新视野大学英语(第二版)读写教程4 Uint1 SectionA 单词表(带例句)
@<1>chase vt. run after sb. or sth. in order to catch them 追逐;追赶
My dog likes chasing rabbits. 我的那条狗喜欢追逐兔子。
We were chased by a bull while crossing the field. 我们穿过田地时,有一条公牛追逐着我们。

@<2>cruelty n. [C, U] behavior that makes people or animals suffer 残酷;残忍
The book tells readers the cruelty of the slave trade at that time. 这本书告诉了读者在那个时候奴隶买卖的残忍。
The farmer was accused of cruelty to animals. 这个农民被指控残酷虐待动物。

<3>pessimistica. expecting that bad things will happen in the future or that sth. will have a bad result 悲观的
The tone of the meeting was very pessimistic. 该会议的气氛非常悲观。
The doctors are pessimistic about his chances of recovery. 医生们对他康复的可能很悲观。

<4>conquestn.
  1. [U] the process of gaining control over sth. through great effort 征服;控制
The conquest of inflation has been the Government's economic priority. 征服通货膨胀一直是政府经济上首要考虑做的事。
He finally made the conquest of the disease come true. 他最后战胜了那疾病。

  2. [sing., U] the act of taking control of a country, city, etc. by force 征服;攻占
After the Norman Conquest the forest became a royal hunting preserve. 在诺曼征服之后,这片森林就成了皇家狩猎地。
The empire had expanded largely through military conquest. 帝国的扩张主要是通过军事占领。

<5>bankrupt a. without enough money to pay what one owes 破产的
The company was declared bankrupt. 这家公司被宣布破产。
Five years ago she was a successful actress, but now she is bankrupt. 五年前她是一个成功的演员,可是现在她一贫如洗了。

<6>motive n. [C] a reason for doing sth. 动机
Why would she have killed him? She has no motive. 她为什么会杀他呢?她没有任何动机。
What is the motive behind the bombing? 爆炸背后有什么动机?

@ <7>worship vt. admire and love sb. very much 崇拜;敬重;仰慕
He worshipped his wife. 他很崇拜妻子。
He was amused by the way younger actors worshipped and copied him. 年青演员崇拜他、模仿他的方式使他感到很有意思。

<8>spur vt. encourage sb. or make them want to do sth. 鼓励;刺激
Her difficult childhood spurred her on to succeed. 她艰难的童年激励她去取得成功。
My trainer spurred me to keep up a pace of four miles an hour. 我的教练鼓励我保持每小时4英里的节奏。

<9>lure n. [C] sth. that attracts people, or the quality of being able to do this 诱惑
Few can resist the lure of adventure. 几乎没有人抵挡得住的历险的吸引力。
It is the lure of money that brings them to the city. 是金钱的诱惑使他们来到了这城市。
@ <10>drown v.
  1. have a very strong feeling or a serious problem that is dificult to deal with 沉浸于
Relief agencies are drowning in frustration. 救济机构都沉浸于失望之中。
I felt as if I were drowning in sleep. 我感到自己好像沉浸在睡眠之中。

  2. die from being under water for too long, or to kill sb. in this way (使)淹死
Many people drowned when the boat overturned. 翻船时有许多人淹死了。
He drowned in a boating accident. 他在一次划船事故中淹死了。
<11>imperial a.
  1. great and magniicent 壮丽的;宏大的
The house is huge and almost imperial. 房子很大,极其壮丽。
It is said that few places on earth offer such imperial scenic beauty as this. 据说世界上很少有地方像这里有如此壮观的美景。

  2. relating to an empire or to the person who rules it 帝国的;皇帝的
the decline of an imperial power 强盛帝国的衰败
Britain's imperial expansion in the 19th century 英帝国在19世纪的扩张
<12>agent n.
  1. [C] sb. whose job is to help an actor, artist, etc. ind work 经纪人
A best-selling writer needs a good agent. 畅销书作家需要好的经纪人。
My agent has a new script for me to look at. 我的经纪人有一个新剧本要我看一看。

