Reading Skills Text Study Notes to the Text Words and Expressions Idea Sharing
Finding out Word Meanings Decide Your Choice
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Reading Skills
I. Finding out Word Meanings
In how many ways can you guess the meanings of new words?
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Reading Skills
定义)
  1. By definition (定义) e.g.
The harbor (港口) is protected by a jetty ? a wall built out into the water.
Key
防波堤
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Reading Skills

  2. By helping words: that is, meaning, such as, or, likewise... e.g.
Jane is indecisive, that is, she can’t make up her mind.
Key
unable to make decisions or choices 优柔寡断
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Reading Skills

  3. By the opposite of the word e.g.
Jane was talking with others while Eliza remained reticent all the time.
Key
unwilling to talk about what you feel 有保留的;沉默的 有保留的;
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Reading Skills

  4. By your own experience e.g.
The door was so low that I hit my head on the lintel. q Key a piece of wood across the top of a door 门楣 lintel
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Reading Skills

  5. By sentences before or after the sentence e.g.
I am a resolute man. Once I set up a goal, I won’t give it up easily. After spending three weeks in the woods, Henry was tired of solitude.
Key q
having great determination or firmness 坚定的, 果断的 being alone and away from other people 孤独
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Reading Skills

  6. By examples e.g.
Select any of these periodicals: Times, Newsweek or Reader’s Digest. q
Key
a magazine which comes out at regular times 期刊,杂志
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Reading Skills

  7. By word part clues
A. Compound words oversee = over + see landmark = land + mark throughout = through + out setback = set + back download, runaway Any more? motorcycle, feedback ...
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Reading Skills
B. Prefixes and Suffixes Prefix misin-, im-, il-, irreundisMeaning wrongly not, without again, back not not Examples misunderstand incorrect, illiterate impossible, irregular return, replay unlike, unusual dislike, dissatisfy
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Reading Skills
Suffix
Meaning full of without that you can do sth. to
Examples fruitful, handful careless, hopeless movable, washable communication kindness assignment
-ful
-less -able
-ion, -tion (suffix in -ness nouns) -ment
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Reading Skills
Guess what it means
peacemaker rewrite restless acceptable misprint unfit illogical dishonest mislead
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Reading Skills
II. Decide Your Choice

  1. The more you expose yourself to new words, the more words you’ll learn by seeing how they’re used. A. put yourself in contact with B. show yourself up to C. reveal yourself to
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Reading Skills

  2. Whether you’re still in school or you head up a corporation(公司), the better command you have of words, the better chance you have of saying exactly what you mean and of understanding what others mean. A. are at the front of B. are in charge of C. work for
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Reading Skills

  3. Learning the roots of words allows us to pick up whole families of new words at a time. A. collect C. learn B. improve D. receive

  4. Aristophanes said, “By words, the mind is excited and the spirit elated.” A. filled with joy C. lifted B. cleaned D. cleaned up
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Reading Skills

  5. Should you use your new words on friends? Careful ? it depends on the situation. You know when a word sounds natural and when it sounds stuffy. A. rude C. unpleasant B. impolite D. too formal
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Put the Qualities into Chinese Discuss and Rearrange the Qualities
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Text Study
I. Put the Qualities into Chinese

  1. Be open-minded about sharing life, work, and learning experiences as part of online learning.
  2. Be able to communicate through writing.
  3. Be willing to “speak up” if problems arise.
  4. Take the program seriously.
  5. Make critical thinking and decision part of online learning.
  6. Be able to think ideas through before replying.
  7. Keep up with the progress of the course.
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Text Study

  1.作为网上学习的一部分,与人分享生活、工作 及学习经验。
  2.能通过书写进行交流。
  3.说出你的困难。
  4.认真对待课程。
  5.把批判性思维和决策作为网上学习的一部分。
  6.三思而后答。
  7.跟上课程进度。
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Text Study
II. Discuss Each Quality and Rearrange the Lists in Order of Importance
Active Expressions Focus Study
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Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
I. Active Expressions
Find the active expressions:

