八年级英语(仁爱版)下册总复习(仁爱版) 八年级英语(仁爱版)下册总复习(仁爱版)语言点归纳
Unit 5 Feeling Happy
Topic 1 Why all the
smiling faces?
Teaching time :
重点词汇: 一. 重点词汇: (一)反义词 happyunhappy/ sad kindcruel interestingboring (二)表示情感的形容词 二 excited 感到兴奋的 unhappy/ sad 伤心的 急的 的 (三) 重点词组
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
  8.
  9. one of my favorite movies 一 spend the evening say thanks to sb. 问好 tell a short story a ticket to… wish to do sth. get enough sleep win a medal feel proud/ lonely 讲一个小故事 一张…的票 希望做某事 得到足够的睡眠 获得一枚奖牌 感到自豪/孤单 为……摆餐具 发烧 有能力做某事 给……打电话 过夜 向某人道谢/道别/ 我最喜欢的电影之 proud 自豪的 surprised 吃惊的 happy 快乐的 worried 焦 angry / mad 生气的 lonely 孤单的 interested 感到有趣的 luckyunlucky poorrich smartstupid/ silly popularunpopular
afraid/ frightened 害怕的
disappointed 失望的 nervous 紧张不安

  10. set a table for…
  11. have a temperature = have a fever
  12. be able to do sth.
  13. ring up

  14. care for= look after/ take care of
  15. because of
  16. cheer up
  17. play the role of sb.
  18. be on
  19. at first
  20. fall into
  21. be afraid of doing sth.
  22. in/at the end = at last
  23. go mad
  24. come into being
  25. be full of
  26. be popular with…
  27. make peace
  28. end/begin with… 重点句型及重点语言点 二. 重点句型及重点语言点
  1. How nice! 真是太好了! What a shame! 真可惜! What bad news! 多糟的消息! 这三句全都是感叹句.它们的结构为: 发疯 形成 充满… 由于
照顾 使……振奋/高兴起来 扮演某人的角色 上演; 放映 首先 落入 害怕做某事 最后
受……喜爱 制造和平 以……结尾/开始

  1) How + adj./ adv. + 主语 + 谓语! 如: How moving the movie is! How fast the boy runs!
  2) What + a/an + adj. + n. (可数名词的单数) + 主语 + 谓语! 如: What a big apple (it is)!
  3) What + adj. + n.(可数名词的复数或不可数名词) + 主语 + 谓语! 如: What interesting stories (they are)! 到《音乐之声》的票. 常见的搭配如下: to 表“的”,常见的搭配如下: a ticket toThe Sound of Music the answer to the question the key to the door 门的钥匙 the way to…去…..的路 一张《音乐之声》的票 问题的答案 What hard work( it is)!
  2. Because he can’t get a ticket to The Sound of Music. 因为他没有买 .

  3. I think Mr. Lee likes it very much and really wishes to watch it. 我 认为李老师非常喜欢它而且的确想去看. 事 与 wish 相关的结构还有: wish/ hope + that 引导的从句; 如: 引导的从句; I wish/ hope (that) we will win. 我们可以说 wish sb. to do sth. 而不能说 hope sb. to do sth.;
  4. I’ll ring up Michael later. 稍后我打电话给迈克. . ring up sb. = call/ ring/ phone sb. = give sb. a ring/ call/ telephone = make a telephone to sb. 当宾语为代词时, 只能放中间.如: ring me/him/her up 当宾语为代词时, 只能放中间.
  5.…since they were not able to go. ……既然他们不能去. . can 与 be able to 二者都表“能;会”,在指“一般能力”时,常互换。如: 二者都表“ 在指“ 一般能力” 常互换。 He can/is able to work out the problem. 他能算出这道难题. 区别: 只有现在式和过去式(could),没有数的变化; (could),没有数的变化 区别: can 只有现在式和过去式(could),没有数的变化;而 be able to 有时态 及数的变化. 如: I/ She couldn’t swim three years ago, but now I / 及数的变化. She can . 三年前,我/她 不会游泳, 但现在我/她能. I will be able to see him next week. 下周, 我将会看到他. They were /He was able to climb the mountain, but now they aren’t/ sth.希望做某 wish/ hope to do sth.希望做某
He wasn’t.They’re / He was too old. 他们/他过去能爬得上这座山, 但
现在不能. 他们/他太老了.
  6. I’m sure Mr. Lee will be surprised and happy! 我确信李老师会很惊奇 . ! 也很高兴! be surprised “感到惊奇的”, 主语一般为人. “感到惊奇的”, 主语一般为人. 感到惊奇的 be surprising “令人惊奇的”, 主语一般为物. “令人惊奇的”, 主语一般为物. 令人惊奇的 类似的有:interested/ interesting; excited/ exciting; bored/ boring
  7. The lonely father often became angry because of the noisy children. 孤独的父亲经常由于吵吵闹闹的的孩子们而发怒了。 because 由于” 是介词短语,后常跟名词或短语。 because of “由于”,是介词短语,后常跟名词或短语。如: He didn’t come to school because of his illness./ because he was ill. illness 由于他的病,他没来上学。 We didn’t go there because of the heavy rain rain./ because it rained heavily. 由于大雨,我们没去那儿。

