1. What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation?(P
  3) 大声朗读来练习发音如何呢?
  [难点释疑]“What/How about?”后面可跟名词?代词?动名词等,用于提出建议?征询意见等,常译作“……怎么样?/……好吗?”?该句式等于“What do you think about...?”?如: ?Mum, I’m hungry.(妈妈,我饿了?) ?What about going to McDonald’s to eat fried chicken?(咱们到McDonald店吃油炸鸡好吗?) ?It’s Sunday tomorrow. What about seeing a film, Xiao Zhang?(小张,明天是星期天,我们去看电影好吗?) ?That’s a good idea. I’ ll be glad to.(好主意?我很高兴去看电影?)
  
  2. It’s too hard to understand the voices.(P
  3)听懂其发音是很难的?
  [难点释疑]“It’s +名词或形容词+动词不定式(短语)”是一个很重要的句式?其中It是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动词不定式(短语)?本句也可转换为:To understand the voices is too hard(for us). 另外,it在句中还可以用作形式宾语等?如:All of us found it difficult to work out the maths problem.(我们所有人都发现要算出那道数学题很难?)注意不要将其与“主语+ be + too + 形容词+to do(……太……而不能……)”的句式相混淆?如:Be careful! The tea is too hot to drink.(小心!茶太热不能喝?)
  
  3. This week we asked students at New Star High School about the best ways to learn more English.(P
  4) 本周我们询问了新星中学的同学们有关学好英语的最佳方法?
  [难点释疑](
  1) ask sb about sth是“向某人询问某事”的意思?如:I don’t know. You’d better ask her about it.(我不知道?你最好去问问她吧?) (
  2) to learn more English是动词不定式短语,用作定语,修饰ways?
  
  4. She said that memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little.(P
  4) 她说记流行歌曲的歌词也有点帮助?
  [难点释疑]这是一个主从复合句?主句是“She said”? that引导的是宾语从句, that可以省略? memorizing the words of pop songs是动名词短语,用作主语?如:Swimming is my favorite sport.(游泳是我最喜爱的运动?) Getting up early is a good habit.(早起是一个好习惯?)
  
  5. Sometimes, however, he finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly.(P
  4) 然而,有时他觉得看电影很失望,因为里面的人物说话太快?
  [难点释疑](
  1) 英语中的sometime, some time, sometimes及some times的用法不同:sometime用作副词,表示“某一时候”?“有朝一日”?常指将来或过去的一个不确定的时间; some time 用作名词词组,指“一段时间”,用作副词词组,意思是“来日”?“改日”,指将来某个未定时间时,可与sometime通用; sometimes 是个频度副词,意为“有时”,表示动作发生的不经常性,用于现在时态或过去时态; some times用作副词性词组,意为“有几次”?“有几回”?请比较:I remembered seeing her sometime last year.(我记得曾在去年见过她?) I’d like to see you some time(sometime) next month.(我想下月某个时候来见你?) Sometimes he comes here to help me.(他有时过来帮助我?) She has been to Shanghai some times.(她曾去过上海几次?) (
  2) watching movies在句中用作宾语, frustrating用作宾语补足语? because引导的是一个原因状语从句?
  
  6. We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese.(P
  4) 我们会因为某件事而变得很激动,最后用汉语来描述?
  [难点释疑](
  1) get excited是系表结构, excited相当于形容词,表示“兴奋的”?“激动的”等意思?如:After walking for a long time, we all get tired.(步行了好长时间之后,我们都很疲惫?) (
  2) end up的意思是“结束”?“告终”?如:Let’s end up our meeting with a song.(咱们用一首歌来结束我们的会议吧?)
  
  7. Why don’t you join an English language club to practice speaking English?(P
  5) 你为啥不参加一个英语俱乐部来练习口语呢?
  [难点释疑]“Why don’t you?”后面接动词原形,表示“建议做某事”,相当于“Why not + 动词原形”句式?可译为“你为什么不……/为啥不……?”等?如:?Look! This sweater is beautiful.(看!这件衬衫很美?) ?Why not try it on?(为啥不试穿一下呢?) ?Why don’t you play basketball with us?(你为什么不和我们一起去打篮球呢?) ?OK. I’d love to.(好吧?我很想去?)
  
