模拟试题三
Part Ⅰ Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage 1
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
Many a young person tells me he wants to be a writer.(
  76) I always encourage such people, but I also explain that there’s a big difference between “being a writer’ and writing. In most cases these individuals are dreaming of wealth and fame, not the long hour alone at a typewriter. “You’ve got to want to write,” I say to them, “not want to be a writer”.
The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded. When I left a 20-year career in the U.S. Coast Guard to become a freelance(自由栏目)writer, I had no prospects at all. What I did have was a friend who found me my room in a New York apartment building. It didn’t even matter that it was cold and had no bathroom. I immediately bought a used manual typewriter and felt like a genuine writer.
After a year or so, however, I still hadn’t gotten a break and began to doubt myself. It was so hard to sell a story that I barely made enough to eat. But I knew I wanted to write, I had dreamed about it for years. I wasn’t going to be one of those people who die wondering: What if ? (77 ) I would keep putting my dream to the test even though it meant living with uncertainty and fear of failure. This is the shadowland of hope, and anyone with a dream must learn to live there.

  1.The passage is meant to .
A.warn young people of the hardships that a successful writer has to experience
B.advise young people to give up their idea of becoming a professional writer
C.show young people it’s unrealistic for a writer to pursue wealth and fame
D.encourage young people to pursue a writing career

  2.What can be concluded from the passage?
A.Genuine writers often find their work interesting and rewarding.
B.A writer’s success depends on luck rather than on efforts.
C.Famous writers usually live in poverty and isolation.
D.The chances for writer to become successful are small

  3.Why did the author begin to doubt himself after the first year of his writing career?
A.He wasn’t able to produce a single book.
B.He hadn’t seen aching for the better.
C.He wasn’t able to have a rest for a whole year.
D.He though that he lacked imagination.

  4.“…people who die wondering: What if ?”(Lin4-5, Para-
  3) refers to “those ”.
A.who think too much of the dark side of life
B.who regret giving up their career halfway
C.who think a lot without making a decision
D.who are full of imagination even upon death

  5.“Shadowland” in the last sentence refers to .
A.the wonderland on often dreams about
B.the bright future that one is looking forward to
C.the state of uncertainty before one’s final goal is reached
D.a world that exists only in one’s imagination
Passage 2
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
Telecommuting?substituting the computer for the trip to the job?has been hailed as a solution to all kinds of problems related to office work. (
  78) For workers it promises freedom from the office, less time wasted in traffic, and help with childcare conflicts. For management, telecommuting helps keep high performers on board, minimizes lateness and absenteeism by eliminating commuters (经常乘火车往返者),allows periods of solitude (独处) for high concentration tasks, and provides scheduling flexibility. In some areas, such as Southern California and Seattle, Washington, local governments are encouraging companies to start telecommuting programs in order to reduce rush-hour traffic and improve air quality.
But these benefits do not come easily. Marking a telecommuting program work requires careful planning and an understanding of the differences between telecommuting realities and popular images. Many workers are seduced by rosy illusions of life as a telecommuter. A computer programmer from New York City moves to the quiet Adirondack Mountains and stays in contact with her office via computer. A manager comes in to his office three days a week and works at home the other two. An accountant stays home to care for her sick child; she child; she hooks up her telephone modern connections and does office work between calls to the doctor.
These are powerful images, but they are a limited reflection of reality. (
  79) Telecommuting workers soon learn that it is almost impossible to concentrate on work and care for a young child at the same time. Before a certain age, young children cannot recognize, much less respect, the necessary boundaries between work and family. Additional child support is necessary if the parent is to get any work done.
Management, too, must separate the myth from the reaity. Although the media has paid a great deal of attention to telecommuting, in most cases it is the employee’s situation, not the availability of technology, that precipitates (加速……来临) a telecommuting arrangement.
That is partly why, despite the widespread press coverage, the number of companies with work-at-home programs or policy guidelines remains small.

  6. What is the main subject of the passage?
A. Bussiness management policies.
B. Driving to work.
C. Extending the work place by means of computers.
D. Computers for child-care purposes.

  7. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a problem for employers that is potentially solved by telecommuting?
A. Employees’ lateness for work.
B. Employees’ absence from work.
C. Employees’ need for time alone to work intensively.
D. Employees’ conflicts with second jobs.

  8. In which area does the local government encourage telecommuting programs according to the passage?
A. New York City
B. Adirondack Mountains
C. Washington
D. New York State

  9. Which of the following does the author mention as a possible disadvantage of telecommuting?
A. Small children cannot understand the boundaries of work and play.
B. Computer technology is never advanced enough to accommodate the needs of every situation.
C. Electrical malfunctions can destroy a project.
D. The worker often does not have all the needed resources at home.

