Unit 5 Section B
Roommate Conflicts
技巧
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New Words
housing furnace thermometer minus trumpet vibrate organic organically holy fur
n. n. n. a. n. vi. a. ad . a. n.
[U]
  1. 住房供给
  2. 房屋;住宅 房屋; [C] 暖气炉;火炉 暖气炉; [C] 温度计;体温表 温度计; 零下的; 零下的;负的 [C] 小号 震动; 震动;颤动 有机的;不使用化肥的 有机的; 有机地 神圣的; 神圣的;圣洁的
  1. [C] 毛皮衣服
  2. [U] 软毛;毛 软毛; 皮
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New Words
stale depression tolerate undergraduat e flexibility freshman timid saw
a. n. vt. n. n. n. a. vt.

  1. 没新意的 乏味的
  2. 不新鲜的 没新意的;乏味的
  1. [U] 沮丧,抑郁
  2. [C] 萧条 沮丧,
  1. 容忍;宽容
  2.忍受;忍耐 容忍; 忍受; 忍受 [C]本科生 本科生 [U] 灵活性 [C] (大学或中学)一年级学生 大学或中学) 胆小的; 胆小的;缺乏自信心的 锯;锯开
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New Words vt. a. a./n . residential a. n. volcano v. resort n. jury vi. feud computeriz vt.
irritate irritating abstract
使生气; 使生气;使烦躁 令人恼火的; 令人恼火的;使人生气的 抽象的 / [C] 摘要,梗概 摘要,
  1. 住宿的,寄宿的
  2. 住宅区的 住宿的, [C] 火山 求助于;采取; 求助于;采取;诉诸 [C]陪审团 陪审团 长期争斗; 长期争斗;争吵不休 用计算机控制; 用计算机控制;使计算机化
e 不过, neverthele ad. 不过,仍然
技巧
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New Words
disorder complicat e selection exclaim chess mess messy paw postage
n. vt.

