1. add (v.) a) add sth. up / add sth. together b) add A to B c) add to sth.: to increase 增加 d) add up to: to amount to 加起来等于 总计 加起来等于; (达)…
  2. point (v.) (n.)
  1) mark, score 分数
  2)(时间、空间的)点,时刻,地点 )(时间 时刻, )(时间、空间的)
  3) opinion, view 观点、看法、要点 观点、看法、 point of view, viewpoint, to the point…
  4) 指向 指向… point to \ at … , point out…(to sb.)

  3. upset.
  1)(adj.) be upset at…
  2)(v.t.) upset sb.
  4. concern
  1) v.t. (一般不用进行时) 一般不用进行时) Anything that concerns Fiona interests the girl. 涉及, 涉及,关系到 concern oneself with\in\about sth. 从事, 从事,参与
  2) n. do sth. with concern 关心地做 关心地做… express one’s concern over 对…表示关注 表示关注
  3) be concerned about 担心,关心 担心, = be worried about = be interested in
  4) be concerned for 担心
  5) a very concerned look 关注的表情

  5. set down 放下 = put down set down 记下 = write down= take down = put down
  6. “it is because … that ”是强调句,“因为 所以 是强调句, 因为…所以 所以…” 是强调句 It’s all because he studies hard that he does well in every subject. 完全是因为他学习努力,所以他各门功课成绩优秀。 完全是因为他学习努力,所以他各门功课成绩优秀。 的时候, 强调部分指人的时候,一般连词用 who , whom。 。 帮助我学习英语的是格林小姐。 帮助我学习英语的是格林小姐。 It was Miss Green who helped me with my English.
  7. go \ grow crazy 发疯,发傻 发疯, grow \ be crazy about… 热爱,痴迷 热爱, do sth. like crazy 拼命地 干
  8. do with 与… 有关 what to do with \ how to deal with

  9. far 形容词比较级连用 连用, 过于…, 得多 得多。 与too 或形容词比较级连用, “过于 ,…得多。” far more expensive = much more expensive far too crowded = much too crowded
  10. much too + 形容词 副词 形容词/ \ too much + 不可数名词 much too difficult 困难得多 \ too much water 太多的水
  11. dare “敢,胆敢” 敢 胆敢”
  1)情态动词 ) 多用于否定 疑问句,没有第三人称( 否定、 多用于否定、疑问句,没有第三人称(dares), , 只有一般现在时和一般过去时 一般现在时和一般过去时: 只有一般现在时和一般过去时:dare (not) do sth
  2) 实义动词 (don’t / doesn’t / didn’t ) dare to do sth 在否定句或疑问句中, 在否定句或疑问句中, (don’t / doesn’t / didn’t ) dare (to) do sth

  12. happen to do “恰巧;碰巧;偶然(做某事) 恰巧; 恰巧 碰巧;偶然(做某事) (do sth. by chance \ do sth. by accident )
  13. It is the first time / second / last time… that …, “某人第一 第二 最后一次 做某事”, that 后面的句子用完成时态。 某人第一/第二 后面的句子用完成时态 完成时态。 某人第一 第二/最后一次 做某事”
  14. put away “把…放起来,把…关起来;把…放好” 放起来, 关起来; 放好” 把 放起来 关起来 放好 put away your books \ clothes

  1..include: (v.t.) 包括 -- --contain: 包含 included: (adj.) (放在名词后 放在名词后) 放在名词后 including: (prep.)(用于名词前) (用于名词前) contain: 侧重包含的内容或成分 include: 侧重作为整体的一部分或要素 hold: 侧重指能盛、能容纳 侧重指能盛、
  2.more than one : 不止一个 语义上是复 语义上是复数,但作主语时,谓语动词用单数. 作主语时 谓语动词用 More than one reads this English newspaper in the class. Both of them are much more than schoolmates. They are close friends. They are more than glad to help. To me , she is more like a sister than a teacher.

  3. role: play an important role in… as…
在…中起重要作用 中起重要作用 中扮演…角色 在…中扮演 角色 中扮演
play the leading role 起带头作用 play the role of sb. 在(剧中 扮演 某人的 角色 剧中)扮演 某人的)角色 剧中 扮演(某人的
  4. because of (介词短语 : thanks to, as a result of , due to 介词短语) 介词短语 后接名词、代词、 后接名词、代词、 宾语从句 Mother was angry because of what the boy did at school yesterday. because (连词)后接原因状语从句 连词)后接原因状语从句
  5. even if : (conj.) = even though 即使 尽管 即使,尽管 as if : 好象

  6. but 连接两个并列句子,只能在两句间 后面不加逗号 并列句子 两句间, 连接两个并列句子,只能在两句间,后面不加逗号 however 正式用法,可放句首、句末、句中,连接两个分 正式用法 可放句首 句末、句中, 用法, 句首、 用逗号与其他单词隔开 但是, 然而) (但是, 然而) 句,并用逗号与其他单词隔开 however = no matter how 无论如何 无论如何…, 不管 不管… However hard it is, I’ll have a try. = No matter how hard it is, I’ll have a try.

