READING SELECTION A A Case ( reason) for (against) Male Dishwashing By Page Smith female a case (reason) for sth.<->a case against sth. [1] Recently there has been a great whooping and hollering (noisy argument) over (about) the diminished dignity and importance (status) of the American father. [2] The poor (pitiful) wretch (fellow/ guy), so the argument goes (says), once the fountainhead of domestic authority, has abdicated (given up), leaving (give/ let) the important child-raising duties to the wife. Pop (father) has become a comic figure (character), ridiculed in cartoons, on TV shows, and in the movies. [3] Because of Pop's (father’s) deficiencies (deficient/, adj./ incompetence), we are told, the family is in bad shape (condition/ come down in the world), the children (are) undisciplined, the atmosphere of the home (is) anxious and insecure. [4] As a corollary (Consequently/ As a result) we have Momism -- the overbearing (bossy), overprotective, over-dominant mother who inflicts (impose/ bring about) all kinds of hideous psychic scars on her offspring (children) while Pop watches TV or sulks in a corner afraid to dispute (argue) the authority of his spouse. mother/ mom/ mum/; dominate; scarf [5] The charge, of course, is not a new one. It antedates (goes before) the republic. George Grenville, Minister to George III, is reported to have pushed the tea tax on the grounds (for the reasons of) that American wives were so addicted to tea drinking that they would never permit their henpecked husbands to ban (prohibit) the stuff. (charge sb. with. sth.=accuse sb. of sth.) [6] Every school child knows the result of this miscalculation. [7] Be that as it may (In fact), the symbol of the diminished domestic male has come to be dishwashing. Sociologists (or psychologists, I forget which/ who) and some opinionated (stubborn) laymen have informed (told) us that the washing of dishes by husbands is not only a symbol of domestic servitude, it is undermining (destroying) Pop as a respected "authority-figure (character)" in the household (family). Hence (Therefore/ Thus) the deterioration of the family, hence juvenile delinquency, hence the decline of the republic, etc. All because Pop washed the dishes. [8] Well, I wish to enter a dissent (argument against it). (inform sb. of sth.) [9] As a pioneer, indeed a missionary, dishwasher of some (about) fifteen years' standing (on end/ continuously), I can identify (recognize) the source of this propaganda at once. It proceeds (go from) from lazy males who don't want to miss the first few innings of the double-header on TV. The scientific (objective) jargon is just window dressing. (man-dominated-society) [10] Experience has made it quite apparent (obvious) that (a successful) marriage calls for (needs) maturity and mutual sacrifice. Most of the marriages that fail, marriage counselors tell us, fail because the partners lack such qualities (quality). Dishwashing, by general agreement, is a classic (typical) example of domestic drudgery, a dreary and almost continuous chore. It is, therefore, an excellent task for husband and wife to share as a symbol of "marital mutuality" rather than "distaff dominance". [11] Every meal that a wife cooks and serves her husband is, if it is prepared with imagination and skill, a genuinely creative act-- a minor (small) work of art -- the meal itself is a kind of love
feast, an offering of the wife's devotion (love). Now do our experts recommend that after such a repast (meal) the husband shuffle, like a dull (uninteresting) brute (beast), into the living (sitting) room to watch the "Perils (Adventure) of Pauline" or to read the comic section (part) of the daily paper while (at the same time) the wife retreats (withdraw) to the depressing disorder of a pillaged (robbed) kitchen, of greasy plates and crusty pots? Is this their prescription for a successful and happy marriage? [12] No, in this instance (case), as in so many, many others, the experts are wrong. I am not, of course, in a position (ready) to testify as to (about) my masculinity (manliness) or lack of it, but I do know that I am no less masculine as a result of fifteen years of dishwashing. Nor have I observed that parental authority has suffered in any measure (degree). [13] My children seem, generally speaking (in general), under rather better discipline than the offspring (children) of a former professional football player in the neighborhood who is hairy as a gorilla, spends all his domestic hours gaping at (watching) TV and has never washed a dish in his life. [14] Moreover (Furthermore), I must state (say) that my dishwashing duties have by no means been an unmitigated (thorough/ complete/ unavoidable) burden. My wife and I have spent many sociable (communicative) hours at the kitchen sink and, I doubt not, discovered some notable (outstanding) things about life and about each other in these nocturnal (at night) dialogues. sexy: slim->masculine; woman [15] I am foursquare for (stand for/ support) womanly women and manly men. I believe that the world needs the qualities (virtues) of abstract and analytical thought, of imagination, creativity and compromise that are more clearly the attributes (characters) of the male as much as (and) it needs the practical, pragmatic, intuitive, unitary, principled approach (method) of the female. I subscribe to (support) the view (concept) that the best (but certainly not the only) place for the woman is in the home. But then, of course, I like the home and do not view (consider) this as a sentence to jail. (analyze->analysis; win-win situation) (intuition: instinct) [16] In (At) the home, and within the rough division of labor that is traditional between husband and wife, I believe in the sharing of as many of the more difficult and onerous domestic tasks as possible (especially since the wife often has some outside job as tiring and tiresome as her husband's) just as I believe in sharing the not infrequent delights (happiness) of home. I believe, in short (in brief), in an intelligent mutuality in marriage based on the assumption (belief) that women are not beasts of burden but fellow humans. (believe sb.=I think what you say is true; believe in sth.=behold such belief; basis) [17] If the husband is the stronger character in the family, he will exercise the authority of the household. If he is not, all the brag and bluster in the world will not make him more than the nominal (honorable)head. [18] If the wife is the stronger partner, she will dominate the life of the family, although if she is cunning (clever) she may manage to (try) give her husband the illusion that he is in charge. So has it ever been and so will it continue to be. (be in charge of sth.) [19] The inner masculinity of the American male is doubtless threatened today just as, in many areas of our society, the essential femininity of our women is threatened. But the threat doesn't come from washing dishes. If masculine dignity and authenticity hinge on (depend) washing or not washing dishes, the cause (argument) is lost. Indeed, it was never worth fighting for (975 words);
(inner city; be worth doing/ be worthy of doing) ABOUT THE AUTHOR Page Smith (1917?) is a university professor of history and a specialist in American colonial history. He is also a frequent contributor to newspapers of articles dealing with contemporary affairs. EXERCISES I. Reading Comprehension Answer the following questions or complete the following statements.
