英语考前必看知识点 一. 易错词
  1.三者以上另一个: another
  4.感觉 feel: felt felt .落下 fall: fell fallen
  7.月份 month .嘴巴 mouth
  10.远 far: farther farthest
  11. 四十 forty dark. A. because
  2.Which is the
  3.Be 二. doing (动名词)
  1.finish / enjoy / be busy / be worth / keep / spend / feel like/ prefer doing to doing
  2.介词后 + doing be good at / how about / what about / thank you for / make a contribution to …
  3.动词作主语 Eg
  1.That old man enjoys
  3.I don’t feel like 三. to do (动词不定式) used to do 过去常常做某事,过去曾做某事. be used to do 被用来做某事. be used to doing 习惯于做某事.
  1.ask sb. to do / want sb. to do / tell sb. to do / allow sb. to do /encourage sb. to do /teach sb. to do
  2.would like to do / forget to do /
  3.It’s adj to do /It’s best to do sth/ It’s one’s turn to do sth /find it adj. to do / It’s time to do /It takes sb.时段 to do /It’s best to do sth/ It’s one’s turn to do sth (it: 形主/宾) There’s no time to do sth /have sth to do /too…to do sth / enough…to do sth
  4. for sb. to do /
  5.not to do
  6.疑问词+ to do how to do it / what to do 服 medicine on time. D. of him doing D. nice for the coat.
  7.注意个别介词 (动词词组完整) Eg.
  1. It’s necessary
  2.It’s not easy
  3. It’s A. bad for so much homework in one day. It’s nice (kind) of you. to do sth. (讲)stories to children. 说 English.
  2.He stayed in England for two years, but he isn’t good at 吃 anything. B. though (安静), class begins. C.thought D. through (十二)month of a year ? ?December
  2. 幸运地: luckily
  5. 是否 :whether 天气 :weather
  8. 尽管 though . 穿过 through . 思考(过)thought
  3.第十二: twelfth
  6.安静的 quiet .十分 quite .
  9.九 nine .十九 nineteen .九十 ninety .第九 ninth it’s getting
eg
  1.-Where are the farmers? ?The farmers are still working in the fields,
A. for him to do B. of him to do C. for him doing you to catch the thief. B. nice of C. easy of

  4. It’s very cold outside. Please tell the boy
A. don’t take off B. take off A. to live A. what to do
  7.There is a room 三. do 原形 B. living in B. how to do
C. don’t put on . C. to live in first. C. where to go
D. not take off D. to stay D. what do I do

  5. We were poor then we had no room
  6. I can’t drive the car, can you show me (居住)

  1. let\make\listen to\hear\look at\watch\have\feel (主动不 to,被动 to)
  2. had better 〕(not) do sth.
  3. would you please〕
  4. why not do sth.= why don’t you do sth
  5. 助动词 + do sth. Eg.
  1.Tom wanted to make his brother (哭)by his brother.
  2.Finish your homework first, or I won’t let you A.to go out B.go out C. going out D. will go out
  3.It’s too noisy. You’d better
  4.I’m very tired today. ?Why take 四. 注意区别时态 cost ? cost ? cost cut ? cut ? cut hit ? hit ? hit hurt ? hurt ? hurt let ? let ? let A.so she did
  3. The boy 五. 五. in + 一段时间 { ① how soon ② 一般将来时 } Eg.
  1.will you come back home ? ? In half an hour. more trees in China.A. are B.will be C. is going to A. How often B. How fast C. How soon D. How long
  2.In a few years’ time, there 六.状从
  1.if (假如): 条件状语从句 when (当…时候), as soon as , until, before , after:时间状语从句 ☆ 用一般现在时代替一般将来时
  2.if 是否: 宾从 假如: 状从 Eg.
  1.I want to know if Mr Smith
  2. If it when 什么时候: 宾从 当…时 : 状从 again. Please tell me as soon as he . put - put - put set - set ? set read- read- read B. she did so C. so did she D. so did he ? (fall) off his bike and hurt himself. Eg.
  1.His sister read the picture-book three times yesterday.
  2. Your father put on his clothes and went out, the radio or others will be unhappy. a rest . A.don’t take B. not to take C. not take D. A. to turn down B. turn on C. turn up D. turn down . (哭),but this time he is made
A. comes,comes B. will come ,will comes C. comes , will come D. will come , comes here tomorrow , we’ll go to the Great Wall together.
A. not rain 八. 名词
B. don’t rain
C.won’t rain (来). If she
D. doesn’t rain (来), please tell me.

