? I have a headache. ● You should drink some tea. The sounds like a good idea. ● I have a sore back. That’s too bad . I hope you feel better soon. ● 【重点词汇】 ● head, nose, eye, ear, tooth, neck, stomach, back, leg, arm, foot, throat ● thirsty, stressed out,/ dentist, lie, rest, honey, water, illness, advice. ● cold, fever, headache, toothache, stomachache, sore throat 【应掌握的词组】
  1. Have a cold 感冒
  2. sore back 背痛
  3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进
  4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛 = I have got a stomachache = There is something wrong with my stomach = My stomach hurts = I have (got) a pain in my stomach
  5. What’s the matter? 怎么了? = What’s the trouble (with you)? = What’s your trouble? = What’s wrong (with you)? = What’ the matter (with you)? =What has happened to you? = Is there anything wrong (with you)? = what’s up?
  6. sore throat 咽喉痛
  7. lie down and rest 躺下休息
  8. see a dentist 看牙医
  9. drink lots of water 多喝水
  10. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶
  11.That’s a good idea 好主意
  12.That’s too bad 太糟糕了
  13.I think so 我认为如此
  14. I’m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服 = I’m not feeling fine/all right. = I’m feeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad. = I don’t feel well.
  15. get some rest 多休息
  16. I have no idea = I don’t know 我不知道
  17. stressed out 筋疲力尽
  18. I am tired 我累了 He is tired. 他累了
  19. a healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式
  20. traditional Chinese doctors 传统中医
  21. a balance of yin and yang 阴阳调和

  22. you have too much yin.你阴气太盛
  23. to eat a balance diet 饮食平衡
  24. healthy food 健康食品
  25. stay healthy 保持健康 =keep healthy=keep in good health = keep fit
  26. enjoy oneself (myself, yourself, herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself 反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快 =have a good time = have a wonderful time = have fun
  27. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物, enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like dong sth practice doing sth.练习做某事, mind doing sth. 介意做某事, finish doing sth.完成某事, give up doing sth.放弃做某事, can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事, keep ding sth. 坚持做某事. (keep on doing sth. / keep sb. doing sth. ) be busy doing sth. 忙着做某事 be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事 make a contribution to doing sth.为..做贡献 go on doing sth. 继续做某事 forget doing sth.忘记做某事 remember doing sth. 记得做某事 spend....(in) doing sth. 花(时间)来做某事 prefer doing sth.to doing sth.比起(做...)来更愿意(做...)
  28. at the moment = now 此刻
  29. Host family 东道家庭
  30. Conversation practice 会话练习
  31. I’m sorry to hear that.听到此事我很难过 【应掌握的句子】
  1. What’s the matter? I have a bad cold. 你怎么了?我得了重感冒。 翻译:他怎么了?他胃痛。 魏芳怎么了?她背痛。
  2.Maybe you should see a dentist. 或许你应该看牙医。 翻译:我应该上床睡觉。 李平应该躺下休息。 我们不应该上课吃东西。
  3.I hope you feel better soon. 我希望你很快好起来。 翻译:我希望他明天能来。
  4.Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy. 传统中医认为我们需要阴阳调和以保持身体健康。 翻译:老师认为我们应该努力学习以取得好成绩。 我相信每天晚上睡眠 8 个小时很重要。
  5.Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this. 吃党参和黄芪等草本植物也对这有好处。 翻译:吃一些蔬菜和水果对你的健康有好处。
看电视太多对你的眼睛有害。
  6.People who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang. 太紧张易怒的人或许吃了太多的阳性食物。
  7.It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle, and it’s important to eat a balanced diet. 有一个健康的生活方式很容易,饮食平衡是很重要的。 翻译:学好英语不是很容易的。 上课注意听讲是必要的。 完成作业也很重要。
  8.When you are tired, you shouldn’t go out at night. 疲倦时,晚上你不该外出。 翻译:他小的时候就知道应该努力学习。 他 5 岁就上学了。 我们进教室时,老师已经开始讲课了。
  9.I believe him, but I can’t believe in him. 他的话是真的,但是我不信任他这个人。
  10.I am not feeling very well at the moment. 这段时间我感觉不大好。 I’m tired and I have a lot of headaches. 我很疲劳,而且经常头痛。
  11.I’m stressed out because my Mandarin isn’t improving. 我很容易紧张,因为普通话没有长进。
  12.I practice playing the piano every day.我每天练习弹钢琴。 翻译:他每天练习踢足球。 我们应该每天练习说英语。
  13.She had finished writing the letter when I went in. 我进去时,她已经写完信了。 翻译:他踢完足球去游泳了。 我洗完餐具后去商店了。
  14.The doctor asked him to give up smoking.医生叫他戒烟。 翻译:不要放弃学英语。
  15.Do you mind closing the window? 请把窗户关上好吗? 翻译:在这里吸烟你介意吗?
  16.Mary couldn’t help laughing at his jokes.对于他的玩笑,玛莉忍不住笑了。 翻译:听到这个消息,我忍不住哭了起来。
  17.They kept working though it was raining.尽管天在下雨,他们仍坚持工作。 翻译:我们应该坚持学英语。 Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation? 【
 

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