READING SELECTION A A Case ( reason) for (against) Male Dishwashing By Page Smith female a case (reason) for sth.<->a case against sth. [1] Recently there has been a great whooping and hollering (noisy argument) over (about) the diminished dignity and importance (status) of the American father. [2] The poor (pitiful) wretch (fellow/ guy), so the argument goes (says), once the fountainhead of domestic authority, has abdicated (given up), leaving (give/ let) the important child-raising duties to the wife. Pop (father) has become a comic figure (character), ridiculed in cartoons, on TV shows, and in the movies. [3] Because of Pop's (father’s) deficiencies (deficient/, adj./ incompetence), we are told, the family is in bad shape (condition/ come down in the world), the children (are) undisciplined, the atmosphere of the home (is) anxious and insecure. [4] As a corollary (Consequently/ As a result) we have Momism -- the overbearing (bossy), overprotective, over-dominant mother who inflicts (impose/ bring about) all kinds of hideous psychic scars on her offspring (children) while Pop watches TV or sulks in a corner afraid to dispute (argue) the authority of his spouse. mother/ mom/ mum/; dominate; scarf [5] The charge, of course, is not a new one. It antedates (goes before) the republic. George Grenville, Minister to George III, is reported to have pushed the tea tax on the grounds (for the reasons of) that American wives were so addicted to tea drinking that they would never permit their henpecked husbands to ban (prohibit) the stuff. (charge sb. with. sth.=accuse sb. of sth.) [6] Every school child knows the result of this miscalculation. [7] Be that as it may (In fact), the symbol of the diminished domestic male has come to be dishwashing. Sociologists (or psychologists, I forget which/ who) and some opinionated (stubborn) laymen have informed (told) us that the washing of dishes by husbands is not only a symbol of domestic servitude, it is undermining (destroying) Pop as a respected "authority-figure (character)" in the household (family). Hence (Therefore/ Thus) the deterioration of the family, hence juvenile delinquency, hence the decline of the republic, etc. All because Pop washed the dishes. [8] Well, I wish to enter a dissent (argument against it). (inform sb. of sth.) [9] As a pioneer, indeed a missionary, dishwasher of some (about) fifteen years' standing (on end/ continuously), I can identify (recognize) the source of this propaganda at once. It proceeds (go from) from lazy males who don't want to miss the first few innings of the double-header on TV. The scientific (objective) jargon is just window dressing. (man-dominated-society) [10] Experience has made it quite apparent (obvious) that (a successful) marriage calls for (needs) maturity and mutual sacrifice. Most of the marriages that fail, marriage counselors tell us, fail because the partners lack such qualities (quality). Dishwashing, by general agreement, is a classic (typical) example of domestic drudgery, a dreary and almost continuous chore. It is, therefore, an excellent task for husband and wife to share as a symbol of "marital mutuality" rather than "distaff dominance". [11] Every meal that a wife cooks and serves her husband is, if it is prepared with imagination and skill, a genuinely creative act-- a minor (small) work of art -- the meal itself is a kind of love
feast, an offering of the wife's devotion (love). Now do our experts recommend that after such a repast (meal) the husband shuffle, like a dull (uninteresting) brute (beast), into the living (sitting) room to watch the "Perils (Adventure) of Pauline" or to read the comic section (part) of the daily paper while (at the same time) the wife retreats (withdraw) to the depressing disorder of a pillaged (robbed) kitchen, of greasy plates and crusty pots? Is this their prescription for a successful and happy marriage? [12] No, in this instance (case), as in so many, many others, the experts are wrong. I am not, of course, in a position (ready) to testify as to (about) my masculinity (manliness) or lack of it, but I do know that I am no less masculine as a result of fifteen years of dishwashing. Nor have I observed that parental authority has suffered in any measure (degree). [13] My children seem, generally speaking (in general), under rather better discipline than the offspring (children) of a former professional football player in the neighborhood who is hairy as a gorilla, spends all his domestic hours gaping at (watching) TV and has never washed a dish in his life. [14] Moreover (Furthermore), I must state (say) that my dishwashing duties have by no means been an unmitigated (thorough/ complete/ unavoidable) burden. My wife and I have spent many sociable (communicative) hours at the kitchen sink and, I doubt not, discovered some notable (outstanding) things about life and about each other in these nocturnal (at night) dialogues. sexy: slim->masculine; woman [15] I am foursquare for (stand for/ support) womanly women and manly men. I believe that the world needs the qualities (virtues) of abstract and analytical thought, of imagination, creativity and compromise that are more clearly the attributes (characters) of the male as much as (and) it needs the practical, pragmatic, intuitive, unitary, principled approach (method) of the female. I subscribe to (support) the view (concept) that the best (but certainly not the only) place for the woman is in the home. But then, of course, I like the home and do not view (consider) this as a sentence to jail. (analyze->analysis; win-win situation) (intuition: instinct) [16] In (At) the home, and within the rough division of labor that is traditional between husband and wife, I believe in the sharing of as many of the more difficult and onerous domestic tasks as possible (especially since the wife often has some outside job as tiring and tiresome as her husband's) just as I believe in sharing the not infrequent delights (happiness) of home. I believe, in short (in brief), in an intelligent mutuality in marriage based on the assumption (belief) that women are not beasts of burden but fellow humans. (believe sb.=I think what you say is true; believe in sth.=behold such belief; basis) [17] If the husband is the stronger character in the family, he will exercise the authority of the household. If he is not, all the brag and bluster in the world will not make him more than the nominal (honorable)head. [18] If the wife is the stronger partner, she will dominate the life of the family, although if she is cunning (clever) she may manage to (try) give her husband the illusion that he is in charge. So has it ever been and so will it continue to be. (be in charge of sth.) [19] The inner masculinity of the American male is doubtless threatened today just as, in many areas of our society, the essential femininity of our women is threatened. But the threat doesn't come from washing dishes. If masculine dignity and authenticity hinge on (depend) washing or not washing dishes, the cause (argument) is lost. Indeed, it was never worth fighting for (975 words);
(inner city; be worth doing/ be worthy of doing) ABOUT THE AUTHOR Page Smith (1917?) is a university professor of history and a specialist in American colonial history. He is also a frequent contributor to newspapers of articles dealing with contemporary affairs. EXERCISES I. Reading Comprehension Answer the following questions or complete the following statements.
  1. According to the author, there has been great concern lately over . A. the complete loss of fatherly authority B. the decreasing number of American fathers C. the increasing number of American mothers D. diminished domestic authority of American fathers
  2. "Pop" in Paragraph 2 refers to . A. the source of domestic authority B. American fathers C. a comic figure on TV shows D. a cartoon figure in movies
  3. Which of the following is not related to Momism? A. Over-deficient. B. Overbearing. C. Overprotective. D. Over dominant.
  4. The word "antedate" in Paragraph 5 most probably means . A. to fall behind B. to come before C. to act against D. to coexist with
  5. According to the author, dishwashing by husbands is regarded by some laymen as . A. a symbol of domestic authority B. a help to family integrity C. an aid to marital relationship D. a source of juvenile delinquency
  6. What is the author's attitude towards male dishwashing? A. Positive. B. Negative. C. Neutral. D. Indifferent.
  7. According to marriage counselors, which of the following might lead to marriage failure? A. Lack of mutual sacrifice. B. Share of domestic drudgery. C. Dishwashing by males. D. Domestic dominance.
  8. Which of the following is NOT true according to the author? A. Every meal that a wife elaborately cooks can be appreciated as a work of art. B. Every meal that a wife serves a husband is the offering of the wife's devotion. C. A successful and happy marriage does not depend on who does dishes. D. Doing dishes harms a man's essential masculinity or his authority in the family.
  9. The author states in the passage that dishwashing A. is no more than an absolute burden B. has deprived males of many social hours with friends C. helps to keep their marital life in good shape D. makes his children better disciplined than before
  10. The author agrees with the view that .
A. the one and only place for the woman is in the home B. the traditional division of labor between men and women is biased against women C. the world needs qualities of males more than those of females D. washing dishes or not has nothing to do with masculinity or femininity II. Vocabulary A. Choose the best word from the four choices to complete each of the following sentences.
  1. If it continues to its responsibilities then the British government must act immediately in its place. A. testify B. proceed (continue) C. discipline(n. vt.) D. abdicate
  2. Just as you do not wish others to their desires upon you, you must leave it to them to be free to follow their own direction in life. (ask for sick leave) A. inflict (impose sth. on sb.) B. dispute C. ridicule D. antedate (go to an earlier time)
  3. She was a tough girl -- determined, arrogant and , with light brown hair and quick, sharp eyes. A. genuine B. hideous C. undermining(destructive) D. opinionated (stubborn)
  4. I think feminism is about liberating women from enforced domestic and maternal (distaff, of mother/ related to mother) . A. dissent (<->consent) B. propaganda C. drudgery D. mutuality
  5. The children have a more view (opinion), only taking in consideration what will work. (take sth. into consideration) A. pragmatic (practical, feasible) B. dreary C. marital D. dominant
  6. While a quarter of men wash their cars once a week, fewer than one in five women carry out the . A. attribute (features/ character) B. chore C. repast D. jargon
  7. If she were rich, that wouldn't stop her (from) caring for children, but she could charge only a(n) fee (fare) to the mothers who badly needed to work. A. intuitive B. nominal C. depressing D. juvenile
  8. We intend to remove the rules and regulations that are discouraging foreign investment in our country. A. onerous B. henpecked C. greasy D. unmitigated (complete/ thorough)
  9. He was a lonely, miserable . alone->lonely (adj.) A. feast B. spouse C. wretch D. dignity
  10. This newly established institution has to face a whole range of crimes and . A. femininity B. prescriptions C. delinquencies (offense) D. authenticity (reliability) B. Choose the best word or expression from the list given for each blank. Use each word or expression only once and make proper changes where necessary. subscribe to gape at hinge on layman masculinity
addicted to
by no means
in short

