Unit 1
  1. permanent
  2. had assembled
  3. discharging
  4. meekly
  5. apprentice
  6. partiality
  7. obscure
  8.exalted
  9.intruding
  10. cordially
  11. ambition
  12. gallantly
  1. transient
  2. faded out
  3. blew up
  4. ruthless
  5. trivial
  6. in a twinkling
  7. under way
  8. tranquil
  9. gorgeous
  10. for the time being
  11. conspicuous
  12. exalted
  1. His dream of becoming a football star faded out as time went by.
  2. A Boeing 747 aircraft didn't gain enough height to clear the mountain. In a twinkling, it crashed into the mountain and blew up. No one survived the accident.
  3.Students have easy access to the resources in the library, so they are supposed to make the best of it.
  4. Titanic, the most luxurious ship in the world at that time, hit an iceberg when she was under way to the US. Consequently, the ship sank into the Atlantic Ocean and thousands of people died in this shipwreck.
  5. Every summer, all the tourists pour into this famous beach. They lie packed like sardines on the beach to enjoy the sunbathing.
  6. They have been to St. Louis once and have a vague general knowledge of its wonders, but the day of their glory is over now. They lapse into a humble silence and learn to disappear when the ruthless engineer approaches. A l. A
  2.B
  3.C
  4.A
  5. B
  6.C
  7. C
  8. C B l.B
  2.D
  3.C
  4.C
  5. A
  6. A
  7. B
  8. B Unit 2 i
  1. advocated
  2. extravagant
  3. vulnerable
  4. guru
  5. potential
  6. dispel
  7. shunned
  8. acclaimed
  9. enthusiasts
  10. stave off
  11. attendant
  12. ventured ii.
  1. eradicated
  2. enthralled
  3. obsolete
  4. disproved
  5. foster
  6. ludicrous
  7. apparent
  8. avert
  9. displaced
  10.Compatriots
  11.endeavors
  12. hailed IV. Translation
  1. Some cyber gurus claim that the Internet will prevent wars, reduce pollution, and combat various forms of inequality.
  2. Although the Internet undeniably fosters communications, it will not put an end to war, since wars are by no means caused simply by the failure of different peoples to understand each other adequately.
  3.The Internet can help reduce energy consumption and pollution only if doing things online genuinely displaces real-world activities
  4.The poor are not shunning the Internet because they cannot afford it. The problem is that they lack the skills to exploit it effectively. Therefore, it makes more sense to aim for
1
universal literacy than universal Internet access.
  5.Thanks to the Internet, income inequality between people doing similar jobs in different countries has been reduced. However, the inequality between information workers in poor countries and their poorest compatriots has been increased.
  6.If human nature remains stubbornly unchanged, despite the claims of the techno-prophets, humanity cannot simply invent away its failings. Reading:cdabca Unit 4 i
  1.Physical
  2.accumulation
  3.diversity
  4.precipitated
  5.muscular
  6.pathological
  7.symptomatic
  9.psychologically
  10.Anxiety
  11.restored
  12.refreshed ii
  1.manifestations
  2.resume
  3.precipitate
  4.consequence
  5.diverse
  6.a skimpy
  7.taxing
  8.prolong
  9.overlooked
  10.vigor
  11.enhanced
  12.relapse
  1. I find that walking along the quiet lake in the evening can provide refreshment from a day’s sedentary job.
  2. Exercising and relaxing yourself is often prescribed as an effective cure for fatigue.
  3. The less active you are, the faster this aging process accelerates, and the more vulnerable you become to physical and psychological problems.
  4. Even if you keep up dieting, you cannot reduce to the point where you achieve the kind of body-shaping you want.
  5. People thought he had happy late years during which time he did little but sleep and ate, yet he was often tired and depressed.
  6. In the past when hay was baled by hand and laundry scrubbed on a washboard, people seldom complained of tiredness. However, people feel dragged out and complain a lot in the modern time of labor-saving devices and convenient transportation. Unit 5 i
  1.uniform
  2.distinguish/recognize
  3.ascertained
  4.recognized
  5.unique
  6.outlet
  7.tactile
  8.rigid
  9.secure
  10.acquisition
  11.fruitful
  12.foundation ii
  1.determined
  2.cumulative
  3.innate
  4.warped
  5.train
  6.underlie
  7.zest
  8.imposed
  9.precept
  10.a marked
  11.forbidding
  12. consistency Supplementary Readings
2

