马石立中学九年级英语中考第一轮复习资料 ??七年级下册 Unit1-4 精讲精练
I. 词组归纳
  1. 在邮局和电子游戏中心之间
  2. 在公用电话对面
  3. 带我的狗去散步
  4. 打的去……
  5. 玩得高兴
  6. 在附近
  7. 直走
  8. 向左转
  9. 在图书馆的右边
  10. 欢迎来到花园小区!
  11. 一幢有一个美丽花园的房子
  12. ……的开始
  13. 一个消遣的好地方
  14. 去我家的路
  15. 有点儿,稍微
  16. 在晚上
  17. 吃草和树叶
  18. 想要,愿意
  19. 与某人交谈
  20. 冰茶
  21. 也,还,而且
  22. 参加校园剧的演出
  23. 点一份比萨
  24. 有一份护士的工作给你
  25. 售货员
  26.
  5~12 岁的儿童
  27. 银行职员
  28. 警察局
  29. 出去,外出
  30. 想成为
  31. 与……一起工作
  32. 把某物给某人
  33. 从某人处得到某物
  34. 穿一套白色的制服 II. 句型归纳
  1. - a supermarket? -No, there isn’t.
  2. - the park? -It’s Center Street.
  3. - the hotel? -It’s next the bank.
  4. - he like koala bears? -Because they’re of cute.
  5. - pizza would you like?-I’d like a pepperoni pizza, please.
  6. - pizza would she like? - like a medium pizza.
  7. - would they like their pizza?-They’d like mushrooms, onions and olives.
  8. he do? -He’s a reporter.
  9. - he? -He’s a doctor.
  10. - she want to ? -A sales assistant. III. 考点归纳
  1. 关于问路及回答的常用语
  1) Excuse me, is there a ...? Excuse me, where is the ...? Excuse me, which is the way to the ...? Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the ...? Excuse me, can you tell me how to get to the ...? Excuse me, how can I get to the ...?
  2) Go/Walk straight (along the street). Go/Walk along/up/down the street. Go/Walk along/up/down the street to the end. Go/Walk along/up/down the street about ten minutes. Turn (to the) left/right. Turn left/right at the traffic lights. Turn left/right at the second turning. (= Take the second turning on the left/right.)
  2. There’s a bank on the Central Street. 在中心路有一个银行。 在中心路有一个银行。 在路上: in/on the street 【高分突破】 : 以上两个短语可互换,当出现具体的门牌号时介词用 at,例如: at Central Street No. 17 在中心路 17 号
  3. Turn left off the busy First Avenue and enjoy the city’s quiet streets and small parks. 向左转出第一大道,你可以欣赏到城市里宁静的街道和小公园。 向左转出第一大道,你可以欣赏到城市里宁静的街道和小公园。 enjoy v. 喜欢,欣赏
  1) enjoy sth. Do you enjoy the dinner tonight? 共8页 第1页

  2) enjoy + doing sth. 喜欢做某事 Jack enjoys playing the drum.
  3) enjoy oneself 玩得高兴= have a good time= have fun They enjoyed themselves in the zoo yesterday. = They had a good time in the zoo yesterday. = They had fun in the zoo yesterday.
  4. Take a walk through the park on Central Avenue. 步行穿过中心大道的公园。 步行穿过中心大道的公园。
  1) 散步: take a walk have a walk go for a walk walk
  2) through 穿过(立体的)…… across 穿过(平面的)…… 例如:go/walk/run/drive through the rain/ forest/ city go/walk/run/drive across the street/ road/ bridge/ avenue swim across the river 【高分突破】 : Go through the street. 顺着这条街走。 Go across the street. (横穿)过马路。
  5. Next to the hotel is a small house with an interesting garden. 在宾馆旁边是一幢有一个有趣花园的小房子。 在宾馆旁边是一幢有一个有趣花园的小房子。
  1) 形容词作定语修饰名词放在名词的前面,例如: a new teacher a fantastic movie an exciting soccer ball game
  2) 形容词修饰不定代词放在不定代词的后面, 例如: something dangerous anything different
  3) 介词短语、分词作定语放在所修饰词的后面,例如: a T-shirt like this a student in No.14 Middle School the boy with short curly hair the girl in red sweater the man wearing a pair of new shoes the kite made by Lucy 【高分突破】 : 对介词短语、分词定语提问时疑问代词常用 which The man in the car is my father. Which man is your father?