  1. Education has been directed at (aimed at) the production of the rational (wise), the free, the independent of mind, the dignified, in short (in brief), the autonomous human being. (died for the well-being of the people)
  2. It is quite common to hear teachers say that they do not subscribe to (support/ believe) any particular approach or method in their teaching but are "eclectic".
  3. They nearly (almost) collided and stood gaping at each other. (generation gap/ narrowly escape)
  4. The debate should not, however, center on (focus on/ emphasize) cost, but should hinge on (rely on/ depend on) the ultimate (final) benefit to the nation.
  5. The layman usually thinks of passenger traffic first, and freight (good) second, but the latter is usually of far greater importance. (the former/ the latter; be important=be of great importance)
  6. It is by no means certain that we will be able to move to our new office next spring.
  7. I would say that maleness is purely biological, whereas (while) masculinity is based largely on upbringing ( family education/ bring up) and social conditioning (training).
  8. I know that if I start watching a soap opera (watch) I immediately become hopelessly addicted to it.
  9.There has been a continuing deterioration in the relations between the two neighboring countries. (continue: vt/ vi./ continuous: adj.)
  10. The journey through the mountains we took last summer was very exciting but was fraught (full) with perils (dangers). (trip-> journey) III. Cloze There are ten blanks in the fallowing passage. Read the passage carefully and choose Men best answ



