研究生英语学习方法 研究生英语学习方法 一.教材及参考书 教材及参考书
  1. 《高级英语读写译教程》 ,张敬源、赵纬主编,中国人民大学出版社,20
  2. 《朗文英语听说教程(
  1)(第二版) 》 ,Helen Sol?rzano & Laurie Frazier 著, 南开大学出版社,20
  09) 》
  4.《硕士、博士研究生英语词汇》 ,曹元寿等,北京理工大学出版社,20
  5. 《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》 (第 6 版) ,商务印书馆,20
  04. 二.课程评估方法 总评成绩= 北京统考(40%)+课程考试(40%)+平时成绩(10%)+口试成绩(10%) 三.研究生英语学习的四大任务 研究生英语学习的四大任务 英语学习 I. Enlarging your vocabulary Why? A) Wilkins: “Without grammar very little can be conveyed; without vocabulary nothing can be conveyed.” e.g. Wuchang fish; plagiarism; B) J. R. Firth: “Each word when used in a new context is a new word.” e.g. Please tender exact fare! Over the past ten years, the graduate education has fared well in China. But me no buts! C) David Crystal: “Vocabulary is the Everest of a language.” The English language has a huge vocabulary (about 1 million words). That’s one of the reasons why it is difficult to master. How? A) New words (neologisms): netizen; download; laptop; desktop; copy; cyberlove; photocopy; Olympiad; Judo; hockey; MIP; MVP; 110-meter huddle race; mobile phone/cell phone; smart bomb; G-man; fallout; spacewalk; boycott; green revolution; B) Core words (polysemy):
  1) Failure is the mother of success.
  2) failure of crops
  3) He died of heart failure.
  4) A wise man is superior to flattery.
  5) James is superior to bribery.
  6) John Adams succeeded Washington as President of the USA.
  7) He soon succeeded Joffre as Command-in-chief.
  8) Only ten of the crew survived the shipwreck.
  9) She survived her own daughter by ten years.
  10) I never go past my old school but I think of my English teacher. (conj.)
  11) To learn English well is nothing but a piece of cake. (prep.)
  12) “If I can but see one of my daughters happily settled at Netherfield, I shall have nothing to wish for.” (adv. Pride and Prejudice)
  13) There are few of us but admire your determination. (relative pron. , but = who do not)
  14) But me no buts! (v.; n.) C) Synonyms and morphologically-similar words:
  1) empty/vacant; cheap/inexpensive; ugly/homely; lonely/solitary; happiness/bliss;

  2) banquet/bouquet; distinct/extinct; collar/cellar; confident/confidential; D) Idioms and phrasal verbs:
  1) brain trust; flesh and blood; fall flat; call it a day; make ends meet; make it; through thick and thin; All is not gold that glitters; How do you do?
  2) look into; turn down; put down; give out; II. Enriching your ways of expression
  1) so…that…→ so much so that… He is very ignorant so much so that he can’t read his own name.
  2) both…and…→ at once…and… She is at once clever and modest. The story is at once amusing and instructive.
  3) …and…→ …as well as… The advantages by the proposal are obvious and many, as well as of the highest importance. He gave me money as well as advice. Revolution in the Marxist sense means a moral as well as a material change.
  4) Conjunctions: [Addition]: also; and; too; besides; further; furthermore; in addition; moreover; [Contrast]: but; however; although; while; yet; on the other hand; conversely; in contrast; nevertheless; nonetheless; on the contrary; otherwise; still; unlike; [Reason]: because; for; as; since; for that (simple) reason; [Result]: so; then; therefore; as a result; thus; accordingly; consequently; hence; so far; thus far; [Conclusion]: in conclusion; to conclude; to sum up; in short; in brief; in other words;
  5) Diction: (Using the right word) I am very tired after the match. → I am exhausted after the match. Deng Yaping is a very good athlete. → …is an excellent athlete. very → extremely; exceedingly; terribly; awfully; pretty “Brevity is the soul of wit.” (William Shakespeare) This is the book which I like best. → This is my favorite book. I have a bag which is black. → I have a black bag. He needs to learn to control his temper. → curb We must take positive measures to control inflation. → curb As to the journey, we must decide about that later. Scientists differ as to whether the giant panda belongs to the bear or panda family. III. Broadening your outlook “If you are learning a language, you are really learning everything.” (L. G. Alexander) 语言之有魅力,风格之值得研究,主要是因为后面有一个大的精神世界;但这两者又必须艺术地融合 在一起,因此语言表达力同思想洞察力又是互相促进的。 (王佐良) 大量阅读对英语学习至关重要,没有大量阅读很难学好英语。现今学生的一个通病是阅读量太小,拘 泥于短文章上的“精耕细作” ,产生不了语感,因而口笔语都缺少外国味。多读文学作品和外国报刊不 失为一剂良药。 (黄源深) Some jokes:
  1) “grey America”;
  2) “Jack of all trades”;
  3) Milky Way;
  4) hot dog;
  5) dog collar;
  6) white elephant;
  7) my son;
IV. Improving your overall English level
  1) Comprehension & E-C translation His parents are dead against his plan. Like father, like son. Easy come, easy go. God bless you. /Long live France! Shakespeare cannot be exaggerated. It is a wise father that knows his own son. It is a straight lane that has no turning. I cannot eat too much. We cannot thank him too much. You can never be too careful in proofreading. Stop to aid the Japs!
  2) C-E translation 没有盼头的日子是苍白不可想象的。a day without hope 本公司生产的是环保型产品。environmentally-friendly 资源缺乏是该国经济发展的主要障碍。constitute 如果说构想,这就是我们的构想。Well, these are our plans.
  3) Writing “Good good study, day day up.” (Work hard and make progress everyday.) There are plenty of teaching buildings in our university. (lecture buildings) There are lots of high buildings in USTB. (tall) English is a useful tool when we make business with foreigners. (conduct) Hence, all of the difficulties that we face now will be conquered in the future and …. (overcome) As/ So far as I am concerned, …. Last but not the least, …. In the first place, …. In the second place, …. In the last place, …. Since/ As every coin has two sides, ….



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