盐城市第一中学高二年级英语教学案(
  2)
Unit 1 Living with technology Grammar and usage Prepositions and prepositional phrases
Designed by Xu dengqing Aims and demands: To get the students to learn about the usage of prepositions and prepositional phrases. Important and difficult points: Get the students to know how to use the prepositions and prepositional phrases.
Period 1

  1. Deal with the contents in the English book on pages 8 and 9
  2. Exercises on page 104 C1 and C2
Period 2 Practice

  1. Fill in blanks with proper prepositions.
  1. RIYADH, Saudi Arabia: In Saudi Arabia's first ever "tooth for a tooth" case, a man who threw a rock another Saudi nine years ago knocking two teeth in the process has been punished having two of his own teeth extracted(取出 ) public. He was also fined US$21,0
  00.( out, at, by, in)
  2. A 61-year-old man was robbed twice in five minutes a western German town. He first had his mobile phone stolen a gas station by youths who then fled. When he pursued the thieves foot, a passing car with three men claiming to be plainclothes police stopped him, searched him and drove his wallet. (at, in, with, on, off)
  3. THAILAND is to use mice to test food poison before it is served to US President and 20 other Asia-Pacific leaders a summit in Bangkok this month. Samples of dishes served the October 20-21 Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation summit will be injected into mice, said a health official last Friday. "We will have the results a minute. If it's safe, we'll tell the
1
waiters to start serving," he said. (within, for, during, at)
  4.GERNAMS who like reading the toilet no longer need take a newspaper them. They can turn novels, poems and detective stories printed on toilet paper. Each roll contains several versions of a text so that readers can use the paper and still leave some entertaining reading the next visitor.( with, in, on, to, for)
  5.A QUARTER of Britain's pet dogs and fifth of its cats will be treated a turkey dinner with their owners Christmas. Animal-loving Britons will spend nearly 100 million pounds gifts for their pets this Christmas, a report said last week.( to, on) Practice
  2. Choose the best answers.
  1.No one helped me . I did it all A.for
  10. ) A.of March. (2005 上海卷
  25.) A. on B. for C. with D. at
  4.He suddenly saw Sue the room. He pushed his way the crowd of people to get to her. (2005 湖南卷
  25.) A. across, across B. over, through C. over, into D. across, through
  5.?You know. Bob is a little slow understanding, so… ? So I have to be patient him. (2005 重庆卷
  30.) A. in ; with B. on; with C. in; to D. at; for
  6. I feel that one of my main duties a teacher is to help the students to become better learners.(2004 广东卷
  22) A.for 福建卷
  30) A.for A.in case of B.with C.from D.of C.for fear of D.in search of
  8. He got to the station early,missing his train.(2004 江苏卷
  24) B.instead of
  9. The accident is reported to have occurred the first Sunday in
2
myself .(2005 全国卷 I,
  22. ) C.from D.to
B.by

  2. We hadn't planned to meet. We met chance. (2005 全国卷 III, B.in C.for D.by

  3. John became a footBball coach in Sealion Middle Schoolthe beginning of
B.by
C.as
D.with

  7. It was a pity that the great writer died his works unfinished.(2004
February.(2004 上海卷
  25) A.at B.on C.in D.to
  10. two exams to worry about,I have to work really hard this weekend.(2004 北京卷
  33) A.With 湖南卷
  32) A.on B.above C.up D.over
  12. The shop doesn't open until 11 a . m. , it loses a lot of business.(2004 北京春季卷
  29) A.for B.or C.but D.so
  13.In order to change attitudes employing women,the government is bringing in new laws.(2004 北京春季卷
  25) A.about B.of C.towards D.on
  14. I am sorry it's my power to make a final decision on the project.(2004 上海春季卷
  26) A.over A.for B.above B.with C.off D.beyond D.over
  15. They had a pleasant chat a cup of coffee.(2003 北京卷
  33) C.during
  16. The conference has been held to discuss the effects of tourism the wildlife in the area.(2003 上海卷
  26) A.in B.on C.at D.with
  17. The speech by the mayor of Shanghai before the final voting for EXPO 2011 is strong1y impressed my memory.(2003 上海春季卷
  22) A.to B.over C.by D.on
  18. --What do you want those old boxes? (2002 北京卷
  33) --To put things in when I move to the new fiat. A.by 海卷
  22) A.by B.at C.to D.from
  20. --You are so lucky. --What do you mean that? (2002 京,蒙,皖春季卷
  23) A.or B.in C.of D.by
  21. Marie Curie took little notice the honours that were given to her in her later years. A.of B.on C.about D.from (2002 上海春季
3
B.Besides
C.As for
D.Because of

