西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏
七年级英语( 七年级英语(上)复习要点 英语
1 认物(Unit
  4) What is this/that? It’s a/an…. What are these/those? They are…. 2 确认所属(Unit 6;Unit
  14) Is this/that your book? 单 =Is this/that book yours? Yes, it is/No, it isn’t Are these/those your books? 复 Are these books yours? Yes, they are. /No, they aren’t. Whose shirt is this? Whose is this shirt? 名词复数 A 规则的 (
  1) +s maps bags cars (
  2) s, x, sh, ch+es buses, boxes, fishes. Watches s(无生命)photos kilos(千克) o+ es(有生命)tomatoes potatoes
-1-
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏
(
  3)ce,se,ze,(d)ge+s oranges (
  4)辅字+y i+es families babies dictionaries cities B 不规则的: (
  1)man-men woman-women policeman-poliocemen child-children foot-feet tooth-teeth knife-knifes a sheep-two sheep a deer-many deer (
  2)表示民族的词: aJapanese/Chinese-twoJapanese/Chinese (
  3) 俄美德意(印)澳,加上“s”莫忘掉 Russians Americans Germans Italians Indians Australians (
  4) 大 傻 瓜 , 是 英 法 , a 变 e 来 也 不 怕 Englishman-Englishmen Frenchman-Frenchmen 3 以人为主线(Unit
  7) 以人为主线( ) (
  1)Who’s on duty today?(值日)
-2-
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏
(
  2) Are we all here=Is everyone here?(出勤) (
  3) How are you/is he?(健康) How old are you/is he?(年龄) (
  4) What class/grade/row are you/is he in?(坐 次)What’s your/his number? I’m Number 3 Attention: Class One, Grade One; Number Two, in Row Three (
  5) Are you English?(国籍) Are you from England? Do you come England? 代词 主 宾 形物代 名物代 反代 单 I me my mine myself 一 复 we us our ours ourselves 单 you you your yours yourself 二 复 you you your yours yourselves he him his his himself 三 单 she her her hers herself
-3-
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏
it it its its itself 复 they them their theirs themselves 注: 名物代=形物代+名词 动词 介词 4 特殊疑问句(Unit
  8) 特殊疑问句( ) When(时间) Where(地点) Why (原因) Who (人) Whose pen(所属) What time/colour How many+可复 How much+不可名 How old(年龄) How long(长度,如时间段) How far (距离) How soon(多久:将来,in) How often(多久一次,表频率) 5 确认人物 确认人物(Unit
  9) Who’s this/that? This/That is….
-4-
+代宾 e.g. give it to me
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏
名词所有格: 单名:Jim’s 复名:students’ women’s of 所有格: a bottle of water; half a kilo of tofu 祈使句: Let me help you. Don’t be late. 6 空间关系: 空间关系: in the room on the wall under the chair over the bridge behind the door beside the tree near the window where is/are…? 冠词:a an the Look at the classroom. There is a map on the wall. It is a map of China. The earth goes round the sun. There is a “u” in the word “use”, and there is an “s” in it. 7 某处有某人或某物(Units 11
  12) 某处有某人或某物( )
-5-
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏
可名单 a book is+ There be 不可名 some money are+可复+many people 注:There be 句型有临近原则,即谓语动词 和离它最近的主语一致。 如: There is a book and two pens on the desk. What’s on the desk? What’s+介短…? How many+可复+are there…?
关于 the other、the others 和 another 的用法 、
other 及其变化形式在初中教材中多次出现,而且它的变化形 式很多,有以下几种:the other, others, the others, another 等。它 们的用法现归纳如下;
  1.other 可作形容词或代词,做形容词时,意思是“别的,其他”, 泛指“其他的(人或物)”。如: Do you have any other question(s)? 你还有其他问题吗? Ask some other people. 问问别人吧!
