北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试(A) 20
09 年 4 月授课命中考题总结:
  2、词汇和语法:28 道
  3、挑错:9 道
  4、汉译英:2 个类似句型
Part Ⅰ Reading Comprehension (30%) Passage 1 Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage: I hear many parents complain that their teenage children are rebelling. I wish it were so. At your age you ought to be growing away from your parents. You should be learning to stand on your own feet. But take a good look at the present rebellion. It seems that teenagers are all taking the same way of showing that they disagree with their parents. Instead of striking out boldly on their own, most of them are holding one another’s hands for reassurance (放心). They claim they want to dress as they please. But they all wear the same clothes. They set off in new directions in music. But they all end up listening to the same record. Their reason for thinking or acting in such a way is that the crowd is doing it. They have come out of their cocoon (茧) into a larger cocoon. (
  76) It has become harder and harder for a teenager to stand up against the popularity wave and to go his or her own way. Industry has firmly carved out a market for teenagers. These days every teenager can learn from the advertisements what a teenager should have and be. This is a great barrier for the teenager who wants to find his or her own path. But the barrier is worth climbing over. The path is worth following. You may want to listen to classical music instead of going to a party. You may want to collect rocks when everyone else is collecting records. You may have some thoughts that you don’t care to share at once with your classmates. Well, go to it. Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity will come ? with the people who respect you for who you are. That’s the only kind of popularity that really counts.
  1. The author’s purpose in writing this passage is to tell . A. readers how to be popular with people around B. teenagers how to learn to make a decision for themselves C. parents how to control and guide their children D. people how to understand and respect each other
  2. According to the author, many teenagers think they are brave enough to act on their own, but in fact most of them . A. have much difficulty understanding each other B. lack confidence C. dare not cope with any problems alone D. are very much afraid of getting lost
  3. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. There is no popularity that really counts. B. Many parents think that their children are challenging their authority. C. It is not necessarily bad for a teenager to disagree with his or her classmates. D. Most teenagers are actually doing the same.
  4. The author thinks of advertisements as to teenagers. A. inevitable B. influential C. instructive D. attractive