  11. You can't wear a blue jacket that shirt?it'11 1ook terrible.(2004
B.for
C.of
D.with
,

  19. Luckily,the bullet narrowly missed the captain an inch.(2002 上

  21)
  22.The home improvements have taken what little there is my spare time.(2001 全国卷
  27) A.from room. A.through 春季卷
  23) A.to (2000 全国卷
  18) A.As 海卷
  32) A.except B.except for C.except that D.besides B.For C.With D.Through
  26. I know nothing about the young lady she is from Beijing.(2000 上 B.at C.by D.as
  25. production up by 60%, company has had another excellent year. the B. across C.on D.over (2001 上海卷)
  24. Ross was wild with joy the result of the examination.(2001 上海 B.in C.of D.at
  23. The sunlight came in the windows in the roof and lit up the whole
4
Answers: Practice 1
  1. at, out, by, in
  2. in, at, on, off, with
  3. for, at, during, within
  4. on, in, with, to, for
  5. to, on, on Practice 2 myself .
  1.(2005 全国卷
  1)
  22.No one helped me . I did it all C.from D.to A.for B.by by myself 表示"独自一人"一切都是自己做的"
  2.(2005 全国卷
  3)
  10.We hadn't planned to meet. We met chance. A.of B.in C.for D.by by chance 偶然. 根据 We hadn't planned to meet 可以判断出他们的见面纯 属偶然
  3.(2005 上海卷)
  25. John became a footBball coach in Sealion Middle School the beginning of March. A. on B. for C. with D. at at the beginning of 在……的开始
  4.(2005 湖南卷)
  25. He suddenly saw Sue the room. He pushed his way the crowd of people to get to her. A. across, across B. over, through C. over, into D. across, through across 指在空间上从一端到另一端,through 着重从物体中间穿过
  5. 2005 重庆卷) ?You know. Bob is a little slow understanding, so… (
  30. ? So I have to be patient him. A. in ; with B. on; with C. in; to D. at; for A in understanding 在理解上,be patient with 对某人有耐心
  6.(2004 广东卷
  22)1 feel that one of my main duties a teacher is to help the students to become better learners. A.for B.by C.as D.with 根据句子的意思,宾语从句的意思是:作为教师的主要职责.根据介词 的意思,只能选 C.
  7.(2004 福建卷
  30) It was a pity that the great writer died his works unfinished. A.for B.with C.from D.of die 接不同的介词,表示不同的意思,die for 表示死的目的;die from 表 示死的间接原因;die of 表示死于饥饿,疾病,寒冷,情感等直接原因; 而 die with 中的 with 应与后面名词连成一个意群, 表示一个伴随的状态.
5
根据句子的意思,答案选 B.
  8.(2004 江苏卷
  24)He got to the station early,missing his train. A.in case of B.instead of C.for fear of D.in search of 本题考查介词短语的用法.首先根据句子和镉语的意思排除选项 B,D; 再比较:in ease of 意为:若,如果,万一,强调客观可能;for fear of 意 为:惟恐,为……起见,强调主观的担心.根据句子前后两部分的意思, 本题所表示的应该是主观的担心.
  9.(2004 上海卷
  25)The accident is reported to have occurred the first Sunday in February. A.at B.on C.in D.to 本题考查日期前介词的用法. 一般牵涉到具体的某一天时或特定的某一 天时,前面用介词 on.
  10.(2004 北京卷
  33) two exams to worry about,I have to work really hard this weekend. B.Besides C.As for D.Because of A.With 根据句子两部分的意思关系, 前者是说明作者在本周末必须努力学习的 原因,因此,答案选 A.
  11.(2004 湖南卷
  32) You can't wear a blue jacket that shirt?it'11 1ook terrible. A.on B.above C.up D.over 根据介词的基本意思,选项 B 表示"在……上方",暗含不接触;C 是副 词,意思是"朝上",应首先排除;选项 A 的意思是"在……表面上",暗 含表面的某一个地方;而 D 的意思是"在……上面",暗含覆盖,根据 常识, 外面的农服不是穿在内衣上面的某一个地方, 而是将整件内衣覆 盖,答案应选 D.
  12.(2004 北京春季卷
