新视野大学英语视听说教程第三册 听力练习录音文本和答案 Uint1 Keys:
  1.C
  2.D
  3. A
  4.B
  5.C III. Listening I While the man is wondering why the woman is suddenly getting excellent marks, she says she read an article on studying and remembering. It talks about principles like “Mental Visualization” that is, creating a picture , in one’s mind of what is to be remembered. This reminds the man of the principle of “Association”, which means connecting what one wants to remember with something one is familiar with. Then the woman adds the principle of “Consolidation”, or reviewing one’s notes after class and absorbing the new material into what one has already learned. When the man promise to study sixteen hours a day, the woman recommends the principle of “Distributed Practice” which favors shorter study sessions , distributed over several days. Finally, the woman tells the man that memory is like a muscle, and that it needs exercise. Task 2: You forget my toast! Keys: FTFFF Task3: Memory-Improving Techniques .
  1. What’s seems to be an especially important way to stimulate one’ s memory?
  2. What seems to be the best way to focus your memory?
  3. How can you concentrate on a pen?
  4. How can you relax yourself according to the passage?
  5. What is the main idea of the passage? Kes: 1A
  2.C
  3. D
  4.B
  5.D VI. Further Listening and Speaking Task1: The Role Memory Plays in Our Life

  1. What is the passage mainly about?
  2. Why are foods important in promoting memory according to the passage?
  3. To whom is water especially important in maintaining the memory system?
  4. What problem can a lack of water cause?
  5. Why is sleep important to memory? Keys:
  1.A
  2.B
  3.D
  4.D
  5.C Task 2: Where did the professor go? Script This is a true story, while happened to friends of ours in a small town in South Africa. They were a hospitable couple who often entertained their neighbors for drinks, tea or dinner. On this particular spring night, they have invited a retired professor to super. During the evening, it began to pour with rain, and the heavens really opened. Because he had walked there, they offered to put him up for the night. They pointed out that by staying overnight, he did not need to go to out in the bad weather. He agreed on the soundness of that idea, thanked his hosts profusely, and the matter seemed to be settled. But while they were washing the dishes after supper, the forgetful professor disappeared. No one could find him anywhere. Eventually, after40 minutes, the front door bell rang. There was the professor, soaked to the skin. When he was asked what on earth he has been dong in the rain, he replied that because he was going to stay there overnight, he had gone home to get his pajamas and toothbrush. Task3: How to Remember Names Script You just called the TV repair shop, and the voice on the other end of the line tells you, “This is Don Smith”. About 5 minutes later you tell your wife that “this guy”will be out to fix the TV in the morning. You can’t think of his mane although you know he mentioned it on the phone. This happens all the time to just about any of us unless we have learned to concentrate and implant a name in our memory, right at the time we hear it. To do this, you must make a habit of repeating the name back to the person. This action will remind you to store the name in your “memory
bank” each time you hear someone’s name, and within a short time the “repeating” process can be discontinued When you meet someone in person, use the same procedure, and in addition, visualize something different, unusual or ridiculous about hid or her appearance, position, or actions that “ties in “with his or her name. Later, you may write the descriptive information on one side of a card and the name in the other side. Look at it repeatedly, see the “picture” in your mind’s eye as you look at the name; or when you see he name, visualize the “picture” you have assigned to the name. Getting this system to work will require changes in your thinking, and it may take several days or several weeks to become proficient.
News Report A Dolphin Exhibition Script A recent art exhibition in Florida honored the animal often seen as man’ s most intelligent friend, the dolphin. The “Dolphins on Parade” exhibition in the Florida Keys featured life-sized decorates dolphin paintings made of wood and the cost of materials. The dolphins were shown at area business and along the beach. Sponsors paid U.S. $750 to cover the artists’ fee and the cost of materials. There were more than 100 dolphin themes, including a beer-belly dolphin. They showed the work of local artists, as well as the beach atmosphere the Keys are famous for. Probably the most unique was special because of its artist, Pandora. Pandora the dolphin painter is area dolphin, art the Dolphin Research center, in Marathon, Florida. The playful artist streaks colors across a dolphin painting holding a brush in its mouth. The exhibition was held by the Monroe [Florida] Council of the Arts as part of a plan to make the Keys an international arts center. The paintings were to be auctioned off in March, with the money earned going to community art programs.
Uint2 II. Basic Listening Practice
Keys:
  1.C
  2.D
  3.B
  4.D
  5.A
III. Listening In Task1: On the First Day Script
Seeing that Jenny has bought the books for the biology class, Harrison says nobody does much on the first day because it’s still add-drop, which means students are changing from class to class. Jenny knows the professor is really good. But Harrison warns her that the professor is good, only if students are hand-workers, for he expects a lot. After class, Jenny admits that half of what the professor said went over her head, and Harrison assures her that a lot of what the professor said is explained in the reading. When Jenny asks to borrow Harrison notes, he says “on problem”, for they don’t have class until Wednesday. Finally, Harrison says participation in the discussion at the seminar is an important part of the education there. Task 2: Money for College Keys: TFFFT
Task3: How to Get Straight A’s Kes: 1B
  2.C
  3. D
  4.A
  5.D IV. Speaking Out MODEL 1 You’re just going to have study hard Nora: Only our first day back at school, and already I feel like I’ve learned a lot.
