九年级 Unit 1
制作: 制作:拾勤俭
How do you study Chinese?
I learn Chinese by listening to ? ? ? ? ? cassettes the radio songs parents speaking friends speaking
by speaking it every day . by reading it every day. (text books, newspapers, magazines, story books … ) by watching TV, by watching movies, by memorizing the words of pop songs.
How do you learn English?
I study English ? ? ? ? ? by listening cassettes. by studying with a group. by watching English programs on TV. by enjoying English songs. by taking part in English classes.
? by getting an English tutor. ? by reading English magazines and newspaper. ? by surfing the Internet. ? by making flashcards. ? by reading the textbook.
? by asking the teacher for help. ? by making vocabulary lists. ? by taking notes carefully. ? by having the English class carefully. ? by finishing my homework seriously.
Explanation

  1.by 的用法 介词,表示通过…方法或途径的意思 方法或途径的意思, 介词,表示通过 方法或途径的意思, 译成“ 通过” 译成“靠,通过”,后面可加名词或名词 短语。 短语。 e.g.
  1) The house was destroyed by fire. 房屋被火烧毁了。 房屋被火烧毁了。

  2) travel by air /land/sea. 航空(陆路,航海) 航空(陆路,航海)旅行
  3) go by train /boat/ bus 乘火车( 公共汽车) 乘火车(船,公共汽车)去
  4) shake sb. by the hand 和某人握手
  5) I study English by watching English movies. 我通过看英文电影学英语。 我通过看英文电影学英语。
另外, by作为介词的意义有很多 例如 作为介词的意义有很多, 另外 作为介词的意义有很多 例如:
  1)在…旁边,靠近 旁边, ) 旁边 e.g. There is a power station by the river. 河边有一个电厂。 河边有一个电厂。
  2)沿着,经由 )沿着, e.g. come by the highway 由公路来
  3)由于 ) e.g. by mistake 由于差错

  4)被,由 ) e.g. some articles written by Lu Xun. 一些由鲁迅写的文章
  5)表示面积 ) e.g. a room 5m by 4m 一间长五米宽四米的房间
  6)逐批 ) e.g. one by one 一个接一个
Listening Practice (2a, 2b: P
  3)
What they are doing?
  1. They are having a meeting.
  2. They are studying English.
  3. They are studying together.
(插入声音 插入声音) 插入声音
Listening text
插入声音
Girl 1: Welcome to the English club. Today we’re going to talk about the best ways to learn English. Who has an idea? Boy 1: Do you learn English by watching English-language videos?
Girl 2: No. It’s too hard to understand the voices. Boy 1: What about keeping a diary in English? Do you learn English that way? Girl 2: I think so .It helps to write English every day.
Girl 3: Have you ever studied with a group? Girl 2: Yes, I have! I’ve learned a lot that way. Girl 1: Do you ever practice conversations with friends? Girl 2: Oh, yes. It improves my speaking skills.
Boy 1: What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation? Girl 3: I do that sometimes. I think it helps. Boy 2: I do too. And I always look up new words in a dictionary. Girl 3: That’s a great idea!
Practice (2c: P
  3)
A sample dialogue: S1: Have you ever practiced conversations with your friends? S2: Yes, I have. I’ve learned a lot that way. S3: Have you ever read aloud to practice your pronunciation? S4: No, I haven’t. I think it’s too hard.
Grammar Focus (P
  3)
“How” questions How引导特殊疑问句有两种含义 引导特殊疑问句有两种含义
  1)表示问候,无须准确回答 )表示问候, e.g. How do you do? How are you? How is everything going?
  2)表示“怎样” )表示“怎样”
e.g. How is your new house? It’s great. 你的新房子怎么样?它太棒了。 你的新房子怎么样?它太棒了。 How do you learn English? 你是怎样学习英语的? 你是怎样学习英语的? I learn English by reading lots of English magazines. 我通过读大量英文杂志学习英文。 我通过读大量英文杂志学习英文。
Structure: “How + do + you / we / they + do + something?” We / They + do + by + sth. / doing. or “How + does + he / she / it + do + something?” He / She / It + does + by + sth. / doing.
注意how 和what引导的疑问句是 注意 引导的疑问句是 不一样的,不能混淆。 不一样的,不能混淆。 How 通常对程度或方式进行提问, 通常对程度或方式进行提问, 意为“怎么样” 意为“怎么样”,回答通常做状语 或表语。 或表语。 What常对动作的发出者或接受者 常对动作的发出者或接受者 进行提问,意为“什么” 进行提问,意为“什么”,回答通 常做主语或宾语。 常做主语或宾语。
比较: 比较:
  1. How is your summer holiday? It is perfect. (表示程度,做表语) 表示程度,做表语 表示程度
  2. How did you travel around the world? I traveled by bike. (表方式,做状语 表方式, 表方式 做状语)

