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《高中英语》
必修2 必修

  1.
  3《Unit 1 Cultural relics (reading)》
Reading
What is a cultural relic ?
A cultural relic is something that has survived for a long time, often a part of something old that has remained when the rest of it has been destroyed; it tells people about the past.
According to the definition, what characteristics does a cultural relic have ? rare precious valuable
old cultural relic mysterious

Can you recognize any other cultural relics? Do you have any in your family?


The Amber Room
skimming
The main idea of each paragraph:
Para 1: of the Amber Room. General description
History and functions Para 2: of the Amber Room. Change Para3: of the Amber Room. Disappearance Para 4: of the Amber Room. Reproduction Para 5: of the Amber Room.
Scanning

  1.) draw a chart to show the remove of the Amber Room
Prussia Russia German city on the Baltic Sea the winter palace Petersburgin St Petersburg-
?
the summer palace in St Petersburg
A strange history
Year
What happened to the Amber Room
In 1716 , Frederick William I gave the Amber Room to Peter the Great , as a gift of friendship from Prussian to the Russian people.
1716
1770
In 1770, the Amber Room was completed the way Catherine Ⅱ wanted it.
1941
In September, 1941, the Nazi German and Russia were at war, and the Amber Room was missing. In the spring of 2003, a new Amber Room was built at the Summer Palace, and it was 300 years old.
2003
Join the correct parts of the sentences together.
  1. Frederick I
  2. Frederick William I
  3. Peter the Great
  4. Catherine II
  5. The Nazi army
  6. The Russians and Germans
A. Stole the Amber Room B. Sent a troop of his best soldiers to the King of Prussia. C. Had the Amber Room made D. Had it moved outside St Petersburg. E. Gave it to the Czar as a gift F. Built a new Amber Rom after studying pictures of the old one
Put the numbers in the boxes. Then answer the questions.
Para 3
Para 5
Para 4 Para 1
Para 2
In groups discuss: Is it worth rebuilding lost cultural relics such as the Amber Room or Yuan Ming Yuan in Beijing? Give your reasons.
Detailed-Reading

  1. The king of Prussia who gave the Amber Room as a gift to Russia was. B A. Frederick I B. Frederick William I C. Peter the Great D. Catherine II
Detailed-Reading

  2. The king of Prussia gave the Amber Room to Russia because. D A. he wanted to marry Catherine II. B. he was kind. C. he needed better soldiers D. he wanted to make friends
Detailed-Reading

  3. The Amber Room was stolen by. B A. Russian soldiers B. German soldiers C. People in Konigsberg D. People in St Petersburg
  4. In 1941, the city of Konigsberg was in . A A. Germany B. Russia C. Sweden D. France
Detailed-Reading

  5. The Russians didn’t hide the Amber C Room because . A. they were at war B. the couldn’t find a place C. the German soldiers arrived too soon D. no train could take it away
Reading: SURE or NOT SURE
(NS)
  1. The Amber Room was not easy to make. ( S )
  2. Catherine II didn’t like everything about the Amber Room when she first saw it. ( S )
  3. The Amber Room was taken to Konigsberg and hidden there in 19
  41.
Reading
( NS )
  4. The Russians didn’t care about the Amber Room. ( NS )
  5. The Russians don’t think the Amber Room will ever be found.
Explanation
  1. compete: (vt) take part in a race, contest, exam, etc. (
  1) compete in 在…中比赛 竞争 中比赛/竞争 中比赛 Will you compete in the race? (
  2) compete against / with… 与…竞争 竞争/ 竞争 比赛 He is going to compete against / with his classmates.
(
  3) compete for 为…而竞争 比赛 而竞争/比赛 而竞争 The two teams will compete for the championship. (
  4) competitor 竞争者 competition 竞争 比赛 竞争, competitive (adj.) 竞争性的, 比赛性的 竞争性的

  2. survive vt &vi 幸存 Fortunately he survived the traffic accident. Camels can survive for many days with no water. The helicopter picked up all the survivors . They prayed for the of the sailors. survival survivor (n.) 幸存者 survival (n.) 幸存

  3. remain (
  1) vi. 留下 遗留 留下, I went to the city, but my brother remained at home. (
  2) link-verb. 后接 /adj. /介词短语 后接n. 介词短语/ 介词短语 表位置的adv. 表位置的 My friend became a boss, but I remained a teacher. The death of the old man remained unknown. The problem remains to be discussed.
Nothing remains but to send the invitation out. (只要 就行了) 只要…就行了 只要 就行了 It only remains for me to sign the paper that you gave me. (某人所要做的只是某 某人所要做的只是某 事) He bought a new book with the (剩下的 40 yuan. 剩下的) remaining 剩下的 =He bought a new book with the 40 yuan . (剩下的 剩下的) left 剩下的
Why do you look so upset? There are so many troublesome problems . C A. remaining to settle B. remained settled C. remaining to be settled D. remained to be settled.

