Unit One Friendship
Enhance Your Language Awareness

Words in action

Working with Words and Expressions






(
  1)

  1. bound

  2. appropriate

  3. possessing

  4. permanent

  5. appointed

  6. parted

  7. had corresponded

  8. gazed

  9. notion

  10. keen

  11. preserve

  12. grasped

  13. figured

  14. grounded

  15. sensible

  16. attribute

  17. united

  18. pursue

  19. commitments

  20. regulating
(
  2)

  1.distinguish between

  2. checked up on

  3. torn down

  4. make a fortune

  5. all of a sudden

  6. lost track of

  7. Casting an eye over

  8. broke up

  9. take pleasure in

  10.described as

  11. turned up

  12. in so far as

  13. is under arrest

  14. pass on

  15. as to
Increasing Your Word Power



(
  1)
  1.arrival
  2.trial
  3.approval
  4.betrayal
  5.burial
  6.dismissal
  7.disposal

  8.proposal
  9.refusal
  10.removal
  11.survival
  12.withdrawal

(
  2)
  1. refusal
  2. arrivals
  3. removal
  4. dismissal
  5. survival
  6. proposal
  7. disposal
  8. approval

(
  3)
  1. e
  2. c
  3. b
  4. a
  5. d
GRAMMAR REVIEW



(
  1)

  1. whichever tent you are not using now

  2. whoever comes / come first

  3. whichever / whatever condition our captain thought was the best

  4. Wherever / No matter where I go

  5. whatever wishes their child / children expresses / express

  6. However disappointed / No matter how disappointed you may feel about the surroundings / environment / situation

  7. Whoever breaks it

  8. whenever he concentrates on a problem
(
  2)

  1. It is not luck but hard work tha led him to today’s success.

  2. Prof. Moen argues that it is energy that makes the world go round.

  3. It was not until he had proved he was honest that he won the family’s trust.

  4. It was clearly the headmaster himself who that opened the door for me.

  5. NONE
CLOZE




  1) classical

  2) notion

  3) utility

  4) ground

  5) occurs

  6) goodness

  7) as to

  8) possesses

  9) preserve

  10) bound

  11) mirror

  12) virtuous

  13) commitment

  14) moral excellence
TRANSLATION



(
  1)

  1. The friendship grounded on common / shared interest does not break up easily. / It is not easy for the friendship grounded on common / shared interest to break up.

  2. Children must learn to distinguish between violence and bravery / courage in computer games.

  3. There spring up so many new things every day in the world that it is no longer sensible to expect a person to know / keep track of everything.

  4. Laws do not regulate such things as betrayal to friends; that is why there is what we call / is called "the court of morality".

  5. Today’s culture is described as “fast-food culture”. Whatever they may be / are doing, people just pursue the greatest / maximum satisfaction within the shortest time.

  6. As the saying goes, there is no such thing as a free lunch. If you want something, go and earn / work for it.
(
  2)
As is commonly acknowledged / It is commonly recognised that humans are social animals. Bonded together in a community, we naturally expect to have friends. As to what friendship is, people have different notions / ideas. Some make friends for mutual utility. Once the ground for such friendship disappears, the friendship also breaks up. However, a lot more people long for "soul pals"? those who possess virtues and with whom we can go through trials and tribulations together. Such friendships keep us away from greed and violence and encourage us to have the courage of our convictions. Such is what we call "true and perfect friendship".
THEME-RELATED WRITING





  1. Bob and I became brother-like friends in our childhood. We played, dined and discussed our ambitions together. Once grown up, he started for the West to make his fortune while I became a policeman in New York. Before his departure, we had dinner together and we agreed that we would meet at the same place exactly twenty years from that date and time, no matter what our conditions might be or from what distance we might have to come.
Then came the day we were supposed to meet. I was on my beat then. Walking up to the appointed place which had been turned into a hardware store, I saw a man standing there with an unlighted cigar in his mouth. Before I could speak, he told me that he was waiting for a friend by the name of Jimmy Wells. When he struck a match to light his cigar, I saw a pale face with keen eyes and a scar. I recognized him immediately. It was Bob, and it was also the face of the man wanted by the Chicago Police. For a moment I felt like telling him to escape right away. After all, we had been friends for so many years and he had traveled all the way to see me! But then my sense of duty told me the right thing to do. I said good-bye to him and continued my patrol, his last words still ringing in my ear: “I’ll wait for half an hour. Jimmy will keep his promise if he’s alive…” I then sent for a plain clothes man and had Bob arrested.


  2.An Important Friend in My Life
Li Qiang, one of my classmates, is fun to be with. He is always wearing a broad smile as if life is forever "sunshine and butterflies". One day, I revealed to him my worries and anxieties: I, an ordinary-looking girl, was 177 centimeters tall, even taller than any of the boys in my class. I thought no boy would like to date me. Besides, I was very poor at my academic courses.
He suggested that I should learn to be myself and then he introduced me to a fashion show team of the university. Encouraged, I decided to change myself. After a 3-month training program on weekends, I could perform beautifully as a model, and surprisingly, I could concentrate on the required academic courses as well. The applauses I won at each fashion show and the scholarship I earned proved that being myself was terrific. Since then, my life has changed a lot. Thus, Li Qiang became an important friend of mine.
Last semester, we began to help young people who suffer pressures from physical defects, academic failures or financial problems. We set up a Confidence Club. Those who come to us for help find our work definitely beneficial. Our friendship has led me into a sparkling, rewarding life.