  1. According to the author, there has been great concern lately over . A. the complete loss of fatherly authority B. the decreasing number of American fathers C. the increasing number of American mothers D. diminished domestic authority of American fathers
  2. "Pop" in Paragraph 2 refers to . A. the source of domestic authority B. American fathers C. a comic figure on TV shows D. a cartoon figure in movies
  3. Which of the following is not related to Momism? A. Over-deficient. B. Overbearing. C. Overprotective. D. Over dominant.
  4. The word "antedate" in Paragraph 5 most probably means . A. to fall behind B. to come before C. to act against D. to coexist with
  5. According to the author, dishwashing by husbands is regarded by some laymen as . A. a symbol of domestic authority B. a help to family integrity C. an aid to marital relationship D. a source of juvenile delinquency
  6. What is the author's attitude towards male dishwashing? A. Positive. B. Negative. C. Neutral. D. Indifferent.
  7. According to marriage counselors, which of the following might lead to marriage failure? A. Lack of mutual sacrifice. B. Share of domestic drudgery. C. Dishwashing by males. D. Domestic dominance.
  8. Which of the following is NOT true according to the author? A. Every meal that a wife elaborately cooks can be appreciated as a work of art. B. Every meal that a wife serves a husband is the offering of the wife's devotion. C. A successful and happy marriage does not depend on who does dishes. D. Doing dishes harms a man's essential masculinity or his authority in the family.
  9. The author states in the passage that dishwashing A. is no more than an absolute burden B. has deprived males of many social hours with friends C. helps to keep their marital life in good shape D. makes his children better disciplined than before
  10. The author agrees with the view that .
A. the one and only place for the woman is in the home B. the traditional division of labor between men and women is biased against women C. the world needs qualities of males more than those of females D. washing dishes or not has nothing to do with masculinity or femininity II. Vocabulary A. Choose the best word from the four choices to complete each of the following sentences.
  1. If it continues to its responsibilities then the British government must act immediately in its place. A. testify B. proceed (continue) C. discipline(n. vt.) D. abdicate
  2. Just as you do not wish others to their desires upon you, you must leave it to them to be free to follow their own direction in life. (ask for sick leave) A. inflict (impose sth. on sb.) B. dispute C. ridicule D. antedate (go to an earlier time)
  3. She was a tough girl -- determined, arrogant and , with light brown hair and quick, sharp eyes. A. genuine B. hideous C. undermining(destructive) D. opinionated (stubborn)
  4. I think feminism is about liberating women from enforced domestic and maternal (distaff, of mother/ related to mother) . A. dissent (<->consent) B. propaganda C. drudgery D. mutuality
  5. The children have a more view (opinion), only taking in consideration what will work. (take sth. into consideration) A. pragmatic (practical, feasible) B. dreary C. marital D. dominant
  6. While a quarter of men wash their cars once a week, fewer than one in five women carry out the . A. attribute (features/ character) B. chore C. repast D. jargon
  7. If she were rich, that wouldn't stop her (from) caring for children, but she could charge only a(n) fee (fare) to the mothers who badly needed to work. A. intuitive B. nominal C. depressing D. juvenile
  8. We intend to remove the rules and regulations that are discouraging foreign investment in our country. A. onerous B. henpecked C. greasy D. unmitigated (complete/ thorough)
  9. He was a lonely, miserable . alone->lonely (adj.) A. feast B. spouse C. wretch D. dignity
  10. This newly established institution has to face a whole range of crimes and . A. femininity B. prescriptions C. delinquencies (offense) D. authenticity (reliability) B. Choose the best word or expression from the list given for each blank. Use each word or expression only once and make proper changes where necessary. subscribe to gape at hinge on layman masculinity
addicted to
by no means
in short
deterioration
peril

  1. Education has been directed at (aimed at) the production of the rational (wise), the free, the independent of mind, the dignified, in short (in brief), the autonomous human being. (died for the well-being of the people)
  2. It is quite common to hear teachers say that they do not subscribe to (support/ believe) any particular approach or method in their teaching but are "eclectic".
  3. They nearly (almost) collided and stood gaping at each other. (generation gap/ narrowly escape)
  4. The debate should not, however, center on (focus on/ emphasize) cost, but should hinge on (rely on/ depend on) the ultimate (final) benefit to the nation.
  5. The layman usually thinks of passenger traffic first, and freight (good) second, but the latter is usually of far greater importance. (the former/ the latter; be important=be of great importance)
  6. It is by no means certain that we will be able to move to our new office next spring.
  7. I would say that maleness is purely biological, whereas (while) masculinity is based largely on upbringing ( family education/ bring up) and social conditioning (training).
  8. I know that if I start watching a soap opera (watch) I immediately become hopelessly addicted to it.
  9.There has been a continuing deterioration in the relations between the two neighboring countries. (continue: vt/ vi./ continuous: adj.)
  10. The journey through the mountains we took last summer was very exciting but was fraught (full) with perils (dangers). (trip-> journey) III. Cloze There are ten blanks in the fallowing passage. Read the passage carefully and choose Men best answ
 

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