  8. Maria was able to cheer up the family by teaching them to sing lively teaching songs… 玛丽亚有能力通过教他们唱轻快的歌曲使整个家庭振作起来。 by 是介词,指“通过(某种方式)”,后面跟名词、代词、形容词或动名 词。
  9. What did Maria go to the Von Trapp family for? = Why did Maria go to for the Von Trapp? 玛丽亚为了什么目的去冯特拉普家庭?
  10. … and the mother was so worried that she looked for him everywhere, … 这位母亲是如此焦急,以致于他四处寻找他。 so + adj/ adv. + that + 句子 三. 重点语法
  1.系表结构:Linking verb. + adj. 系表结构: 动词:
  1)be 动词:He is helpful. 等.如: . :
  3)表状态变化的连系动词有:get 变得; turn 转变; 表状态变化的连系动词有: 等. 如: In summer, the days get longer, the weather gets warmer. In fall, the leaves turn yellow. He became angry.
  2.because 引导的原因状语从句: 引导的原因状语从句: because 用来回答 why 提问的问句,表示的 原因语气很强,一般用在主句后面,强调因果关系. Mr. Wang looks tired because he worked late last night and didn’t get enough sleep. Kangkang is disappointed because his best friend is not able to come. Why do they feel proud? Because a player from their country won a medal. The mother went mad. go 变; become 变成 等 常见的连系动词如下: 常见的连系动词如下: They are tired. 指“如此…以致于” 如此…以致于”

  2) 表 “…起来”:look 看起来; sound 听起来; taste 尝起来;feel 摸起来等 “…起来” 起来
Topic 2 Teaching time :
Why is Beth crying? Beth
一、重点词汇: 重点词汇:
(一)词形转换: 词形转换:
  1.badly(反义词)well
  3.understand(过去式)understood
  5.satisfaction(形容词)satisfied 词)surprised
  7.suggestion(动词)suggest
  9.advice(同义词)suggestion
  11.humorous(名词)humor
  13.unfair(反义词)fair (二)重点词组: 二 重点词组: 形容词+ 介词” 的结构: ( 1 ) “be + 形容词+ 介词” 的结构: be worried about be anxious about be glad about be nervous about be strict with sb. be strict in / about sth. be patient with be pleased / satisfied with be bored with be popular with be angry with/at sb. be angry at/ about sth. be surprised at be mad at be excited at be interested in be tired of be afraid of ( 2 ) 课文词组: 课文词组:
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4. do badly in talk with sb. = have a talk with sb. over and over again wait in line 在某方面表现很差 与某人谈一谈 反复地; 一再 排队等候 对……感到担心/ 焦虑 对……感到焦虑 对……高兴 对……紧张 对某人严格 对某事严格 对……耐心 对……满意 对……烦闷 受……欢迎 对某人生气 对某事生气 对……惊奇 对……气愤 对……兴奋 对……有兴趣 对……疲倦 对……害怕
  8.stranger(形容词)strange
  10.either(反义词)too
  12.sad(名词)sadness
  14.hit(过去式)hit
  2.shy(最高级)shyest
  4.anxious(同义词)worried
  6.surprise(形容

  5.
  6.
  7.
  8.
  9.
fall behind get sb. to do sth. at one’s age try to eat less high-energy food 食品 calm down
落后 让某人做某事 在某人的年龄时 少吃高能量的 冷静; 镇静 有不好的经历 帮助 在某人十几岁时 发生 搬到某处 习惯于(做)某事 与……交朋友 参加(活动) 被他人接受;相处融 处理; 处置 考试不及格 失去一个朋友 拒绝做某事 与某人争论 过正常的生活

  10. have bad experiences
  11. give…a hand
  12. in one’s teens
  13. happen to sb.
  14. move to spl.
  15. get used to (doing) sth.
  16. be / make friends with
  17. join in
  18. fit in 洽
  19. deal with
  20. fail to pass an exam = fail an exam
  21. lose a friend or relative 或亲戚
  22. refuse to do sth.
  23. argue with sb.
  24. have a normal life 二、重点句型及重点语言点
  1.
Anything wrong? = Is there anything wrong? 有什么麻烦吗? 形容词修饰不定代词要后置. 如: something bad 不好的事情 everything new 一切新的事物

