新视野大学英语 IV 考试试题 B
课程名称:大学英语Ⅳ Ⅳ 考试时间:120 分钟 120 考核方式:闭卷 开卷 □ 实验操作 □
Part I
Listening Comprehension(本大题共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分) ( )
Section A Directions: In this section you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C and D, and decide which is the best answer. Then write your answers on the Answer Sheet.
  1. A. She envies the man. B. She congratulates the man. C. She thinks money causes trouble. D. She wants to borrow money from the man.
  2. A. She is on a holiday in Asia. B. She is coming back from holiday. C. She is staying home. D. She can’t come back due to a flood.
  3. A. Destructive. B. Beautiful. C. Safe. D. Both A and B.
  4. A. A team player. B. A leader. C. Either a team member or a leader. D. A weak leader but a good team player.
  5. A. He won’t be promoted. B. His colleague instead of him will be promoted. C. The boss is going to fire him. D. His close friend is going to leave.
  6. A. She expresses her indignation at the criticism. B. She promises not to be late.
C. She proposes to work late. D. Both B and C.
  7. A. To leave within two months. B. To leave by the end of the month. C. To be promoted. D. To get a raise.
  8. A. He is upset. B. He flies into a rage. C. He is only too glad to go. D. He is sure of his future.
  9. A. Only the woman thinks it is unlucky. B. Only the man thinks it is unlucky. C. Both the man and the woman think it is unlucky. D. Neither the man nor the woman thinks it is unlucky.
  10. A. In the kitchen. B. On the porch. C. In the dining room. D. In the living room. Section B Directions: In this section you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 11 to 17 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 18 to 20 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. Then write your answers on the Answer Sheet. A bar owner in the Old West has just hired a timid bartender. This (
  11) of the establishment is giving his new hire some instructions on (
  12) the place. He tells the timid man, “If you ever hear that Big John is coming to town, (
  13) everything and run for the hills! He’s the biggest, nastiest (
  14) who’s ever lived!” A few weeks pass (
  15) . But one afternoon, a local cowhand comes running through town (
  16) , “Big John is coming! Run for your(
  17) !” When the bartender leaves the bar to start running, he is knocked to the ground by several townspeople rushing out of town. (
  18) . He steps up to the door, orders the poor barkeep inside, and demands, “I want
a beer NOW!” He strikes his heavy fist on the bar, splitting it in half. (
  19) . . He takes the beer, bites the top of the bottle off, and downs the beer in one gulp. As the terrified bartender hides behind the bar, the big man gets up to leave, “Do you want another beer?” the bartender asks in a trembling voice. “Dang it, I don’t have time!” the big man yells. “(
  20) .?”
Part II
Reading Comprehension (本大题共 10 小题,每小题 2 分,共 20 分)
Directions: There are two passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or incomplete statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and then write your answers on the Answer Sheet. Passage One When I was in high school, the only important considerations I looked for in a job were which job paid the most and which job had the best schedule. Now that I’ve had more experience, however, I’ve found that job satisfaction is an even more important consideration. As I headed into my first “adult” job, I didn’t realize how important actually enjoying my job could be. Then, after my freshman year at college, I got a job in the office of a vocational center for women. Since I did not have a social work degree or counseling experience, I was not allowed to work with clients. Instead, my duties involved handling the office’s paperwork. I keyboarded and filed correspondence and filled out countless forms. I soon found myself bored. I wanted to work with people, not paper, but this job kept me sitting quietly at my desk all day. The time seemed to creep by. Because of my disappointment with the office job, during my second year in college, I looked for a job that would have more people contact. Luckily, I found what I had been looking for in a job waiting on tables at local coffee shop. People skills are very important for waiting on tables. To be a successful waitress, you need to develop a good rapport with your co-workers. Even more important, you must deal with customers in a friendly way. Waiting on tables took advantage of my ability to work well with people. Although I worked hard, the days passed very quickly. I was never bored. The pay for both the office job and waiting on table’s job was adequate, though the salary I earned at the office job was far steadier. In the office job, I received a regular paycheck. As a waitress, I received a small paycheck. The bulk of my pay came as tips, and those tips varied greatly depending on what shift I worked, which tables I was assigned, and how busy the restaurant was. Though my overall waitress
pay was roughly equal to what I received for office work, at the end of some days I found myself with less pay than I would have liked. The schedule of my office job was regular and predictable. I never had to arrive earlier than 9 a.m. or leave later than 5 p.m. On the other hand, waiting on tables was never regular. One week I might work from noon to nine in the evening, and the next I might work from six in the evening to three in the morning. Moreover, the tasks were more physically demanding and less predictable than those of an office job. One minute I was carrying two heavy trays of food, and the next minute I was keeping track of multiple orders at different tables. Although the work was chaotic, I thrived at waiting on tables. Now when I look for jobs, I consider job satisfaction as well as pay and schedule. When I worked in an office, the pay and schedule were good, but the job didn’t make use of my skills with people and left me dissatisfied. By contrast, although waiting on tables paid less dependably and had a more demanding schedule, I found the job much more satisfying because I worked directly with people. Working at these two jobs has taught me that job satisfaction is much more important to me than the pay and schedule.