  3. He asks if she

  1.常见的不可数名词: news weather work money music paper food(rice bread meat …) drink (milk orange …)
  2. 只表示复数: people police trousers the Greens knife-knives shelf-shelves leaf-leaves German-Germans Eg.
  1.How many
  2.
  3.
  4. The
  5. The
  6. Sheep
  7. 九
  1.He with…...】
  2.He except…】看前面的主语
  1. Neither A nor B 〉〉
  2. Either A or B 〉〉就近原则
  3. There be A and B 〉〉
  7.Not only A but also B〉〉 Eg.
  1. Jone, one of my good friends,
  2. My sister with my parents
  3. There
  4. Neither he nor I 十. see/ hear sb. {do(整个过程) {doing(正在发生) eg. Do you often hear John Listen ! Now we can hear him in his room? in his room. (be) be a teacher. (游泳)faster than any other girl. (去过)Shanghai three times. After ten clothes
  3. 特殊的复数: sheep-sheep deer ?deer Japanese- Japanese Chinese- Chinese tomato-tomatoes potato-potatoes man doctor-men doctors apple tree ? apple trees 人 are there?

  4. 所有格(时间,距离) in a few years’ time / five minutes’ ride surprising news! A. What a B. What C. How D. How a good weather! (女) teachers will play the game next week. (双胞胎) brother will come here . by farmers producing wool and meat.
A. are kept , to B. are kept , for C. is kept , to D. is kept , to (分钟)walk , we arrived. 儿童节 妇女节
  8. 教师节
a pen and two rulers yesterday.
A. sing, to sing B. singing, singing C. sing, singing D. to sing, singing 雷同: Clark found the old man on the floor this time last night.(lie) 十一. 回答
  1.前面否定的反意疑问句: 根据事实回答,实际是用 yes ,实际不是用 no
  2.Would you like to go with me? very well. - Yes , I’d like/love to. , though she was not feeling eg. ?She didn’t come to school yesterday, did she?-
A. No, she didn’t B.Yes,she was C.No, she wasn’t D. Yes, she did 十二.短暂性动词→→持续性动词
  1.一段时间: How long
  2.buy→have for+时间段 since+时间点 borrow→keep die→be dead open→be open come→be here begin→be on get ready-be ready get up-be up for more than two weeks. A. has left B.has been away for two years. A. open B.opened C. opening
leave→be away (from…) Eg.
  1. The headmaster
  2.The factory has been 十三.时间介词
at 点 on 天 in 其余▲on the night of my birthday / on the morning of May 8,2004 十四.数词
  1.前有后无: 数词(several)+hundred / thousand / million / billion
  2.前无后有: ■+ hundreds of / thousands of / millions of / billions of 十五. 情态动词
  1.May I ….? No , you mustn’t .
  2. Must I …? No , you needn’t . 十六.冠词
  1. an hour / a useful way / a
  2.an a /e /i /o 十七.There be 句型 There is going to be 十八.祈使句
  1.(祈使句:肯/否) Let us ….., will you ? Let’s …. ,shall we ?
  2.前否: hardly / no / nothing / never / little / few 十九.
  1. (合成不定代词)something , anything, nothing , everything , somebody, anybody , nobody , everybody
  2. ↓
  3.enough else 二十.宾从
  1.时态一致&客观真理:一般现在时;
  2.陈述句语序: 主语 + 谓语 Eg. Could you tell me Miss Wu told me Lucy Miss Wu told me light 二十一.动词区别 I 花费
  1.It takes /took sb. time to do sth
  2.pay /paid money for sth
  3.sb spend /spent time or money on sth (in) doing sth
  4.主语: 物 + cost /cost II .借
  1.borrow …from (借进) //
  2. lend/lent …to (借出) (go) out. (travel) much faster than sound. 注意语气委婉型(Could you tell me….?) (怎样去那儿)? ★ 注意 what’s wrong ?(疑问词作主语型) 作主语:单数 【放前】 【放后】 one-year-old baby / x / s / h / r ※a “u” /f /l / m /n
III.忘记 forget /forgot / forgotten IV 到达 reach +地点 arrive in 大地点 //at 小地点 get to +地点 V. be made of 材料(看得出) from 材料(看不出) in 地点 by 人 VI 位于 lie 二十二.since
  1. 现在完成时 + since + 一般过去时
  2. It’s 时间段 + since + 一般过去时 二十三. 两者共有: Mike and John’s Eg . This is They are 二十四.
  1.one … the other (两者)
  2.one … another(三者以上)
  3.one … the other two(三者中的另两个) lay lain laid lying laying 下蛋 lay laid
//
leave/ left/left +地点
(Lucy Lily) room. (Lucy Lily) mothers.

