Unit Five Education
Unit Five Education
Background Information Global Reading Sentence Study Words and Phrases Discussion and Debate Suggested Writing
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Unit Five Education
Warm-up Questions

  1. What is your idea of an ideal university life?
  2. How does education improve your life?
  3. Can you feel the impact of modern technology on teaching and learning in your university?
  4. How does cyber education benefit students?
  5. How do students behave in cyber classrooms and traditional classrooms respectively?
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Unit Five Education
Quotes
The way of the Great Learning (for Higher Education) consists of making bright virtue, caring for the people, and resting in the highest good. --Book of Great Learning
You cannot teach a man anything; you can only help him find it within himself. ?Galileo
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Unit Five Education
Quotes
Education is that which remains in you after you have forgotten everything you learnt in school --Albert Einstein
To learn is to change. Education is a process that changes the learner. --George B. Leonard
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Unit Five Education
Spot Dictation
Directions: Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks with the missing words or expressions. Virtual Global University
The Virtual Global University (VGU) is a private organization founded in 2001 by 17 professors of Business Informatics from 14 different universities in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. The knowledge and experience VGU brings together the of people virtual from different universities in one organization. At the same real time it is a organization, according to German civil law under the name "VGU Private Virtual Global University GmbH."
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Unit Five Education
Spot Dictation
The focus of VGU’s study is information technology offerings (IT) and management ? or Business Informatics as it is called in Central Europe. Students of Business Informatics (BI) are taught how to use IT effectively for global challenges . All courses offered by the VGU are based on the Internet as well as on commonly available information and communication technology. Courses are conducted in English and are given entirely , or are substantially supported, by means of electronic media . to develop business solutions
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Unit Five Education
Vocabulary
Directions: Choose the suitable words or expressions from the list and complete the following sentences, change the form where necessary. emphasis for want of resident dispense with virtual decline practically try out hit on/upon turn one’s back on reflect on go after enlighten inspection oddly enough

  1. It’s not unusual to hear people complaining that educational standards are in decline rather than on the rise.
  2. A large supermarket has just opened on this street. For want of customers, we’ll have to sell up our small store.
  3. The local were annoyed with the lack of parking residents space ? that’s why many of them sold their flats and moved to other places.
  4. If you find something you really want, you have to go after it. It’s pointless waiting for it to come to you.
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Unit Five Education
Vocabulary virtual decline practically try out hit on/upon turn one’s back on reflect on go after enlighten inspection oddly enough
emphasis for want of resident dispense with

  5. Theoretically, it’s a good idea to live without a car, but practically speaking, it would be difficult to manage without one.
  6. The Internet has created a wonderland for us, but we should keep in mind the differences between the virtual world and the real world.
  7. , they have never met each other even Oddly enough though they’ve been living in the same street for ten years.
  8. I see teaching as an opportunity to students, not enlighten just to give them instructions.
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Unit Five Education
Vocabulary
emphasis for want of resident dispense with
virtual decline practically try out
hit on/upon turn one’s back on reflect on go after enlighten inspection oddly enough

  9. He had a suspicion that the certificate was not genuine, but on close , he realized that it was not forged. inspection
  10. Now that my father has retired, he has much time to his successes and failures in the past. reflect on
  11. The new computer system will the need for dispense with keeping paper files.
  12. Life was meant to be lived, and curiosity must be kept alive. One must never, whatever reason, turn his back on life.
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Unit Five Education
Text Organization
Parts 1 2
Para(s). 1~3 4~9
Main Ideas
I teach in cyberspace. As a virtual professor, I teach without personally meeting my students. Being a Guide on the Side, I have succeeded in getting my students to communicate their ideas actively and think critically, which is something I find hard to achieve in traditional campus education. Cyber-teaching reflects the nature of a true liberal education as is defined by Plato, and it is well received by the participants.
10
3
10~17
4
18~20
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Unit Five Education
Understanding Questions

  1) How does the author teach? She offers courses on the Internet, convenes classes and posts assignments to electronic bulletin boards for her students. Then she sends back grades papers by e-mail packets. Most of the time she listens, reads, comments and reflects on what her students have to say and gives lectures in online chat rooms when necessary.
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Unit Five Education
Understanding Questions

  2) Why does the writer claim herself to be a Guide on the Side? Because she respects her students’ abilities to define for themselves what knowledge they need and encourages them to go after it, and she always tries to encourage them to argue their points and their perspectives in whatever way they like without any interference.
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Unit Five Education
Understanding Questions

  3) How does cyber-education benefit students? In cyber education, students need not “uproot their careers and kids or grandkids to move to a college campus”. They know “what they are talking about” and “why they come back to college to learn.” In one word, cyber education provides students with the freedom to learn anytime, anywhere at their own pace.
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Unit Five Education
Understanding Questions