  3. What do you learn at school? I learn Chinese, English and other subjects. (做宾语 做宾语) 做宾语
(3a:P
  4)
Reading
Find out the 7 ways of learning English in the article and finish the chart on the textbook.
Not successful
OK
Successful
Memor- Reading Lillian Studying izing the English grammar words of magazines Li pop songs Wei Ming Watching Studying English grammar movies
Not successful Having conversaLiu Chang tions with friends
OK
Successful Joining the English club
Explanation

  1. ask sb. about sth. 问某人某件事情 about后面加名词或动名词。 后面加名词或动名词。 后面加名词或动名词 e.g. Ask students about the best way of learning. 问学生们最好的学习方法。 问学生们最好的学习方法。 ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事,请 要求某人做某事, 某人做某事, 后面加动词原形 后面加动词原形。 某人做某事,to后面加动词原形。
e.g. He asked his mother to buy him a new bicycle. 他请求母亲给他买一辆新自行车。 他请求母亲给他买一辆新自行车。
  2. Many said they learnt by using English. 许多学生说他们通过使用英语来学 习英语。 习英语。
many 在这里是代词,而不是形容 在这里是代词, 意为many students. 词,意为 e.g. We can put away many of these plates. We don’t need this many. 我们可以把许多盘子收起来, 我们可以把许多盘子收起来,用 不着这么多。 不着这么多。
  3. frustrating a. 令人灰心的,令人沮 令人灰心的, 丧的。 修饰物,事件) 丧的。 (修饰物,事件)
e.g. Watching movies to learn English is frustrating because the people speak too quickly. 通过看电影来学英语是让人灰心 因为剧中人物说话太快了。 的,因为剧中人物说话太快了。 frustrated a.灰心的,沮丧的 (修 灰心的, 灰心的 饰人) 饰人)
e.g. I felt frustrated at that time. 那时我觉得很沮丧。 那时我觉得很沮丧。 类似的还有: 类似的还有: interesting interested disappointed 令人感兴趣的 感兴趣的 失望的 disappointing 令人失望的
boring
无聊的
excited 兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋的 bored 感到无聊的

  5. end up doing sth. 终止做某事,结 终止做某事, 束做某事,后面加动名词短语, 束做某事,后面加动名词短语,相 当于 finish doing sth., 表示结束做某 事情已完成。 事,事情已完成。 e.g. When we practice speaking English, we often end up speaking in Chinese.
但要注意与stop doing sth. 的区别: 但要注意与 的区别 stop doing sth.指停止做某事,有可能 指停止做某事, 指停止做某事 是暂时的,不久还会继续下去。 是暂时的,不久还会继续下去。 e.g. We had to stop singing because somebody knocked at the door. 另外, 而告终, 另外,end up with… 以…而告终, 而告终 后面加名词或动名词。 后面加名词或动名词。
e.g. The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。
  6. 在本单元中,出现了大量的动名词。 在本单元中,出现了大量的动名词。 我们有必要了解动名词的结构 和用法。 和用法。 动名词即动词的-ing形式,相当于名 形式, 动名词即动词的 形式 在句子中可做主语, 宾语, 词。在句子中可做主语 宾语 表 语等。 语等。
e.g.
  1). I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of learning. doing lots of listening practice 为动 名词短语,做从句中的主语。 名词短语,做从句中的主语。 listening做定语,修饰 practice. 做定语, 做定语

