新视野大学英语 IV 考试试题 C
课程名称:大学英语Ⅳ Ⅳ 考试时间:120 分钟 120 考核方式:闭卷 开卷 □ 实验操作 □
Part I
Listening Comprehension(本大题共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分) ( )
Section A Directions: In this section you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C and D, and decide which is the best answer. Then write your answers on the Answer Sheet.
  1. A. She envies the man. B. She congratulates the man. C. She thinks money causes trouble. D. She wants to borrow money from the man.
  2. A. She is on a holiday in Asia. B. She is coming back from holiday. C. She is staying home. D. She can’t come back due to a flood.
  3. A. Destructive. B. Beautiful. C. Safe. D. Both A and B.
  4. A. A team player. B. A leader. C. Either a team member or a leader. D. A weak leader but a good team player.
  5. A. He won’t be promoted. B. His colleague instead of him will be promoted. C. The boss is going to fire him. D. His close friend is going to leave.
  6. A. She expresses her indignation at the criticism. B. She promises not to be late. C. She proposes to work late.
D. Both B and C.
  7. A. To leave within two months. B. To leave by the end of the month. C. To be promoted. D. To get a raise.
  8. A. He is upset. B. He flies into a rage. C. He is only too glad to go. D. He is sure of his future.
  9. A. Only the woman thinks it is unlucky. B. Only the man thinks it is unlucky. C. Both the man and the woman think it is unlucky. D. Neither the man nor the woman thinks it is unlucky.
  10. A. In the kitchen. B. On the porch. C. In the dining room. D. In the living room. Section B Directions: In this section you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 11 to 17 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 18 to 20 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. Then write your answers on the Answer Sheet. A bar owner in the Old West has just hired a timid bartender. This (
  11) of the establishment is giving his new hire some instructions on (
  12) the place. He tells the timid man, “If you ever hear that Big John is coming to town, (
  13) everything and run for the hills! He’s the biggest, nastiest (
  14) who’s ever lived!” A few weeks pass (
  15) . But one afternoon, a local cowhand comes running through town (
  16) , “Big John is coming! Run for your(
  17) !” When the bartender leaves the bar to start running, he is knocked to the ground by several townspeople rushing out of town. (
  18) . He steps up to the door, orders the poor barkeep inside, and demands, “I want a beer NOW!”
He strikes his heavy fist on the bar, splitting it in half. (
  19) . . He takes the beer, bites the top of the bottle off, and downs the beer in one gulp. As the terrified bartender hides behind the bar, the big man gets up to leave, “Do you want another beer?” the bartender asks in a trembling voice. “Dang it, I don’t have time!” the big man yells. “(
  20) .?”
Part II
Reading Comprehension (本大题共 10 小题,每小题 2 分,共 20 分)
Directions: There are two passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or incomplete statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and then write your answers on the Answer Sheet. Passage One Contrary to popular belief, “falling stars” are not stars at all, but are meteors,solid bodies that travel through space. Meteors,ranging in size from that of a pinhead,to many tons,are visible to the naked eye at night,when the friction between the surfaces of the meteors and of the air,produces heat as the meteors enter the earth’s atmosphere.The intense heat burns up the meteors,which leave a blazing trail of light in their wake. Most meteors do burn up when they enter the earth’s atmosphere with the exception of the large meteors,which are dragged through the earth’s atmosphere by the earth’s gravitational pull.After successful landings upon the earth,these huge bodies are renamed meteorites.Some scientists theorize that thousands of meteors fall to the earth during the daytime and the nighttime,but this theory is impossible to prove or to disprove, as most would necessarily land in water,which covers most of the earth’s surface. Generally speaking,meteors and meteor particles travel together in swarms like bees,with the exception of the loners,and travel in any direction they choose.Nature’s spectacular fireworks show,a“meteor shower”,comes into view when the swarms encounter the upper layer of the earth’s atmosphere during the earth’s perpetual revolution around the sun.The friction produced when the meteors and the meteor particles rub against the atmosphere air,and they fall towards the earth in a brilliant display of light. The source of meteors traveling through space has yet to be explained satisfactorily.For thousands of years,the common belief held,was that meteors,or“falling stars,” were literally from out of this world.In 467 BC,Roman historians recorded the extraordinary fall of a meteor to
the earth. Today, astronomers support the theory that comets spawn the swarms.The comets’ offspring,the meteor swarms,travel in regular orbits,similar to the earth’s orbit around the sun.0ne must be quite patient to witness such a swarm,or a meteor shower,as the swarms cross the earth’s path only once every 33 years.This spectacle of light is,however,well worth the wait.
  21.Meteors were believed to be “falling stars” NOT in that . A) they themselves can send out light and heat B) they look like stars C) they are from out of the world D) they are moving downward
  22.What is the relationship between meteors and meteorites? A) When meteors travel through space and arrive at the earth,all of them become meteorites. B)When meteors travel through space and land on the earth, swarms of meteor particles are called meteorites. C)When meteors travel through space and arrive at the earth,only very large meteors become meteorites. D)When meteors travel through space and land on the earth,thousands of meteors become meteorites.
