Unit1 a
<p1>Learning a foreign language was one of the most difficult yet most <2>rewarding</2> experiences of my life. <p2>Although at times learning a language was <3>frustrating</3>, it was well worth the effort. <p3>My experience with learning a foreign language began in <4>junior</4> middle school, when I took my first English class. I had a kind and patient teacher who often praised all of the students. <p4>Because of this <5>positive</5> method, I eagerly answered all the questions I could, never worrying much about making mistakes. <p5>I was at the top of my class for two years. When I went to <6>senior</6> middle school, I was eager to continue studying English; however, my experience in senior middle school was very different from before. <p6>While my <7>former</7> teacher had been patient with all of the students, my new teacher quickly punished those who gave incorrect answers. Whenever we answered incorrectly, she pointed a long stick at us and, shaking it up and down, shouted, "No! No! No!" <p7>It didn't take me long to lose my eagerness to answer questions. <p8>Not only did I lose my joy in answering questions, but I also lost my desire to say anything at all in English. However, that state didn't last long. When I went to college, I learned that all students were required to take an English course. <p9><8>Unlike</8> my senior middle school teacher, my college English teachers were patient and kind, and none of them carried long, pointed sticks! <p10>The situation was far from perfect, though. As our classes were very large, I was only able to answer a couple of questions in each class period. Also, after a few weeks of classes, I noticed there were many students who spoke much better than I did. <p11>I began to feel <9>intimidated</9>. So, once again, although for different reasons, I was afraid to speak. It seemed my English was going to stay at the same level forever. <p12>That was the situation until a couple of years later when I was offered an <10>opportunity</10> to study English through an <11>online</11> course. The <12>communication</12> <13>medium</13> was a computer, a phone line, and a <14>modem</14>. <p13>I soon got <15>access</15> to the necessary equipment, learned how to use the technology from a friend and <16>participated</16> in the <17>virtual</17> classroom 5 to 7 days a week. <p14>Online learning is not easier than regular classroom study; it requires a lot of time, <18>commitment</18> and <19>discipline</19> to keep up with the flow of the course. <p15>I worked hard to meet the <20>minimum</20> standards set by the course and to complete <21>assignments</21> on time. I practiced all the time.
I carried a little dictionary with me everywhere I went, as well as a notebook in which I listed any new words I heard. <p16>I made many, sometimes <23>embarrassing</23>, mistakes. <p17>Once in a while I cried out of <24>frustration</24>, and sometimes I felt like giving up. <p18>But I didn't feel intimidated by students who spoke faster than I did because I took all the time I needed to think out my ideas and wrote a reply before <25>posting</25> it on the screen. <p19>Then, one day I realized I could understand just about everything I came across, and most importantly, I could "say" anything I wanted to in English. <p20>Although I was still making many mistakes and was <27>continually</27> learning new ways to say things, I had finally <28>reaped</28> the <29>benefits</29> of all of my hard work. <p21>Learning a foreign language has been a most trying experience for me, but one that I wouldn't trade for anything. <p22>Not only did learning another language teach me the value of hard work, but it also gave me <30>insights</30> into another culture, and my mind was opened to new ways of seeing things. The most wonderful result of having learned a foreign language was that I could <31>communicate</31> with many more people than before. Talking with people is one of my <32>favorite</32> activities, so being able to speak a new language lets me meet new people, participate in conversations, and form new, unforgettable friendships. <p23>Now that I speak a foreign language, instead of staring into space when English is being spoken, I can participate and make friends. <p24>I am able to reach out to others and bridge the <33>gap</33> between my language and culture and theirs.
学习外语是我一生中最艰苦也是最有意义的经历之一。 虽然时常遭遇挫折,但却非常有价值。 我学外语的经历始于初中的第一堂英语课。 老师很慈祥耐心,时常表扬学生。 由于这种积极的教学方法,我踊跃回答各种问题,从不怕答错。 两年中,我的成绩一直名列前茅。 到了高中后,我渴望继续学习英语。然而,高中时的经历与以前大不相同。 以前,老师对所有的学生都很耐心,而新老师则总是惩罚答错的学生。 每当有谁回答错了,她就会用长教鞭指着我们,上下挥舞大喊: “错!错!错! ” 没有多久,我便不再渴望回答问题了。 我不仅失去了回答问题的乐趣,而且根本就不想再用英语说半个字。 好在这种情况没持续多久。 到了大学,我了解到所有学生必须上英语课。 与高中老师不同,大学英语老师非常耐心和蔼,而且从来不带教鞭! 不过情况却远不尽如人意。 由于班大,每堂课能轮到我回答的问题寥寥无几。 上了几周课后,我还发现许多同学的英语说得比我要好得多。 我开始产生一种畏惧感。
虽然原因与高中时不同,但我却又一次不敢开口了。 看来我的英语水平要永远停步不前了。 直到几年后我有机会参加远程英语课程,情况才有所改善。 这种课程的媒介是一台电脑、一条电话线和一个调制解调器。 我很快配齐了必要的设备并跟一个朋友学会了电脑操作技术, 于是我每周用 5 到 7 天在网上 的虚拟课堂里学习英语。 网上学习并不比普通的课堂学习容易。 它需要花许多的时间,需要学习者专心自律,以跟上课程进度。 我尽力达到课程的最低要求,并按时完成作业。 我随时随地都在学习。 不管去哪里,我都随身携带一本袖珍字典和笔记本,笔记本上记着我遇到的生词。 我学习中出过许多错,有时是令人尴尬的错误。 有时我会因挫折而哭泣,有时甚至想放弃。 但我从未因别的同学英语说得比我快而感到畏惧, 因为在电脑屏幕上作出回答之前, 我可以 根据自己的需要花时间去琢磨自己的想法。 突然有一天我发现自己什么都懂了,更重要的是,我说起英语来灵活自如。 尽管我还是常常出错,还有很多东西要学,但我已尝到了刻苦学习的甜头。 学习外语对我来说是非常艰辛的经历,但它又无比珍贵。 它不仅使我懂得了艰苦努力的意义, 而且让我了解了不同的文化, 让我以一种全新的思维去 看待事物。 学习一门外语最令人兴奋的收获是我能与更多的人交流。 与人交谈是我最喜欢的一项活动,新的语言使我能与陌生人交往,参与他们的谈话,并建立 新的难以忘怀的友谊。 由于我已能说英语,别人讲英语时我不再茫然不解了。 我能够参与其中,并结交朋友。 我能与人交流,并能够弥合我所说的语言和所处的文化与他们的语言和文化之间的鸿沟。
Unit1 b
<p1>While regular schools still exist, the virtual classroom plays an important role in today's learning <1>community</1>. <p2>Job opportunities for students are <2>expanding</2> rapidly and more people of all ages are becoming <3>aware</3> of online learning that allows them to study at home. <p3>Online students, however, require <4>unique</4> qualities to be successful. The following list discusses some <5>ideal</5> qualities of successful online students.