  6. This is the beginning of the garden tour. 这是花园旅行的开始。 这是花园旅行的开始。
  1) at the beginning of :在...开始的时候,例如: at the beginning of this week/ month At the beginning of a math class she usually asks a question. Tom sings a song at the beginning of the music festival. 反义词组:at the end of :在...结束的时候 at the end of this year/ February/ Unit Two
  2) in the beginning 在开始的时候,例如: He couldn’t speak Chinese at all in the beginning. 反义词组: in the end 最后
  3) beginner 初学者
  7. Let me tell you the way to my house. 让我告诉你去我家的路。 让我告诉你去我家的路。
  1) the way to …… 到……去的路 the answer to …… ……的答案 共8页 第2页
the key to …… ……的答案,……的钥匙 the guide to …… ……的指南 the direction to …… 到……去的路、方向
  2) on the way to …… 在去……的路上 on one’s way to …… 在某人去……的路上 in one’s way to …… 挡在某人去……的路上 【高分突破】 : 在这几个短语中如果后接 home, here, there 这几个副词,须将 to 去掉。 例如:on the way home/ here/ there
  8. Why do you like them? Because they’re kind of cute. 你为什么喜欢它们? 因为它们有点可爱。 你为什么喜欢它们? 因为它们有点可爱。
  1) 英语表达中不能连用的词: ① because 和 so,例如: Because I like the toys, I will buy a lot. (√) Because I like the toys, so I will buy a lot. (×) ② though/although 和 but,例如: Though/Although I like the toys, I will buy a lot. (√) Though/Although I like the toys, but I will buy a lot. (×)
  2) 有点,稍微:kind of = a little = a little bit + adj. = a bit 【高分突破】 :
  1) kind of 在某些短语中表示种类,例如: all kinds of 各种各样的 different kinds of 各种各样的,不同种类的 many kinds of 许多种的 this/that kind of 这/那种的 a kind of 一种……
  2) a little + 不可数名词 “一点…”,前面常与 only 连用。 little + 不可数名词 “几乎没有…”,前面常 very 与连用。 注意两个翻译: There is a little sheep. 有一只小绵羊。 There is a little water. 有一点水。
  3) not a bit = not at all not a little = very much
  9. Isn’t he cute? 难道他不可爱吗? 难道他不可爱吗? 难道它不在你的包里吗? 是的,它不在。 否定疑问句的构成:用 not 的简略式-n’t 与句首的 be, have, has, 助动词或情态动词连用,开始一个问句。 否定疑问句用来表达一种强烈的肯定或惊奇、赞扬、责备、建议等,回答是根据实际情况或事实用 yes 和 no。例如: Isn’t it an interesting TV show? Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. Can’t you do it by yourself? Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. 【高分突破】 :
  1)回答时应与事实一致,而不应按汉语的习惯来做答。
  2)回答时注意一致性,即 Yes+肯定,No+否定。以下的回答是错误的: Aren’t they ours? Yes, they aren’t. / No, they are.
  10. What other animals do you like? 你还喜欢别的什么动物? 你还喜欢别的什么动物?
  1) other, others other adj. other + 可数名词的复数/不可数名词 “其他的……,另外的……”,不单独使用。 例如:I need other dictionaries. others pron. others = other + 可数名词复数 例如:I don’t like these shorts, please give me some others (=other shorts).
  2) other, another 共8页 第3页
other adj. other + 可数名词的复数/不可数名词 “其他的……,另外的……”(三者以上),不单独使用。 another adj. another + 可数名词单、复数 “另一个(一些)……”(三者以上) ,可单独使用(此时为代词) 。 例如:Do you want another cup of coffee? We need another three chairs (=three more chairs)
  3) the other, the others one … the other (the other + 可数名词单数) 一个……另一个 some … the others (the other + 可数名词复数) 一些……另一些
  11. What would you like? 你想要什么? 你想要什么?
  1) would like sth. 想要什么 would like to do sth. 想做什么 would like sb. to do sth. 想某人做某事
  2) 同义句互换: What kind of food would you like? =What would you like to eat?
