新视野大学英语读写教程第二册(第二版)参考答案 Unit 1 第一单元 SECTION A Vocabulary Exercise Ⅲ
  1. charge
  2. convention
  3. efficient
  4. obtain
  5. competent
  6. assessing fulfill
  8. conducting
  9. consequently
  10. significance Exercise Ⅳ
  1. behind
  2. at
  3. in
  4. out
  5. to
  6. to
  7. in
  8. with
  9. but
  10. for ExerciseⅤ
  1. L
  2. C
  3. D
  4. N
  5. O
  6. A
  7. E
  8. G
  9. I
  10. K Word Building Exercise Ⅵ
  1. commitment
  5. civilization
  9. consideration Exercise Ⅶ
  1. advisable
  5. remarkable

  7.

  2. attraction
  6. composition
  10. explanation
  2. desirable
  6. preferable

  3. appointment
  7. confusion
  11. acquisition
  3. favorable
  7. drinkable

  4. impression
  8. congratulation
  12. depression
  4. considerable
  8. acceptable
Structure Exercise Ⅷ
  1. much less can be he write English articles
  2. much less can he manage a big company
  3. much less could he carry it upstairs
  4. much less have I spoken to him
  5. much less to read a lot outside of it Exercise Ⅸ
  1. Having meals at home can cost as little as two or three dollars, whereas eating out at a restaurant is always more expensive.
  2. We thought she was rather proud, whereas in fact she just very shy.
  3. We have never done anything for them, whereas they have done everything for us.
  4. Natalie prefers to stay for another week, whereas her husband prefers to leave immediately.
  5. Some highly praise him, whereas others put him down severely. Translation ExerciseⅩ
  1. She wouldn’t take a drink, much less would she stay for dinner.
  2. He thought I was lying to him, whereas I was telling the truth.
  3. How do you account for that you have been late every day this week?
  4. The increase in their profits is due partly to their new market strategy.
  5. Such measures are likely to result in the improvement of work efficiency.

  6. We have already poured a lot of time and energy into the project, so we have to carry on. Exercise Ⅺ
  1. 我认为他不会抢劫,更不用说暴力抢劫了。
  2. 男工平均工资每小时 10 美元,而女工才每小时 7 美元。
  3. 自然界的平衡一旦遭到破坏, 就会带来很多不可预知的影响。
  4. 期终考试迫在眉睫,你最好多花点时间看书。
  5. 有趣的是, 消费者发现越来越难以辨别某些品牌的原产国。 起部分原因来自于全球化 带来的影响,部分原因是由于产地的变化。
  6. 最近一次调查表明,妇女占总劳动力的 40?。 Essay Summary Exercise Ⅻ
  1.C
  2. B
  3. B
  4. A
  5. D
  6. B
  7. C
  8. D
  9. A
  10. C
  11.D
  12. C
  13. C
  14. B
  15. A SECTION B Vocabulary Exercise Ⅲ
  1. utilize
  2. reject
  3. considerable
  4. temporary
  5. acceptable
  6. recognition
  7. alleviate
  8. appreciate
  9. furthermore
  10. interact Exercise Ⅳ
  1. interact with
  2. gone through
  3. deal with
  4. recovered from
  5. adjusting to
  6. familiar to
  7. In spite of
  8. were tired of
  9. prevented from
  10. came to Unit 2 第二单元 SECTION A Vocabulary Exercise Ⅲ
  1. promising
  2. amusing
  3. lowered
  4. persisted
  5. rank
  6. swear
  7. unfair
  8. presence
  9. frowning
  10. approximately Exercises on Web course only:
  11. outburst
  12. indifferent
  13. fussing
  14. tropical Exercise Ⅳ
  1. on
  2. upon
  3. on
  4. in
  5. by
  6. to
  7. in
  8. of
  9. on
  10. out ExerciseⅤ
  1. O
  2. K
  3. D
  4. H
  5. J
  6. E
  7. M
  8. G
  9. B
  10. A Word Building Exercise Ⅵ
  1. observe?observed: one who observes a person or an event
  2. ski?skier: one who skis
  3. visit?visitor: one who visits somebody or some place
  4. learn?learner: one who learns something
  5. report?report: one who reports on persons or events for a newspaper
  6. drink?drink: one who often drinks alcohol, esp. too much
Exercise Ⅶ
  1. tropical
  5. global

