Unit1 SectionA PART Ⅱ KEY TO EXERCISES SECTION A Pre-reading Activities The Internet may be able to help you overcome your frustrations with learning English. I started learning English when I was in junior middle school. I didn't, however, gain command of the language in the classroom. It was only when I tried learning English through an online course that I finally became proficient. The online course was just as difficult as classroom study, but it provided better results. There were many other advantages to online learning as well. It taught me how to manage my time better to include my online studies in my busy schedule. Learning better time management has paid many rewards since.
  1. The speaker started to learn English when he was in junior middle school. He gained command of the language after he took English through an online course.
  2. Online learning has taught the speaker to better manage his time so that he could include his online studies in his busy schedule. Learning better time management has paid many rewards since.
  3. (Open-ended.) Comprehension of the Text Ⅰ.
  1. Because his teacher was kind, patient, and used a positive method of praising students.
  2. His senior middle school teacher was not as kind as his junior middle school teacher. His senior middle school teacher would punish students for making mistakes. As a result, he did not want to speak English in class and he improved very little.
  3. The differences were that he didn't have as many opportunities to ask questions in college and that other students intimidated him.
  4. A computer, a phone line, and a modem.
  5. He practiced, carried a dictionary, and wrote down new words in a notebook.
  6. Because he could take more time to think more about his answers before posting them on screen.
  7. Learning a foreign language taught him the value of hard work. In addition, it taught him about another culture, opened his mind to new ways of doing things, and allowed him to communicate with more people.
  8. He likes making new friends and participating when other people are talking in English. Vocabulary Ⅲ.
  1. rewarding
  2. communicate
  3. access
  4. embarrassing
  5. positive
  6. commitment
  7. virtual
  8. benefits
  9. minimum
  10. opportunities
Ⅳ.
  1. up
  2. into
  3. from
  4. with
  5. to
  6. up
  7. of
  8. in
  9. for
  10. with Ⅴ.
  1. G
  2. B
  3. E
  4. I
  5. H
  6. K
  7. M
  8. O
  9. F
  10. C Sentence Structure Ⅵ.
  1. Universities in the east are better equipped, while those in the west are relatively poor.
  2. Allan Clarke kept talking the price up, while Wilkinson kept knocking it down.
  3. The husband spent all his money drinking, while his wife saved all hers for the family.
  4. Some guests spoke pleasantly and behaved politely, while others were insulting and impolite.
  5. Outwardly Sara was friendly towards all those concerned, while inwardly she was angry. Ⅶ.
  1. Not only did Mr. Smith learn the Chinese language, but he also bridged the gap between his culture and ours.
  2. Not only did we learn the technology through the online course, but we also learned to communicate with friends in English.
  3. Not only did we lose all our money, but we also came close to losing our lives.
  4. Not only do the workers want a pay increase, but they also want reduced working hours.
  5. Not only is the house expensive, but it is also too far away from my company. Translation Ⅷ.
  1. Not only can students choose when and where to learn for an online course, but they can also take time to think through answers before making a reply.
  2. She is excited by the idea of online learning while he considers it meaningless and useless.
  3. Communicating with native English speakers is a very rewarding experience from which we can learn a lot.
  4. Today, more and more people have access to the Internet through which they look for the information they need.