-6-
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏 Put it in your other hand. 把它放在你另一只手里。
  2.the other 指两个人或物中的一个时,只能用 the other,不能用 another,此时的 other 作代词。如: He has two daughters. One is a nurse, the other is a worker. 他有两个女儿,一个是护士,另一个是工人。 the other 后可加单数名词,也可加复数名词,此时的 other 作形 容词。如: On the other side of the street,there is a tall tree. 在街道的另一边,有一棵大树。 Mary is much taller than the other girls. 玛丽比其他的女孩高得多。 He lives on the other side of the river. 他住在河的对岸。
  3.others 是 other 的复数形式,泛指“另外几个”,“其余的”。在句 中可作主语、宾语。如: Some of us like singing and dancing, others go in for sports. 我们一些人喜欢唱歌和跳舞,其余的从事体育活动。 Give me some others, please. 请给我别的东西吧! There are no others. 没有别的了。
-7-
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏
  4.the others 意思是“其他东西, 其余的人”。 特指某一范围内的“其 他的(人或物)”。是 the other 的复数形式。如: Two boys will go to the zoo, and the others will stay at home. 两个男孩将去动物园,其余的留在家里。 the others=the other +复数名词,这在第 2 条中已经有所介绍。
  5.another=an+ other,既可作形容词,也可作代词,只能用于三个 或更多的人或物,泛指同类事物中的三者或三者以上的“另一 个”,只能代替或修饰单数可数名词。如: I don’t like this one. Please show me another. 我不喜欢这一个,请给我看看另一个。 I have three daughters. One is a nurse, another is a teacher and another is a worker. 我有三个女儿。一个是护士,另一个是教师,还有一个是工人。 初一英语上册专题重点动词 一、be 动词
  1. 根据人称的不同,be 动词有三种基本形式,分别为 am,is 和 are。am 用于单数第一人称(I);is 用于单数第三人称(he,she, it);are 用于第二人称和复数第一,二,三人称(we,you,they)。 例:I am fifteen years old. 我十五岁了。 You are my friend forever. 你永远是我的朋友。
-8-
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏 He is a hard-working student. 他是一个刻苦努力的学生。 The students are reading books in the classroom. 学生们都在教室里读书。
  2. be 动词的否定形式直接在后面加 not. I am not fifteen years old. He is not a hard-working student. The students are not reading books in the classroom.
  3. 把 be 动词的肯定句变成疑问则要直接把动词 be 提到句首, 变型如下: Are you fifteen years old? Is he a hard-working student? Are the students reading books in the classroom? 二. 行为动词
  1. match v. 相称;匹配 ● match. . . with. . . e. g. Match the words with the pictures,please. 请把单词和图画相搭配。
  2. practise v. 练习 ●practise doing sth. 练习做。。 。 e. g. He practices speaking English every day. 他每天都练习读英语。
-9-
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏
  3. welcome v. 欢迎. ● welcome sb. to sp. e. g. Please welcome Betty and Tony to our school. 欢迎贝蒂和托尼来我们学校。
  4. invite v. 邀请 ● invite sb. to do sth. e.g. Tom invites me to go to the concert with him on Saturday. 汤姆邀请我跟他周六一起去参加音乐会。 ● invite sb. to sp. e. g. Daming invites Tony to the cinema. 大明邀请托尼去看电影。 ● invitation(n. ) send an invitation to sb. 对某人发出邀请
  5. ask v. 请求 ● ask sb. to do sth. e. g. Tony asks Daming to go to a basketball match. 托尼叫大明一起去看篮球赛。
  6. have v. 有 ● have lessons 上课 ● have a rest 休息
● have a look at sth. 看看... ● have dinner 吃饭
- 10 -
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏 ● have a good time 玩的开心 ● have a break 课间休息 ● have a party 举办聚会 e. g. We have three lessons in the morning. 我们早上有三节课。 At eleven o'clock,we have a break and I talk with my friends. 11 点我们课间休息,我和我的朋友们聊天。 In the evening,we watch TV and have dinner. I do my homework and go to bed at ten o'clock. 晚上, 我们看电视并且吃晚饭。 我做作业然后十点上床睡觉。
  7. send v. 发送 ● send sb sth(send sth. to sb. ) e. g. We usually send him a birthday card. 我们经常送给他一张生日卡片。
  8. make v. 制作。 ● make sth. for sb. e. g. And we often make a cake for his birthday. 我们经常为他的生日做一个生日蛋糕。 ● make travel plans on the Internet e. g. Do you often make travel plans on the Internet? 你们经常在网上制定旅游计划么? ● make a trip to the zoo
- 11 -
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏 e. g. Let's make a trip to the zoo. 让我们一起去动物园吧。
  9. like v. 喜欢 ● like doing sth. e. g. Daming's uncle likes reading and he reads a lot of books. 大明的叔叔喜欢阅读,并且他经常读很多书。 ● would like sth/to do sth. e. g. Would you like to go to the cinema with Betty and me? 你愿意跟我和贝蒂一起去电影院么? Would you like some tea? 你想来点茶叶么?