  1. <p4>Be open-minded about sharing life, work, and learning experiences as part of online learning. Many people find that the online method requires them to use their experiences and that online learning offers them a place to communicate with each other. <p5>This <6>forum</6> for communication <7>removes</7> the <8>visual</8> <9>barriers</9> that <10>hinder</10> some students from expressing themselves. <p6>In <11>addition</11>, students are given time to <12>reflect</12> on the information before replying.
In this way, students can help to keep the online <13>environment</13> open and friendly.
  2. Be able to communicate through writing. <p7>In the virtual classroom nearly all communication is written, so it is <14>critical</14> that students feel comfortable expressing themselves in writing. <p8>Some students have limited writing abilities, which need to be improved before or as part of the online experience. This usually requires extra commitment by these students. Whether working alone or in a group, students share ideas, <15>perspectives</15> and discussions on the subject being studied, and read about those of their classmates. <p9>In this way, students gain great insights from their <16>peers</16>, learning from each other as well as the <18>instructor</18>.
  3. <p10>Be willing to "speak up" if problems <19>arise</19>. Remember that instructors cannot see their students in an online course. <p11>This means students must be <21>absolutely</21> <22>explicit</22> with their <23>comments</23> and requests. <p12>If they experience technical difficulties, or problems in understanding something about the course, they MUST speak up; otherwise there is no way anyone can know something is wrong. If one person does not understand something, possibly several others have the same problem. If another student is able to help, he or she probably will. <p13>While explaining something to others, students <24>reinforce</24> their own knowledge about the subject.
  4. Take the program seriously. Online learning is not easier than study in regular classrooms. In fact, many students say it requires much more time and effort. <p14><25>Requirements</25> for online courses are no less than those of any other quality program. <p15>Successful online students, however, see online learning as a convenient way to receive their education?not an easier way. Many online students sit at computers for hours at a time during evenings and on weekends in order to complete their assignments. <p16>When other people are finished with their work and studies and having fun, you'll most <26>likely</26> find online students doing their course work. <p17>Online students need to <27>commit</27> 4 to 15 hours a week to each course.
  5. Accept critical thinking and decision making as part of online learning. Online courses require students to make decisions based on facts as well as experience. <p18>It is absolutely necessary for students to <28>assimilate</28> information and make the right decisions based on critical thinking. In a positive online environment, students feel valued by the instructor and by their classmates and feel good about their own work.
  6. Be able to think ideas through before replying. <p19><29>Providing</29> meaningful and quality <30>input</30> into the virtual classroom is an <31>essential</31> part of online learning. <p20>Time is given to allow for careful development of answers. <p21>Testing and <32>challenging</32> of ideas is encouraged.
Online students will not always be right, so they need to be prepared to accept a challenge.
  7. Keep up with the progress of the course. <p22>Online learning is <33>normally</33> <35>sequential</35> and requires commitment on the students' part. <p23>Keeping up with the class and completing all the work on time is <36>vital</36>. Once students get behind, it is almost impossible to catch up. <p24>Students need to want to be there and need to want the experience. <p25>The instructor may have to communicate with students <37>personally</37> to offer help and remind them of the need to keep up. <p26>Just as many excellent instructors may not be <38>effective</38> online <40>facilitators</40>, not all students have the necessary qualities to perform well online. People who have the qualities discussed above usually make very successful online students. If you have these qualities, learning online may be one of the best discoveries you will ever make.
虽然常规的学校依然存在,但虚拟课堂在今天的教学领域中起着重要的作用。 随着学生就业机会的迅速增多, 越来越多不同年龄层的人开始意识到这种在家就学的网上学 习方式。 然而,网络学生需要具备一些特别的素质才能取得成功。 以下是网上学生要取得成功必备的一些理想素质。
  1.与人分享生活、工作及学习经验,这些是网上学习的一部分。 许多人发现网上学习需要他们运用各自的经验,同时又为他们提供了相互交流的场所。 这一交流场所消除了一些学生自我表达的视觉障碍。 此外,学生在答题之前有时间进行思考, 这就使得网上环境开放而友好。
  2. 能通过书写进行交流。 虚拟课堂的交流几乎都是书面形式。因而很重要的一点是学生要具有书面表达能力。 有些学生书面表达能力差, 有待提高, 可以在网上学习之前提高或将其作为网上学习



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