  5. He wants her to give up working and stay home to look after the children. She feels, however, that this is too much for her.
  6. Now that we have finished the course, we shall start doing more revision work. Ⅸ.
  1. 我永远都不会忘记那位老师,是他告诉我学外语是有趣的、有价值的。如果没有他,我 的英语说得不会像现在这样好。
  2. 没有任何其他语言能像英语那样让你感受到多姿多彩的世界文化。 有了过硬的英语知识, 你就可以体验奇妙的文化之旅。
  3. 写作不仅仅要写老师布置的话题,而且要写自己感兴趣的东西,例如,给朋友写电子邮 件。
  4. 远程教学课程是指授课者与学生通过计算机通信技术进行交流的课程。
  5. 英语不但是世界上最有用的语言,也是世界上最易学、易用的语言之一。
  6. 远程教学课程在时间安排上给予学生更多的自由,但与其他课程比,这些课程要求学生 有更强的自律能力。 Cloze Ⅹ.
  1. B
  2. A
  3. B
  4. B
  5. C
  6. C
  7. B
  8. A
  9. A
  10. B
  11. A
  12. A
  13. B
  14. A
  15. B Text Structure Analysis Ⅺ.
  1. I had a kind and patient teacher who often praised all of the students.
  2. I eagerly answered all the questions I could, never worrying much about making mistakes. I was at the top of my class for two years. Structured Writing Ⅻ. I am proud to say that I succeeded in learning a foreign language. It was a real challenge and, needless to say, it took a lot of practice. I carried a small dictionary with me everywhere I went as well as a notebook in which I listed new words I came across. I also managed my time carefully so that I met the standards of the course and finished assignments on time. After years of persistence, I reaped the benefits of all my hard work. Unit2 SectionA PART Ⅱ
KEY TO EXERCISES SECTION A Pre-reading Activities You are about to read an early morning exchange between a daughter and her parents. From the exchange, you will find that they think about the same things in very different ways. You will also find how they misunderstand each other. They seem to be blind to what is important in each other's lives. This creates the so-called gap between the older and the younger generations. Yet, from another point of view, the exchange also shows the parents' deep concern for their daughter, who doesn't seem to know it.
  1. They have an early morning exchange.
  2. They misunderstand each other and seem to be blind to what is important in each other's lives. This creates the so-called gap.
  3. (Open-ended.) Comprehension of the Text Ⅰ.
  1. The rock music woke her up.
  2. He didn't like the music his daughter was listening to; he thought it was horrible.
  3. No, because she liked the music.
  4. No. She thought her mother was bugging her.
  5. By using her full name, she let Sandy know that she was serious and that she was speaking to her from a position of authority, as her parent.
  6. She meant that Sandy's way of expressing her identity was not a big problem compared to the problems of other teenagers.
  7. Jane.
  8. Yes. Because she "was so glad that she and Sandy could still talk things over" and she "wanted to be there as an anchor for her, but at the same time she would give her freedom to find her own identity". This seems like a good way to approach the conflict. Vocabulary Ⅲ.
  1. appeals
  2. identity
  3. concern
  4. disgusting
  5. upset
  6. influence
  7. offensive
  8. burst
  9. stuff
  10. thorough Ⅳ.
  1. off/down
  2. off
  3. as
  4. on
  5. for

  6. on/upon
  7. to
  8. over
  9. in
  10. of Ⅴ.
  1. H
  2. F
  3. D
  4. K
  5. B
  6. C
  7. L
  8. I
  9. O
  10. N Sentence Structure Ⅵ.
  1. As she was getting off the school bus, Kate saw her brother Bill.
  2. Mother dropped the glass to the ground as she was standing up from her seat.
  3. As the thief was bolting out of the house, a policeman fired at him.
  4. Sandy thought of her talk with her mother as she ran to catch the school bus.
  5. All the students shouted "Happy Birthday" to him as the teacher entered the classroom. Ⅶ.
  1. She listened to her favorite rock music while singing along with the words.
  2. She was putting on her jeans while asking me to hand her the sweater.
  3. He banged on the door while opening it.
  4. In the bathroom she put on some makeup while looking in the mirror.
  5. The schoolmaster shot an angry glance at the naughty first grader while talking with his parents. Translation Ⅷ.
  1. As she was about to turn off the music, her father burst into her room and shouted at her, "Can't you turn down the music a little bit?"
  2. The owner of the bar kept watching the girl dancing while pretending not to.
  3. Rock music appealed to Sandy so much that she turned it up, paying no attention to her father's objection.
  4. As usual, when his parents don't like what he wears, they start bugging him.
  5. At the meeting they discussed how to keep the lines of communication open between teachers and students.
  6. It makes my blood boil to think of these young boys and girls who are forced by their parents to beg for money along the streets. Ⅸ.
  1. 我认为那些在镇上游手好闲、在身上又文身又穿洞的青少年是在表达他们的个性。
  2. 因特网提供了一种更快捷的方式,让我们与全球的新老客户取得联系,并保持沟通渠道 畅通无阻。

