新目标英语八年级(上册) 新目标英语八年级(上册) Go for it 教材梳理
新目标八年级英语上册第一单元 I. 应掌握的词组: 应掌握的词组:
  1. go to the movies 去看电影
  2. look after=take care of 照顾
  3. surf the internet 上网
  4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式
  5. go skateboarding 去划板
  6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康
  7. exercise=take (much) exercise =do sports 锻炼
  8. eating habits 饮食习惯
  9. take more exercise 做更多的运动
  10. the same as 与什么相同
  11. once a month 一月一次
  12. be different from 不同
  13. twice a week 一周两次
  14. make a difference to 对什么有影响
  15. how often 多久一次
  16. although=though 虽然
  17. most of the students=most students 大多数学生
  18. shop=go shopping
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=do some shopping 购物
  19. as for 至于
  20. activity survey 活动调查
  21. do homework 做家庭作业
  22. do housework 做家务事
  23. eat less meat 吃更少的肉
  24. junk food 垃圾食物
  25. be good for 对什么有益
  26. be bad for 对什么有害
  27. want to do sth 想做某事
  28. want sb to do sth 想某人做某事
  29. try to do sth 尽量做某事
  30. come home from school 放学回家
  31. of course=certainly=sure 当然
  32. get good grades 取得好成绩
  33. some advice
  34. help sb to do sth 帮助某人做某事 =help sb with sth
  35. a lot of vegetables =many vegetables 许多蔬菜

  36. hardly=not nearly / almost not 几乎不 II. 应掌握的句子: 应掌握的句子:
  1.

  37. keep/be in good health 保持健康
How often do you exercise? 你(你们)多久锻炼一次身体? How often + 助动词 do(does 或 did) + 主语 + do sth.? 疑问词 how often 是问频率(多久一次), (在这里助动词 do(does 或 did) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用)与一般现在时或一般过去时连用, 回答一般是用表示频率的副词,如:once, twice, three times…, sometimes, often, quite, often, never, every day, once a week , twice a month , three times a month , three or four times a month 等。 翻译: “你们多久到工厂去一次?” “每星期两次。 ”
(“How often do you go to the factory?” “Twice a week. ”) “他们多长时间举办一次舞会?” “通常每两周举办一次。 ”
(“How often do they have a dancing party?” “Usually, once every other week.”) “他多久去购一次物?” “一个月一次。 ” They usually have a dancing party (“How often does he go shopping?” “He goes shopping once a month.”)
  2. “What do you usually do on weekends?” “ I usually play soccer.” “周末你通常做什么?” “我通常踢足球。 ” 第一个 do 为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个 do 则是实义动词。 翻译:What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies.
What does she usually do on weekends? She sometimes go hiking.