  8.vigorous
A
  1.A
  2.B
  3.D
  4.B
  5.C B
  1.B
  2.C
  3.D
  4.A
  5.D
  6.B
  7.C
  8.B
  9.B
  10.A
  1.It is generally accepted that the upbringing of the child within the home is closely related to the education of the child in school.
  2.Jennifer is the chief of personnel for the New York Herald Tribune, where she is also responsible for special editorial work in the field of public relations.
  3.It was two years ago that Jeff met Rose at his sister’s birthday party. They have been communicating with each other by e-mail since then; the more Jeff knows Rose, the more he likes her.
  4.This new measure is effective not only in providing job opportunities for the laid-off workers, but in limiting price increases.
  5.Similarly/Likewise, they insufficiently treated the political and economic background of the conspiracy.
  6.Tremendous capital input has met the needs of rapid economic growth on the one hand and has caused the inflation on the other. Unit 6 i.
  1. as a matter of fact
  2. are plagued
  3.versus
  4. have been reflecting on
  5. positive
  6. is implementing
  7. will enroll
  8. has been enriched
  9. aspiration
  10. academic
  11. well-informed
  12. commitment to
  3. plague
  4. enhance
  5. reflected
  6. otherwise
  7.
ii.
  1. relevance to
  2. voiced aspirations
  8. rated
  9. strenthened

  10.has been declining
Key to Supplementary Readings A
  1.D
  2.D
  3.C
  4.B
  5.D
  6.B
  7.A
  8.D
B
  1.F
  2.F
  3.T
  4.F
  5.F
  6.T
  7.T
  8.F
  9.T
  10.T
  1.Passing the English examination should enhance your chances of getting the post.
  2.The discovery of gold in the valleys will enrich the poor mountain area.
  3.Only when the police confronted her with evidence did she admit that she had stolen the money.
  4.The meeting will afford you an opportunity of hearing good public speakers.
  5.An official statement laid to rest the remaining fears about possible redundancies in the industry.
  6.Mary’s pretty bright. As a matter of fact, her teacher told me that she’s certain to get a university place this year. Unit 7
3
i
  1.downsized
  2.dynamic
  3.yield
  4.hadguaranteed
  5.inflict
  6.budget
  12.criteria
  7.priority
  8.accelerating
  9.shirk
  10.vitally
  11.jaopardize
  7.inception
ii
  1.aggregate
  2.excessive
  3.scrutiny
  4.reap
  5.opined
  6.casualties
  8.prosperity
  9.paradox
  10.tangible
  11.life expectancy
  12.vistas Key to Supplementary Reading A B
  1.B
  1.F
  2.D
  2.F
  3.C
  4.A
  3.T
  4.F
  5.D
  6.B
  5.T
  6.T

  1.Black people in the area complained to the government that they had been subjected to repeated racial attacks from the local police officers.
  2.The government officials are inclined to apply the science and technology to short-term projects, which is not beneficial to scientific development.
  3.The previous manager did not want to invest time and money in training the employees who could leave the company anytime, as a result of which there was a serious talent drain.
  4.We are collecting money for repairs to the church roof. If any of you would like to make a contribution, we shall be most grateful.
  5.The scientists are currently focusing on making experiments, in hope of finding effective methods to cure cancers.
  6.The speech that the chairman delivered at the conference made much sense to regain the employees’ confidence. Unit 8 i
  1. acid
  2. shaded
  3. knock-on
  4. Drain
  5. banks
  9.filter
  10. altitudes
  11. variables
  12. organism
  6. spacing
  7. band
  8. needles
Ii
  1.assessment
  2. variations
  3. likely
  4.Formally
  5.subsequent
  6.felled
  7.virtually
  8.numerous
  9.stable
  10.fertile
  11.that decade
  12.counterpart Key to Supplementary Reading A B
  1.C
  2.A
  3.C
  4.D
  5.C
  6.D
  7.A
  8.A