  2. musical
  6. dangerous

  3. occasional
  7. natural

  4. environmental
  8. central
Sentence Structure Exercise Ⅷ
  6. They didn’t lose heart despite lots of frustration.
  7. Despite the heavy rain, the boys played football in the yard all afternoon.
  8. I will try my best despite the slim chances of success.
  9. Despite a through search for the escaped prisoner in the mountain, no sign of him was found.
  10. Despite their increased income, their life became poorer because of the rising prices. Exercise Ⅸ
  6. nor do I think it necessary to do so
  7. nor would they go to my sister’s
  8. nor do we have her telephone number
  9. nor would I like to go to work immediately
  10. nor would I Translation ExerciseⅩ
  7. Despite the fact that she is the only child in her family, she is never babied by her parents.
  8. Mike didn’t come to the party last night, nor did he call me to give an explanation.
  9. the person sitting next to him did publish some novels, but he is by no means a great writer.
  10. He has no interest in football and is indifferent to who wins or loses.
  11. The manager needs an assistant that he can count on to take care of problems in his absence.
  12. This is the first time that he has made a speech in the presence of so large an audience. Exercise Ⅺ
  7. 尽管那项计划一开始就证明是不切实际的,但是他们还是坚持要实施。
  8. 我无法说服他接受这项计划,也无法使他认识到这项计划的重要性。
  9. 你是怎么把那么多东西塞进这个小行李箱的?
  10. 别人对他怎么看, 他全不在意。
  11. 我能否指出你犯了个小错误?
  12. 他母亲让他开车慢一点儿, 但是他从不把她的话放在心上。 Cloze Exercise Ⅻ
  1. B
  2. D
  3. B
  4. C
  5. B SECTION B Vocabulary Exercise III
  1. sake
  6. overcome Exercise IV

  6. C

  7. A
  8. A

  9. B

  10. D
  11.B

  12. D

  13. B
  14. C
  15. D

  2. sacrificed
  7. indicated

  3. crack
  8. opponents

  4. pursuing
  9. stripped

  5. explosive
  10. denied

  1. Natasha made herself stand out in the group interview by acting as the leader in her group.
  2. To be successful, you need a careful plan, good luck, help at the right time, and above all, hard work..
  3. They are not doing this to gain recognition or money; they are doing this for the sake of society.
  4. It was actually what he said rather than what he did that made me sad.
  5. Once my mother sets her mind on something, it will be very hard to stop her.
  6. Years of research had set the stage for their success in their field.
  7. Local people are used to the phenomenon, so they are not surprised at all.
  8. Tokay at this meeting we are going to focus on the question of air pollution.
  9. He never expected that his best friend would charge him with cheating in the exam.
  10. His parents were so strict with him in his studies that he had little time to participate in activities outside of class. Unit 3 第三单元 SECTION A Vocabulary Exercise III.
  1. mutual
  2. illusion
  3. canceled
  4. overlooked
  5. proceeded
  6. resolve
  7. prejudice
  8. compromise
  9. confirm
  10. subsequently Exercises on Web course only:
  11. hesitate
  12. harbored
  13. quote
  14. suspect Exercise IV.
  1. have nothing to do with
  2. taking care of
  3. met with
  4. on the surface
  5. work out
  6. incompatible with
  7. ups and downs
  8. learned of
  9. indication of
  10. all along Exercises on Web course only:
  11. compromise between
  12. For a time
  13. supportive of Exercise V.
  1. M
  2. L
  3. F
  4. D
  5. H
  6. O
  7. A
  8. C
  9. I
  10. K
Word Building Exercise VI.
  1. shopping
  2. feeling
  3. storage
  4. cooking
  5. ending removal
  9. arrival
  10. passage
  11. writing
  12. marriage

  6. beginning

  7. gathering

  8.
Exercise VII.
  1. relationship
  2. citizenship
  3. leadership
  4. membership
  5. boyhood
  6. livelihood brotherhood
  8. authorship
  9. adulthood
  10. neighborhood
  11. wisdom
  12. ownership Sentence Structure Exercise VIII.
  1. It is never too bad (for us) to do something about the situation.
  2. One is never too old to learn.

  7.

  3.
  4.
  5.
It is never too late (for you) to put a stop to this madness. It is never too late (for you) to mend your ways. His income was never too small to support his family.
Exercise IX.
  1. My best friend, Anna, was here last night.
  2. The company manager, Mr. Madison, gathered his staff and announced the decision.
  3. You should have seen an ophthalmologist, an eye doctor.
  4. He sent for the accountant, the most experienced person in accounting.
  5. “Leave it to me,” said David, the man on night duty. Translation Exercise X.
  1. You are never too experienced to learn new techniques.
  2. There remains one problem, namely, who should be sent to head the research there.
  3. Their relationship did meet with some difficulty at the beginning because of cultural differences.
  4. Though he has had ups and downs, I believe all along that he would succeed someday.
  5. I have some reservations about the truth of your claim.
  6. She isn’t particularly tall, but her slim figure gives an illusion of height. Exercise XI.
  1. 应尽早告知年轻人:必须认真对待法律。
  2. 他现在面临一个重要决定,这个决定可能会影响他的整个前程。
  3. 即使在情况最糟糕的时候,你也必须保持镇定和信心。
  4. 人际关系的成功与否与双方相处是否融洽以及交流是否顺畅有很大关系。
  5. 他受到袭击,身受重伤,随后不治身亡。
  6. 他的举止至少在表面上像个正常人。 Cloze Exercise XII.
  1. A
  2. C
  3. B
  4. B
  5. C
  6. B
  7. C
  8. D
  9. C
  10. D
  11. B
  12. A
  13. D
  14. C
  15. D SECTION B Vocabulary Exercise III.
  1. arrange
  2. criticism
  3. innocent
  4. criticizing
  5. miserable
  6. modest
  7. compelled
  8. somehow
  9. anticipate
  10. brilliant Exercises on Web course only:
  11. ingredient
  12. dialect
  13. bubbled
  14. diplomatic Exercise IV.
  1. on
  2. from … to to

