语法、 语法、词汇
网络学院 20

  1、主语 主语:是句子要说明的人或物,可以作主语 主语 的成分有名词,主语一般在句首。注意名词 单数形式常和冠词不分家!
  1) Mr. Lee is a well-known scientist.名词 作主语
  2) He reads newspapers everyday.代词 作主语
  3) Two and ten is twelve.数词作主语
  4) Smoking is harmful to the health.动 名词作主语

  5) To swim in that pool is a great pleasure.动词 不定式作主语
  6) What we shall do next is not yet decided.从 句作主语
  2、谓语 说明主语的动作,状态或特征 谓语: 谓语
  1) The new term begins on the 1st of September.
  2) His father is an engineer.
  3) She seemed happy.
  4) Li Hua showed me his album.

  1) Wang Ling lent me a novel to read in the bus.
  2) The medicine is good for a cold.
  3) How many pieces do you want?
  4) My little sister always likes to ask questions.
  5) Would you mind coming earlier tomorrow?
  6) He asked me what I was going to do tonight
  4、宾语补足语 宾语补足语:在宾语后面补充说明宾语的动作、状态、特 宾语补足语 征。
  1) The government appointed(任命)her chief delegate (首席代表)to the conference.

  2) I don’t believe the story true.
  3) You should put your things in order(有序).
  4) The doctor advised her to stay in bed for a week.
  5) We saw the pupils playing basketball.
  5、表语 表语:位于系动词如be之后,说明主语身份,特征, 表语 属性或状态。
  1)Wang’s father is a doctor.
  2) He is always careless.
  3) The basketball match is on.
  4) All the pupils are on the playground now.

  5) Our aim is to win more medals.
  6) His work is teaching French.
  7) The question is who can really repair the machines. 还有位于以下系动词后面的词,我们也称之为表语: 还有位于以下系动词后面的词,我们也称之为表语 表示感官的:look\seem(看起来) 、sound(听起来)、 表示感官的 smell(闻起来)、taste(尝起来)、feel(感觉起来) He looks disappointed(形容词作表语)他看起来很失望。 The rubbish smells terrible.垃圾很难闻。 表示变化的:get、become、turn(变得)。 表示变化的 It becomes hotter and hotter(形容词作表语)天变得越来 越热了。

  6、定语:是对名词或代词起修饰、限定作用的词、 定语: 定语 短语或句子,翻译常用‘……的’表示。 v Tom is a handsome boy. The two boys are students. v His boy needs Tom's pen. The boy in the classroom needs a pen of yours.
v There is nothing to do today. The smiling boy needs a pen bought by his mother. v This is the new dictionary which I bought yesterday.
  7、状语:状语修饰动词、形容词、副词或全句, 状语: 状语 说明方式、因果、条件、时间、地点、让步、 方向、程度、目的等。
  1) She sings quite well. v
  2) On Sundays, there is no student in the classroom. v
  3) He sits there, asking for a pen. v
  4) The boy needs a pen to do his homework. v
  5) If I have some spare time, I will read some story-books.

  8、同位语 同位语是在名词或代词之后并列名词或代 同位语 词对前者加以说明的成分,近乎于后置定语。 如: v We students should study hard. / (students是we的同位语,都是指 同一批‘学生’) v We all are students. / (all 是we的同位语,都指同样的‘我们’)
一、动词时态及语态题(大家应该记住九种时态, 动词时态及语态题(大家应该记住九种时态, 特别是其中的过去完成,过去进行时, 特别是其中的过去完成,过去进行时,客观真理 要用一般现在时等) 要用一般现在时等)
  1、The manager told us that this factory was built in 19
  2、By the time we got there,the play had already begun.
  3、When I was a child,I knew that the earth turns about its axis.