Unit Two Love
Enhance Your Language Awareness

Words in action

Working with Words and Expressions






(
  1)

  1. curled

  2. minimum

  3. clip

  4. yielded

  5. Given

  6. awaiting

  7. fascinated

  8. affection

  9. interact

  10. haste

  11. harden

  12. grief

  13. defies

  14. glance

  15. presence

  16. lasting

  17. via

  18. acquire

  19. manipulate

  20. restraints

(
  2)

  1. let … loose on

  2. fit into

  3. hold on

  4. state of affairs

  5. in the course of

  6. in vain

  7. build … on

  8. In short

  9. grow used to

  10. blame … on

  11. reached for

  12. give and take
Increasing Your Word Power



(
  1)

  1. overcoat

  2. overhead

  3. overjoyed

  4. overslept

  5. overweight

  6. overdue

  7. overtime

  8. overworking
(
  2)

  1. crush

  2. attributes

  3. fancy

  4. bubbled

  5. grasp

  6. drizzling

  7. labeling

  8. yield
(
  3)

  1. We are short of hands.

  2. I still have some money in hand.

  3. Give me a hand with this box, please.

  4. I often keep a dictionary at hand.

  5. The football fans were out of hand.

  6. Hand out the pencils to everyone in the class.

  7. This ring was handed down to me by my grandmother.

  8. Time’s up. Please hand in your test papers.

  9. Please hand on the magazine to your roommates.

  10. I’m afraid I can’t help you. I’m a green hand.
GRAMMAR REVIEW



(
  1)

  1. Sitting on the stairs was / On the stairs was sitting

  2. Over the wall came / flew

  3. Round the corner was

  4. Then finally came

  5. Under the table was lying

  6. At / On the top of (On top of) the hill stood
(
  2)

  1. The beaver chews down trees to get food and material to build its home with.

  2. Do your parents think Tom is a nice boy to go out with? (Cross out "him")

  3. The goals for which he has fought all his life seem unimportant to him now.

  4. NONE.

  5. The essay starts by asking a question, to which the author then gives a positive answer.
CLOZE



(
  1) haste
(
  2) state of affairs
(
  3) distinguished
(
  4) meeting of minds
(
  5) blossom
(
  6) inner charm
(
  7) intimacy
(
  8) emotion
(
  9) acquiring
(
  10) ideals
(
  11) admiration
(
  12) lasting
(
  13) affection
(
  14) forge
(
  15) honor
(
  16) overwhelming
TRANSLATION



(
  1)

  1. In either friendship or love / In both friendship and love, you should never expect to take / receive the maximum while you give the minimum.

  2. I built all my hopes on his promise(s), only to find that he was not a man of sincerity at all.

  3. We took Mother to all the best hospitals we could find, but all our efforts were in vain; she failed to survive the disease.

  4. Valentine’s Day is an annual holiday celebrated on February 14, a perfect day to express love to the object of your / one’s affection.

  5. In the information era, communications with far-away friends via e-mail can be almost / virtually simultaneous.

  6. Love takes time, for it is not forged until you have grown used to the other’s company and learned to appreciate the other.
(
  2)
After dinner, we all sat around the hearth. Aunt Susan was still in the grief of losing Uncle Robert. In her soft voice she told us about their past years. Uncle Robert joined the army shortly after they were engaged. Given the critical situation at the time when lots of army men didn’t return alive, you can imagine how much overjoyed Aunt Susan was to see Uncle Robert come back safe and sound from the European battlefield. Then they got married and brought up five children. For all those years, their affection for each other grew stronger in the course of overcoming difficulties and hardships in life. I was fascinated by Aunt Susan’s story, which was totally different from my ideal of love. They practiced giving and sharing in their daily life instead of pursuing passion and romance. Amazingly, such love lasted through their whole life.
THEME-RELATED WRITING





  1. Male-female relations are indispensable to adults all through their lives. But different generations handle them differently. Our parents’ generation lived in an era of constraints, restraints, respect, admiration, and plenty of romance. They kept a distance from people of the opposite gender in order to preserve the holiness of love and relationships.
My generation, on the other hand, began with countless crushes for the opposite sex just because of their superficial charm. Harmless as it was, the love was as brief as soap bubbles. As we grew up, we came to the stage of developing real relationships, believing that love demanded a lot of give and not so much of take.
By comparison, the younger generation is more open-minded and less restricted in handling the matter of love and relationships. They jump on the bandwagon of love with so much haste that it is difficult for them to distinguish between physical attraction and mental compatibilities.
In short, the younger generation focuses more on physical beauty, closeness and passion, and they tend to seek what they want from the relationships. The other two generations give priority to inner charm, intimacy, emotion and sharing in dealing with relationships.


  2.What Do Girl Students Look for in Love and Life?
In order to know about girl students’ opinion about love and life, a survey with girl students was conducted in 2005 in two universities ? Chongqing University of Technology and Business and East China Normal University. The survey sought answers to two questions: What do you look for first in a boyfriend? What’s the most important thing for a happy life?
About one third of the students chose personality as the top factor in choosing a boyfriend, followed by 27 percent focusing on abilities. Next came common interests and goals, favoured by 17 percent, with only 14 percent of students claiming appearance to be uppermost in their minds. Fewer still, 11 percent, rated economic status as the first consideration.
As to their views about a happy life, nearly seventy percent of the girls attached the greatest importance to marriage and family. “Career” was given top priority by just under 20 percent, while even fewer, around 9 percent, believed that money was the key to a happy life.
Based on the survey, we may conclude that nowadays, girl students generally hold a rational attitude towards love an
 

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