  2. [C] a person or company that represents another person or company, esp. in business 代理人;代理商
Our agent in New York deals with all US sales. 我们在纽约的代理商处理所有的美国销售业务。
<13> <em>hasten</em> vt. make sth. happen sooner or more quickly 加快;加速
The treatment she received may, in fact, have hastened her death. 实际上她接受的治疗加速了她的死亡。
News of the scandal certainly hastened his departure from office. 有关这件丑闻的消息当然加速了他的离职。
<14>elevator n. [C] a machine that carries people or goods up and down in a building 电梯
It's on the sixth floor?let's take the elevator. 它在六层,让我们坐电梯吧。
Some people were trapped in the elevators. 有些人被困在了电梯里。
<15>blur n. [C] sth. that one cannot remember or see clearly 模糊的记忆;模糊不清的事物
The events of that day were just a blur. 那天所发生的事情是简直就是一片模糊,记不清楚。
My meomory of my childhood days is only a blur. 我对童年只有些模糊的记忆。
@ <16>idle a. not working or producing anything 不工作的;闲着的
The workers have been idle for the last six months. 在过去的六个月,这些工人们都闲着没事干。
The machine stood idle for two months. 机器闲置了两个月。
<17>bore vt. make sb. lose interest and become tired and impatient 使厌烦
He bores everyone with his stories about his girlfriends. 他老讲自己女朋友的故事,使每个人都感到厌倦。
Being alone with a baby all day bored her to death. 整天一个人和一个婴儿在一起使她厌倦死了。
@★ <18>bored a. tired and impatient 厌烦的
It was a cold, wet day and the children were bored. 那天很冷,又潮湿,孩子们都厌倦了。
He was getting bored with doing the same thing every day. 每天都做同样的事,他变得厌倦了。
<19>continuity n. [U] the state of continuing for a period of time 连贯(性);连续(性)
The novel fails to achieve narrative continuity. 这部小说在叙述上没能取得连贯。
His speech lacks continuity in logic. 他的演说缺乏逻辑的连贯性。
@ <20>sustain vt. make sth. continue to exist for a period of time 维持;使...持续
She managed to sustain everyone's interest until the end of her speech. 她设法使得每个人的兴趣都保持到她演讲结束。
Kangaroos can sustain high speeds over long distances. 袋鼠能长距离地保持高速。
@<21>minute a. very small 极小的
Her writing's so minute that it's difficult to read. 她的字迹太小了,很难读。
The problem was caused by minute particles of dust getting in the disk drive. 问题是由进入到磁盘驱动器上的灰尘微粒引起的。
@<22>discountvt.
  1. regard sth. as unlikely to be true or important 忽视;低估
You shouldn't discount the possibility of him coming back. 你们不应该不相信他回来的可能性。
Much of what he says must be discounted. 他说的很多话不可信。

  2. reduce the price of sth. 降低价格;打折
The store discounts all its merchandise. 这家商店的多有商品都打折。
He asked to discount 15% from the price. 他要求打八五折。
n.[C] a reduction in the usual price of sth. 折扣
They usually give you a discount if you buy more than ten copies. 如果你多十本以上,他们通常给你打折扣。
They offer a 10 percent discount on rail travel for students. 他们向学生提供火车旅行,九折优惠。
<23>plot n.
  1. [C] the story of a book, film, play, etc. (小说、电影、戏剧等的)情节
The film has a very simple plot. 这部电影的情节非常简单。
The plots of his books are basically all the same. 他书的情节基本上都是相同的

  2. [C] a secret plan 阴谋;密谋
The plot was discovered before it was carried out. 这密谋还没进行就已被发现。
The police have foiled a plot to assassinate the president. 警方挫败了一起暗杀总统的阴谋。
<24> <em>moviemaker</em>n. [C] sb. who makes ilms, esp. a director or producer 电影制作人
Among the audience were moviemaker Jim Sheridan and some movie stars. 观众中有电影制作人吉姆?谢里登和一些电影明星。
It's about time a few moviemakers with original ideas were given a chance. 该是给那一些具有新见解的电影制作人机会的时候了。
@ <25>distincta.
  1. clearly different or belonging to a different type 明显不同的;独特的
The two concepts are quite distinct from each other. 这两个概念相互是有明显区别的。
The learning needs of the two groups are quite distinct from each other. 这两个组的学习需要彼此是相当不同的。