  1. While regular schools still exist, the virtual classroom plays an important role in today’s learning community.
  2. Be open-minded about sharing life, work, and leaning experiences as part of online learning.
  3. Take the program seriously.
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Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
play a role in… be open-minded about… take sth. seriously
have a position or role in… be frank; accept sth. willingly… attach great importance to sth.
Practice
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Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
Translation

  1.人们开始认识到计算机在我们生活中起到 了越来越重要的作用。
  2.这是一次成功的讨论,每个人都敞开心扉, 各抒己见。
  3.他太把结果当回事了。
Keys
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Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
Keys

  1. People have come to understand that computers are playing a more and more important role in our life.
  2. This was a successful discussion, everybody was open-minded about offering their opinions.
  3. He took the result too seriously.
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study
II. Focus Study

  1. While regular schools still exist, the virtual classroom plays an important role in today’s learning community. While…, a. At the same time as… b. Although… c. (used to show contrast)
Examples
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study

  1. While I was listening to the radio, other roommates were playing computer games. 与……同时
  2. English is used all over the world while Turkish (土尔其语) is spoken by only a small number of people. 用来表示对比或相反的情况
  3. While she is a likable girl, she can be very difficult to work with. =although 尽管 Practice
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study
Translation

  1. 她在看电视的时候我正在为考试复习。
  2. 我倒喜欢这顶帽子的颜色,但不喜欢它的样式。
  3. 虽然我了解你的意思,但我还是不能同意(你)。
Keys
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study
Keys

  1. She watched the TV while I was preparing for the exam.
  2. While I like the color of the hat, I do not like its style.
  3. While I understand your viewpoint, I don’t agree with you.
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study

  2. In the virtual classroom nearly all communication is written, so it is critical that students feel comfortable expressing themselves. It is critical that + Subject + (should)…
e.g.
It is critical that you (should) keep up with the progress of an online course. 跟上网络课程的进度十分重要。
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study
More:
It is important/necessary/essential/decisive/ vital/that + subject + (should)…
e.g.
It is important that students (should) attend all the classes.
Practice
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study

  1. It is vital that some immediate actions . a. must be taken b. will be taken c. be taken
  2. It’s necessary the dictionary in time. a. that he returned b. that he return c. that he returns
Word Using Matching Game Old to New
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Words and Expressions?Word Using
I. Word Using

  1. expand v. cause to grow larger
Translation
The company has expanded its operations in America by building a factory there.
Key
这家公司在美国建立了一家工厂,从而扩大了在 美业务。
近义词:enlarge v. 增大 近义词:
extend v. 延伸
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Words and Expressions?Word Using

  2. be aware of/that having knowledge or understanding of
e.g.
He was so deep in his reading that he wasn’t aware that his father had entered.
Use It
Do you think that everyone is aware of his/her weaknesses?
近义词: 近义词: sensible adj. 感知到的
conscious adj. 意识到的
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Words and Expressions?Word Using

  3. visual relating to seeing
e.g.
Her designs have a strong visual appeal.
同根词 :
vision n. visible a. invisible a. visualize v. 视力,视觉 可见的 看不见的 想像
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Words and Expressions?Word Using

  4. hinder… from… make it difficult to do or develop
e.g.
Bad weather is hindering the police from searching for the survivors.
Phrases with ‘…from’
stop… from… prevent… from… distract… from… … 阻止……做…… 妨碍……做…… 使……分心 ……
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Words and Expressions?Word Using

  5. arise ① come into being, appear; ② come from
Translation
一个新的记录产生了。 那种状况会产生新的问题。
Key
A new record has arisen. New problems will arise from such situation.
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Words and Expressions?Word Using