  3) 请你……。 (注意两个交际英语的区别) Would you like to do sth. please? Would you please do sth. ? 例如:请你把书放进抽屉里。 Would you like to put these books in the drawer, please? Would you please put these books in the drawer?
  12. What’s your address? 你的地址是哪里? 你的地址是哪里? = Where do you live/work…? 【高分突破】 : 对 address 提问疑问代词用 what,不能用 where。 Where is your e-mail address? (×)
  13. We also have great salad as well as soda. 我们还有配有苏打水的沙拉。 我们还有配有苏打水的沙拉。 = We also have great salad with soda. 【高分突破】 : with 和 as well as 连接主语时,谓语动词的单复数由 with 和 as well as 前面的主语决定;但是 and 连接主 语时谓语动词用复数,例如: Tony as well as Bill goes to movies every week. = Tony with Bill goes to movies every week. = Tony and Bill go to movies every week.
  14. 英语中对职业的提问: 英语中对职业的提问: What does he do?= What is he?= What’s his job? 【高分突破】 : what 是对人的职业提问,而 who 是对人的身份提问,因此在回答时要注意区别: Who’s that man? He’s my uncle. What’s your uncle? He’s a policeman.
  15. People give me their money or get their money from me. 人们给我钱或是从我这里拿走他们自己的钱。 人们给我钱或是从我这里拿走他们自己的钱。 give sth. to sb. = give sb. Sth. 类适用法的词还有: lend, show, pass, send, bring, sell, offer, hand, teach, tell, return, throw, wish 等。 【高分突破】 : 当 sth.为代词 it 或 them 时,只能用:give it/them to sb.的结构。
  16. I wear a white uniform. 我穿一套白色的制服。 我穿一套白色的制服。 wear, put on, dress, be in
  1)wear “穿着”,表状态= be in She wears a purple sweater today.= She’s wearing a purple sweater today. = She’s in a purple sweater today. wear “留,蓄” wear a beard 留胡子 wear long hair 蓄长发 共8页 第4页
wear sunglasses 戴太阳眼镜
  2)put on “穿上”,表动作 Tom is putting on his shirt.
  3)dress “穿”,可表动作或状态 dress sb. = get sb. dressed 给某人穿衣服 He is too young to dress himself. = He is too young to get himself dressed.
  17. I meet interesting people every day. 我每天遇见有趣的人。 我每天遇见有趣的人。
  1) meet “遇见,认识,迎接” 例如: I like meeting different people every day. Nice to meet you. Would you please meet her at the airport?
  2) every day 副词词组,表示“每天,天天”,在句中作状语。 everyday 形容词,表示“日常的,每日的”,在句中作定语。 Some people are very interested in the stars’ everyday life. 有些人对明星的日常生活非常感兴趣。 Peter practices his trumpet every day. Peter 每天都练习吹喇叭。
  18. Do you want to work for us as a reporter? 你愿意为我们工作吗?是当记者? 你愿意为我们工作吗?是当记者?
  1) work for 为……工作 Jeff works for a big company.
  2) work as 当…… Would you like to work as a waiter?
  3) work at/in 在哪里工作 His brother works in a famous hotel. Ⅳ. 语法精讲 一般现在时
  1. 构成 一般现在时主要由动词的原形表示,当主语是第三人称单数时,则在动词原形后加-s 或-es,词尾读音分别 为/s/, /z/和/iz/。规则如下: 规则 例词 一般动词在词尾加-s help ? helps 在清辅音后读/s/ work ? works 在元音和浊辅音后读/z/ climb ? climbs 在以字母 s, x, o, ch, sh 结尾的动词后加-es; teach ? teaches 如词尾已有 e,则只加-s, 读作/iz/ guess ? guesses close ? closes 以辅音字母+y 结尾的动词,变 y 为 i 后,加-es, study ? studies 读作/z/ fly ? flies 高分突破: 动词 have 和 be 的第三人称单数形式为:has 和 is。
  2. 一般现在时的肯定、否定、一般疑问句式及回答。列表如下: 行为动词(以 do 为例) 肯定式
 

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