   READING SELECTION A Does Economic Growth (development) Improve Human Morale? By David G. Myers [1] During the mid-1980s my family and I spent a sabbatical year in the historic town of St. Andrews, Scotland. Comparing life there with life in America ...


   READING SELECTION A True Height (n./ high:adj.) By David Naster [1] “The greater the obstacle (is), the more glory (you get) in over coming it." (Moliere) [2] “When it is dark enough, you can see the stars.” (Charles A. Beard) (palm tree/ game ...


   READING SELECTION A American Values at the Crossroads [1] Faced with the rapid change and the fear and uncertainty that go with it, individuals (citizens) as well as (and) nation sometimes seek to return to the ways of the past as a solution. In th ...


   READING SELECTION A Why Smaller Refrigerators Can Preserve the Human Race By Appletree Rodden [1] Why has this change in size and complexity occurred (appear) in America? It has not taken place (happen) in many areas (parts) of the technologically ...

捷进大学英语阅读教程2 译文

   捷进大学英语阅读教程 2 译文 Chapter 1 教育:社会的反思 探访学校, 在世界任何地方, 你可能会注意到若干相似之处。 学生, 教师,课本,黑板和考试无处不在。然而,在任何其他国家相比一个国 家的学校制度是不同于别的的系统。它不能完全一样的,因为每个文化 是不同的。教育系统是一面镜子,反映文化。看看学校系统,你将看到 的社会结构及其文化价值。 墨西哥 在墨西哥,教育系统反映了国家的许多方面。相信国家能够通过教 育实现人人平等的权利。墨西哥的教育系统的基础是国家的宪法,并于 1917 ...

大学英语 阅读教程5 unit 1

   阅读教程5 大学英语 阅读教程 COLLEGE ENGLISH READING COURSE 5 授课教师:曾艳玲 Lynn Introduction What is the aim or objective of this course(5)? Studying plan? What are the requirements? Aims 1) to improve your English proficiency; 2) to acquire a general understanding ...


   浅谈高中英语阅读教学 摘要: 摘要: 阅读是人们获取信息的重要途径。阅读理解能力的高低直接影响和制约 着一个人的听、说、读、写等各方面能力的形成和发展。因此,英语教学的目标 就是要培养学生的独立阅读理解能力和应用语言的能力。 。 关键词 阅读能力 精读 泛读 阅读习惯 文化意识 阅读教学在英语教学中占有非常重要的地位, 以学生实践为基础来引导学生 多看、多读、多练,通过一系列阅读培养学生的阅读技能,提高学生运用语言的 能力。阅读课以培养学生的阅读能力为教学目标,为了达到这一目标,需要学习 和 ...