  6. requirement n. sth. that is needed or necessary
Use It
What are the requirements of your parents for you? Are there any requirements for you to graduate from the university?
Tips
work hard / don’t smoke /… ; pass CET Band 4 / pass all the exams / …
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Words and Expressions?Word Using

  7. commit v. ① decide to use for a particular purpose; ② to do something wrong
Collocation
mistakes 犯错误 suicide 自杀 an offence 犯罪 murder 谋杀
commit
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Words and Expressions?Word Using
形近词
limit n. 限制,界限 summit n. 顶点 submit v. 使服从 、顺从 admit v. 承认 omit v. 省略,遗漏 permit v. 允许 transmit v. 传播,传输 limit
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Words and Expressions?Word Using

  8. challenge n. something that tests strength, skill, ability
Use It
Is it a challenge for you to study English well? Why or why not?
Tips
I think it’s a challenge because… I don’t think it is a challenge because…
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Words and Expressions?Word Using

  8. challenge v. question the truth, rightness of…
e.g.
This new discovery challenges traditional beliefs.
Related Words
challenger n. 挑战者 challenging adj. 引起挑战性兴趣的
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Words and Expressions?Word Using

  9. remind sb. of sth. v. make sb. remember sth.
e.g.
Hearing that story always reminds me of the nice days in the past.
Use It
What reminds you of your childhood?
Tips
a song, a movie, a kind of food…
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Words and Expressions?Word Using

  10. facilitate v. make easy or less difficult
e.g.
Computers can be used to facilitate language learning.
Use It
What are the roles of our English teacher in online learning?
Tips
facilitator, instructor, organizer…
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Words and Expressions?Word Using
miniA mini-test

  1. These foreigners are with chopsticks. A. awkward B. awful C. aware D. automatic
  2. The injured man couldn’t by himself. A. arise B. rise C. raise D. arouse
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Words and Expressions?Word Using

  3. It’s a surprise that this innocent-looking person should have such a crime. A. performed B. made C. acted D. committed
  4. The builders the road for three more miles. A. expanded B. extended C. distended D. enlarged
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Words and Expressions?Word Using

  5. Many difficulties have as a result of the change over to a new type of fuel. A. risen B. arisen C. raised D. arrived

  6. Small children have very little of the danger of running into the street. A. assumption C. conscience B. knowledge D. awareness
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Words and Expressions?Matching Game
II. Matching Game
b __environment a. a physical object that keeps two areas, people apart c __community b. conditions in which people live a __barrier c. a group of people living d __ideal together d. perfect, what you like best e __absolute e. complete f __arise f. come into being, happen
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Words and Expressions?Old to New
III. Old to New
probable very necessary very important unusual give order make sth. stronger a way of considering sth. likely essential vital unique instruct reinforce perspective
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Solutions to Learning Problems The Qualities for Successful Classroom Learning
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Idea Sharing
I. Find Solutions to Learning Problems
Step 1: Describe problems in learning English. Step 2: Make suggestions. Step 3: Decide which advice best suits your problem.
Tips
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Idea Sharing
Tips for describing your problems: ? I always feel it difficult to... ? It’s not easy for me to... ? I was frustrated by… ? I have trouble doing...
understanding what others say remembering so many words understanding the grammar reading quickly speaking in public More
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Idea Sharing
Tips for making suggestions:
Why don’t you...? It would be a good idea if you... If I were you, I would... I have an idea that may solve the problem. How about...? Have you thought about...? You could always...
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Idea Sharing
II. Find out Qualities for Successful Classroom Learning
Step 1: What qualities may lead you to successful classroom learning? Write them down on a card. Step 2: The teacher collects and redistributes all the cards to the class. Every student adds more on the card from another. Step 3: The students exchange the cards and share ideas.
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Idea Sharing
Tips for talking about the qualities:
cooperate with your teacher work with your partner attend class on time be active in class arrange your time properly ask questions take good notes ...
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The End of Section B
To Horizon To Task
 

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