  3. “What’s your favorite program?” “It’s Animal World.” “你最喜欢什么节目?” “动物世界。 ”
  4. As for homework , most students do homework every day . as for...意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的 -ing 形式(即动名词) 。如: As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。
2
As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你最好不要相信。 翻译:至于我自己,我现在不想去。 (As for myself, I don’t want to go now. ) 至于那个人,我什么都不知道。 (As for the man, I know nothing about him.)
  5. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her . want to do sth. 意思是“想要做某事”;
want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如: Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗? The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡包。
  6. She says it’s good for my health. be good for...表示“对……有益(有好处)”;其反义为:be bad for...。 (这里 for 是 介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词)如: It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处。 Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。
  7. How many hours do you sleep every night?
  8. I exercise every day , usually when I come home from school .
  9. My eating habits are pretty good . 这里 pretty 相当于 very 。
  10. I try to eat a lot of vegetables , usually ten to eleven times a week . try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思而 try doing sth.表示 “ (用某一办法)试着去做某事” 。如: You’d better try doing the experiment in another way. 你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验。
  11. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades. help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事
  12. Good food and exercise help me to study better. 这里 better 是 well 的比较级,而不是 good 的比较级
  13. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different? =Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from yours? be the same
3
as … / be different from …
  14. What sports do you play?
  15. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health . keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy
  16. You must try to eat less meat . try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思,less 是 little 的比较级
  17. That sounds interesting. 这是“主语+系动词+表语”结构的简单句。sound(听起来) ,look(看起来) ,smell (闻起来) ,taste(尝起来) ,feel(觉得) ,seem(好象) ,grow(变得),get (变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。如: It tastes good. 这味道好。
The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。 The smoke grew heavier and heavier. 烟雾变得越来越浓了。 新目标八年级英语上册第二单元 I. 应掌握的词组: 应掌握的词组:
  1. Have a cold 感冒
  3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进
  4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛 = I have got a stomachache =There is something wrong with my stomach = My stomach hurts = I have (got) a pain in my stomach
  5. What’s the matter? 怎么了? = What’s the trouble (with you)? = What’s your trouble? = What’s wrong (with you)? =What’ the matter (with you)? =What has happened to you? =Is there anything wrong (with you)? = what’s up?
  6. sore throat 咽喉痛
  7. lie down and rest 躺下休息
  8. see a dentist 看牙医
  9. drink lots of water 多喝水
4

  2. sore back 背痛

  10. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶
  11.That’s a good idea 好主意
  12.That’s too bad 太糟糕了
  13.I think so 我认为如此

  14. I’m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服 = I’m not feeling fine/all right. = I’m feeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad. = I don’t feel well.
  15. get some rest 多休息
  16. I have no idea = I don’t know 我不知道
  17. stressed out 筋疲力尽
  18. I am tired 我累了 He is tired. 他累了
  19. a healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式
  20. traditional Chinese doctors 传统中医
  21. a balance of yin and yang 阴阳调和
  22. you have too much yin.你阴气太盛
  23. to eat a balance diet 饮食平衡
  24.healthy food 健康食品

  25. stay healthy 保持健康=keep healthy=keep in good health = keep fit
  26. enjoy oneself (myself, yourself, herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself 反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快=have a good time = have a wonderful time =have fun
  27. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物, enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like dong sth Practice doing sth.练习做某事, mind doing sth. 介意做某事, finish doing sth.完成某事, give up doing sth.放弃做某事, can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事, keep ding sth. 坚持做某事.
即:practice, mind, finish, give up, can’t help, keep 与 enjoy 用法基本相似
  28.at the moment = now 此刻
  29. Host family 东道家庭 II. 应掌握的句子: 应掌握的句子:
  1. What’s the matter? I have a bad cold. 你怎么了?我得了重感冒。 翻译:他怎么了?他胃痛。 魏芳怎么了?她背痛。
  2.Maybe you should see a dentist. 或许你应该看牙医。 翻译:我应该上床睡觉。 李平应该躺下休息。 我们不应该上课吃东西。
  3.I hope you feel better soon. 我希望你很快好起来。
5

  30. Conversation practice 会话练习
  31.I’m sorry to hear that.听到此事我很难过
翻译:我希望他明天能来。 他希望能取得好成绩。 我们希望能取得一等奖。 我希望你喜欢我在纽约的学校。
  4. Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy. 传统中医认 为我们需要阴阳调和以保持身体健康。 翻译:老师认为我们应该努力学习以取得好成绩。
父母认为我们应该上大学以便得到一份好的工作。
你应该做锻炼来保持健康。 我相信每天晚上睡眠 8 个小时很重要。 吃均衡饮食以保持健康。
  5.Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this. 吃党参和黄芪等草本植物也对这有好处。 翻译:吃一些蔬菜和水果对你的健康有好处。 看电视太多对你的眼睛有害。
  6.People who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang. 太紧张易怒的人或许吃了太多的阳性食物。
  7.It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle, and it’s important to eat a balanced diet. 有一个健康的生活方式很容易,饮食平衡是很重要的。 翻译:学好英语不是很容易的。 上课注意听讲是必要的。 完成作业也很重要。
  8.When you are tired, you shouldn’t go out at night. 疲倦时,晚上你不该外出。 翻译:他小的时候就知道应该努力学习。 他 5 岁就上学了。 我们进教室时,老师已经开始讲课了。