  5. The main idea of the last paragraph is that a teenager should . A. differ from others in as many ways as possible B. become popular with others C. find his real self D. rebel against his parent and the popularity wave 模考精讲第二篇阅读:青少年教育问题 "There is a senseless notion that children grow up and leave home when they are 18, and the truth is far from that." says sociologist Larry Bumpass of the University of Wisconsin. Today unexpected numbers of young adults are living with their parents. "There is a major shift in the middle class," declares sociologist Allan Schnaiberg of Northwestern University, whose son, 19, moved back in after an absence of eight months. Analysts cite a variety of reasons for this return to the nest. The marriage age is rising, a condition that makes home and its pleasantness particularly attractive to young people. (
  77)A high divorce rate and a declining remarriage rate are sending economically pressed and emotionally hurt survivors back to parental shelters. For some, the expense of an away-from-home college education has become so excessively great that many students now attend local schools. Even after graduation, young people find their wings clipped by skyrocketing housing costs. A mother says, "It is ridiculous for the kids to pay all that money for rent. It makes for kids to stay at home." But sharing the family home requires adjustments for all. There are the hassles over bathrooms, telephones and privacy. Some families, however, manage the delicate balancing act. But for others, it proves too difficult. (
  78) Michelle Del Turco, 24, has been home three times and left three times, "what I considered a social drink, my dad considered an alcohol problem," she explains, 'he never liked anyone I dated, so I either had to hide away or meet them at friends' houses. " Just how long should adult children live with their parents before moving on? Most psychologists feel lengthy homecomings are a mistake. Many agree that brief visits, however, can work beneficially.
  6. There was once a trend in the US that . [A] middle class young adults stayed with their parents [B] divorced young adults moved back to their parents' home [C] young adults left their parents and lived independently [D] with the marriage are rising, young adults spent more time living with their parents
  7. Which of the following is not the reason for young adults returning home? [A] They find housing cost is a serious problem for them. [B] It is difficult for them to afford the expense of away-from-home college education. [C] They want to seek emotional comfort after divorce. [D] They are too naive to live independently.
  8. The disadvantages of young adults' staying with their parents are the following except [A] the difficulty to support a larger family [B] the inconveniences in everyday life [C] parent's interference in children's privacy [D] excessive restrictions of children ' s behavior
  9. What is the best way for parents and children? [A] Parents should let their children alone. [B] Children should share the family expenses. [C] Children should visit their parents from time to time [D] Children should live independently when they are 18
  10. The underlined word "skyrocketing" means .
[A] soaring [B] of rocket [C] fast [D] speeding Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage: (
  77) Much unfriendly feeling towards computers has been based on the fear of widespread unemployment resulting from their introduction. Computers are often used as part of automated (自动化的) production systems requiring a least possible number of operators, causing the loss of many jobs. This has happened, for example, in many steelworks. On the other hand, computers do create jobs. They are more skilled and better paid, though fewer in number than those they replace. Many activities could not continue in their present form without computers, no matter how many people are employed. Examples are the check clearing (交换) system of major banks and the weather forecating system. When a firm introduces computers, a few people are usually employed in key posts (such as jobs of operations managers) while other staff are re-trained as operators, programmers, and data preparation staff. (
  78) After the new system has settled down, people in non-computer jobs are not always replaced when they leave, resulting in a decrease in the number of employees. This decrease is sometimes balanced by a substantial increase in the activity of the firm, resulting from the introduction of computers. The attitudes of workers towards computers vary. There is fear of widespread unemployment and of the takeover of many jobs by computer-trained workers, making promotion for older workers not skilled in computers more difficult. On the other hand, many workers regard the trend toward wider use of computers inevitable. They realize that computers bring about greater efficiency and productivity, which will improve the condition of the whole economy, and lead to the creation of more jobs. This view was supported by the former British Prime Minister, James Callaghan in 1979, when he made the point that new technologies hold the key to increased productivity, which will benefit the economy in the long run.
  6.The unfriendly feeling towards computers is developed from . A. the possible widespread unemployment caused by their introduction B. their use as part of automated production systems C. the least possible number of operators D. the production system in steelworks
  7.The underlined word “they” (line 1, Par.
  2) refers to . A. computers B. jobs C. activities D. systems
  8. According to Paragraph 2, without computers . A. human activities could not continue B. there could not be weather forecasting systems C. many activities would have to change their present form D. banks would not be able to go on with check clearing
  9. According to the passage, what results from the introduction of computers? A. After re-training, all employees in the firm get new jobs. B. A considerable proportion of people are employed in key posts. C. The firm keeps all of its original staff members. D. The decrease in staff members may be balanced by the increase of firm activities.
  10. James Callaghan’s attitude towards computers can be best described as .
A. doubtful
B. regretful
C. unfriendly
D. supportive
预测试卷 P
  36:计算机(科技)对人类生活的影响 Telecommuting?substituting the computer for the trip to the job?has been hailed as a solution to all kinds of problems related to office work. (
  78) For workers it promises freedom from the office, less time wasted in traffic, and help with childcare conflicts. For management, telecommuting helps keep high performers on board, minimizes lateness and absenteeism by eliminating commuters (经常乘火车往返者),allows periods of solitude (独处) for high concentration tasks, and provides scheduling flexibility. In some areas, such as Southern California and Seattle, Washington, local governments are encouraging companies to start telecommuting programs in order to reduce rush-hour traffic and improve air quality. But these benefits do not come easily. Marking a telecommuting program work requires careful planning and an understanding of the differences between telecommuting realities and popular images. Many workers are seduced by rosy illusions of life as a telecommuter. A computer programmer from New York City moves to the quiet Adirondack Mountains and stays in contact with her office via computer. A manager comes in to his office three days a week and works at home the other two. An accountant stays home to care for her sick child; she child; she hooks up her telephone modern connections and does office work between calls to the doctor. These are powerful images, but they are a limited reflection of reality. (
  79) Telecommuting workers soon learn that it is almost impossible to concentrate on work and care for a young child at the same time. Before a certain age, young children cannot recognize, much less respect, the necessary boundaries between work and family. Additional child support is necessary if the parent is to get any work done. Management, too, must separate the myth from the reaity. Although the media has paid a great deal of attention to telecommuting, in most cases it is the employee’s situation, not the availability of technology, that precipitates (加速……来临) a telecommuting arrangement. That is partly why, despite the widespread press coverage, the number of companies with work-at-home programs or policy guidelines remains small.
  6. What is the main subject of the passage? A. Bussiness management policies. B. Driving to work. C. Extending the work place by means of computers. D. Computers for child-care purposes.
  7. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a problem for employers that is potentially solved by telecommuting? A. Employees’ lateness for work. B. Employees’ absence from work. C. Employees’ need for time alone to work intensively. D. Employees’ conflicts with second jobs.
  8. In which area does the local government encourage telecommuting programs according to the passage? A. New York City B. Adirondack Mountains C. Washington D. New York State
  9. Which of the following does the author mention as a possible disadvantage of telecommuting? A. Small children cannot understand the boundaries of work and play. B. Computer technology is never advanced enough to accommodate the needs of every situation. C. Electrical malfunctions can destroy a project. D. The worker often does not have all the needed resources at home.

  10. Which of the following is example of telecommuting as described in the passage? A. A scientist in a laboratory developing plans for a space station. B. A technical writer sending via computer documents created at home. C. A computer technician repairing an office computer network. D. A teacher directing computer-assisted learning in a private school. Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%) Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
  16. By no means to move to a new place far away from her workplace, because it isn’t convenient for her family and herself. A. Jane will agree B. will Jane agree C.



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