  1. [U] 杂乱 凌乱
  2. [C, U]紊乱 失 杂乱; 紊乱; 紊乱 调 使复杂化 [U] 选择,挑选 选择, 呼喊; 呼喊;惊叫 [U] 国际象棋 [U]杂乱;脏乱 杂乱; 杂乱 杂乱的; 杂乱的;脏乱的
n. v. n. n. a. v./n .
  1. 乱翻;乱动
  2.[C] 爪 乱翻; n.
  1. [U] 一定面额的邮票
  2. [U] 邮费
技巧
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New Words
chew batch chip cookie slap odds
v. n. n. n. vt./vi n.
咀嚼; 咀嚼;嚼碎 [C](食品、药品等)一批 (食品、药品等)
  1. [C]碎屑;碎片
  2. [C] 芯片 碎屑; 碎屑 [C] 曲奇饼干,甜饼干 曲奇饼干,
  1. 掴; 拍
  2. 啪啪地撞击;拍击 啪啪地撞击; (pl.) 可能性;概率;机会 可能性;概率; 独立闯新路; 独立闯新路;独立谋生 与…相处融洽
Phrases and Expressions strike out get along with
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give up on cut up spring from tear apart in case head off on the basis of fill in sum up against all (the) odds
对…不再抱希望 切碎 由…造成,起源于 造成, 使…分裂 以防; 以防;以防万一 阻止, 阻止,防止 基础上; 在…基础上;根据 填写 总结; 总结;概括 尽管困难重重
技巧
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New Words
Proper Names Katie Monahan Sarah Monahan Pennsylvania Gettysburg College Julie Noel Ohio Harvard Alan Sussman
卡蒂?莫纳汉(人名) 卡蒂 莫纳汉(人名) 莫纳汉 萨拉?莫纳汉 人名) 莫纳汉( 萨拉 莫纳汉(人名) 宾夕法尼亚州(美国州名) 宾夕法尼亚州(美国州名) 葛底斯堡学院 朱莉?诺埃尔(人名) 朱莉 诺埃尔(人名) 诺埃尔 俄亥俄州(美国州名) 俄亥俄州(美国州名) 哈佛大学(美国) 哈佛大学(美国) 艾伦?萨斯曼 人名) 萨斯曼( 艾伦 萨斯曼(人名)
[短语] strike out:
[注释 make an independent effort 独立 注释] 注释 闯新路, 闯新路,独立开创
Example 1
他决定离开公司,自己去闯一条写作的新路。 他决定离开公司,自己去闯一条写作的新路。
He decided to leave the company to strike out on his own as a writer.
[短语] war over:
[注释 fight or argue about 因……打仗 注释] 打仗, 注释 因……而争吵
Example 1
当地人一直在为这一小块地争斗,双方谁都 当地人一直在为这一小块地争斗, 没有赢。 没有赢。 The natives have been warring over this small piece of land without either side winning.
[短语] range from … to …:
[注释 vary from… to … 在从……到……范围 注释] 注释 或幅度内变动或变化
Example 1
价格从25美元至75美元不等。 价格从25美元至75美元不等。 25美元至75美元不等 Prices range from $25 to $
  75.
[短语] give up on:
[注释 admit defeat in one’s efforts to 注释] 注释 affect, harm, change, improve, etc. 对 ……表示绝望
Example 1
我对你不再抱任何希望, 我对你不再抱任何希望,你永远成不了合格 的护士。 的护士。 I give up on you: you’ll never be a qualified nurse.
[短语] cut up:
[注释 cut (sth.) into small pieces 切碎, 注释] 切碎, 注释 割碎 [知识归纳 知识归纳] 知识归纳 cut down 削减 cut off cut out 突然停止; 突然停止;中断 切去, 切去,删去
[单词] depression:
[注释] n.
  1. the state of being depressed 沮丧, 意志消沉
  2. a period in 沮丧 which there is very little business activity and not many jobs 萧条期, 不景 萧条期
气 [知识归纳 知识归纳] 知识归纳 press: 字根,表示“压” 字根,表示“ express v. 表达 oppress v. 压迫 suppress v. 镇压
compress v. 压缩 impress v. 使印象深刻 repress v. 镇压
[短语] end up:
[注释 (cause to) reach (an unfavorable 注释] 注释 end); finish by becoming or by doing sth. 结束, 结束 告终
Example 1
一开始他们彼此反感,但最后他们结了婚。 一开始他们彼此反感,但最后他们结了婚。 At first they hated each other, but they ended up getting married.
[搭配] spring from:
[注释 have its or one’s origin in (usu. 注释] 注释 sth.) 源于,从……产生出来 源于,
Example 1
我们所有的错误都是由粗心造成的。 我们所有的错误都是由粗心造成的。
All our errors have sprung from carelessness.
[短语] tear … apart:
[注释 cause serious arguments in an 注释] 注释 organization, group, etc. 使……分裂
Example 1
种族冲突使这个国家纷争不断。 种族冲突使这个国家纷争不断。
Racial strife is tearing the country apart.
[短语] resort to:
[注释 make use of (sth. or doing sth., 注释] 注释
often sth. unpleasant or unpopular) to gain an advantage, often when everything else has failed 凭借,求助, 凭借,求助,
Example 1
诉诸
如果说服工作不见效,我们可能只得诉诸武力。 如果说服工作不见效,我们可能只得诉诸武力。 If persuasion won’t work, we may have to resort to force.
[单词] stale:
Collocation
变味 觉得乏味 老掉牙的笑话 赶走浑浊的空气 go stale get stale the same stale old jokes get rid of the stale air
[单词] abstract a. / n.
Collocation
抽象思维 抽象推理 抽象地 将演说作一摘要 abstract thought abstract reasoning in the abstract make speech an abstract of a
[短语] head off:
[注释 prevent (sth. unpleasant, or sb. 注释] 注释 from reaching an unpleasant subject) 阻 止, 拦住
Example 1
如果我们不阻拦他,他会遇到麻烦。 如果我们不阻拦他,他会遇到麻烦。
He will get into trouble if we don’t head him off.
[短语] sum up:
[注释 give a short account of (sth.); give 注释] 注释 the main ideas of (sth. written or spoken); repeat the chief facts 总结,概括 总结,
Example 1
在继续做之前我们先来总结一下经验吧。 在继续做之前我们先来总结一下经验吧。
Let’s sum up our experience before going on.
[短语] against all (the) odds:
[注释 in spite of the difficulties that 注释] 注释 would usu. make sth. impossible;very ; unexpectedly 尽管有极大的困难,出乎意料 尽管有极大的困难, 地 Example 1 尽管有极大的困难,我还是按时完成了工作。 尽管有极大的困难,我还是按时完成了工作。 Against all (the) odds, I finished my work in time.
技巧
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Reading Comprehension
Choice Making Directions: Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according Refer to Para. 1 to the text. F
  1. When Katie and her identical twin Sarah entered the university, it was arranged for them to live in the same Refer to Para. 4 room. T
  2. Differences in the personalities of students sharing the same room can negatively affect their university life
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Reading Comprehension
Refer to Para. 7
T
  3. Roommate contracts give the residential
adviser the right to supervise and urge the students to observe the terms they’ve agreed to follow. Refer to Para. 7 F
  4. Once a student violates the terms of the roommate contract, a jury would be called to solve the problem.
F
  5. Computerized matching is a random
Refer to Para. 8
selection without any reasonable basis.
技巧
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Reading Comprehension
Refer to Para. 8
T
  6. Parents sometimes make the
computerized matching ineffective by providing false information about their Refer to Para. 8 children’s habits. T
  7. How to match students up becomes a headache for housing managers, as they are not sure which way of matching Refer to Para. 9 students is best. F
  8. Learning to adapt oneself to a person of a different personality is always fruitless.
Short Answer Questions