  9.I believe him, but I can’t believe in him.
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他的话是真的,但是我不信任他这个人。
  10.I am not feeling very well at the moment. 这段时间我感觉不大好。 I’m tired and I have a lot of headaches. 我很疲劳,而且经常头痛。
  11.I’m stressed out because my Mandarin isn’t improving. 我很容易紧张,因为普通话没有长进。
  12.I practice playing the piano every day.我每天练习弹钢琴。 翻译:他每天练习踢足球。 我们应该每天练习说英语。 我们应该经常联系用英语写日记。
  13.She had finished writing the letter when I went in. 我进去时,她已经写完信了。 翻译:他踢完足球去游泳了。 我洗完餐具后去商店了。
  14.The doctor asked him to give up smoking.医生叫他戒烟。 翻译:不要放弃学英语。
  15.Do you mind closing the window? 请把窗户关上好吗? 翻译:在这里吸烟你介意吗?
  16.Mary couldn’t help laughing at his jokes.对于他的玩笑,玛莉忍不住笑了。 翻译:听到这个消息,我忍不住哭了起来。

  17.They kept working though it was raining.尽管天在下雨,他们仍坚持工作。 翻译:我们应该坚持学英语。 新目标八年级英语第三单元 I. 应掌握的词组: 应掌握的词组:
  1. babysit one’s sister 照顾妹妹
  2. visit one’s grandmother 看望奶奶
  3. spend time with friends 和朋友们一起度过时光
  4. visit cousins 看望表弟等
  5. Go to sports camp 去运动野营
7

  6.go to the beach 去海滩
  7. go camping 去野营
  8. Go shopping 去买东西
  9. go swimming 去游泳
  10. go boating 去划船
  11. go skating 去溜冰

  12. go walking 去散步
  13. go climbing 去登山
  14. go dancing 去跳舞

  15. go hiking 去徒步远足
  16. go sightseeing 去观光
  17. go house-hunting 去找房子

  18.go on a hike 徒步旅行,go bike riding 骑自行车旅行,go fishing 去钓鱼
  19. do some shopping 买东西
  20. do some washing 洗衣服
  21. do some cooking 作饭
  22. do some reading 读书
  23. do some speaking 训练口语
  24. do some sewing 做缝纫活
  25.that sounds nice 那好极了
  26. at home 在家
  27. how about=what about …… 怎么样?
  28. how long 多长时间
  29. how far 多远
  30. how often 多长时间一次
  31. how much, how many 多少

  32. have a good time =have fun= have a wonderful time= enjoy oneself 玩得高兴,过得愉快
  33. show sb. Sth.=show sth. to sb.出示某物给某人看 give me the book=give the book to me 给我书, pass me the cup=pass the cup to me 把杯子递给我, sell me the house=sell the house to me 把房子卖给我 buy me a book =buy a book for me 给我买书, make me a cake=make a cake for me 给我做蛋糕
  34. get back=come back 回来
  35. rent videos 租借影碟
  36. take walks=go for a walk 散步
  37. think about 考虑
  38. decide on= decide upon 决定一个计划
  39. something different 不同的事情
  40.a great vacation 一个愉快的假期
  41. I can’t wait 我等不及了
  42. the famous movie star 著名的影星
  43. an exciting vacation 激动人心的假期

  44. Ask her about her plans 向她询问她的计划 ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事
  45. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事,forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事 II. 应该掌握的句子: 应该掌握的句子:
  1.What are you doing for vacation? I’m babysitting my sister. 假期你要做什么?我要照顾我的
 

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