Unit 12
What's the best radio station?
反意疑问句浅析
反意疑问句原则上遵循“前否定后肯定,前肯定后否定”的十二字口诀;但随 着现代语言的发展,有时也不遵循这样的规则,发生了变化,变得更加口语化, 这就需要我们对具体问题作具体分析。
  1. Mr Green went to Shenzhen on business last week, ? (福州市 2004 中考题) A. isn’t he B. doesn’t he C. didn’t he D. hasn’t he 解析: 解析: 反意疑问句的后半部分(附加疑问句)必须在人称、数和时态上与前面的陈 述部分保持一致;当前一部分的主语部分为名词时,后一部分的主语用相应的人 称代词形式。本题中前一部分的谓语动词为一般过去时的行为动词的肯定形式, 后一部分的助动词只能是 didn’t。 答案: 答案:C
  2. You often have bread for breakfast, you? (海南省 1997 中考题) A. don’t B. haven’t C. aren’t D. will 解析: 解析: have 不当“有”讲时,用作行为动词。 have 当“有”讲进行句型转换时,可以添加助动词,也可以不加助动词,如: He has few friends in the new school, does / has he? (长沙市 2003 中考题) 答案: 答案:A
  3. Alice has to finish her work now, ? (河南省 1999 中考题) A. has she B. hasn’t she C. does she D. doesn’t she 解析: 解析: have to 虽与 must 同义,但它变反意疑问句时要像行为动词一样去变。 答案: 答案:D
  4. The poor man needs our help, he? (河北省 1999 中考题) A. need B. needn’t C. does D. doesn’t 解析: 解析: need 既可作行为动词,又可作情态动词。本题中 need 用了第三人称单数形 式,显然是行为动词,变反意疑问句时,附加疑问句中只能选用适当的助动词。 答案: 答案:D
  5. ? Let’s go and fly kites, ? ? Wonderful! (甘肃省 2001 中考题) A. will you B. shall we C. don’t you D. do you 解析: 解析: 祈使句变反意疑问句,前一部分为肯定形式时,后一部分用 will you,would you, can you, can’t you 及 could you;而前一部分为否定形式时,后一部分只能用 will you。以 let’s 开头的祈使句,附加疑问句常用 shall we。 答案: 答案:B 注意: 注意:
let’s 与 let us 是有区别的, us 像一般的祈使句一样, let 附加疑问句应为 will you。
  6. There is little milk in the bottle, ? (广东省 2003 中考题) A. isn’t there B. is there C. isn’t it D. is it 解析: 解析 陈述部分是 there be 结构,附加疑问句用 be (not) + there 的形式。含有 little, few, hardly, never, seldom, nothing 等否定意义词的陈述句,是否定句。本题中出 现了 little,故附加疑问句中的谓语动词应为肯定形式。 答案: 答案:B 注意: 注意: 某些带有否定前缀或后缀的形容词如 unhappy, careless(粗心)等,只是词 语意义的否定,而不能构成整个句子的否定。
  7. I don’t think he’ll come here on time, ? (重庆市 2000 中考题) A. won’t he B. will he C. does he D. is he 解析: 解析: 陈述部分中如果含有宾语从句, 附加疑问句的谓语动词应与陈述部分的主句 的谓语动词在人称、数和时态上保持一致。但如果主句含有 I suggest(猜测), I believe(相信), I think, I guess, I hear 等时,附加疑问句的谓语动词应与其宾语从 句的谓语动词在人称、时态和数上保持一致。本题中的谓语动词应和 will come 保持一致。 答案: 答案:B
  8. ? He didn’t go to school this morning, did he? ? , though he was not feeling very well. (甘肃省 2004 中考题) A. No, he didn’t B. Yes, he did C. No, he did D. Yes, he didn’t 解析: 解析: 对反意疑问句的回答,不管问题的提法如何,若事实是肯定的,就用 yes, 事实是否定的,就用 no。当反意疑问句的结构为 “前否定后肯定”时,回答中 的 yes 译为“不”,no 译为“是的”,这一点与汉语不同。本题中答案表达的意义应 为“他去上学了”。 答案: 答案:B(不,他去了)。 当然,在实际学习中,反意疑问句还有其他要点,这就需要我们勤于观察、 归纳,不断丰富、充实我们的知识。 I. 词汇知识 根据句意和所给的首字母或汉语提示,在空白处填写一个适当的词, 根据句意和所给的首字母或汉语提示,在空白处填写一个适当的词,使句 子意思完整。 子意思完整。