  7. come up
  1) A child came up to me and showed me the way to the station. 走上前
  2) The sky was dark blue and clear when the moon came up. 升起
  3) Your question came up at the meeting. 提出 (He came up with a question at the meeting.)
  4) I’ll let you know if anything comes up . (意外)发生 意外)
  5) The grass is just beginning to come up. 发芽 come about come out come through come at come from

  8. such as 列举其中一部分,不是全部 列举其中一部分, 其中一部分 for example 一般只列举同类人或事物中的“一个”,可放句 一般只列举同类人或事物中的 一个” 列举同类人或事物中的“ 句中或句末, 隔开. 首、句中或句末,用“,”隔开. 全部列举 namely 全部列举
  9. communicate with communication (n.)
  10. base… on \ upon 以…为基础 \ 依据 为基础 , One should always base his opinions on facts. 一个人应始终以事实为依据发表自己的观点。 一个人应始终以事实为依据发表自己的观点。 be based on …建立基础于 建立基础于 His new book was based on the latest research. 在十七世纪=
  11. in the 1600’s 在十七世纪=in the 1600s in the 1960’s. 20世纪60年代 20世纪60年代 世纪60
  12. the number of : 后接可数名词,谓语用单数.“…数字” 后接可数名词,谓语用单 数字” 数字 a number of : 后接可数名词,谓语用复数. “一些” 后接可数名词,谓语用复 一些”
standard size 标准尺寸 a standard book 权威著作 a standard composer \ writer 一流的作曲家\作家 一流的作曲家 作家
  2)n. set high standards 定下高标准 ) raise the standard of the people’s life 提高人民的生活水平 standard of living 生活水准
  14. believe it or not 插入语) 信不信由你 (插入语)
  15. There is no such + (单数)名词 + as.. 没有 样的 单数) 没有…样的 样的…
  16. in the early days of radio
  17. hear…on TV and the radio
  18. mid western \ southern (adj.) South China 华南 the southern part of China 中国的南部 The Middle East 中东
  13. standard
  1) adj.

  19. play \ have a part \ role in (doing) sth. 对某事有影响
  20. recognize (v.t.)
  1) Dogs recognize people by their smell . 认出
  2)I recognized you right to ask that question. 承认
  3) David Beckam is recognized as one of the best football player in Britain. 被认为是 被认为是…

  1. spend a holiday: take a holiday go for one’s holiday 去度假 be on one’s holiday 在休假中
  2. taxi \ bus \ air fare
  3. one-way (adj.): a one-way fare \ ticket \ street
  4. transport:
  1) (n.) air \ road transport 空 \陆运 陆运 means of transport 运输方法
  2) (v. t.) transport from … to… 从…运送到 运送到… 运送到
  5. dream
  1) (v.i.) ~ about / of doing sth. / n.
  2) (n.) Joey’s ~ of becoming an artist has come true. (She has realized her ~ of becoming an artist.)
  3) (adj.) a ~ car / house
  6. cycle
  1) (n.) The four seasons of the year make a ~. My ~ is broken, so I shall have to walk home. the sunspot ~ 太阳黑子的周期
  2) (v.i.) The workers ~d off home after 5:

  7. persuade (v.t.) (强调成功劝服) 劝服) 强调 ~ sb to do sth ~ sb into doing sth ( c.f. try to ~ sb to do… advise sb to do… ) ~ sb not to do sth ~ sb out of doing sth. e.g.
  1) Though the doctor advised his patient to give up smoking, yet he wasn’t able to ~ her to do so.
  2) How can I ~ you of my sincerity?
  3) c.f. suggest sth / (sb’s) doing 建议 (that) …(should) do… advise sb to do sth… 劝告 doing sth… (that) … (should) do sth.