  3. off
  4. with

  5. away
  6. about
  7. over
  8. On
  9. concerning

  10.
Unit 4 第四单元 SECTION A Vocabulary Exercise III.
  1. forbid
  2. identical
  3. objection
  4. warmth
  5. volunteers
  6. overseas
  7. declined resisted
  9. fancy
  10. decrease/ decline Exercises on Web course only:
  11. vanish
  12. connection
  13. departure
  14. aboard Exercise IV.
  1. without fail
  2. volunteer for
  3. as long as
  4. right away
  5. more than for
  7. wrote back
  8. forbidden from
  9. vanished into
  10. was free to Exercise V.
  1. O
  2. J
  3. G
  4. H
  5. L
  6. A
  7. E
  8. B
  9. C
  10. N

  8.

  6. am thankful…
Word Building Exercise VI.
  1. sadness
  2. weakness
  3. carelessness
  4. illness
  5. darkness
  6. kindness
  7. laziness
  8. nervousness Exercise VII.
  1. noisy
  2. wealthy
  3. sunny
  4. lucky
  5. tasty
  6. healthy
  7. angry
  8. icy Sentence Structure Exercise VIII.
  6. It is necessary for the manager to finish the whole task before leaving for a holiday.
  7. It is a shame to take so much money for doing so little.
  8. It is our responsibility to help people around us who are in trouble.
  9. It is a surprise for us all to realize he has been cheating us.
  10. It is pleasant for the mother to see her daughter growing into a young lady. Exercise IX.
  6. as long as she got her father’s agreement.
  7. As long as you set a goal for yourself.
  8. As long as she covers all the expenses herself.
  9. as long as she does her job well.
  10. As long as you never lose heart. Translation Exercise X.
  1. It is a great pleasure to meet friends from afar.
  2. It doesn’t matter whether the cat is black or while as song as it catches mice.
  3. You must let me have the money back without fail by ten o’clock tomorrow morning.

  4. Allow me to take part in this project: I am more than a little interested in it.
  5. Everyone knows that he is special: He is free to come and go as he pleases.
  6. Watching the unhappy look on her face, I felt as though she wished to say something to me. Exercise XI.
  7. 现如今,仅仅受过中等教育的人要想找份好工作越来越难了。
  8. 留得青山在,不怕没柴烧。
  9. 如果你对所购物品不满意,我们将很乐意退款。
  10. 我们对这块伟大的美丽的土地心怀感激之情, 多年来它迎接了众多的人来这里的海滩游 览。
  11. 让老师吃惊的是,没人自愿当班长。
  12. 那条狗忠心耿耿地继续在火车站等待主人,直到两年后死去。 Cloze Exercise XII.
  1. B
  2. C
  3. A
  4. D
  5. B
  6. A
  7. D
  8. D
  9. C
  10. A
  11. A
  12. B
  13. D
  14. C
  15. c SECTION B Vocabulary Exercise III.
  1. insurance
  2. descended
  3. precision
  4. trace
  5. stain
  6. specify
  7. accustomed
  8. embraced
  9. knelt
  10. prosperity Exercises on Web course only:
  11. whip
  12. scenery
  13. products Exercise IV.
  1. The Rockefeller family achieved a huge amount of prosperity in the oil business.
  2. What all workers have in common is expecting better working conditions.
  3. You don’t know what his feelings will be, as they change from day to day.
  4. This is generally a warm place, but we do get freezing weather on occasion.
  5. Every year at Christmas drunk driving takes its toll on the joyful atmosphere.
  6. Many people still cling to the hope that one day there will be peace between the two countries.
  7. He was so angry that he lost control/
  8. The climate in Alaska is a far cry from that of Florida.
  9. How on earth did she manage to pass the test?
  10. His career as a teacher came to an end when he broke his leg, but he continued to write textbooks for students. Unit 5 第五单元 SECTION A Vocabulary Exercise III
  1. hardened
  2.shelter
  3.slim
  4.weaken
  5.Literally
  6.noticeable
  7.bunch
  8.drag
  9.grateful
  10.hooked
Exercises on Web course only:
  11.largely
  12.swallowed
  13.poisonous
  14.package Exercise Ⅳ
  1. leaned on
  2.close at hand
  3.die of
  4.are starved of
  5.coupled with
  6.is directed… at
  7.are… dressed in
  8.grateful to
  9.struggling to
  10.a bunch of Exercises on Web course only:
  11.pick up
  12.coupled with
  13.struggling to
  14.died of ExerciseⅤ
  1.J
  2.G
  3.K
  4.M
  5.E
  6.O
  7.D
 

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