  4) In what way do students behave differently in cyber classrooms and traditional classrooms? In cyber classroom, students know clearly what they should learn, and they also learn how to learn. They do not regard their textbooks as “the only pool of knowledge” that they will “drink from.” Instead, they are actively engaged in online debates, conferences and papers. In traditional classrooms, students tend to be slaves to their textbooks and their professors as well. Each student is fed with the same standardized units of information in the form of either lectures or textbook. They sit in neat rows, holding up their hands for permission to speak, and clockwatching their way through textbooks and lectures.
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Unit Five Education
Discussion Questions
Compare and contrast the advantages and disadvantages of learning in traditional classrooms and learning on-line.
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Unit Five Education
Text Reading
Campus teaching is the conventional style of education that has been practiced for centuries. Vicky Phillips, however, does not think highly of this form of teaching. As a cyber professor, she talks about the decline of the American campus and the rise of the American educational mind.
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Unit Five Education
Text Reading
Education in Cyberspace Vicky Phillips On a recent business trip a man asked me what I did for a living. I replied that I wrote and taught college courses. “Oh?” he said. “Where do you teach?” A peculiarly honest answer came out of my mouth before I could think. “Nowhere,” I said. It’s true. Since 1990 I have taught and counseled for what a friend of mine calls “keyboard colleges” ?distance-learning degree programs. Where I teach is inside that electrically charged space that lies between my phone jack and the home computers of a group of generally older-than-average college students.
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Unit Five Education
Text Reading
In 1990, I designed America’s first online counseling center for distance learners. Since then I’ve worked with more than 7,000 learners online. I’ve flunked a few of them. I’ve never personally met any of them. For want of a clearer explanation of my career situation, I told the man who inquired that I teach in cyberspace. “I’m a virtual professor,” I tried explaining. “Distance learning ... online degree programs ... virtual universities.” The man’s face remained as blank as a clear summer sky. I couldn’t tell whether he was silent out of respect or keen confusion. I imagined both to be the case, so I settled in to explain what I have to explain frequently these days: the decline of the American college campus and the rise of the American educational mind ? as I see it.
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Unit Five Education
Text Reading
Distance learning, or educational programs where pupil and professor never meet face-to-face, are nothing new. Sir Isaac Pitman of Bath, England, hit upon the idea of having rural residents learn secretarial skills by translating the Bible into shorthand, then mailing these translations back to him for grading. He began doing this in 18
  40. And he made mounds of money doing it. I don’t teach shorthand; I teach psychology and career development. I write many of my own lessons, though, just as Sir Isaac had to do. My post is the World Wide Web. I post ass ignments to electronic bulletin boards and send graded papers across the international phone lines in tariff-free e-mail packets. I convene classes and give lectures in online chat rooms when need be.
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Unit Five Education
Text Reading
Is this any way to dispense with a real college education? Can people learn without sitting in neat rows in a lecture room listening to the professor ? the Sage on the Stage? Yes, absolutely. Why not? In fact, while many people find it hard to imagine a college with no campus, I nowadays find it hard to imagine teaching anywhere other than in the liberal freedom that is cyberspace. In cyberspace, I listen, read, comment and reflect on what my students have to say ? each of them in turn. What they know, they must communicate to me in words. They cannot sit passively in the back row twiddling their mental thumbs as the clock ticks away. They must think; and horror of horrors, they must write. Thinking and writing: Aren’t these the hallmarks of a classically educated mind?
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Unit Five Education
Text Reading
I know my students not by their faces or their seat position in a vast lecture auditorium; I know them by the words and ideas they express in their weekly assignments, which everyone reads online. I am not a Sage on the Stage ? I am more a Guide on the Side. Often what the students “say” or write to one another, or the way they incorporate their work and career ideas into their papers and debates with each other, is more practically inspiring than any help I could provide them with. My average college “kid” is 40 years old. More than a few are in their 50s or 60s. They are telecommuting to campus because they could not, or would not, uproot their careers and kids or grandkids to move to a college campus ? an entity modeled after the learning monasteries of medieval times.
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Unit Five Education
Text Reading
Many of them know what they are talking about. Even more so, they know why they came back to college to learn. A cybereducation suits them because it respects their abilities to define for themselves what knowledge is and to go after it. It encourages them to argue their points and their perspectives without the interference of a professor, who might be tempted to step in to “calm down” or “refocus” an otherwise wonderfully enlightening classroom debate. They are experiencing something very different from the traditional factory model of American education, in which everyone on the assembly line is delivered the same standardized units of information (lectures and textbooks) and then must pass the same quality inspection (objective exams).
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Unit Five Education
Text Reading
This factory model ? where students sit in neat rows, holding up their hands for permission to speak, clock-watching their way through textbooks and lectures that are broken into discrete bits of knowledge ? has never been shown to be an effective way to learn. It has, however, been proven to be a convenient way for colleges to record on transcripts that a standard body of knowledge has been duly delivered. Maybe teaching a liberal arts curriculum via a virtual environment makes more sense to me because it brings me back to what I learned to be a true liberal arts education. Studying philosophy in Athens, Greece, I was taught that to learn anything, one had to throw away textbooks and notebooks ? mere memory tools ? and instead rely on one’s native ability to think critically.
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Unit Five Edu
 

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