新目标初二英语下册期中复习资料 新目标初二英语下册期中复习资料
] 一. 重点单词 Unit 4
  1. ever adv.曾经;永远
  5. true adj.真实的
  7. copy v.复制;抄袭
  9. village n.乡村
  11. meter n.米;公尺
  13. decision n.决心;决定
  15. college n.学院;大学
  17. influence n.影响
  19. danger n.危险 Unit 5
  1. flower n.花 二. 重点词组 Unit 4
  1. have a surprise party 开一个惊喜聚会
  2. be mad at 对……非常愤怒, 恼火
  3. first of all 首先
  4. pass....to 把……传给……
  5. be supposed to 认为必须,认为应该
  6. do well in 在某方面做得好;擅长= be good at
  7. have a cold 感冒
  8. be in good health 身体健康
  9. get nervous 变得紧张
  10. end-of-year exam 年终考试
  11. report card 成绩报告单
  12. get over 恢复;克服
  13. pass on 传递 短语
  1. let in 允许进入,允许参加
  2. remind sb. of sth 提醒某人某事
  3. take away 拿走,拿开
  4. make money 挣钱,赚钱
  5. travel round the world 周游世界
  6. be famous 著名,有名
  7. go to college 上大学
  8. make a living 谋生,以……为生
  9. all the time 一直,总是
  10. all over the world 全世界
  11. laugh at sb.嘲笑某人 三. 重点句子 Unit 4
  1. I am mad at Marcia. She said she was mad at Marcia.
  2. I am having a party for Lana. She said she was having a party for Lana.
  3. I go to the beach every Saturday. He said he went to the beach every Saturday.
  2. against prep.反对
  3. chance n.机会;机遇
  6. explain v.解释;说明
  4. tonight n.今晚,今夜
  5. window n.窗;窗户
  7. improve v.提高;改进
  2. message n.消息;信息
  4. nervous adj.神经紧张的;不安的
  6. lucky adj.幸运的
  8. own adj.自己的
  10. area n.地区;地域的
  12. thin adj.稀薄的
  14. husband n. 丈夫
  16. start n.开始;开端
  18. hometown n.家乡,故乡
  3. suppose v.假定;认为;期望

  4. I will call you tomorrow. He told me he would call me tomorrow / the next day.
  5. I can speak three languages. She said she could speak three languages. Unit 5
  1. I think I’ll ride my bike. If you do, you’ll be late.
  2. I think I’m going to stay at home. If you do, you’ll be sorry. 四. 重点语法
  1. 间接引语 直接引语和间接引语:直接引用别人的话表达意思,称为直接引语;用自己的话转述别 人的话,称为间接引语。 直接引语和间接引语中动词形式的变化形式如下: 直接引语 I am mad at Marcia. I am having a party for Lana. I go to the beach every Saturday. I will call you tomorrow. I can speak three languages. 间接引语 She said she was mad at Marcia. She said she was having a party for Lana. He said he went to the beach every Saturday. He told me he would call me tomorrow. She said she could speak three languages. (
  1)直接引语变成间接引语时,几个主要时态的变化规律 直接引语 一般现在时 一般将来时 现在进行时 (
  2)直接引语变成间接引语时,一些词汇的变化规律 直接引语
  1. am / is
  2. are
  3. have / has
  4. will
  5. can
  6. may 间接引语
  1. was
  2. were
  3. had
  4. would
  5. could
  6. might 间接引语 一般过去时 过去将来时 过去进行时
在间接引语中除了注意时态,人称和时间状语的变化外,陈述句的句型,语序没有变化,只 是要在陈述句前加连词 that,它常常被省略,不在句子中担任成分。 eg. She said to me, “I like English very much.” She said ( that ) she liked English very much. 当引用的句子是一般疑问句,转述为间接引语时,要把一般疑问句句型转换为陈述句句 型,同时在句子前面加上 if 或 whether。
eg. My friend asked me, “Do you like English?” My friend asked me if / whether I liked English. 当引用的句子是祈使句时,那么间接引语要改用动词不定式表示。 句型:肯定句:tell / ask ...sb. to do sth. 否定句:tell / ask ....sb. not to do sth. eg. The teacher said, “Don’t be late again.” The teacher told the students not to be late again. 把特殊疑问句转述为间接引语时,要特别注意语序的变化。它的语序转换为陈述句语序, 要以疑问词开头(并注意此时不能用 that)。 eg. Mary asked me, “Who is she?” Mary asked me who she was.
  2. 由 if 引导的条件状语从句 if 用做连词时,可以表示“如果;假如”,用来引导一个条件状语从句。 eg. I will go if he asks me. If you eat bad food, you may be ill. 在主句和条件状语从句中的动词都表示将来的动作时,主句中常用一般将来时,但从句 中常用一般现在时。 eg. We will come to see you if we have time. You won’t be able to pass the exam if you don’t work hard. 五. 知识点
  1. I’m mad at Marcia.我生玛茜娅的气。 “mad”在此意为“生气的,愤怒的”,be mad at....意思是“生……的气”,“对……发 怒”,相当于 be angry with。 eg. The teacher was mad at the boy. The teacher was angry with the boy. be mad about 意为“对……迷的发狂” eg. I am mad about collecting stamps. get mad 意为“变疯,变的恼怒” eg. I got mad yesterday because of his lie.