Chris: Only our first day back at school, and I already feel like I’m up to my ears in homework. Nora: You’re going to have to hit the books if you want to keep your grades up. Chris: Tell me about it! I already have two reports, two books reports, a composition, an oral report, and a research project?all due before midterms. Nora: We could work together. Maybe some of my organized study habit would rub off on you. Chris: Better yet, maybe you could do my homework for me. Nora: Forget it! That would be cheating. Chris: All right, all right. I have yet to write a term paper. Can you recommend any articles and books? You’d better find me the exact pages where I can find what I want. Nora: You could borrow ideas from references, but if you quote without giving the sources, you’re plagiarizing. Chris: The quiz next week will be a headache. If you don’t help me, I’ ll have to prepare some study sheets and hide them in my hand when I take the test. Nora: Oh, no! If you’re caught, the professor will definitely give you an F. Probably, you will have to repeat the year. Chris: All right, I’ll take your advice. The library is going to be my new home, and in the dorm I’ll be burning the midnight oil. Now Your Turn SAMPLE DIALOG A: We’re going to have a test, and I also have a term paper to finish. But I haven’t done a thing. I’m really worried now. B: You’re going to have to have to hit the books if you want to get good grades. A: But this course is so difficult that I already don’t understand it at all.
B: We could work together. Maybe some of my organized study habit can help you. A: Better yet, maybe you could write a term paper for me. B: Forget it! That would be cheating. A: All right, all right. I have yet to write it myself. Maybe I can download some articles from the Internet and piece them together. B: You could borrow ideas from those articles, but if you quote without giving the sources, you’re plagiarizing. A: Also, the test next week will be a headache. If you don’t help me, I’ll have to prepare a cheat-sheet and hide it in my hand during the test. B: Oh, no! If you’re caught, the professor will definitely give you an F. A: I’ll try to be careful. B: But if the professor catches you, you’ll have to repeat the year. You’ re just going to have to study hard. A: Ok, I’ll take your advice. The library’s going to be my new home, and in the dorm I’ll be burning the midnight oil.
MODEL2 Which class do you prefer? Script Chris: First period is math with Mr. Woods. I don’t know how am I going to stay awake? Nora: I like Mr. Wood. He’s interesting. Chris: He’s boring! He could put the entire basketball team to sleep ?during the championship game! Who do you have for economics? Nora: Mrs. Jenkins. She’s smart. Students really learn a lot from her. Chris: She’s tough! You have to work hard in her class, or you’ll probably fail. Nora: No pain, no gain.
Chris: Nonsense, You could have learned even more with Mr. Sharp. But not many students opt for his class. Nora: What’s wrong with him? Chris: Often, the highest grade he gives on a term paper is C+, and he usually fails half of the students. Nora: No wonder he’s got the nickname Mr. Shark. Well, how about PE? What are you doing this semester? Chris: That’s the worst part. In PE, we’re learning t’ai chi. I’m bored to death. Nora: Ha-ha! Not to rub salt into the wound, but our class is playing your favorite sport: basketball. Chris: Oh…that figures! This is going to be a terrible semester. Nora: This is going to be a great semester!
Now Your Turn SAMPLE DIALOG A: The history class is really boring. How am I going to stay awake? B: I like the history teacher. She’s knowledgeable. She told us a lot of interesting historical events in class. A: Bur I find her boring! She could put the entire basketball team to sleep ?during the championship game! Which class do you find dull? B: I hate the economics course. The teacher always talks above my head. So I’ve lost interest in the course. A: Bur economic is my favorite. The professor is smart. Most students really learn a lot from him. B: But he’s tough! He expects a lot. You have to work hard in his class, or you’ll probably fail. A: No pain, no gain. B: Actually not many students opt for his class.
A: What’s wrong with him? B: Often the highest grade he gives on a term paper is B-. Last seme4stwe he failed more than a third of the students and I was one of them. A: Oh, that’s too bad. B: Well, how do you find your English teacher? I don’t think much of her, either. A: I find her kind, always willing to answer my questions; she always gives me high marks. B: You’re rubbing salt into my wound. She failed me last semester. MODEL3 Publish or perish Script Chris: Tell us, Professor Grant, What are your primary duties as a professor? Professor Grant: Well, I do a lot of research and writing. It’s rough being an associate professor. It’s publish or perish. Chris: So you spent a lot of time in your office? Professor Grant: Yes, but I also have to prepare class motes, give lectures, hold office hours. Teaching is an important part of being a professor. Chris: With all those responsibilities, you must make a lot of money. Professor Grant: I wish. Actually, I spend a lot of tome applying foe grants to fund my research. Then I can offer assistantships and scholarships to the worthy graduate. Chris: I see why they call you “the boss”. But being a professor sounds pretty competitive. Professor Grant: Actually, I think you were in one of my classes… Chris: Um….I think you’re mistaken, Professor Grant! Professor Grant: No, I remember very clearly now! You owe me an essay!
Chris: Sorry, I have too much work to do for the Student Union Newsletter, and I have to work two jobs to pay for school. Professor Grant: So you get an F in this course. Now Your Turn SAMPLE DIALOG A: Professor Smith, I’m from the Student Union newspaper. Many students want to know a western professor’s main duties and compare them with a Chinese professor’s duties. B: Well, I do a lot of research and writing. It’s tough to be a professor. A: Chinese professor are also facing increasing pressure, as they are required to do more research than before. Professor Smith, do you spend al lot of time on teaching? B: Yes, I have to prepare class notes, give lectures, host seminar, and hold office hours. In fact, teaching is an important part of being a professor, though some professors believe that research is more important than teaching. A: With all those responsibilities, you must make a lot of money, I suppose. B: I wish. Salary is a sensitive topic in the west. Let me say something about research funds. Actually I spend a lot of time applying for grants to fund my research. A: How are you going to use the grants? B: With that money, I can offer assistantships and scholarship to graduate students who can help with my research project. A: Now I see why they call you “boss”. But being a professor sounds pretty competitive. B: That
 

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