  2)I am enjoying learning English. ) 动名词短语做宾语。 动名词短语做宾语。
  3)Seeing is believing. ) 眼见为实。 眼见为实。 (seeing做主语,believing做表语) 做主语, 做表语) 做主语 做表语
Speaking
Sentence pattern: ? I think learning English by memorizing the words of pop songs is a great/good way. ? … is not a bad way
? …is helpful/ isn’t helpful at all. ? …successful. ? …helps a lot/ helps a little.
Lillian Li

  1. I think learning English by reading magazines is the best way.
  2. Memorizing the words of pop songs helps a little.
  3. Studying grammar is too boring.
Wei Ming

  1. Studying grammar is a great way to learn a language.
  2. Watching English movies is not a bad way.
  3. I find watching movies Frustrating because the people speak too quickly.
Liu Chang

  1. Joining the English club is the best way to improve English.
  2. Having conversations with friends is not helpful at all.
Section B
Integrating skills
(Find out your own difficulties in learning English) ) ? I have a problem. I can’t remember the new words. ? I can’t pronounce some of the words. ? I can’t understand spoken English. ? I always make mistakes in grammar.
? I read very slowly. ? I don’t know how to speak English well. 给出建议: 给出建议: ? You should read English aloud. ? Listening can help you.
? Why don’t you join an English language club to practice speaking. ? Would you mind remembering new words by flashcards? ? Please try to talk with your friends in English as much as possible.
(插入声音 插入声音) 插入声音
(2a,2b:P
  5)
Listening
Challenges can’t get the pronunciation right
Solutions Listening can help.
Challenges
Solutions
You can always write forget a lat of the new words in your notebook and new words study them at home. can’t always Why don’t you join understand an English language when people club to practice talk to me speaking English?
Challenges don’t get much writing practice
Solutions You should find a pen pal.
Listening text
插入声音
(T: Teacher B: boy) T: You look worried, Paul. B: I am, Ms. Mitchell. I’m having trouble learning English. T: You said you liked English. What’s the problem? B: I can’t get the pronunciation right.
T: Well, listening can help, Why don’t you borrow I teacher’s tapes? You can listen to them at home and repeat the sentences that are difficult for you. B: That’s a good idea. But what about all the new words? I forget a lot of new words.
T: You can always write the new words in your notebook and study them at home. You can even study in the train on the way to school. B: That might really help! Thanks. T: Can you understand when people talk to you?
B: Well, no. Not always. Sometimes I just don’t understand what people are saying. T: Why don’t you join an English language club to practice speaking English? The English club meets after school on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
B: Maybe I’ll go. The only other problem I have is that don’t get much writing practice. T: Maybe you should find a pen pal. B: That sounds like a fun way to practice writing. Thanks, Ms Mitchell.
(3a: P
  6)
Reading
表示顺序或承接的连词或词组: 表示顺序或承接的连词或词组 first of all 首先 to begin with 一开始 later on 后来, 后来,随后 also 也,而且(用于肯定句) 而且(用于肯定句) either 也(用于否定句) 用于否定句) so 因此 then 然后
True or false
The writer found learning English difficult because…
  1.The teacher’s pronunciation was poor. F
  2. People always laughed at her when she spoke. F

  3. She had trouble making complete sentences. T
  4. English grammar was difficult. T
  5. Going out with English speaking friends. F
  6. Lots of listening practice. T
  7. Using grammar in original sentences.
T
(3b, 3c: P
  6)
Writing
Dear Li Lei, I know it isn’t easy to learn English well, but I have some ideas that may help. You said you couldn’t understand people who talked fast. Well, you can try to listen for the most important words, not every word. You can also do lots of
listening practice. I think it’s one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner. Another thing that I think important is English grammar. In order to learn it well, you have to take a lot of grammar notes in every class. You can write English sentences using the grammar you
are learning. You can also read more English books. Reading is as important as listening for us to learn English well. If you do so, I believe that yo
 

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