  8. First of all, it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked to the class.(P
  6) 起初,对我来说听懂老师在班里讲话都不是件容易的事?
  [难点释疑](
  1) “It’s +名词或形容词(+ for sb)+动词不定式(短语)”是一个很重要的句式?其中It是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动词不定式(短语)?如:It’s a good idea to travel in holiday.(假期去旅游是个好主意?) It’s important for us to learn a foreign language well.(对我们来说,学好一门外语是很重要的?)
  
  
  9. Another thing that I found very difficult was English grammar.(P
  6) 我觉得另一件难事是英语的语法?
  [难点释疑](
  1) 句中的that I found very difficult是一个定语从句, 修饰Another thing,其中的very difficult在定语从句中作宾语补足语? (
  2) 注意another泛指三个或三个以上的人或物中没有确定的另一个?如:I don’t like the color of the T-shirt. Would you show me another one?(我不喜欢这种颜色的T恤衫,请给我拿另一件好吗?)
  
  10. Then I started to write my own original sentences using the grammar I was learning.(P
  6) 然后我用自己学过的语法知识来写一些最基本的句子?
  [难点释疑](
  1) using the grammar是现在分词短语,在句中用作状语?如: The children went away singing and dancing.(孩子们又唱又跳地跑开了?) Seeing her mother, the girl didn’t cry any more.(看到妈妈,那个女孩不再哭了?) (
  2) I was learning是定语从句,修饰grammar?如:Please give me the book you were reading just now.(请把你刚才看的那本书给我?)
  
  11. She had trouble making complete sentences.(P
  6) 她在完成句子上有困难?
  [难点释疑] “have trouble/difficulty(in) doing sth”是一个常用结构,意思是“做某事有困难”?如:We have trouble in finding his house.(我们找到他的家有困难?)注意:在trouble/difficulty前面常会用some, little, great, no等词修饰?如:She has no difficulty in learning English well.(她把英语学好没有什么困难?)
  
  12. And unless we deal with our problems, we can easily become unhappy.(P
  8) 如果我们不把问题解决,我们就很容易变得不开心?
  [难点释疑](
  1) unless在意义上相当于if...not?含条件状语从句的主从复合句也像含时间状语从句的主从复合句一样,如果主句谓语动词用一般将来时,从句谓语动词要用一般现在时表示将来时间?如:You will fail unless you study hard.(=You will fail if you don’t study hard.)(除非你努力学习,否则你会失败?) (
  2) deal with的意思是“处理”?“对付”?“解决”等?如:I really don’t know how to deal with the naughty boy.(我真不知道如何对付这个淘气的孩子?)
  
  13. Worrying about our problems can affect how we do at school.(P
  8) 对我们问题的担忧会影响我们在学校的学习效果?
  [难点释疑] worrying about our problems是动名词短语,在句中用作主语? how we do at school作谓语动词affect的宾语?如:Please tell us how we can do it well.(请告诉我们如何把那件事做好?) We don’t know how they got there.(我们不知道他们是怎么到那儿的?)
  
  14. Perhaps we have seen young children playing together.(P
  8) 也许我们曾看到一些小孩在一起玩耍?
  [难点释疑] 在see, watch, hear, listen to, look at, feel等感官动词后面,用省去to的动词不定式(短语)作宾语补足语,表示动作的全过程?用现在分词(短语)作宾语补足语,表示动作正在进行?如:I hear someone knocking at the door. Please go and see who it is.(我听见有人在敲门,请去看看是谁?)
  
  15. As young adults, it is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teachers.(P
  8) 作为年轻的成年人,在老师的帮助下尽力来解决在我们的教育中所遇到的每一次挑战是我们的责任?
  [难点释疑]“It’s one’s duty to do sth.”是一个很重要的句式,其中的It作形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动词不定式短语,意为“做某事是某人的责任/义务”?如: It’s our duty to obey the laws.(遵守法律是我们的义务?)
  
