15. psychologist (n) 心理学家;心理研究者 (n) psychology 心理学 Section A 姓名: 学号: 知识点及短语〗 〖知识点及短语〗 Unit 1 How do you study for a test?
  1.by doing 通过/靠做… eg. I improve hearing by listening to tapes. 〖单词〗 单词〗
  1. pronunciation (n) 发音;发音法 我通过听磁带来提高我的听力。 (v) pronounce 发…音;正确(或清晰地)吐(字、
  2. the best ways to learn English 学习英语的最好方法 音等) 此处的 to learn English 是动词不定式作定语。
  2. memorize (v) 记住;熟记 = learn…by heart [动词不定式作定语的用法 动词不定式作定语的用法] 动词不定式作定语的用法 (n) memory 记忆力 ①与所修饰的名词构成主谓关系 主谓关系 eg.
  1)The next train to arrive was from New York. 要
  3. frustrate (v) 使失望;使沮丧;使厌烦 到的下一列火车来自纽约。 (adj) frustrated (某人 某人)感到沮丧的;失意的 某人 (adj) frustrating (某物 某物)令人失望的;令人沮丧的 He is always the first to come.他总是第一个来的人。 某物 ②与所修饰的名词构成动宾关系 动宾关系(该用法中的动词
  4. excited (adj) (某人)激动的;兴奋的 动宾关系 要求是及物动词或及物动词短语) 。 exciting (adj) (某物)令人激动的;兴奋的 I have nothing to say. 我没有要说的事情。
  5. mistake ①(n) 错误;过失②(v) 弄错;犯错 I need a pen to write with. 我需要一支写字的钢笔。 mistake A for B : 把 A 错认为 B I need some paper to write on. 我需要一些写字的纸。 eg. People often mistake me for my brother. I don’t have a room to live in. 我没有居住的房间。 人们经常把我错认为是我哥哥。 I don’t have a partner to practice English with. 我没 make a mistake = make mistakes 犯错;出错 有练习英语的伙伴。
  6. solution (n) 解决;解答
  3. too…to : 太…而不能 (v)solve 解决;解答 注意与 so…that 和 not enough to 的替换
  7. complete ①(adj) 完整的;完全的②(v) 完成 eg.①He is too young to go to school.
  8. sentence ①(n)句子 ②(v)判决;宣判 = He is so young that he can’t go to school. sentence sb to death 判处某人死刑 = He isn’t old enough to go to school.
  9. secret (n) 秘诀;诀窍;秘密 (n) secretary 秘书;书记 ②He runs so fast that we can’t catch up with him. = He runs too fast for us to catch up.
  10. impress (v) 使感动;使印象深刻 impress sb with…: 在…方面给某人留下印象 ③The box is too heavy for me to lift.
  11. trouble (n) 困难;苦恼;忧虑 这个箱子对我而言太重了而不能提起。 in trouble 处于困境中 注意:在 too…to 结构中,如果不定式(to do)后面的 have trouble doing : 做…遇到麻烦 宾语是该句的主语,则应省去 to do 后的宾语。如 上面的例②、③
  12. regard (v) 将…视为/ 当作 regard…as :把…视为/当作
  4. keep a diary 记日记 eg. He always regards himself as a man.
  5. in… way 用…的方法 他总是把自己当作男子汉。 in that way 用那种方法
  13. disagreement (n) 分歧;不一致;意见不合
  6. speaking skills 说话技能/技巧 (v) disagree 不同意 (v) agree 同意
  7. read aloud 朗读
  8. What about reading aloud to practice
  14. development (n) 发育;成长;发展 pronunciation? 朗读来练习发音如何? (v) develop 发展 (adj) developing 发展中的 (adj) developed 发达的 注意这里的 to practice pronunciation 是动词不定式
新目标英语九年级课文讲与练
新目标英语九年级课文讲与练
第 1 页
( )
  10.My friends always ask me my family. A. at B. of C. about D. on 难。 三、按要求完成各题。
  13. be / get excited about sth 对某事感到兴奋
  1. I learn English by watching TV (提问) you learn English?
  14. end up doing 以做…而告终
  15. do a survey about…做一个…方面的调查。
  2. Grammar is so boring that I can’t study it (同义句)
  16. Can I ask you some questions?(提建议的问句中 Grammar is boring for me study. 用 some)
  3.Why don’t you join an English club.(同义句) join an English club? 练 习 一、翻译短语。
  4. I don’t know how I can use commas. (同义句) I don’t know how commas.
  1. 记住
  2. 以做…而告终
  5. To swim here is too dangerous. (同义句)
  3. 记日记
  4. 说话技能 too dangerous to swim here. 四、根据汉语完成句子。
  5. 朗读
  6. 太…而不能
  1. 年轻人对流行歌曲感到兴奋。

