Unit 9知识点 一.重要词组
  1. international sports stars 国际运动明星
  2. a great Chinese ping-pong player 杰出的中国乒乓球运动员
  3. was(were) born 出生于
  4. the world record 世界记录
  5. start hiccupping / stop hiccupping 开始打嗝/停止打嗝 start doing (to do) sth. 开始做某事 begin doing (to do) sth. 开始做某事 stop doing sth. 停止做某事
  6. too … to … 太…….而不……
  7. for example 例如
  8. play for 为……效力
  9. national team 国家队
  10. write music 谱写曲子
  11. a movie star 一个电影明星
  12. perform Beijing Opera 表演京剧
  13. the Chinese gymnast 一个中国体操运动员
  14. win a gold medal 赢得一块金牌
  15. the World Championships 世界锦标赛
  16. learn to ride a bicycle 学会骑自行车
  17. start learning English 开始学英语
  18. begin playing sports 开始进行体育运动
  19. a comedy called 一部叫……的喜剧
  20. a loving grandfather 一个慈爱的祖父
  21. spend all one's free time with sb. 与某人一起度过了所有的业余时间 spend time with sb. 与某人一起度过时光
  22. a famous violinist 一个著名的小提琴手
  23. ice skating 滑冰
  24. a kind and loving grandmother 一个和蔼而慈爱的祖母
  25. a skating champion 一个滑冰冠军
  26. the well-known Chinese pianist 中国著名的钢琴演奏家
  28. pieces of music 音乐篇章
  27. hum songs 哼歌
  29. begin to learn the accordion 开始学习手风琴
  30. at the age of … 在……年龄时
  31. start to learn the piano 开始学习钢琴
  32. take part in 参加、加入
  33. win the first prize 赢得一等奖
  34. the 14th Chopin International Piano Competition 第十四届肖邦国际钢琴比赛
  35. receive such an honor 获得这样的荣誉
  35. because of 因为、由于
  36. major in 主修,专修 二.重要句型
  1. When was he born? He was born in 18
  95. be born 出生于(be 用过去时态形式 was 或 were,因为人的出生多为发生 在过去的事,所以用一般过去时) The great pianist was born on October 10th, 18
  90. 那位伟大的钢琴家出生在1890年十月十日。 -Where were you born? 你在哪儿出生的? -I was born in Beijing. 我出生在 北京。

  2. Who's that? That's Deng Yaping. She is a great Chinese ping-pong player.
  3. How long did Charles Osborne hiccup? He hiccupped for 69 years and 5 months. “How long”是就一段时间进行提问,因此回答时用 for 后面加一段持续的时 间。 ?How long did he learn English? 他学英语多久了? ?He learned English for ten years. 他学英语十年了。
  4. You are never too young to start doing things. 你永远不会小到不能做事情的地步。 too … to … 太……而不能 是英语中常用的一种结构,其句型为“too + 形容词或副词原级 + to do …”, 译为“太……而(以致)不能……”。它在形式上是肯定的,但在意义上是否定的。 “too … to …”本身已含有否定的意思,因此,不定式前一般不加 not. She is too young not to go to school. (×) She is too young to go to school. (√) The water is too hot to drink.水太烫不能喝。 The boy is too young to look after himself. 这个男孩太小了,还不能自己照顾自己。 This house is too big to clean in one day. 这幢房子太大了,一天内打扫不完。 She is too young to go to school. 她太小不能去上学。 The old men started singing / to sing. 老人们开始唱歌。 We started doing our homework at 7 o'clock last night. 我们昨晚7点开始写作业。
  5. Tiger Woods started golfing when he was only ten months old. 泰戈伍德在只有10个月大的时候开始玩高尔夫球。 When he was a small boy, he could hum songs and difficult pieces of music. 在他还是一个小孩子的时候,他就能哼唱歌曲和难的乐曲。 when 是从句的引导词,意为“……的时候”。 Mozart started writing music when he was four years old. 莫扎特在四岁的时候,开始写音乐。 It rained when I got home. 当我到家的时候,天下雨了。 when 的用法: (
  1)作疑问副词,意为“什么时候” When are you leaving? 你什么时候离开? When did Tony go to the library? 托尼什么时候去的图书馆。 (
  2)作从属连词,引导一个时间状语从句,意为“当……的时候” When he was a small boy, he began to perform Beijing Opera. 当他是个小男孩时,他就开始表演京剧。 She toured the U.S. when she was fourteen. 她十四岁时就周游了美国。
  6. Arthur is a loving grandfather. He spends all his free time with his grandchildren. 阿瑟是一位慈爱的祖父。他与他的孙子、孙女一起度过了他所有的业余时间。