  4. the rest 作主语时 根据指带对象不同 作主语时, 根据指带对象不同, 可能是单数,也可能是复数。 可能是单数 也可能是复数。 也可能是复数 (
  1) I have finished most of the work, and the rest __ to be done next week. is (
  2) Some students went out, and the rest remained in the classroom. are

  5. imagine vt. 想象 n. imagination (
  1) You can’t imagine how I miss you all. (
  2) We can hardly imagine life without water. (
  3) Can you imagine her becoming a thief? = Can you imagine her as a thief?

  6. state / condition / situation (
  1) We try to make ourselves get into a before the exam. state (
  2) Janna is in a poor of health, state which worries her parents. (
  3) His health is in good condition .
(
  4) Suddenly he found himself in a difficult . situation state 状态 可数名词 condition 条 状态, 可数名词; 件, 复数形式表 “环境 状况”; 环境, 状况” situation 指处境 局势。 指处境, 局势。

  7. find / find out / discover (
  1) I’ve the book I was looking for. found (
  2) Please what time they are find out coming. (
  3) The police are trying hard to find out about the accident.
(
  4) Columbus discovered the New World in 14
  92. find out : 经过努力有意去 “找”, “打听 “打听”, “弄清楚”; find: “找到, 打听” “弄清楚 弄清楚” “找到 找到, 发现” 强调结果。 发现”, 强调结果。 discover: 发现本来就存在但未被人 所知的事物, 地方, 思想等。 所知的事物 地方 思想等。

  8. gift 礼物 天赋 礼物; He has got lots of birthday gifts. He is a man of gifts. 他多才多艺。 他多才多艺。 The boy has a gift for music. gifted (adj.) 有天赋的

  9. 情态动词 情态动词+have done (对过去发生的事 对过去发生的事 实的推测) 实的推测 He paid for a seat when he could have entered free. (could /would / must / need) I couldn’t have been more than six years old when the accident happened. (shouldn’t / couldn’t / mustn’t / needn’t)

  10. …it easily melts when heated… 连接词+分词 前后主语一致 连接词 分词(前后主语一致 主动用 分词 前后主语一致: v-ing, 被动用过去分词 。 被动用过去分词)。 (
  1) While (they were) the house, building they found the vase. (
  2) When (he was) , he made no asked answer.
(
  3) Unless (I am) , I won’t go invited there. (
  4) When help, one often says offered “Thank you” or “It’s kind of you”. (offering / to offer / to be offered / offered) (
  5) When first (introduce) to introduced the market, these products enjoyed great success. (o4 四川 四川)

  11. design (v. / n.) (
  1) They the building carefully. designed (
  2) The experiment test the is designed to new drug. (打算将 用作 打算将…用作 打算将 用作…) (
  3) I like the of the new school. design (
  4) Children above 12 are able to take part designed in skiing or other activities (design) for them. (05丰台统考 丰台统考) 丰台统考

  12. fancy adj. (
  1) fancy clothes 新奇服装 (
  2) Fancy meeting you here! 想不到在这儿见到你了! 想不到在这儿见到你了 (
  3) I don’t fancy walking in the snow. 我不喜欢在雨中行走。 我不喜欢在雨中行走。 have a fancy for… 爱好 爱上 入迷 爱好,爱上 爱上,入迷 fancy sb. doing sth. 想象某人做某事

  13. in return 回报 作为报酬 回报,作为报酬 What can we do for them in return for all the help they have given us? 我们将怎样来报答他们所给予我们的 种种帮助呢? 种种帮助呢 I gave him some books in return for his assistance. in turn 轮流地 依次 反过来 轮流地,依次 依次; by turns 轮流地 时而 时而 轮流地,时而 时而… 时而…时而

  14. missing / lost / gone (
  1) Five people were missing . (
  2) The boat and all the men were lost in the storm. (
  3) My pain in the leg is now. gone (
  4) Much to his upset, Bob found his wallet just as he wanted to missing pay for the necktie.
missing: “丢失的 缺少的”, 强调不在 丢失的, 丢失的 缺少的” 场; lost: 过去分词 “失去的 丧失的” 过去分词, 失去的 丧失的” 失去的, gone: 过去分词 “过去的 不在的 丢了”, 过去分词, 过去的 不在的,丢了 过去的,不在的 丢了” 常作表语和补语。 常作表语和补语。
  15. 介词 名词 (表状态 介词+名词 表状态 表状态) at war/work/home/table on show/duty/sale/holiday/fire/watch in trouble/danger/battle/doubt under repair/discussion/construction

  16. There’s no doubt that… There’s no need to do / for sth / sb There’s no possibility that… (It’s) no wonder (that)…难怪 难怪… 难怪 (
  1) Do you doubt she will succeed? that (
  2) I doubt he will keep his if/whether word. (
  3) I have no doubt he will win the that game.
Homework

  1. Remember the useful words and Expressions.
  2. Prepare for the next period.
 

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