  10. Which of the following is example of telecommuting as described in the passage?
A. A scientist in a laboratory developing plans for a space station.
B. A technical writer sending via computer documents created at home.
C. A computer technician repairing an office computer network.
D. A teacher directing computer-assisted learning in a private school.
Passage 3
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
To us it seems so natural to put up an umbrella to keep the water off when it rains. But actually the umbrella was not invented as protection against rain. It was first used as a shade against the sun.
Nobody knows who first invented it, but the umbrella was used in very ancient times. Probably the first to use it were the Chinese, way back in the eleventh century B.C...
We know that the umbrella was also used in ancient Egypt and Babylon as a sunshade. And there was a strange thing connected with its use; it became a symbol of honor and authority. In the Far East In ancient times, the umbrella was allowed to be used only by royal people or by those in high office.
In Europe, the Greeks were the first to use the umbrella as a sunshade. And the umbrella was in common use in ancient Greece. But it is believed that the first persons in Europe to use the umbrellas as protection against the rain were the ancient Romans.
During the Middle Ages, the use of the umbrella practically disappeared. Then it appeared again in Italy in 16th century. And again it became a symbol of power and authority.
Umbrellas have not changed much in style during all this time, though they have become much lighter in weight. (
  80)It wasn’t until the twentieth century that women’s umbrellas began to be made in a variety of colors.

  11. The first use of umbrella was as.
A. protection against rain B. a shade against the sun
C. a symbol of power D. a symbol of honor

  12.were regarded as the people who first used umbrellas.
A. Romans B. Greeks
C. Chinese D. Europeans

  13. The umbrella was used only by royal people or those in high office.
A. in European in the eighteenth century
B. in ancient Egypt and Babylon
C. in the Far East in ancient times
D. during the Milddle Ages

  14. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
A. Women enjoy using umbrella with varies kinds of colors
B. The inventor of the umbrella is unknown
C. Once ordinary people had no right to use umbrellas
D. Umbrellas were popular and cheap in the ancient times

  15. Which of the following may be the best title for the passage?
A. When Was the Umbrella Invented
B. The Role of Umbrella in History
C. The Colors and Shapes of Umbrella
D. Who Needed Umbrella First

Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%)
Directions: In this part, there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D . Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  16. They have bought the cottage reselling it at a profit.
A. on account of B. with a view to C. in regard to D. as a result of

  17. , you must show your ticket to go into the cinema.
A. No matter whoever you are B. Whoever you are
C. Whomever you are D. No matter who are you

  18. The banker will explain the terms of the loan to you detail.
A. on B. in C. with D. out of

  19. If you don’t put the cheese in the refrigerator, it may .
A. go of B. go out C. go over D. go wrong

  20. Without a passport, leaving the country is .
A. in question B. without question C. out of the question D. out of question

  21. Different cultures have different communication 。
A. styles B. signals C. designs D. symbols

  22. Japan is still on Middle Eastern oil.
A. reliable B. imposing C. dependent D. independent

  23. He said current interest rates area direct of domestic (国内的) and interna tional conditions.
A. affect B. effect C. income D. outcome

  24. Talking to foreigners is fun if you the right time and place.
A. locate B. consider C. choose D. decide

  25. You me, because I didn't say that.
A. must have misunderstood B. must misunderstand
C. must be misunderstood D. had to misunderstand

  26. It was not until an hour later that we heard what had happened.
A. through B. by C. about D. from

  27. fun and good exercise, swimming is a very usefull skill.
A. Beside B. Besides C. Except D. Except for

  28. “Shall we walk through the park?”
“No, it’s too late there.”
A. that we walk B. for us walking C. us to walk D. for us to walk

  29. I couldn’t understand why he pretended in the bookstroe.
A. to see me not B. not to see me C. not see me D. to see not me

  30. The new factory is several hundred cars a week.
A. turning in B. turning off C. turning out D. turning on

  31. I’ve saved the money, I’ll buy the picture.
A. As good as B. As well as C. As soon as D. As far as

  32. It is highly desirable that a new president for this college.
A. is appointed B. will be appointed C. be appointed D. has been appointed

  33. I would have written before, but I ill.
A. were B. had been C. would be D. was

  34. Although London is a large city , it is not crime-ridden as New York City.
A. as B. for C. such D. same

  35. If it rain tomorrow , we’ll have the party outside.
A. wouldn’t B. didn’t C. doesn’t D. won’t

  36. He might have been killed the arrival of the police.
A. even if B. if only C. but for D. as if

  37. The story you have just told me of an experience I once had.
A. informs B. convinces C. reminds D. warns

  38. There were no tickets for Sunday's performance.
A. possible B. probable C. available D. feasible

  39. We haven't seen her sister her.
A. neither... nor B. either... or
C. neither... or D. either... nor

  40. But from the start of their experiments, the Wright brothers found that they needed money to pay their research.
A. back B. down C. for D. off

  41. I feel like to the owner of the house to complain.
 

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