  7. 查找
  8. 把 A 错认为 B The young people pop songs.
表目的,作目的状语。
  9. look up (在字、词典中)查找
  10. ask sb about sth 询问某人某事的情况
  11. more specific 更特别 most specific 最特别
  12. He finds watching movies frustrating. 他发现看 电影令人失望。 find + 宾语 + adj 发现/觉得…怎么样。 find sb doing 发现某人在做… find it +adj +to do 发觉做…怎么样 eg.① I find English very easy. 我觉得英语很简单。 ② I found a boy singing under the tree.我发现有 个男孩在树下唱歌。 ③ I find it difficult to learn math. 我觉得学习数学
( )
  5.I found him under the tree. A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading ( )
  6.You should the new words that you don’t know how to pronounce.
A. look for B. look after B. learned C. look up C. to learn D. look down D. for learning
(
)
  7.They are trying to find a way English well.
A. learning
( )
  8.When the Chinese team won, we got excited __ it. A. with B. at C. for D. about ( )
  9.I find this book very .
A. interested B. interesting C. interest D. interests

  2. 杰克通过向老师求救来学习汉语。
  9. 询问某人某事 Jack learns Chinese by the teacher
  10. 对做…感到兴奋 . 二、选择填空。
  3. 她说学习英语最好的方法之一就是用英语。 ( )
  1. “Can you tell me how to study math?” “ She said that one of to more exercises.” learn English was by it. A. To do B. Do C. By doing D. doing
  4. 如果你想提高你的阅读技巧, 你需要大量的练习 ( )
  2.My daughter gets travelling to Beijing If you want to your , during the week-long holiday in October. you need a lot of . A. exciting at B. excited C. excited about D. excited to
  5. 我觉得和他谈话很有趣。 ( )
  3.This book is hard understand. I find interesting talk with him. A. too; to B. to ; to C. too ; too D. so ; that ( )
  4.Can you learn English chatting(聊天) on 〖自读材料〗 自读材料〗 : the Internet? 现在完成时( 现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense) ) A. in B. with C. by D. for 一、概念
新目标英语九年级课文讲与练 第 2 页
get to know (相识)?know(认识) begin?be on
  1、过去的动作对现在造成了影响和结果 eg.
  1)I have opened the door. eg.
  1) He has (A) bought (B) the fridge (C) for (D) two years. = I opened the door . Now the door is still open
  2) She has lost her book. = She lost her book. Now she is looking for it everywhere.
  2)How long (A) may (B) I borrow (C) the (D) book?
  3)They have come here. = They came here. Now they are still here.
  3)The film (A) has begun (B) for five minutes(C). 过去开始的动作持续到现在( 2 、 过去开始的动作持续到现在 ( 常与表时间段的
  4)Tom has got (A) the letter (B) from (C) Jim for two days (D). since/for 短语连用) since/for 短语连用) eg.
  1)I have lived here for ten years.
  5)I have (A) caught (B) a cold since two years ago (C).
  2) He has learned English since three years ago. 构成: 二、构成: 助动词(have / has) +过去分词 过去分词
  6)He has (A) come to (B) Beijing for ten years(C) 时间状语(标志词) 三、时间状语(标志词)
  1)already; never; ever; just; once(twice, three
  7)My brother (A) has joined (B) the army (C) for (D) five times,…) years.
  2)since / for 短语(表示时间段) since two years ago = for two years 另外注意以下句型的转化:
  3)so far
  1.他父亲死了十年了。 His father died ten years ago.
  4)单独的 before = His father has been dead for ten years
  5)in the past/ last 200 years = His father has been dead since ten years ago.
  6)this year; today; these days = It is ten years since his father died. 注意: 注意: = It has been ten years since his father died. since + 过去时间 /过去时从句 提问用
  2.这本书我买了两年了。 for + 时间段 how long I bought the book two years ago. eg.
  1) Tom has been in China for two years.
  2) He has been at this school since he came here. = I have had the book for two years.
  3) I have learned 20 English songs since two years ago. = I have had the book since two years ago. = It is two years since I bought the book. 四、 短命”动词与“长命”动词之间的转化: “短命”动词与“长命”动词之间的转化: 现在完成时的第二种用法中,表示的是“过去 五、区别以下三个短语 过去 开始的动作持续到现在” have / has been to: 曾经去过… 开始的动作持续到现在 ,所以该类用法中要求谓 have / has gone to: 已经去了… 语动词必须使用延续性动词 延续性动词(简称“长命动词”。 ) 延续性动词 在该用法中应将非延续性动词(简称“短命动词” ) have / has been in: 已在…(多久) 转化为延续性动词。常见的转化如下: 注意:
  1)后接地点副词 here, there , home 时应省介词 buy?have ; borrow?keep ; die?be dead ; leave?be
  2)与时间段连用只用 have /has been in away (from); come back?be back; fall asleep?be ① --Where’s Tom? asleep ; open?be open ; --He Beijing. catch a cold?have a cold; go /get out?be out; ② I Beijing several times. arrive (reach / get to / come to) +地点?be in +地点; ③ She Chengdu for two years. join?be in +集体(或 be + 成员) ; ④ He there twice. turn on?be on; turn off?be off ; Section B and Self-check get a letter from?have a letter from. 知识点及短语〗 〖知识点及短语〗 end /finish?be over ; get up?be up
  1. spoken English 英语口语
新目标英语九年级课文讲与练 第 3 页