spend 意为“花费……时间/金钱” I'm planning to spend time in the beautiful countryside. 我打算在美丽的乡村度过时光。 She spent $ 500 last year. 她去年花了五百美元。 (A)spend … on sth. 在某物(事)上花费(时间,金钱) Maria spent five yuan on the book. 玛丽亚花了五元钱在这本书上。/ 玛丽亚买这本书花了五元。 I often spend a lot of time on my homework every night. 我经常每天晚上花两个小时做家庭作业。 (B)spend …(in)doing sth. 花(时间或金钱)干某事 I often spend a lot of time (in)doing my homework. Maria spent five yuan(in)buying the book. 注意,spend 的主语必须是人,在第四单元中学过“It takes sb. some time / money to do sth.”也可表示“做某事花某人多少时间/金钱”,但 take 的主语应是 物,而不能是人。 It takes me a lot of time to do my homework. It took Maria five yuan to buy the book. 用于描述人物的形容词 talented(天才的) ,loving(慈爱的) ,outstanding(杰出的) , ,creative(有创造力的) ,famous(著名的) , unusual(罕有的) great(伟大的,很棒的) ,beautiful(美丽的)
  7. Li Yundi, the well-known Chinese pianist, always loved music. 中国著名钢琴家李云迪总是喜爱音乐。 划线部分是“Li Yundi”的同位语,作进一步解释说明。
  8. When he was a small boy, he could hum songs and difficult pieces of music. 当他是个小男孩时,他就能够哼唱歌曲和一些较难的音乐篇章。
  9. He began to learn the accordion at the age of four. 他四岁十就开始学习手风琴。 at the age of 在……岁时 At the age of 4 Mike began to write story books. 迈克四岁时就开始写故事书。 年龄表达方法 (
  1)用基数词表达年龄,可以加上“… years old”three years old. (
  2)用 when 引导的从句 when I was three(years old) (
  3)at the age of + 基数词 at the age of three (
  4)基数词 + -year-old 例: three-year-old,注意这种表达常作定语 如 a three-year-old boy.
  10.Li Yundi took part in the 14th Chopin International Piano Competition in Polan. 李云迪在波兰参加了第14届肖邦国际钢琴比赛。 join 和 take part in 两者都表示“参加” join 指“参加”某种组织 take part in 表示参加某项活动 He joined the Party at the age of
  40. 他40岁时入了党。 When did your brother join the Army? 你哥哥什么时候参的军?
Do you want to take part in the sports meeting? 你想参加运动会吗?
  11. He was also the first Chinese Pianist in the 70-year history of the Chopin International Piano Competition to receive such an honor. 在肖邦国际钢琴大赛70年的历史中, 他也是第一个获得这样荣誉的中国钢琴 家。 the 70-year history 70年的历史 其中 70-year 做 history 的定语,所以 year 不能用复数。 如:a four-year old girl 一个四岁女孩。 the 70-year history 70年的历史
  12.He stopped playing football because of his sore back. 他因为喉咙痛而停止了踢足球。 = He stopped playing football because he had a sore back. 两个都表原因 because of + n. because + 句子 He didn't go to school yesterday because he was ill. = He didn't go to school yesterday because of his illness. We didn't go out because the weather was bad. = We didn't go out because of the bad weather. 附: 职业名词 A.第一方队:a.动词+ er,构成的职业名称最多,意为“……家/人”等。如: teach(教)?teacher(老师) work(工作)?worker(工人) farm(耕种)?farmer(农民) clean(打扫)?cleaner(清洁工) write(写)?writer(作家) sing(唱;唱歌)?singer(歌唱家;歌手) drive(开车等)?driver(司机)dance(跳舞;舞蹈)?dancer(舞蹈家) ,etc. play(打球等)?player(队员) b.名词(多为自然学科)+ ist,可构成“……家”等。如 art(艺术;美术)?artist (艺术家; 画家) chemistry (化学) ?chemist 化学家) physics 物理) ( ( ?physicist (物理学家) science(科学)?scientist(科学家) ,etc. c.名词 + ian,构成“……家/员”等。如: music(音乐;乐曲)?musician(音乐家) library(图书馆)?librarian(图书管理员) ,etc. B.第二方队:名词 + man 或 woman,构成“……人/员”等。如: police(警务)?policeman/policewoman(警察) business(生意)?businessman(商人) sports(运动)?sportsman(运动员) post(邮递;寄送)?postman(邮递员) ,etc. C.第三方队:其它“纯天然”式职业名称。如: 学生 ?student 售票员;列车员 ?conductor 战士;士兵 ?soldier 护士 ?nurse 医生 ?doctor 厨师 ?cook 售货员、店员 ?shop assistant
 

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