  1. The hat is big for me. Please show me a one.
  2. Mr Smith kept Jack in the classroom after school because he b the window.
  3. He lives outside the city. It t him half an hour to go to work by bus.
  4. In China, J is the coldest month of the year.
  5. P live in China, but people can see them in some foreign zoos.
  6. The old man feels (更糟). He should go to the doctor.
  7. (圣诞节) is the most important festival in many countries.
  8. You can see all kinds of flowers (到处) in spring.

  9. We live on the (十二) floor. So we have to use a lift.
  10. What about a pie? It (有……味道) delicious. II. 单项选择
  11. Hong Kong is the south of China, and Macao is the west of Hong Kong. A. in;to B. to;to C. to;in D. in;in
  12. ? What’s your name, please? ? Jack Jim Black. A. first B. middle C. family D. full
  13. ? Help to some chicken. ? Thanks a lot. But I’m full now. A. you B. your C. yourself D. yourselves
  14. ? will you invent to your birthday party? ? Katy, Emma, Robert and Emily. A. Who B. Whose C. What D. When
  15. Which country is the in the world? A. small B. smaller C. smallest D. the smallest
  16. The old man is so strange nobody likes him. A. what B. when C. if D. that
  17. ? What did you do your summer holiday? ? I helped my father with some farming and did some reading. A. with B. during C. of D. about
  18. I think you’ll come here this time tomorrow. A. at B. for C. in D. on
  19. ? Have you finished Unit 12? ? Not yet. We’ll go on it next Monday. A. learn B. to learn C. learning D. learned
  20. ? What shall we do tomorrow evening? ? We’d better a party in the open air. A. have B. to have C. having D. had
  21. Thank you for the message to me. A. giving B. give C. to giving D. to give
  22. There a basketball match and a movie this Sunday evening. A. are going to be B. is going to be C. are going to have D. will have
  23. ? I hope to learn to drive a car. ? . A. My brother hopes so. B. So hopes my brother. C. My brother does so. D. So does my brother.
  24. ? Happy birthday to you. ? . A. The same to you. B. You’re welcome.
C. Thanks a lot. D. I would love to.
  25. ? My mother isn’t feeling well today. ? . A. Go and see a doctor. B. Don’t worry. C. It doesn’t matter. D. I’m sorry to hear that.
  26. Could I please ? Sorry, you can’t. Your father has to use it. A. do the dishes B. go to the movies C. use the car D. watch TV
  27. Who do you was the best actor? A. think B. think of C. think about D. to think
  28. Nancy, thanks for care of my dog. A. take B. taking C. takes D. took
  29. Lin Li is in her class. A. the younger B. younger C. youngest D. the youngest
  30. This shirt is cheaper than that one. A. little B. a little C. few D. a few III. 补全对话 根据所给语境从方框中选择适当的句子填空,使对话完整、通顺。 根据所给语境从方框中选择适当的句子填空,使对话完整、通顺。 A. Oh dear! B. Make sure to tell me about it. C. It’s Wendy here. D. No, I was all right. E. I’m afraid you won’t see him tomorrow. Wendy:Hello. 36379
  82. David:Hello. Could I speak to Wendy, please? Wendy:Is that David? (
  31). David:I didn’t see you at Bruce’s birthday party yesterday. Didn’t he ask you to go to it? Wendy:(
  32) I forgot it. He told me about it last Wednesday. I bought a present for him. But I thought it was his birthday today. Who went to the party yesterday? David:Seven children. I thought you were ill. Wendy:(
  33) I have to say sorry to him tomorrow. David:(
  34) His family went to China this morning. Wendy:Really? When will they come back? David:In a year. His father found work there. Wendy:Do you know his new address? David:No. He’ll write to me when he gets there.