  1. Why didn’t Sarah get along with her roommate? They warred over small and irritating matters Different personalities _.
  2. What on earth causes roommate conflicts? painful .
  3. Learning to tolerate another one’s habits is .

  4. Roommate conflicts may lead to little or no or silent communication, depression, quarrels, and even violence .
  5. To deal with roommate conflicts, schools resort to conflict resolution programs such as roommate contracts or computerized matching .
  6. Many schools make extensive efforts to make good roommate matches, but the outcomes are . unsatisfactory
Chinese to English
室友间的冲突 ? roommate conflicts 闯出独立之路 ? strike out on independent roads 与他室友相处融洽 ? get well along with his roommate 广泛的努力 ? extensive effort 过时的新闻 ? stale news 不新鲜的面包 ? stale bread
心理健康 ? psychological health 严重的抑郁症 ? severe depression 经济萧条 ? economic depression 理科大学本科学生 ? science undergraduate 源于 ? spring from 主任助理 ? assistant director 自杀 ? commit suicide
逐步增强/ 逐步增强/建立 有约束力的协议 在……的基础上 ……的基础上 概括 填写 二年级的学生 尽管有极大的困难
? build up ? binding contract ? on the basis of … ? sum up ? fill in ? a second-year student ? against all odds
Exercises:

  1. When he received the admission notice from the university, he knew it was time he started being independent. When he received the admission notice from the university, he knew it was time he struck out being independent.
Exercises:

  2. I had to keep the video camera readily accessible because of the possibility that I saw something that needed to be filmed. I had to keep the video camera readily accessible in case I saw something that needed to be filmed.
Exercises:

  3. Every time she tried to argue with her identical twin Katie, she would eventually cry her eyes out. Every time she tried to argue with her identical twin Katie, she would end up crying her eyes out.
Exercises:

  4. Serious violence has started from the conflict over insignificant, irritating differences. Serious violence has sprung from the conflict over insignificant, irritating differences.
Exercises:

  5. There are many people who believe sincerely that you can train children for life without turning to punishment for help.
There are many people who believe sincerely that you can train children for life without resorting to punishment for help.
Exercises:

  6. Alan signed a dorm contract with his roommate to prevent possible conflicts. Alan signed a dorm contract with his roommate to head off possible conflicts.
Exercises:

  7. He was required to write what is necessary in a form before the job interview. He was required to fill in a form before the job interview.
Exercises:

  8. Her major concern is how she will make sure the people on the teams have a friendly relationship with one another.
Her major concern is how she will make sure the people on the teams get along with one another.
Exercises:

  9. Very unexpectedly, it has worked, and this is a measure of just how strong they both were as individuals when they came to the marriage ten years ago.
Against all the odds, it has worked, and this is a measure of just how strong they both were as individuals when they came to the marriage ten years ago.
Exercises:

  10. What I’d like to do is to help them to see that they don’t need to think they will never succeed in learning to use the computer and stop trying it, that they can actually be the master of it.
What I’d like to do is to help them to see that they don’t need to give up on the computer, that they can actually be the master of it.
 

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