  1.C
  2.B
  3.A
  4.C
  5.C
  6.D
  7.D
  8.B

  1.Mexico City is one of the most populated cities in the world.
  2.The findings show a substantial difference between the opinions of men and women.
  3.I either left my credit card at home or in the car ? I can’t remember which.
  4.We can’t assume the suspects to be guilty simply because they’re decided to remain silent.
4

  5.The main question that faces Chinese economists at present is how to use the price levers and the competition system to direct resources into areas which yield better returns.
  6.It is assumed that in the next 20 years, the most surprising development will take place in the space flight. Now space shuttles are being developed and they can be used many times instead of only once. Unit 9 II. Vocabulary Study i
  1.applied
  2.repentance
  3.penetrated
  7.passionate
  8.awakened
  4.monkey-like
  5.contrast
  6.impressed

  9.succeeded
  10.blossoms
  11.expectant
  12.oppotunity ii
  1.tussle
  2.gushed
  3.quivering
  4.lingered
  5.attempts
  6.grope
  8.persisted in
  9.flushed
  10.vaguely
  11.confounded
  12.approaching
  7.fragrance

  1.On those days and nights when I was waiting for the results of the Entrance Examination, my heart was filled with wonder. I wondered what the future held for me, of surprise and excitement or disappointment and sorrow.
  2.The little girl ran swiftly to catch up with her mother and stretched out her hand to her, crying for more candies and drinks. But the mother persisted that they had bought enough.
  3.His wife was sent into the operating room. He walked to and fro in the corridor, smoking one cigarette after another. When he saw the door opened, he felt a thrill of tenseness.
  4.Under the gaze of his colleagues, He flushed with embarrassment and bowed his head. He casually took up a newspaper and hid his face behind it, pretending to be reading it.
  5.They fixed all their attention on the research project on hand. They believed that as long as they didn’t lose heart, they would succeed in these experiments in time.
  6.She had just given birth to an infant when her husband left her. In despair, she shut herself and the infant in a room, claiming that they would perish together. Thank to the policemen who came in time, the mother and the daughter escaped death by a hair’s breath. Unit 12 Vocabulary Study:
  1.proactive
  2.disseminate
  3.incentive
  4.leverage
  5.facilitate
  6.precedent
  7.demonstrated
  8.compensation
  9.justify
  10.implement
  11.initiative
  12.preventive Key to Supplementary Readings DACCB Translation:
  1.Electronic communication tools facilitate information sharing by enabling people to send one another messages,files,data and images.
  2.The only way to differentiate yourself form the competition is through service.
5

  3.The less there is to justify atraditional custom,the harder it is to get rid of it.
  4.In high school,students should build on their prior knowledge,learning more-varied and more-sophisticated problem-solving techniques.
  5.You are not required to simply memorize information. You must be able to demonstrate that you can use that information and apply it in a practical way.
  6.A well-balanced life is necessary to live in today’sworle. Without a well-balanced life a person can neither function properly nor develop into a well-rounded individoual. Unit 14 i
  1. recognized
  2. credited
  5. considerable
  9. twist
  3. features
  7. flaw
  4. expertise
  8. recruit

  6. supervision

  10. strain
  11. devastate
  12. budget
i i
  1. let alone
  2. spot
  3. are supposed to
  4. came to light
  5. looking into
  6. pass on
  7. replaced with
  11. submitted
  8. call on
  12. Acute

  9. Odd
  10. appalling
Key to Supplementary Readings A
  1.A
  2.C B
  1.F
  2.T
  3.D
  3.F
  4.C
  4.T
  5.C
  5.F
  6.D
  6.T
  7.D
  7.T
  8.C
  8.F

  1.All the employees in the company are confident that before too long we will make a wise decision on this.
  2.Twenty years ago, because of his unemployment, he couldn’t afford to buy a bicycle, let alone a car.
  3.Despite the fact there was almost no hope of finding the missing boy, the search party still went on looking.
  4.Unfortunately, George cannot be with us today so I am pleased to accept this reward on his behalf.
  5.Currently, the individuals who might have caused the accident are under investigation.
  6. It was suggested that as the largest non-public high-tech industry in China, they should devote themselves to the development of their own products instead of simply assembling for foreign companies.
6
 

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