  10. talk v. 谈话 ● talk to (with) sb. e. g. I often talk to my friends on the phone. 我经常跟我的朋友打电话。 ● talk about sth. e. g. I often talk about our favorite singers with my best friends after school. 我经常在课后跟我最要好的朋友们谈论我们喜欢的歌星。
  11. stay v. 停留 ● stay at home e. g. Let's stay at home and watch TV.
- 12 -
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏 让我们留在家里看电视。 ● stay healthy e. g. Mr. and Mrs. Brown do lots of sports and stay healthy. 布朗先生和布朗太太做很多运动,保持健康。
  12. visit v. 参观 ● visit sb/sp. e. g. Welcome to Beijing Zoo. Sixteen thousand people visit it every year. 欢迎来到北京动物园。每年有 16000 人在此参观。 三. 情态动词 can 情态动词特点:
  1)后面加动词原型。
  2)否定句和疑问句不需要借助助动词构成。 e. g. I can play basketball. Can you? 我会打篮球,你会么? That can't be our teacher:our teacher is in her office right now. 那不会是我们老师,我们的老师现在正在办公室呢。 动词练习 一. 用适当的介词填空。
  1. Can you match the words the pictures?
  2. Let's welcome the foreign friends our country.
  3. I want to invite my sister my home.
- 13 -
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏
  4. Let's have a party and I will send lots of invitations __ my friends.
  5. Can I have a look your new watch?
  6. It's Father's Day tomorrow, and I will send a present my father.
  7. Can you make a cake me?
  8. My parents always buy a birthday cake me my birthday.
  9. She usually buys CD her favorite singers.
  10. I often talk __ my mother on the phone.
  11. Let's stay home and watch TV.
  12. I usually download music the Internet.
  13. I am a writer and I write my novels my computers.
  14. I listen music every day.
  15. The polar bear comes the Arctic.
  16. He often writes his friends.
  17. Every day I often talk my parents the interesting things in school.
  18. On my birthday, I get lots of presents my family and friends.
  19. Who switch the lights? It's so dark in the room, let me switch them
- 14 -
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏 二、用所给动词适当形式填空。
  1. Daming (be) in Class Two.
  2. Lingling and Daming (be) good friends.
  3. Lingling with Daming (be) at school now.
  4. He can (speak) English.
  5. We can (play) basketball and (swim).
  6. Tony (ride) a bike to school every day.
  7. Lucy and Lily sometimes (do) their homework at school.
  8. I want (invite) Lily (see)a film with me after class.
  9. I ask my mother (choose) a book for me.
  10. What about ( have ) a birthday party?
  11. He likes (play) computer games and __ (play) cards at weekends.
  12. Let Lingling (watch) TV with me, please.
  13. How about (go) swimming on Sunday?
  14. I would like (have) dinner with you tomorrow.
  15. Let's go and (see) a panda. 三、时态填空。
  1. We often (play) in the playground.
  2. He (get) up at six o'clock.
  3. you (brush) your teeth every morning.
  4. What (do) he usually (do) after school?
- 15 -
西苑中学 七(
  1)班 万远鹏
  5. Danny (study) English, Chinese, Maths, Science and Art at school.
  6. Mike sometimes (go) to the park with his sister.
  7. At eight at night, she (watch) TV with his parents.
  8. Mike (read) English every day?
  9. How many lessons your classmate (have) on Monday?
  10. What time his mother (do) the housework? 四. 按要求修改句子。
  1. Do you often play basketball after school? (肯定回答)
  2. I have a lot of books. (改为否定句)
  3. Betty's mother likes playing table tennis. (改为否定句)
  4. She lives in a town near New York. (改为一般疑问句)
  5. I watch TV every day. (改为一般疑问句)

  6. Tom has got a goal. (改为一般疑问句)
  7. We have Chinese lessons in the afternoon. (否定句)
  8. Nancy doesn't run fast. (肯定句)
  9. My dog runs fast. 否定句
  10. Mike h
 

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