  23.Why are meteors visible to the naked eye at night? A)Because they are large stars. B)Because most of them are burned up,giving a brilliant display of light. C)Because they are close enough to be seen. D)Because they,like the moon,can reflect the light of some stars.
  24.Which of the following is NOT a feature of meteors? A)Different in size. B)Made of solids. C)Hot and bright. D)In groups.
  25.Which of the following statements is true? A)Until now,there have been no satisfactory and convincing findings as to the source of meteors. B)Many astronomers believe meteors move in regular orbits around the sun. C)It has been proved that thousands of meteors travel to the earth every year,but we can only see such a show as described every 33 years. D)A meteor shower was recorded by historians more than
  2,500 years ago. Passage Two As recently as 50 years ago,economists regarded the vitality of the economy as its ability to produce things people want(and would pay
for). Today, the economy has been redefined into something called the Gross Domestic Product,or GDP.It measures all goods and services brought to market in a given year.But is it really an accurate measure of how well an economy is serving people’s needs? Here are some outlandish ways the GDP can be boosted. Do. Things Kids Can Do Get sick.Constant medical attention is good for the GDP.Medical costs account for l4 percent of it.Let’s stay on the growth curve.Kids can commit crimes.If they get arrested,they go to jail,the expensiveness of which gives the economy a push. Do. Things Adults Can Do Get a divorce.Legal costs,two houses,and all the things that go with two hours(furniture,kitchen supplies,pictures, etc.)are important components of the GDP.Divorces stimulate consumer demand. Break something around the house,like a television,a dish,or a window.Replacing these increases the GDP and creates jobs. Smash up the car. will have to be fixed or replaced. auto industry It The employs,directly and indirectly,one of every seven workers in the U.S. , and they need the overtime. For great results,burn down the house.Don’t worry.If you handle it right,insurance will pay for it and the rebuilding will keep a lot of people busy for awhile. Overeat,don’t exercise,don’t brush your teeth do drugs,smoke, drink,and make yourself terribly sick.Get family members to do the same.Higher medical expenditures especially help the GDP move up,up, up. Hire a lawyer and take somebody to court.Lawyers’ fees are directly added to the GDP. For Best Results, Get the Government Involved. Lobby your elected representatives to raise taxes and spend more money.Government spending on goods and services adds to the GDP and‘ ‘creates” jobs. Start a war.Preferably one far away where no Americans get killed.B 一 2 bombers,tanks,bullets…all count in the GDP.Also,send Stinger missiles to liberation armies around the world . Maybe some of these missiles will be used to knock down airliners.Replacing them helps the economy,and,if lawyers get involved,there’s a GDP bonus. Target savers! People who save actually hurt the economy because they don’t spend. people spend their savings, If then those purchases are added to the GDP.When they don’t spend,the economy suffers.What can be done to discourage saving? First,tax the return on savings:a higher capital gains tax would be very helpful. Second, and best, devalue the currency. By printing up more and more money, we can reduce the value of people’ savings(especially their long?term savings such as their pension funds), secretly stealing their savings for politicians to spend and thereby increase the GDP.
Sides. Get Mother Nature on Your Sides Pray for a natural disaster:a hurricane,an earthquake,a big fire,a flood.Disasters give the GDP a tremendous lift because of all the rebuilding that must take place. If we do all these things,we’11 have enough statistical growth to replace decades of economic stagnation.We may achieve double?digit rates.As for whether the economy is actually of vitality,we’11 have to ask an economist who exercises more critical judgment than those who swear by GDP data.
  26.According to the writer,the GDP . A) is a perfect sign of living standards B) demonstrates what people want C) mirrors how far our life goes wrong D) only reflects statistical growth
  27.By smashing household facilities,yon will A)be compensated by your insurance company B) get divorced C)face accusation D) create jobs for others
  28.The passage suggests several things the government can do regarding boosting the economy EXCEPT . A) cut down on expenditures B) send Americans to war C) encourage inflation D) tax money savers
  29.Which of the following is NOT suggested by the author? A)Firing missiles against planes. B)Increasing productivity. C)Setting houses on fire. D)Spoiling your health.
  30.The tone of the passage is . A)angry B)supportive c)sarcastic D)approving
Part III 分) )
Vocabulary and Structure(本大题共 30 小题,每小题
  0.5 分,共 15 (
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. Fill in the blanks with the expressions given below and change the form where necessary. Then write your answers on the Answer Sheet.
raw
donation
lag behind date from
scratch the surface of stay up late at withdraw one stuck in sitting
keep pace with humble at
one’s
disposal
choose between
investment
finance

  31. Employees at jobs have to carefully weigh up the employer's words and closely watch their expression.
  32. We're collecting money to build a house for homeless people. Would . you like to make a(n)
  33. In the meantime, consumers are forced to just two US and two UK airlines, which provide 95 percent of transatlantic services from Heathrow. 34 The story was so fascinating that she finished reading the book . the
  35. There's far more to be done--they've only problem.
  36. The local government has given priority to the construction of infrastructure so as to attract more foreign .
  37. We must make sure that we new developments in computer technology, otherwise we will
 

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