  16. Think about Stephen Hawking, for example, a very clever scientist, who regards his many physical problems as unimportant.(P
  9) 比如,想想斯蒂温?霍金,一个非常聪明的科学家,他认为自己许多身体上的问题都不太重要?
  [难点释疑](
  1) a very clever scientist作Stephen Hawking的同位语,对Stephen Hawking作进一步的补充说明?如:His father, our headmaster, always works hard.(他的父亲??我们的校长,总是勤奋工作?) (
  2) who引导的是一个定语从句,修饰scientist?如:He is my friend, who is always ready to help others.(他是我的朋友,一个总是乐于助人的人?) (
  3) regard... as...的意思是“把……看作是……”,如:We all regard it as a joke.(我们都把那件事看作是玩笑?)
  
  17. I used to be afraid of the dark.(P
  11) 我过去害怕黑暗?
  [难点释疑]“...used to + 动词原形”是一个常用结构,表示“……过去常做某事,但现在已不……”的意思?如:They used to love each other.(他们过去曾相爱过?)注意:be/get used to doing sth表示“习惯于做某事”;“...be used to do sth...”意为“……被用来……”?请比较: They are used to getting up early.(他们已习惯于早起?) Bricks are used to build houses.(砖头被用来盖房子?)
  
  
  18. Did you use to play the piano?(P
  11) 你过去曾弹过钢琴吗?
  [难点释疑]本句是“...used to + 动词原形”的疑问句形式,表示“……过去曾……吗?”?注意:在句首用Did后, used要改为use?再如:Did they use to work in the factory?(他们过去曾在这个工厂上班吗?)
  
  19. I go to sleep with my bedroom light on.(P
  12) 我让卧室的灯亮着睡觉?
  [难点释疑]句中的with my bedroom light on是with的复合结构,用作状语,修饰go to sleep?再如:Our teacher is coming, with a book in his hand.(我们的老师来了,手里拿着一本书?) Don’t sleep with windows open. (不要开着窗户睡觉?) With the boy leading the way, we had no difficulty in finding her.(有那个小孩带路,我们不费力气地找到了她?)
  
  20. Before I started high school, I used to spend a lot of time playing games with my friends, but I just don’t have the time anymore.(P
  14) 上高中之前,我常常与我的朋友们一起做游戏,但现在就没有时间了?
  [难点释疑] spend some time/money(in) doing/on sth的意思是“在(做)某事上花费时间/金钱”?再如:Don’t spend your time in playing football all the time.(不要把你的时间都花在踢足球上?) His wife always spends too much money on clothes.(他的妻子在衣服上总是花很多钱?)
  
  21. My life has change a lot in the last few years.(P
  14) 最近几年我的生活变化很大?
  [难点释疑](
  1) 这是一个现在完成时的句子?现在完成时由“助动词have/has+动词的过去分词”构成?如:We have seen the film twice.(那部电影我们已经看过两次了?) He has gone home.(他已经回家了?) (
  2) in the last few years的意思是“在过去的几年里”,这是个习惯表达法,注意few前面不可加不定冠词a?
  
  22. He didn’t use to give his mother many problems. 他过去未曾给他母亲添很多麻烦?
  [难点释疑] didn’t use to do sth是used to do sth的否定形式,表示“过去未曾做某事”?如:They didn’t use to live here.(他们过去未曾住在这儿?)
  
  23. His mother couldn’t afford to pay for her child’s education.(P
  16) 他的母亲负担不起孩子的学费?
  [难点释疑] afford+ n./to do sth表示“有足够的(金钱?时间)做……”的意思,通常和can, could, be able to连用,多用于否定形式?如:We can’t afford(to buy) a new house.(我们买不起新房子?) I’ll be able to afford some time to talk with you about the matter.(我会抽出时间与你谈此事?)
  
  24. She also told me that even though my father was no longer with us, he was watching me and would always take pride in everything good I do.(P
  16) 她还告诉我,尽管我爸爸离开了我们,他还在看着我,而且总是为我所做的一切好事而感到自豪呢?
  [难点释疑](
  1) 句中that引导的是宾语从句,而宾语从句中又含有一个由even though引导的让步状语从句和“I do”充当的修饰everything的定语从句?值得注意的是:在含有宾语从句的主从复合句中,如果主句的谓语动词用一般现在时,宾语从句的谓语动词可以根据需要使用任何时态;如果主句的谓语动词用一般过去时,宾语从句的谓语动词一般情况下应使用过去的某种时态?如
 

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