  4、When Mr. Delay got home after a day's exhausting work,his wife and children were sleeping. 非谓语动词题(特别是现在分词与过时分词的区别, 二、非谓语动词题(特别是现在分词与过时分词的区别, 大家一定要弄明白主动与被动这对最最重要的区别。) 大家一定要弄明白主动与被动这对最最重要的区别。)
  1、The film showed last night was very moving. (不用moved,大家别忘了-ed形容词和-ing形容词的 区别)
  2、Having finishing his lecture,the teacher asked if anyone wished to asked a question.
  3、The problem being discussed is very important.

  4、Given more time,we are sure to finish it.
  5、Will you please make yourself known to everyone here 作形式主语及形式宾语题( 三、It作形式主语及形式宾语题(这也是一个 作形式主语及形式宾语题 常考点, 本身是没有意思的 注意it还可 本身是没有意思的, 常考点,it本身是没有意思的,注意 还可 以指时间,天气等。) 以指时间,天气等。)
  1、It is difficult to study English well.
  2、We think it is important to pass the exam.
四、强调句型(大家要记住的是it is 强调句型(大家要记住的是 (was)……。that…。如果前面是 ) 。 。如果前面是it is/was 后面往往选用 后面往往选用that,当然强调人 , 的时候也可用who) 的时候也可用who)
  1、It was at an evening party that I first saw her.
  2、It is what you will do that is important.
  3、When was it that he bought a new car
五、倒装句型 全部倒装句
  1、Stop talking!There comes the teacher. 部分倒装句(如果选项里面有两个主谓倒装了, 两个没有,我们一般要在倒装里做选择)
  1、So badly was he hurt in the accident that he had to be sent to hospital.
  2、Not only does he study well,but also he is always ready to help others.
  3、Mary has done well in the English exam. So she has. She always does well in the exam
六、从句中选择关系词(重点在定语从句, 从句中选择关系词(重点在定语从句, because/since/now that/as for; ; so…that…such… that…) )
  1、It was in so friendly a way that he talked with us.
  15,2005 is a day when we will take our English examination.
  3、We want to buy the same book as you are reading.
  4、The sun heats the earth,which is very important to living things.
七、虚拟语气(我们要记住与现在,过去,将来 虚拟语气(我们要记住与现在,过去, 相反的三种情况, 相反的三种情况,特别是与过去相反的情况最常 再有就是wish as if 后面所接的三种情况, 后面所接的三种情况, 考,再有就是 还有一个常考点在suggest,demand, 还有一个常考点在 , , require,order等表示建议,要求,命令的 等表示建议, , 等表示建议 要求, 词后面加从句时,从句里谓语要用( 词后面加从句时,从句里谓语要用(should) ) +动词原形,如果是被动则用(should +be 动词原形, 动词原形 如果是被动则用( +动词过去分词) 动词过去分词) 动词过去分词
  1、I would have done it better if I had had more time.
  2、I wish you would go with us tomorrow.

  3、I suggest that we(should )adopt a different policy.
  4、Had it not been for your help,we would never have been able to get over the difficulties. 情态动词题( 八、情态动词题(除了掌握常见情态动词基本用 法外,常考点在三种表推测的情况,分别为 must表对现在事情的肯定推测 ,can't表对现 在事实的否定推测,must have +v-ed表示对 过去事实的肯定推测,而则表示过去应该做某 事而没有做)

  1、The ground is so wet,it must have rained last night.
  2、She must be a doctor,I think.
  3、I should have called you last week, but I was too busy then. 几组形容词及副词区别题(注意比较级、 九、几组形容词及副词区别题(注意比较级、 最高级、倍数表达; 最高级、倍数表达;likely possible probable;worth worthy;too ; ; much much too;already yet等) ; 等
  1、His books are three time as many as my books.

  2、The Nile river is the longest river in the world.
  3、It is much too hot tonight.
  4、The harder he worked,the happier he felt. 主谓一致题( 十、主谓一致题(往往出题者都是考谓语动词选 单数这种情况,如each,every,everyone这 样的词作主语以及Mary,like many other girls likes listening to music这样的题)
  1、The moral of the officers and crew was very high.