Wendy:(
  35). David:OK. IV. 翻译填空 根据所给的汉语,在每个空白处填写一个适当的词,完成句子。 根据所给的汉语,在每个空白处填写一个适当的词,完成句子。
  36. 你最喜欢哪一个季节? season do you like ?
  37. 我的朋友一年到头都很忙。 My friend is busy the year .
  38. 除了一个旧袋子,他一无所有。 He has an old bag.
  39. 到元月份,天气变得更冷了。 January comes and it .
  40. 那个老头总是随身带着一把雨伞。 The old man always takes an umbrella . V. 完形填空 Florence Nightingale was a famous English nurse. She was born in a rich family. When she was 41 , she took lessons in music and drawing, and read many great books. She also 42 in many countries with her parents. As a child she felt that visiting 43 people was both a duty and a pleasure. She enjoyed helping them. At last she decided that she was going to be a nurse. But her father said, “Nursing isn’t the 44 job for a lady.” “Then I will make it so,” she smiled. And she went to 45 nursing in Germany and France. When she returned to 46 , Florence started a nursing home for women. In the Crimean War in 1854, she went with a group of thirty-eight nurses to the front(前线) 47 . She found everything there was terrible. Florence used her own 48 and some from her friends to buy clothes, beds, medicines and food for the men. Her only pay was the smiles of the wounded(受 伤的) 49 . But they were more than enough for this kind woman. Florence died at ninety. She tried to serve others through her work as a nurse all her life. Thanks to her contributions(贡献) to medicine we realize nurses do an 50 and necessary job.
  41. A. old B. dead C. young D. weak
  42. A. worked B. traveled C. rested D. sang
  43. A. healthy B. strange C. poor D. sick
  44. A. right B. wrong C. bad D. terrible
  45. A. show B. learn C. teach D. remember

  46. A. Germany
  47. A. hospitals
  48. A. food
  49. A. policemen
  50. A. interesting
B. France B. cinemas B. clothes B. soldiers B. elementary
C. America D. England C. museums D. parks C. money D. time C. children D. drivers C. easy D. important
VI. 阅读理解 A. 阅读下面的短文,从每题所给的四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。 阅读下面的短文,从每题所给的四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。 (A) ) June came and the hottest month of the year began. A lot of travellers came to the city by the sea. All of the hotels were full except Mr Johnson’s. The prices of all the rooms were the lowest in the city but few people stayed there. The fire(火灾) broke out three times in a year and four travellers died in the accidents. Most workers left there and found jobs in the other hotels. Mr Johnson had to do most work himself. It was eleven o’clock. Most rooms were still empty. Mr Johnson worked for the whole day and was very tired. He went to close the gate when a young man came in, with a big bag in his hand. “What can I do for you, sir?” asked Mr Johnson. “The cheapest room in your hotel.” “OK,” said Mr Johnson, “but it’s on the top floor.” “It doesn’t matter. I think you have a lift in your hotel.” “Of course, sir,” said the manager. “It’ll take you right there. By the way, may I keep your bag for you?” “No, thanks. There’s nothing expensive in it but a long rope.” “Oh? What do you bring it with you for?” “I’m afraid another fire will happen in your hotel. If it does, I’ll throw the rope out of the window so that I’ll be able to escape from(逃脱)it.” “Yes?” Mr Johnson said in surprise. “So you have to pay for the bill before you go to your room.”
  51. Most workers left the hotel because . A. Mr Johnson paid them less B. it was dangerous to work for Mr Johnson C. some travelers stayed there D. it was too hot there in summer
  52. , so most rooms were empty. A. The travelers preferred to stay outside B. The travelers went out for supper C. A few travelers died in Mr Johnson’s hotel D. Mr Johnson was bad to the travelers
  53. The young man went in the hotel to .
A. put his bag there B. look for something C. talk to Mr Johnson D. stay for night
  54. The young man took a bag with him so that . A. he could easily leave the hotel if it was on fire B. he could pay nothing for the room C. he could go to work early the next morning D. he could hold something
  55. Mr Johnson asked the young man to pay because he was afraid . A. the young man could hurt him B. the young man could take something away C. the young man could leave without paying any money D. his hotel would be on fire again (B) ) James got up at five to seven. His parents a
 

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