   浅谈初中英语阅读教学 【内容摘要】 在初中英语教学中,对阅读课教学研究得较浅,远不如高中 阅读课教学的研究和运用。在新课程理念下,英语阅读教学的研究、学生 阅读量增加、阅读兴趣、阅读技能的培养的意义已超出为了学生考试的意 义。激发学生的阅读兴趣、提高学生的阅读水平对激发学生的英语学习兴 趣、提高学生的英语水平有着积极的现实意义。本篇论文提出了研究的问 题,探讨解决的策略,并结合日常教学实践创造性地加强了“问题情景教 学法”研究。以“问题”的形式,以“情景”的方式,引导学生参与、体 验英语阅读 ...


   走进初中英语阅读教学 走进初中英语阅读教学 初中 陈宅镇中 孙诸妍 摘要:阅读教学在英语教学中有非常重要的地位,以学生实践为基础来引导 摘要 学生多看、多读、多练,通过一系列阅读培养学生阅读的技能,提高其学生运用 语言的能力。 阅读课以培养学生的阅读能力为主要的教学目标, 为达到这一目标, 需要学习和掌握课文内容所涉及的语言知识 (词汇、 句型、 语法和习惯用法等) , 以及了解课文内容所涉及的文化背景,进而在阅读方法、阅读速度、阅读技巧和 阅读理解的准确度和深度(阅读欣赏)上得到提高。精选 ...


   高中英语阅读教学之我见 高中英语阅读教学之我见 在社会高速发展的今天,技能教育和素质教育两大板块 的要求越来越重要。高中英语教育也应紧密跟上这一要求, 中学英语教学涉及到学习者的听、说、读、写,也牵动着学 习者的注意力、观察力、毅力及兴趣、动机、情感等众多心 理素质和思想道德、艺术审美等社会文化素质。 教育是以 学生为本的。素质教育正是以人为本, 把学生作为教育的主 体, 以激发学生的主体意识为主旨, 使学生成为积极主动 和富有创造性的学习的主人, 从而全面有效地发展学生素 质。那么,在高中 ...



   高考资源网( 您身边的高考专家 清原高中 2009 届高三年级第二次模拟考试 英 语 试 卷 注意事项: 1.答第 I 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、考试科目、试卷类型用铅笔涂写在答题 卡上。 2.每小题选出答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干 净后,再选涂其他答案标号,不能答在试卷上。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后, 你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。 ...


   翻译句子 1.他经常帮助我学习汉语。 2.他喜欢和我交谈。 3.你通常几点睡觉。 4.我经常步行上班 5.你想加入什么俱乐部? 6.我的朋友早上六点起床。 7.你的生日是什么时候? 2 月 9 日 8.她最喜欢的科目是科学。 9.他们会弹吉他吗?会。 10.你的妈妈想去看电影吗?是,她想去。 11.请写信告诉我有关你自己的情况 12. 我认为中国是一个有趣的地方 13. 我想在中国找一位笔友 14. 他能讲英语,也能讲一点法语 15. 物理是我最喜欢的学科 16 下个休息天我想去动物园. 1 ...


   阅读理解 高考山东省考试大纲对英语阅读 作了以下说明: 作了以下说明: 1. 理解语篇主旨大意; 理解语篇主旨大意; 2. 理解文中具体信息; 理解文中具体信息; 3. 根据上下文提供的线索推测生词的词 义; 4. 作出判断和推理; 作出判断和推理; 5. 理解文章的基本结构; 理解文章的基本结构; 6. 理解作者的观点、意图和态度。 理解作者的观点、意图和态度。 正确答案的特征 正确答案不能有绝对化语言。 1.正确答案不能有绝对化语言。 正确答案不能有绝对化语言 正确答案往往具有合理性, ...

苏教版(凤凰)牛津英语教案8A U1 学习技能

   苏教版(凤凰) 苏教版(凤凰)牛津英语教案 2011 Teaching plan for Unit 1 study skills, 8A 第一部分 简要提示 一、年级:八年级 二、教学内容:8A Unit 1 三、课型:Study skills 四、教学目标 1. 知识目标 1) 词汇:熟悉和运用本课时的四会单词 2) 重点词组 : sit alone some advice move to 重点句型: Friends know very well 3) Who is the girl ne ...


   国家机关翻译表 全国人民代表大会 National People's Congress (NPC) 主席团 Presidium 常务委员会 Standing Committee 办公厅 General Office 秘书处 Secretariat 代表资格审查委员会 Credentials Committee 提案审查委员会 Motions Examination Committee 民族委员会 Ethnic Affairs Committee 法律委员会 Law Committee 财务经 ...