沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/
Unit 1
Section A I Comprehension of The Text
  1. The attitude is that if one is not moving ahead he is falling behind.
  2. Time is treated as if it were something almost real. (People budget it, waste it, steal it, kill it, cut it, account for it; they also charge for it.) They do this because time is a precious resource.
  3. Everyone is in a rush ? often under pressure. City people always appear to be hurrying to get where they are going, restlessly seeking attention in a store or elbowing others as they try to complete their shopping.
  4. Don’t take it personally. This is because people value time highly and they resent someone else “wasting” it beyond a certain appropriate point.
  5. New arrivals in America will miss opening exchanges, the ritual interaction that goes with a cup of coffee or tea and leisurely chats.
  6. Americans produce a steady flow of labor-saving devices. They communicate rapidly through faxes, phone calls or emails rather than through personal contacts.
  7. The impersonality of electronic communication has little or no relation to the significance of the matter at hand.
  8. It is taken as a sign of skillfulness or being competent to solve a problem or fulfill a job with speed in the U.S. Vocabulary III
  1. charge
  2. convention
  3. efficient
  4. obtain
  5. competent
  6. assessing
  7. fulfill
  8. conducting consequently
  10. significance IV.
  1.behind
  2. at
  3. in
  4. out
  5. to
  6.to
  7. in
  8. with
  9. but
  10.for V.
  1. L
  2. C
  3. D
  4. N
  5. O
  6.A
  7.E
  8.G
  9.I
  10.K Word Building VI
  1. commitment
  2. attraction
  3. appointment
  4. impression
  5. civilization
  6. composition
  7. confusion
  8. congratulation
  9. consideration
  10. explanation
  11. acquisition
  12. depression VII. desirable favorable considerable acceptable drinkable advisable remarkable preferable
  1. advisable
  2. desirable
  3. favorable
  4. considerable
  5. remarkable
  6. preferable
  7. drinkable
  8. acceptable Structure VIII
沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/
沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/

  1. much less can he write English articles
  2. much less can he manage a big company
  3. much less could he carry it upstairs
  4. much less have I spoken to him
  5. much less to read a lot outside of it IX
  1. Having meals at home can cost as little as two or three dollars, whereas eating out at a restaurant is always more expensive.
  2. We thought she was rather proud, whereas in fact she was just very shy.
  3. We have never done anything for them, whereas they have done so much for us.
  4. Natalie prefers to stay for another week, whereas her husband prefers to leave immediately.
  5. Some praise him highly, whereas others put him down severely Translation X.
  1. She wouldn’t take a drink, much less would she stay for dinner.
  2. He thought I was lying to him, whereas I was telling the truth.
  3. How do you account for the fact that you have been late every day this week?
  4. The increase in their profits is due partly to their new market strategy.
  5. Such measures are likely to result in the improvement of work efficiency.
  6. We have already poured a lot of time and energy into the project, so we have to carry on. XI
  1. 我认为他不会抢劫,更不用说暴力抢劫了。
  2. 男工平均工资每小时 10 美元,而女工才每小时 7 美元。
  3. 自然界的平衡一旦遭到破坏,就会带来很多不可预知的影响。
  4. 期终考试迫在眉睫,你最好多花点时间看书。
  5. 有趣的是,消费者发现越来越难以辨别某些品牌的原产国。其部分原因来自 于全球化带来的影响,部分原因是由于产地的变化。
  6. 最近一次调查表明,妇女占总劳动力的 40%。 Cloze
  1. C
  2.B
  3.B
  4.A
  5.D
  6.B
  7.C
  8.D
  9.A
  10.C
  11.D
  12.C
  13.C
  14.B
  15.A Structured Writing XIV. A larger and larger part of society is expressing its concern about environmental protection. Active in their concern, teachers and students hold specific meetings to discuss environmental protection. Also, city planners take environmental problems into serious
沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/
沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/
consideration. And, though reducing pollution can be expensive, factories often take every possible measure to do their part. Many people are concerned and active because air and water pollution affects everyone and makes it difficult for cities to survive and businesses to make a profit. Section B. Comprehension of the Text II.
  1. D
  2.A
  3.C
  4.D
  5.A
  6.C
  7.B
  8.B Vocabulary III.