  2. in grammar 在语法上
? get sth + adj : 使 … 怎样 ? 3 .? get sb to do sth : 让某人做 … ? get / have sth done : 请 / 让某人做某事 ?

  14. native speakers 本族语的说话者 练 一、翻译短语。

  1. 请某人做…
  2. 使…正确
  3. 英语口语
  4. 起初
  5. 后来;稍后
  6. 做笔记
  7. 造句
  8. 写下

( )
  4.I find very difficult to understand people who speak fast. A. that B. this C. one D. it ( )
  5.My brother often makes mistakes grammar. ?be afraid to do sth : 害怕做 … A. in B. of C. by D. to ?
  8.?be afraid of + 名词 / 代词 / 动名词 ( doing ):害怕某事 ( )
  6.?Why not go to see the dolphin show with me? ?be afraid not / so : 恐怕不 / 恐怕是这样 ?Because I it already. ? B. saw C. have seen D. see eg.①Don’t be afraid to ask questions. 别怕问问题。 A. will see ( )
  7.It’s easy the foreign teacher because he ②He is afraid of speaking in public. stayed in Canada for four years. 他怕在公共场所说话。 A of him to follow B. for him to follow
  9. take notes 做笔记 C. for him follows D. to him following
  10. make sentences 造句 ( )
  8.My bike is broken. I want to have it .
  11. impress sb with…: 在…方面给某人留下印象 eg. The girl impressed her friends with her sense of A. mending B. to mend C. mended C. mends humor. 这个女孩的幽默感给她的朋友留下了印象。 ( )
  9.It’s very hot. Please get the windows . A. opened B. opening C. open D. to open
  12. write down 写下 ( )
  10.The young man kept practicing
  13. 常见的系动词有: English with Mr. Green. ①是:am 、is、 are A. to speak B. speaking C. speak D. spoke ②保持:keep、 stay ③转变:become、 get、 turn 三、根据汉语完成句子。 ④ ……起来 feel、 look、 smell、 taste、 sound
  1.不要嘲笑处于困境中的人。
新目标英语九年级课文讲与练 第 4 页
get…right 使…正确;纠正… eg.① Get the shoes clean. 把鞋擦干净 ②Get Mr. Green to come. 让格林先生进来 ③We had some photos taken in the park yesterday. 昨天我们在公园了请人拍了些相。 ④You should get your hair cut.你应该请人理发。
  4. I don’t have a partner to practice English with. 我没有练习英语的同伴。 该句是不定式作定语, 中的解释。 [注意]:该句是不定式作定语,见 Section A 中的解释。
  5.It’s +adj + of/for sb to do sth.:对某人而言, 做…是…的 当形容词用于修饰人时,介词用 of. 常见的此 类形容词有:kind ; good ; clever
 

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