七年级下各单元黄金知识点 Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?
  1. 几个问句: ①-Where’s your pen pal from? = Where does your pen pal come from? -He/She is from…=He/She comes from … ②-Where does he live? -He lives in/at… ③-What language does he speak? ?He speaks … ④-What’s her favorite subject?
  2. 国家 国人 国语 China Chinese Chinese Japan Japanese Japanese France Frenchman French .
  3. be from=come from 来自
  4. speak , say , tell , talk speak + 语言 ; say + 内容 ; tell jokes / stories/ 或事情 ; tell sb. sth.=tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某事 ; talk 侧重谈论 ;talk with sb. about sth. 和某人谈论 某事 ; talk to sb. 和某人谈论 speak ? speaks ? speaking ?spoke say ?says ?saying ?said tell ?tells ?telling ?told
talk ?talks ?talking ?talked
  5. live ? lives ?living ?lived
  6. -Is that/this/it Tom? -Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. -Is he Tom? -Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.
  7. 作文 Unit 2 Where’s the post office?
  1. 问路、指路的词汇及句型 next to ; across from ; in front of ; behind ; between … and … ; in the neighborhood ; near here Where’s the …? Is there a /an … near here? How can I get to the …? Can you tell me the way to the …?
  2. -Is there …? (表示在…地方有…东西或人) - Yes, there is. / No there isn’t. (答句)
  3. There be…+V-ing … (there be 句子中如有动词, 要 用动名词形式) Eg. There are three boys playing basketball there.
  4. If …, sb. can …. 如果…,某人就能…。
  5. have fun doing 愉快地做某事
  6. enjoy doing 喜欢做某事
enjoy oneself 玩得很开心
  7. visit Hangzhou = have a visit to Hangzhou.
  8. 在…街上 用介词 on 在…公园 用介词 at
  9. with +名词或名词短语,表示“带有…”
  10. It is + 形容词 + to do sth. 表示:做某事是怎么样
  11. pay ? pays ? paying ? paid take ? takes ? taking ? took Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?
  1. -Why …? -Because …
  2. Let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 Let’s see … first. 让我们先去看…。
  3. 对动物的描述词汇 0000000000
  4. What + (other) + 名词…? What animals …? What fruit …? What language …? 注:What + other+名词=What else
  5. 反问句:Isn’t he cute?

  6. 每天 20 小时 20 hours every day
  7. 每天一个故事 a story every day
  8. relax ? relaxes ? relaxing ? relaxed sleep ? sleeps ? sleeping ? slept
  9. an elephant / animal
  10. two more animals 另外更多的两种动物 eg. I have 4 pens, but I need three more pens.
  11. 作文 描述你的宠物 Unit 4 I want to be an actor.
  1. want 的用法 want sth. (想要…东西) want to do (想去做某事) want to be (想成为)
  2. 如何问职业 What are you? = What do you do? 区别:How are you?
  3. 描述职业的形容词 busy ; interesting ; dangerous ; exciting ; boring
  4. work for (为…工作) work with (和…一起工作)
work as (以…身份工作)
  5. do some cleaning / reading He did some cleaning yesterday afternoon. →What did he do yesterday afternoon?
  6. 单变复 man→men ; woman→women
  7. 给某人某物 give sb sth. = give sth. to sb.
  8. be late for + 名词 干…事迟到 be late to do 干…事迟到
  9. 作文 招聘广告 应聘介绍 Unit 5 I’m watching TV.
  1. 什么是现在进行时?何时用现在进行时?
  2. 动词原形→动名词 的变化规则
  3. read ? reads ? reading ? read 所有具有阅读性质的“看”都用 read
  4. 注意介词:talk on the phone in the photo
  5. 注意冠词:go to the movies ; go to a movie
写信给某人:write to sb. (省略 the letter)
  6. 注意字母顺序:first
  7. 全家福:a photo of my family=my family photo Unit 6 It’s raining
  1. 问天气 -- How is the weather?=What is the weather like? -- It’s …
  2. 描述天气的词汇 rainy, raining / cloudy / sunny / windy / snowy, snowing terrible, bad, fine, great
  3. 最近过得怎样?:--How’s it going? -- Great. / Not bad. / Not good. / Terrible.
  4. 介词 + V-ing Thank you for joining us.
  5. 惊讶地发现… be surprised to find …
  6. relax 使…得到放松 relaxed 感受到放松的(人做主语) relaxing 使…感到放松的(物做主语) eg. The music relaxes me a lot. When I am hearing this music, I feel relaxed.
The music is relaxing.
  7. have a … time. have a good time / have a bad time / have a terrible time Unit 7 What does he look like?
  1. 问外貌,长相 What does he look like? What is he like? 区别:What does he like?