  1. utilize
  2. reject
  3. considerable
  4. temporary
  5. acceptable
  6. recognition
  7. alleviate
  8. appreciate
  9. furthermore
  10. interact IV.
  1. interact with
  2. gone through
  3. deal with
  4. recovered from
  5. adjusting to
  6. familiar to
  7. In spite of
  8. were tired of
  9. prevented from
  10. came to
Unit 2
Unit Two Section A I. Comprehension of the Text
  1. She felt that Nikolai was quite different from what she had expected; still, she was quite nervous.
  2. No. Actually she was quite surprised when Nikolai suggested that.
  3. They went through a lot of hard training sessions full of pain and tears. Yet the training was really productive.
  4. Yes, he did. He was always practicing while others were relaxing themselves.
  5. In training, they were strict coach and determined athlete; at other times, they were on good terms with each other, like friends.
  6. Because Nikolai sang out instructions in a regular manner, similar to those of a dance instructor.
  7. the writer achieved a fourth place in the nation, but they didn’t manage to participate in the Olympics.
  8. Besides improving her skills under Nikolai’s instruction, she also learned the importance of determination with courage, heart, and discipline; most important of all, she learned to be thankful and loving while living in this world. Vocabulary III.
  1. promising
  2. amusing
  3. lowered
  4. persisted
  5. rank
  6. swear
  7. unfair
  8. presence
  9. frowning
  10. approximately
沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/
沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/
IV.
  1. on
  2. upon
  3. on
  4. in
  5. by
  6. to
  7. in
  8. of
  9. on
  10. out V.
  1.O
  2.K
  3.D
  4.H
  5.J
  6.E
  7.M
  8.G
  9.B
  10.A Word Building VI.
  1. observe?observer: one who observes a person or an event
  2. ski?skier: one who skis
  3. visit?visitor: one who visits somebody or some place
  4. learn?learner: one who learns something
  5. report?reporter: one who reports on persons or events for a newspaper
  6. drink?drinker: one who often drinks alcohol, esp, too much VII. Tropical global dangerous central environmental occasional musical natural
  1. tropical
  2. musical
  3. occasional
  4. environmental
  5. global
  6. dangerous
  7. natural
  8. central Sentence Structure VIII.
  1. they didn’t lose heart despite lots of frustration.
  2. Despite the heavy rain, the boys played football in the yard all afternoon.
  3. I will try my best despite the slim chances of success.
  4. Despite a thorough search for the escaped prisoner in the mountain, no sign of him was found.
  5. Despite their increased income, their life became poorer because of the rising prices. IX.
  1. nor do I think it necessary to do so
  2. nor would they go to my sister’s
  3. nor do we have her telephone number
  4. Nor would I like to go to work immediately
  5. now would I Translation X.
  1. Despite the fact that she is the only child in her family, she is never babied by her parents.
  2. Mike didn’t come to the party last night, nor did he call me to give an explanation.
  3. The person sitting next to him did publish some novels, but he is by no means a great writer.
  4. He has no interest in football and is indifferent to who wins or loses.
  5. The manager needs an assistant that he can count on to take care of problems in his absence.
沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/
沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/

  6. This is the first time that he has made a speech in the presence of so large an audience. XI.
  1. 尽管那项计划一开始就证明是不切实际的,但是他们还是坚持要实施。
  2. 我无法说服他接受这项计划,也无法使他认识到这项计划的重要性。
  3. 你是怎么把那么多东西塞进这个小行李箱的?
  4. 别人对他怎么看,他全不在意。
  5. 我能否指出你犯了个小错误。
  6. 他母亲让他开车慢一点儿,但是他从不把她的话放在心上。 Cloze XII.
  1.B
  2.D
  3.B
  4.C
  5.B
  6.C
  7.A
  8.A
  9.B
  10.D
  11.B
  12.D
  13.B
  14.C
  15.D XIV. Computers, just like any new technology, have a negative side. As more and more computers are used in production lines, many jobs are being taken over by computer-controlled machines. As a result, many workers are finding themselves jobless. This constitutes a threat to social security. Another problem is computer crimes. For example, some people are finding ways to break into the bank computer systems and transfer large sums of money to their own accounts. There have been many reports like this. One more negative effect of computers is that they bring about health problems. Sitting in front of computers all day undoubtedly affects people’s health. Back pain, wrist pain, failing eyesight, to name only a few. Section B Reading Skills I.