  29)The shop doesn't open until 11 a. , it loses m. a lot of business. A.for B.or C.but D.so for,or,but,so 都可作并列连词,for 意为"因为",表示原因;but 表 转折;of 表选择,根据两个句子之间的关系,均与题意不符,须排除; 只有 so 表结果.说明它开门迟所导致的结果.
  13..(2004 北京春季卷
  25)In order to change attitudes employing women,the government is bringing in new laws. A.about B.of C.towards D.on attitude 在此意为"态度,看法",后常接 to 或 towards.
  14.(2004 上海春季卷
  26)I am sorry it's my power to make a final decision on the project. A.over B.above C.off D.beyond beyond 意为"超出,出乎".本句的意思是:很抱歉,我无权对这个计 划作出最后决定.beyond my power 意为:超出了我的权力范围.
  15.(2003 北京卷
  33)They had a pleasant chat a cup of coffee. A.for B.with C.during D.over 考查介词搭配.to chat over a cup of coffee 意思是边喝咖啡边聊天.for 和 during 都有"在……期间"之意,但后边通常加时间段: .with "随着, 用";over"在(做)……期间,边……边……".
  16.(2003 上海卷
  26)The conference has been held to discuss the effects of tourism the wildlife in the area.
6
A.in B.on C.at D.with effect 意为影响, 与其对象之间用介词 on,在本题中. effect 的对象就是 the wildlife,因此要用介词 on.
  17.(2003 上海春季卷
  22)The speech by the mayor of Shanghai before the final voting for EXPO 2011 is strong1y impressed my memory. A.to B.over C.by D.on impress sb(with sth)给某人深刻印象.impress on/upon sb 是固定搭配, 给……留下印象.
  18.(2002 北京卷
  33) --What do you want those old boxes? --To put things in when I move to the new fiat. A.by B.for C.of D.with , 所提供的情景 To put things in when I move to the new flat,说明了箱子 的用途.with 的意思是"用",后接工具.如:cut with a knife"用刀切".
  19.(2002 上海卷
  22)Luckily, bullet narrowly missed the captain an the inch. A.by B.at C.to D.from by+数量词,表示相差多少.介词 by 可以和表示数量的词构成短语,表 示尺寸,距离等.译文:幸运的是,子弹在距离船长一英尺的地方与他 擦肩而过,没有射中他.答案为 A.
  20.(2002 京,蒙,皖春季卷
  23)--You are so lucky. --What do you mean that? A.or B.in C.of D.by 固定用法(句子)what do you mean 后常跟 by that/doing that/saying so, 译为:你那样/这样讲(说)是什么意思?
  21.(2002 上海春季卷
  21)Marie Curie took little notice the honours that were given to her in her later years. A.of B.on C.about D.from take notice of 为固定短语,意为"注意".译文:居里夫人几乎不关心她 晚年所得到的荣誉.答案为 A.
  22.(2001 全国卷
  27)The home improvements have taken what little there is my spare time. D.at A.from B.in C.of 这是一个宾语从句,have taken 后接感叹句,其正常语序是 what little of my spare time there is.
  23.(2001 上海卷
  24)The sunlight came in the windows in the roof and lit up the whole room. A.through B.across C.on D.over "从窗户缝隙中"要用介词 through. through 指从里面穿过, 透过; across 强调从面上横穿,横跨;on"在……面上";over 从一地到另一地;经过 一段时间或距离.译文:阳光从屋顶窗户缝
  24.(2001 上海春季卷
  23)Ross was wild with joy the result of the examination. A.to B.at C.by D.as at 表示原因.be wild with joy at 的意思是"为……而欣喜若狂".介词 at 接在某些形容词的后面表示原因.译文:罗丝因考试结果而兴高采烈.
  25.(2000 全国卷
  18)production up by 60%,the company has had another excellent year.
7
A.As B.For C.With D.Through 此题句子是复合结构:with+宾语(production)+宾补(up by 60%).with 后 接名词的意思是"随着".as 当"随着"讲时后接句子.for 表原因时后面接 句子且一般不置于句首.
  26.(2000 上海卷
  32)I know nothing about the young lady she is from Beijing. A.except B.except for C.except that D.besides except 后接名词或代词,意思是"除……之外",表示从整体中除掉部分. except for 后接名词或代词, 意思是"除……之外", 表示两种事物的类比. 如:Your composition is very good,except for some mistakes.作文和错误 是两个概念.except that 引导句子.besides 后接名词或代词,前边常有 other,else 等,意
 

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