  2、Each boy and each girl in the city is asked to go to school.
  3、Neither the quality nor the prices have changed.(近位原则) 十一、动词及动词词组区别题(常考的有raise 十一、动词及动词词组区别题(常考的有 rise a rise a rose;spend cost take pay afford;wound injure hurt damage;find find out discover invent;hit strike ring beat;tell say speak talk;join join in take part in等以及我所讲过的动词短语) )

  1、Can you tell the difference between these two words
  2、He joined the army three years ago. 十二、主句用将来时,从句则用一般现在时( 十二、主句用将来时,从句则用一般现在时(或 现在完成时) 现在完成时)表将来
  1、They will leave the classroom when they have finished writing.
  2、We will start to work as soon as our teacher comes.
十三、 十三、名词所有格以及名词后面有限定时则该名 词前一定要加定冠词the题(名词的格有以下两 词前一定要加定冠词 题 种情况, book,以及the 种情况,Tom's book,以及the books of our school,特别是用 表示的所有格我们一定要习 ,特别是用of表示的所有格我们一定要习 惯这种表达) 惯这种表达)
  1、Beijing is the capital of China.
  2、He can't have the experience of all of the world.
十四、常用介词区别题( 十四、常用介词区别题(如on,in,except , , besides,within,without,through等) , , , 等
  1、You should write in ink not with your pencil.
  2、He pulled her into the train by the arm.
  3、by bus/train/air…。On foot,on the farm,in the morning/afternoon/evening, at night/noon
十五、常考代词题(常考的有 十五、常考代词题(常考的有other others, another the other;sometimes some time sometime;that which;that what,either neither or;too also either;many much a great deal of a great number of a great amount of;a few few; little a little;as long as as far as;so long as so far as)
  1、That you don't like him is none of my business.

  2、The weather in the north is much colder than that in the south in January.
  3、He must be a worker. I think so.
学位英语典型陷阱题分析??强调句型 强调句型 学位英语典型陷阱题分析
“How was they discovered the entrance to the underground palace?” “Totally by chance.” A. it that B. he that C. it when D. he which 【陷阱】几个干扰项均可能误选。 【分析】答案选A,为强调句的特殊疑问句形式,其相应的陈述句形 式为: It was totally by chance that they discovered the entrance to the underground palace. 比较以下各题,它们也属强调句的特殊疑问句形式: (
  1) Who was it saved the drowning girl? A. since B. as C. that D. he 答案选C,被强调成分为 who,该句实为类似 It was Tom that saved the drowning girl. 这类强调句的特殊疑问句形式(即对其 中的Tom 提问而得)。
  2) What is it his daughter needs most? A. what B. which C. that D. if 答案选C,被强调成分为 what,该句实为类似 It is a bike that his daughter needs most. 这类强调句的特殊疑问句形式(即对其中的a bike 提问而得)。

  2. “Where did you find the professor who made the speech yesterday?” “It was in the hall the students often have a meeting.” A. where B. which C. that D. when 【陷阱】很可能误选C,认为这是一个强调句,强调地点 状语 in the hall。 【分析】假若选C,即有 It was in the hall that the students often have a meeting,该句的意思是“学生 们通常是在大厅开会”,单独看这一句,无论是其意思还 是其语法均未错,但若将其与上文联系起来看,则不通, 因为上文的意思是“你是在哪儿找到昨天作报告的那位教 授的?”假若将答句改为 It was in the hall that I found the professor,则完全可以。 其实,此题的最佳答案是A,where the students often have a meeting 为定语从句,用以修饰其前的名词 the hall,句意为“是在学生们经常开会的那个大厅(找到教授 的)”,这样语意就通顺了。
学位英语典型陷阱题分析??时态语态 时态语态 学位英语典型陷阱题分析

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