  2. Lana said she would bring some drinks and snacks to your house. “bring....to...”表示“(从别处把某人或某物)带来”。bring 的反义词是 take,表示把 某人或某物“带走(到别处)”。 eg. Please bring the book to school tomorrow. Please take the empty cup away.
  3. I’m good at speaking. be good at 意为“擅长于……”“在……方面做的好”,相当于 do well in,后跟名词,
动名词,代词。 eg. She is good at singing. =She does well in singing. I’m better at reading than listening. I can do better in math.
  4. I’m sorry to hear that he had a cold last week. I hope you are in good health.听说他上周感冒 了,我很难过,我希望你身体健康。 be sorry to do sth.意为“对……感到很难过” eg. I’m sorry to break the window. I’m sorry to hear of the news.
  5. I always get nervous.我总是很紧张。 get nervous 的用法 get nervous“感到紧张不安的;易激动的” get 为系动词,nervous 为形容词,作表语。也可以说成:be nervous 或 feel nervous。 eg. Jenny is a shy girl. She always gets nervous while talking with strangers. I’m nervous about the exams. Take it easy. Don’t be nervous.
  6. I had a hard time with science this semester, and I wasn’t surprised to find my worst report card was from my science teacher. 这学期我在自然方面学习很吃力,看到我最差的成绩单是来自我的自然老师时,我一点 也不吃惊。 (
  1)have a hard time with sth 意为“在某方面感到很困难” eg. She had a hard time with English Classes. (
  2)have a hard time with sb.意为“和某人关系处得非常不好” eg. Peter had a hard time with his father.
  7. I said that was OK and that I was sure she’d get over it. 我说那好吧,我确信她会恢复的。 “get over”表“恢复,克服” eg. I am sure you can get over this difficulty. It’s almost done. Lets get it over.
  8. If you wear jeans, we won’t let you in. 如果你穿牛仔装,我们将不让你进去。 (
  1)jeans“牛仔裤”,总是复数名词,表示一条牛仔裤时用 a piece of jeans. 类似的词还有:shorts, pants, trousers, glasses 等。 (
  2)let 表示让某人做某事,让某事发生时,后面跟省略“to”的动词不定式或某些介词。 eg. Let him in at once.
Her father won’t let her go out at night. You’d better open the windows and let some flesh air in.
  9. If you become a professional soccer player, you’ll never go to college. 如果你成为一名职业球员,你将永远不能上大学。 go to college 意思是“上大学” go to the college 意思是“去那个大学” 类似的词组有 go to school / go to the school;go to church/ go to the church
  10. If you do, the teacher will ask them to leave. 如果你这么做,老师会叫他们离开。 ask sb. to do 请求某人做某事 eg. He asked us to clean the room quickly. The students asked the teacher to tell the story again. ask sb. for sth.向某人要某物 eg. It’s not good to ask parents for money. If you want more food, you can ask the waiter for more.
  11. (
  1)make a lot of money 意为“赚很多钱” (
  2)make a living 意为“谋生” (
  3)make life difficult 使生活很困难 make....+ adj 结构意为“使……怎么样” make the room clean. make it clear (
  4)make sb do sth 使某人做某事 eg. He made us finish the job in two hours. (
  5)make it+形容词+to do sth. eg. We will make it easier to do this in this way.
  12. I’ll be able to help people.我将会帮助人们。 be able to 与 can 作为情态动词,两者都可表示能力,意为“会,能够” be able to 与 can 的主要区别是: (
  1)can 侧重表示“客观的可能性,请求或许可” eg. Can I help you? We can eat fruit to keep healthy. (
  2)be able to 强调靠聪明、才干、奋斗等把过去某项困难克服或完成。 eg. We’ll be able to make money when we grow up. He wasn’t able to walk until he was seven. “be able to”的时态要比“can”的时态多,并且 be able to 可用于不定式或动名词短语 中,can 不能。
eg. I hope I will be able to write a story. He enjoyed being able to swim in the river.
  13. and do a lot of work to help people.做大量的工作帮助人们。 work 为“工作”之意时,是不可数名词,请区分 work 与 job。 eg. he has many part-time jobs. I’m sorry that I have too much work to do.
  14. And if you become rich, you’ll have a difficult time knowing who your real friends are. 如果你变得有钱了,你将很难知道谁是你真正的朋友。 have a difficult time(in)doing sth.做……很难 对比 have a hard time with sth 在……方面感到困难 eg. I had a difficult time in dealing with the matter. He had a hard time with computer. 六. 写作 Unit
  4. telling a story(讲故事) Unit
  5. decision making(做决定)
 

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