  8. (sb) be \ get \ become interested in… sb对…感兴趣 对 感兴趣 get sb. interested in… 使sb对…感兴趣 对 感兴趣
  9. stubbon (adj.)
  1) a ~ man 一个顽固的人
  2)We are sure of achieving the study aim by ~ and ) persistent hard work. 靠顽强和持久的努力我们一定能达成学习 目标。 目标。
  3) The lock is rather ~; it needs oiling. 这把锁很难开,需要 这把锁很难开, 上点油。 上点油。

  10. 强调句型:除去it 其余部分是一个完成的句子。 强调句型:除去 was …that, 其余部分是一个完成的句子。 It was / is + 强调部分(除谓语外)+ who / that + 其他句子成分 强调部分(除谓语外) Ex. Jack often helped us last year. It was Jack who often helped us last year. It was us who Jack often helped last year. It was last year that Jack often helped us. 注意它的疑问形式(question form) 注意它的疑问形式 一般疑问句:Is it + 被强调部分 + that / who + 其余部分 一般疑问句: Is it China that your parents are determined to visit next year? 特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问句:疑问词 + is it + that / who + 其余部分 Where is it that your parents are determined to visit next year?

  11. insist (v.)
  1) ~ on \ upon 坚持,要求, 坚持,要求,一定要 I must ~ on your giving me an answer as soon as possible. He ~ed upon a second message being sent. 坚持( ),强调 坚持(说),强调 As a member of a team, I cannot always ~ on \ upon my personal opinion. 作为团队的一员,我不能总是坚持我个人的意见。 作为团队的一员,我不能总是坚持我个人的意见。
  2)v.t. 坚持要求 ) People in that area ~ed (that) they (should) be given aid at once. 坚持认为, 坚持认为,坚持说 He ~ed (that) they could expect him for tea. 他坚持说他们可以等他喝茶。 他坚持说他们可以等他喝茶。 insistent (adj.) 坚持要求的; insistence 坚持要做的事 坚持要求的;

  12. proper (adj.)
  1) He wondered whether \ if it would be ~ to visit the old at such a time. (恰当的,正确的) 恰当的, 恰当的 正确的)
  2) Please go to your proper seats. (自己的,专有的 自己的, 自己的 专有的)
  3) The city was in a ~ mess after the hurricane. (飓风过后 飓风过后 城市一片大混乱。) 城市一片大混乱。) 一片大混乱
  13. detail
  1) (C.) n. Everyone began to press him for ~s about the accident. 详细情况。 每个人都开始迫使他讲出这次意外的详细情况 每个人都开始迫使他讲出这次意外的详细情况。
  2) (C.) n. These reports give an outline rather than the ~s. 这些报道提供了一个概要而不是细节 细节。 这些报道提供了一个概要而不是细节。 talk about the accident in ~ (详细地) 详细地)

  3) (v.t.) He ~ed my new duties to me.
  4) ~ed (p.p.) (attribute.定语) 详细的, 仔细的 定语) 定语 详细的, e.g. The mother left ~ed instructions to her daughter about the preparations for the birthday party. 母亲给女儿留了一份关于准备生日会的详细的指示。 母亲给女儿留了一份关于准备生日会的详细的指示。
  14. determine (v.t.) 确定,
  1) ~ a date for the meeting 确定,决定 Demand ~s supply. 需求决定供应。 需求决定供应。
  2)He ~d to make his arrangement at once. )
  3) She has ~d that nothing shall prevent her from working hard.
  4) He has ~d on \ upon coming to the birthday party.
  5) What ~d you to accept this task? 使…下决心 下决心
determined (p.p.)
  1) The naughty boy was ~d not to follow the teacher’s advice, but soon he found himself in a proper mess.
  2) We’re ~d that we shall learn English well.
  3) a ~d look 坚定的表情 a ~d person 一个意志坚强的人
  15. care (v.i.) )
  1)~ about: be worried about, be concerned about or ) be interested in 忧虑,关心 忧虑,
  2) ~ for sth \ ~ to do…: 用于否定或疑问句中, 连用) (用于否定或疑问句中,与would连用) 连用 be willing to do sth., agree to do sth., wish \ like to do sth愿意,同意做 ,喜欢做 愿意, 愿意 同意做…, Would you ~ for a walk? \ Would you ~ to go for a walk?
  3) ~ for sb. : like sb. \ look after sb. 喜欢, 关心(某人) 喜欢, 关心(某人) e.g. Who will ~ ~ your child \ pet if you are not at home?

  16. change one’s mind 改变主意 make up one’s mind \ decide \ determine 决定, 决定,下定决心
  17. once (
  1) once 可做连词引导状语从句,意为“一旦” 可做连词引导状语


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