  2.
What seems to be the problem? 似乎有什么问题? “似乎做某事 似乎做某事” 句子” seem to do sth. “似乎做某事” 常与 “It seems that + 句子” 转 换, 如: He seems to know her name. = It seems that he knows her name. 似 乎他知道她的名字. seem + adj “似乎(怎样)”, 构成系表结构. 如: “似乎(怎样)”, 构成系表结构. 似乎
You seem sad. = You seem (to be) sad.= It seems that you are sad. 你似乎很伤心.
  3. What is the teacher like? 那个老师是什么样的人? like What’s sb. like? 常询问人的内在品质或性恪. 如: 常询问人的内在品质或性恪 --What’s Beth like? -- She is shy and quiet. -- She is nice with big eyes. What does sb. look like? 常询问人的长相. 如: 常询问人的长相. --What’s Beth look like ? 常可以互换, be like 与 look like 常可以互换, 如: He looks like his mother. = He is like his mother. 他看起来像他的 父亲.
  4. It is important to talk to someone else. 跟其它人交流很重要. 句型 “It is + adj. + to do”中, “It”是形式主语,真正主语是后面 do”中 “It”是形式主语, 是形式主语 的动词不定式. 如: 的动词不定式 It is normal to feel tired after a long trip.长途旅行后,感到疲劳 是正常的. It is dangerous to swim in the sea. 在大海里游泳是很危险的.
  5. …, but I don’t know how to get other students to talk with m me. 但是我不知道怎样使他们和我交谈. get sb. to do sth. “使(让/ 叫) 某人做某事”, 相当于 ask / tell sb. “使 某人做某事”, sth.或者说 to do sth.或者说 let / make sb. do sth.
  6. It usually takes me a long time to become happy again. 通常要花 我很长时间才能重新快乐起来. 花了某人某时做某事. : 句型 “It takes sb. some time to do sth.” 花了某人某时做某事. 如: It took me three days to finish this work. 花了我三天时间完成这项 工作.
  7.
  8. 据说…… It is said that… 据说…… ... when something bad happens to us. 当不好的事情发生 . 发生在我们身 发生 上时. 某事发生在某人身上”. 是一种惯用句型. “sth. happens to sb.”, 指“某事发生在某人身上”. 是一种惯用句型. 如: A serious accident happened to his brother yesterday. 昨天,一个重大事故发生在他的兄弟身上. happen to do sth. 指 “碰巧做某事”, 如: 碰巧做某事”, I happened to see my friend Jim in the street yesterday.
昨天,我碰巧在街上看到我的朋友吉姆.
  9. How time flies! “光阴似箭!” 是 How quickly the time flies! 简 略句.
  10. I have to get used to everything new. 我不得不去适应一切新的事物. “习惯于 习惯于( 某事”. 其中是介词. get / be used to (doing) sth. “习惯于(做)某事”. 其中是介词. 如: He can’t get used to the weather here. 他不习惯这儿的天气. I am used to getting up early. 我习惯于早起. 过去常做某事”, used to do sth. 指 “过去常做某事”, 如: He used to listen to the pop songs, but now he listens to the folk songs. 他过去常听通俗歌曲,但现在他听民歌.
  11. I try to join in activities of many kinds. 我尽量参加各式各样的 活动. join in sth. 指“参加……活动”, 相当于 take part in 或 be in. join 指 “参加某个组织或团体” 12 . How does Jeff deal with his sadness? 杰夫怎样处理他的忧伤的? How…deal with? “怎样处理?” 相当于“What ….do with?” 三、重点语法 同级比较
  1) 表示两者在某一方面程度相等时,用句型 “as + 形容词/副词原级 + 形容词/ as + 比较对象”. 表 “与……一样”. 如: 比较对象”. ……一样”. 一样 Celia is as patient as Sue. 西莉亚与苏一样耐心. Jim draws as well as Tom. 吉姆画得与汤姆一样好.
  2) 表示某人或某物在某一方面,不如另一个人或另一物时,用句型 “not + as/so + 形容词/副词原级 + as + 比较对象”, 表 “不如……”. 如: 形容词/ 比较对象”, 不如……”. Jim isn’t as tall as Tom.= Tom is taller than Jim. 吉姆不如汤姆 高./ 汤姆比吉姆高. Jim doesn’t studies as hard as Tom. = Tom studies harder than Jim. 吉姆不如汤姆学得努力./ 汤姆学得比吉姆努力. The roads here are
 

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