  2. 头发的描述 long, short ; straight, curly ; black, brown, blonde, yellow, white
  3. 身高,体形 tall, of medium height, short ; heavy, of medium build, thin
  4. 头发用“have, has” ;身高,体形用“be” ;穿戴用 “wear” He has short hair and he is of medium build. He always wears glasses.
  5. with “带有” ;wear “穿戴着” Tom is a funny boy with large glasses.
Tom is always wearing glasses. He is so funny.
  6. 否定前置:think, believe I don’t think he is so great. I don’t believe I am the No. 1 in the exam.
  7. think ? thinks ? thinking ? thought wear ? wears ? wearing ? wore
  8. 动词短语代词:do, does, did I like English, Tom does, too. I went to Hangzhou, Tom did, too. I don’t like English, Tom doesn’t, either. I didn’t go to Hangzhou, Tom didn’t, either.
  9. 第三人称单数: nobody(没有人), everyone(每个人) Nobody knows me. Everyone (enjoy) the weekend.(enjoys 或 enjoyed)
  10. 作文 外貌描述 United 8 I’d like some noodles.
  1. some, any 的用法 some 用于肯定句表示“一些” Here are some bread and some eggs.
some 用于疑问句表示“一些” ,但含有“希望得到肯 定回答或表示客气” Would you like some noodles? (表示客气) Do you have some water? (希望得到肯定回答) any 用于肯定句表示“任何” Anyone is welcome. any 用于否定句表示“一些” I don’t have any money with me. Can you give me some?
  2. would like …的用法 would like = want to -- Would you like some coffee? -- Yes, please. / No, thanks. -- Would you like to watch game shows now? -- Yes, I’d love to.
  3. kind 的用法 kind of 有几分 a kind of… 一种… all kinds of … 各种各样的…
  4. 可数与不可数 肉类都不可数;蔬菜有可数和不可数 beef and cabbage noodles
In the noodles there are beef and cabbages.
  5. take an order for noodles = order noodles
  6. 作文 为自己的甜品屋写一份宣传广告 Unite 9 How was your last vacation?
  1. spend 的用法 spend … on sth. 花费…在…事/物上 spend … in doing sth. 花费…在做某事上
  2. ask 的用法 ask sb. to do 邀请某人做某事 ask sb. for help 向某人求助
  3. 在…样的 morning,afternoon,night 用“on” on Saturday morning ; on a raining day
  4. read ? reads ? reading ? read sit ? sits ? sitting ? sat
  5. It is time to do 是该干…的时候了 It is time for sth. 是该干…的时候了
  6. look for 寻找 ;find 找到 I looked for my cat everywhere, but I didn’t find it.
  7. no = not a,an / not any He has no dog and no family.
= He doesn’t have any dogs or families. = He doesn’t have a dog or a family.
  8. 作文 故事续写 unit 10 Where did you go on vacation?
  1. 为考试学习 study for the exam/test
  2. 去度假 go on vacation ; 在度假 be on vacation
  3. 搭配: help sb do ; find sb doing ; make sb do
  4. cry ? cries ? crying ? cried make ? makes ? making ? made feel ? feels ? feeling ? felt
  5. 决定做某事 decide to do sth 决定不去做某事 decide not to do sth
  6. 作文 旅行日记 Unit 11 What do you think of game shows?
  1. stand 忍受;站立 can’t stand ; stand up stand ? stands ? standing ? stood
  2. mind 介意 mind (one’s) doing sth 介意(某人)做某事
-- Do you mind (my) opening the window? -- Yes, I do.(说明我介意) No, I don’t. (说明我不介意)
  3. put ? puts ? putting ? put
  4. idea 主意 (可数名词) an idea. 常有 it’s a good idea. I have no idea. = I don’t know.
  5. think of 认为…怎么样 What do you think of …?
  6. 表示喜好的词汇 really love=love … very much, love, really like = like … very much , don’t mind, can’t stand
  7. 合成形容词 thirteen-year-old 13 岁的
  8. 动名词短语做主语 Cooking is for moms. Doing eyes exercises is good for your health.
  9. 介词 + V-ing Thanks for helping me. What about going shopping?
  10. 最酷的东西是…:The coolest thing is …
  11. 在下个月的杂志上:in next month’s magazine
Unit 12 Don’t eat in class.
  1. class 课,班级 an English class ; a new friend in Class Five
  2. fight ? fights ? fighting ? fought
  3. No doing = Don’t do here. No smoking. = Don’t smoke here.
  4. 注意冠词:a uniform
  5. practice doing 练习做某事
  6. too many +可数名词复数 too much + 不可数名词 much too +形容词
  7. 我从来没有开心过。I never have any fun.
  8. 作文 校规 ;家规 ;图书馆规章
 

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