  21. When the author was young, her first consideration in taking a job was . A. the pay offered and then the work schedule B. the amount of time she needed to work and then the salary C. whether she would enjoy doing the job D. the work schedule and then the payment
  22. When the author took her first job, . A. she began to understand the importance of a university degree for a good position B. she felt that time went by really slowly when she was not interested in the job C. she regretted not having applied for a job that dealt with people D. she started to understand that in order to do a job well, one has to enjoy doing it
  23. When working as a waitress, the author . A. often had to come into contact with unfriendly customers B. had to establish a good relationship with her fellow workers and be nice to her customers C. felt that she was afraid of deal with people D. had to work very hard and also cope with boredom while on the job
  24. According to the author, . A. when she waited on tables, she had to work round the clock B. waiting on tables was a tough job but she enjoyed doing it C. the schedule of working as a waitress suited her better D. she was not able to do the job well as a waitress, but she enjoyed meeting people
  25. When the author looks for jobs now, is the most important factor to her. A. pay and schedule B. a more demanding job C. job satisfaction
D. an interesting job with high salary Passage Two As recently as 50 years ago,economists regarded the vitality of the economy as its ability to produce things people want(and would pay for). Today, the economy has been redefined into something called the Gross Domestic Product,or GDP.It measures all goods and services brought to market in a given year.But is it really an accurate measure of how well an economy is serving people’s needs? Here are some outlandish ways the GDP can be boosted. Do. Things Kids Can Do Get sick.Constant medical attention is good for the GDP.Medical costs account for l4 percent of it.Let’s stay on the growth curve.Kids can commit crimes.If they get arrested,they go to jail,the expensiveness of which gives the economy a push. Do. Things Adults Can Do Get a divorce.Legal costs,two houses,and all the things that go with two hours(furniture,kitchen supplies,pictures, etc.)are important components of the GDP.Divorces stimulate consumer demand. Break something around the house,like a television,a dish,or a window.Replacing these increases the GDP and creates jobs. Smash up the car. will have to be fixed or replaced. auto industry It The employs,directly and indirectly,one of every seven workers in the U.S. , and they need the overtime. For great results,burn down the house.Don’t worry.If you handle it right,insurance will pay for it and the rebuilding will keep a lot of people busy for a while. Overeat,don’t exercise,don’t brush your teeth do drugs,smoke, drink,and make yourself terribly sick.Get family members to do the same.Higher medical expenditures especially help the GDP move up,up, up. Hire a lawyer and take somebody to court.Lawyers’ fees are directly added to the GDP. For Best Results, Get the Government Involved. Lobby your elected representatives to raise taxes and spend more money.Government spending on goods and services adds to the GDP and“creates” jobs. Start a war.Preferably one far away where no Americans get killed.B 一 2 bombers,tanks,bullets…all count in the GDP.Also,send Stinger missiles to liberation armies around the world . Maybe some of these missiles will be used to knock down airliners.Replacing them helps the economy,and,if lawyers get involved,there’s a GDP bonus. Target savers! People who save actually hurt the economy because they don’t spend. people spend their savings, If then those purchases are added to the GDP.When they don’t spend,the economy suffers.What can be done to discourage saving? First,tax the return on savings:a higher capital
gains tax would be very helpful. Second, and best, devalue the currency. By printing up more and more money, we can reduce the value of people’ savings(especially their long?term savings such as their pension funds), secretly stealing their savings for politicians to spend and thereby increase the GDP. Sides. Get Mother Nature on Your Sides Pray for a natural disaster:a hurricane,an earthquake,a big fire,a flood.Disasters give the GDP a tremendous lift because of all the rebuilding that must take place. If we do all these things,we’11 have enough statistical growth to replace decades of economic stagnation.We may achieve double?digit rates.As for whether the economy is actually of vitality,we’11 have to ask an economist who exercises more critical judgment than those who swear by GDP data.
  26.According to the writer,the GDP . A) is a perfect sign of living standards B) demonstrates what people want C) mirrors how far our life goes wrong D) only reflects statistical growth
  27.By smashing household facilities,yon will A)be compensated by your insurance company B) get divorced C)face accusation D) create jobs for others
  28.The passage suggests several things the government can do regarding boosting the economy EXCEPT . A) cut down on expenditures B) send Americans to war C) encourage inflation D) tax money savers
  29.Which of the following is NOT suggested by the author? A)Firing missiles against planes. B)Increasing productivity. C)Setting houses on fire. D)Spoiling your health.
  30.The tone of the passage is . A)angry B)supportive c)sarcastic D)approving
Part III
Vocabulary and Structure 本大题共 30 小题, 每小题
  0.5 (
分,共 15 分) ) Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. Fill in the
blanks with the expressions given below and change the form where necessary. Then write your answers on the Answer Sheet.
lag behind investment date from convict of
drum
 

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