  3. 父母与自己十多岁的孩子的沟通问题不仅仅在于“代沟”,而且还在于双方都不完全理解 对方的思想。
  4. 当父母与子女间有了这类沟通障碍时,青少年面临的问题可能更大。
  5. 青少年常常要经历这么一个阶段,在这个阶段,他们觉得父母会让他们没面子,害怕他 们达不到自己朋友的标准。
  6. 比如,青少年希望在外呆到很晚,但是当第二天早上要起床上学时,那又是另一回事了。 Cloze Ⅹ.
  1. B
  2. B
  3. A
  4. A
  5. A
  6. A
  7. A
  8. B
  9. C
  10. B
  11. A
  12. A
  13. A
  14. C
  15. A
  16. C
  17. B
  18. A
  19. A
  20. C Text Structure Analysis Ⅺ.
  1. Sandy brushed her hair, put on her old, green T-shirt and some jeans.
  2. Then
  3. Her mother, Jane, entered the kitchen. Structured Writing Ⅻ. The first thing you should do to make tea is to boil water. While waiting for it to boil, you can get your teapot out and put the right amount of tea leaves into it. When the water has come to boil, pour it into the teapot. Then wait for a few minutes to let the leaves steep. Next? Enjoy the tea. SECTION B Reading Skills Ⅰ.
  1. F
  2. F
  3. O
  4. O

  5. F plus O
  6. O
  7. O
  8. O Comprehension of the Text Ⅱ.
  1. C
  2. A
  3. B
  4. D
  5. D
  6. C
  7. B
  8. A Vocabulary Ⅲ.
  1. entitled
  2. ruin
  3. evaluate
  4. trend
  5. attitude
  6. tend
  7. curiosity
  8. applying
  9. response
  10. concept Ⅳ.
  1. to
  2. in
  3. between
  4. about
  5. across
  6. to
  7. to
  8. in
  9. to
  10. for PART Ⅱ Unit3 SectionA KEY TO EXERCISES SECTION A Pre-reading Activities In this story, a man describes that he felt ashamed when walking down the street with his crippled father when he was younger. He did not like the way people stared at the two of them. His father, on the other hand, never showed that he noticed others' reactions to his disability. He was very active and often took part in activities with his son. Over time, the son learned that his father had a
very good heart. His father has been gone for many years now and he regrets not telling him how much he admired him. He often remembers the example his father set.
  1. Because his father was crippled.
  2. He felt ashamed to be with his father when he was younger. Now he regrets not telling his father how much he admired him.
  3. (Open-ended.) Comprehension of the Text Ⅰ.
  1. He felt embarrassed to be seen with his father, because his father was severely crippled.
  2. He always said, "You set the pace. I will try to adjust to you."
  3. He means that being on time for work was something worth pride.
  4. In very bad weather his father went to work with the help of the writer and his sisters, who would pull their father through the snowy streets on a child's wagon to the subway station.
  5. In an office building on top of a subway station in Manhattan.
  6. Having a "good heart".
  7. When a local baseball team found itself without a manager, he kept it going. And he liked to go to dances and parties, although he could just sit and watch.
  8. He is sorry about having been reluctant to be seen walking together with his crippled and short father. Vocabulary Ⅲ.
  1. Inwardly
  2. regret
  3. occasion
  4. complained
  5. urged
  6. coordinate
  7. reluctance
  8. envy
  9. adjust
  10. amazed Ⅳ.
  1. in
  2. of
  3. on
  4. on
  5. to
  6. out
  7. to
  8. to
  9. on
  10. about Ⅴ.
  1. O
  2. J
  3. N
  4. L

  5. I
  6. C
  7. H
  8. E
  9. A
  10. F Sentence Structure Ⅵ.
  1. He had his ears pierced even though I told him not to.
  2. It was an exciting game even though no goals were scored.
  3. He was treated exactly like all the other workers even though he had just joined the company.
  4. Even though you disagree with her, she's worth listening to.
  5. There was never enough money to support his family even though he was hard-working and did two jobs at the same time. Ⅶ.
  1. After learning some simple Chinese, the American girl was able to communicate with the other students in her class.
  2. When doing the writing exercise for this course, you should remember that you are writing according to a specific structure.
  3. Until finished, the problem was a continuous worry to me.
  4. While working at the computer, the young man was listening to music over the radio all the time.
  5. The grass will grow more quickly if watered regularly. Translation Ⅷ.
  1. I have decided to accept the new post, even though the job is not very well p
 

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