  1.D
  2.A
  3.A
  4.C
  5.B Comprehension of the Text II.
  1.D
  2.B
  3.C
  4.D
  5.A
  6.C
  7.A
  8.B Vocabulary III.
  1. sake
  2. sacrificed
  3. crack
  4. pursuing
  5. explosive
  6. overcome
  7. indicated
  8. opponents
  9. stripped
  10. denied IV.
  1. Natasha made herself stand out in the group interview by acting as the leader in her group.
  2. To be successful, you need a careful plan, good luck, help at the right time, and above all, hard work.
  3. They are not doing this to gain recognition or money; they are doing this for the sake of society.
  4. It was actually what he said rather than what he did that made me sad.
  5. Once my mother sets her mind on something, it will be very hard to
沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/
沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/
stop her.
  6. Years of research had set the stage for their success in their field.
  7. Local people are used to the phenomenon, so they are not surprised at all.
  8. Today at this meeting we are going to focus on the question of air pollution.
  9. He never expected that his best friend would charge him with cheating in the exam.
  10. His parents were so strict with him in his studies that he had little time to participate in any activities outside of class.
Unit 3
Section A Comprehension of the Text
  1. The writer is a black man who is not an American citizen.
  2. According to him, during their two years together they had experienced the usual ups and downs of a couple learning to know, understand, and respect each other. In addition he thought they had honestly confronted the weaknesses and strengths of each other’s characters.
  3. They learned a great deal about tolerance, compromise, and being open with each other.
  4. As with many couples, they got married for the wrong reasons and found out many years later that they were incompatible. They didn’t take enough time to know each other.
  5. Her mother, counseled Gail to be really sure she was doing the right thing.
  6. He immediately suspected that Mark was marrying his daughter in order to remain in the United States.
  7. He quoted statistics showing that mixed couples had a higher divorce rate than couples of the same race and gave examples of mixed couples he had counseled who were having marital difficulties.
  8. People can be very cruel toward children from mixed marriages. Vocabulary III.
  1. mutual
  2. illusion
  3. canceled
  4. overlooked
  5. proceeded
  6. resolve
  7. prejudice
  8. compromise
  9. confirm
  10. subsequently IV.
  1. having nothing to do with
  2. taking care of
  3. met with
  4. on the surface
  5. work out
  6. incompatible with
  7. ups and downs
  8. learned of
  9. indication of
  10. all along V.
  1.M
  2.L
  3.F
  4.D
  5.H
  6.O
  7.A
  8.C
  9.I
  10.K
沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/
沪江博客-微?著秋 http://blog.hjenglish.com/paths/
Word Building VI.
  1. shopping
  2. feeling
  3. storage
  4. cooking
  5. ending
  6. beginning
  7. gathering
  8. removal
  9. arrival
  10. passage
  11. writing
  12. marriage VII.
  1. relationship
  2. citizenship
  3. leadership
  4. membership
  5. boyhood
  6. livelihood
  7. brotherhood
  8. authorship
  9. adulthood
  10. neighborhood
  11. wisdom
  12. ownership Sentence structure VIII.
  1. It is never too bad(for us) to do something about the situation.
  2. One is never too old to learn.
  3. It is never too late (for you) to put a stop to this madness.
  4. It is never too late (for you) to mend your ways.
  5. His income was never too small to support his family. IX.
  1. My best friend, Anna, was here last night.
  2. The company manager, Mr. Madison, gathered his staff and announced the decision.
  3. You should have seen an ophthalmologist, an eye doctor.
  4. He sent for the accountant, the most experienced person in accounting.
  5."Leave it to me," said David, the man on night duty. Translation X.
  1. You are never too experienced to learn new techniques.
  2. There remains one problem, namely, who should be sent to head the research there.
  3. Their relationship did meet with some difficulty at the beginning because of cultural differences.
  4. Though he has had ups and downs, I believed all along that he would succeed someday.
  5. I have so
 

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