  2. able to be clearly seen, heard, smelled, etc. 清晰的;清楚的;明显的
The outline of the ship became more distinct. 船的轮廓变的更清楚了。
As night fell, the outline of the mountain became less distinct. 夜幕降临,山峦的轮廓变的不那么清楚了。
▲ <26>spotlight n. [C] 聚光灯
The room was lit by spotlights. 聚光灯照亮了房间。
She stood alone on stage in the spotlight. 她独自一个人站在舞台的聚光灯下。
<27>junglen. [C, U] a thick tropical forest with many large plants growing very close together (热带)丛林
The lakes are certainly there but they are hidden in dense jungle. 湖肯定在那儿,不过是隐藏在密林之中。
When the police hit the shore, they fled into the jungle. 当警察到达河岸时,他们逃进了丛林。
<28>fraud n. [C, U] the crime of deceiving sb. in order to get money or sth. illegally 欺诈;诈骗
She was charged with credit card fraud. 她被指控犯信用卡诈骗。
Big losses due to theft and fraud forced the company to close. 由于偷窃和欺诈造成的巨大损失迫使这家公司倒闭了。
<29>contaminatevt.make sth. dirty or poisonous 污染;弄脏
Much of the coast has been contaminated by nuclear waste. 那海岸的许多地方已被核废料污染了。
The food which had been contaminated was destroyed. 被弄脏/污染的食品已经被毁掉了。
<30>underline vt.
  1. draw a line under a word to show that it is important 在...下划线
All the technical words have been underlined in red. 所有的技术词汇都已用红色在其下面划了线。
Don't forget to underline the title of the essay. 别忘了在文章标题下划线。

  2. emphasize; show that sth. is important 强调,使突出
She underlined the seriousness of the situation. 她强调了形势的严峻性。
To underline their disgust, the crowd started throwing bottles at the stage. 为了强调他们的厌恶,人群开始向舞台扔瓶子了。
<31> <em>uncompromising</em> a.unwilling to change one's opinions or behavior 不妥协的;不让步的
He has a reputation for being tough and uncompromising. 他有一个顽强、决不妥协的名声。
At work, George was known as an uncompromising businessman. 在工作上,乔治是一个决不让步的商人。
@ <32>objectvi. oppose or disapprove of sth. 反对;不赞成
Would anyone object if we started the meeting now? 如果我们现在开始开会,有人反对吗?
No one objected when the boss said it was time to go home. 当老板说该回家了时,没有人表示反对。
@<33>accuse vt. say that sb. is guilty of a crime or of doing sth. bad 指控;控告
"It wasn't my fault." "Don't worry, I'm not accusing you." “这不是我的过错。”“别担心,我不是在指责你。”
He's been accused of robbery. 他被控以抢劫。
<34>banquet n. [C] a formal dinner for many people on an important occasion 宴会
A banquet was planned to celebrate the victory. 为庆祝胜利,计划举行一个宴会。
That night there was a state banquet. 那天晚上举行了一个国宴。
★ <35>sue vt. make a legal claim against sb., esp. for money 起诉;控告
The company is suing a former employee. 该公司正在起诉一个前雇员。
He threatened to sue them if the work was not completed. 如果工作完不成,他威胁要起诉他们
<36>attorneyn. [C] a lawyer 律师
Simpson answered questions from his defense attorney for nearly three hours. 辛普森回答了将近三小时自己辩护律师提出的问题。
Other investors have hired attorneys and are deciding whom to sue. 其他投资者已经雇了律师,正在决定要起诉谁。
@<37>second vt. support a suggestion made by another person in a meeting 支持;附议
 

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