  3.some … others(不确定范围的另一些人/物) 二十五. because /so 二十六 have gone to (人不在说话地) have been to (人在说话地) have been in (呆在某地+ 一段时间) 二十七 感叹句 What (a/an) adj.+n. (主+谓)! How adj (主+谓)! ★ 好了 // // adv. + v. / adj / adv. not as/so …(原级) as 二十八.形容词
  1.adj +n. / 联系动词+adj
  2.as ….(原级) as
  3.比较级(er) + than
  4.much. / a little / even / still / far …+比较级(er) * much more
  5.the +最高级(est) +范围(in / of ) = be 比较级(er) + than any other +单数名词 二十九.也
  1. too 句尾 + 肯定 // either 句尾 + 否定 // also 句中 // He works hard, so do I .
  2.He is a teacher , so am I . though / but 不连用
He isn’t a teacher, neither am I. // He doesn’t work hard , neither do I .
三十.几种常见句型转换
  1.Mr Wang is so busy that he can’t go to the big cinema.(否) = Mr Wang is too busy to go to the big cinema.
  2.The room is so big that it can hold 200 people.(肯) = The room is big enough to hold 200 people.
  3.I don’t like this coat. He doesn’t like it , either. = Neither I nor he likes this coat.
  4.My sister learned Russian after she finished Middle School. = My sister didn’t learned Russian until she finished Middle School 三十一. stop to do (停止去做另一件事 do)
doing (停止做的事 do)
初中英语 57 个中考必备句型 1 as soon as 2 as…as 3 as…as possible 4 ask sb. for sth. 5 ask/tell sb. (how) to do sth. 6 ask/tell sb. (not) to do sth. 7 be afraid of doing/that 8 be busy doing sth. 9 be famous/late/ready/sorry for… 10 be glad that 11 buy/give/show/bring/lend/send/pass/tell…sth. to sb. 12 buy/give/show/bring/lend/send/pass/tell sb. sth. 13 either…or 14 enjoy/hate/like/finish/stop/mind/keep/go on doing sth. 15 find it + adj to do sth. 16 get + 比较级 17 get ready for/get sth. ready 18 had better (not) do sth. 19 help sb. (to) do/help sb.with 20 I don’t think that 21 I would like to /Would you like to…? 22 is one of the + 最高级 + n(pl.)… 23 It is +adj. for sb. to do sth. 24 It is a good idea to do sth. 25 It is the second + 最高级 +n. 26 It looks like …/It sounds like … 27 It seems to sb. that…
28 It sounds +adj. /It looks +adj. 29 It takes sb some time. to do sth. 30 It’s bad/good for… 31 It’s time for…/to do sth. 32 It’s two meters (years) long (high, old). 33 keep sb. doing 34 keep/make sth. +adj. 35 like to do / like doing 36 make / let sb.(not) do sth. 37 neither…nor 38 not…at all 39 not…until 40 One…the other…/Some… others… 41 prefer…to 42 see/hear sb. do(doing) sth. 43 so…that 44 spend…on /(in) doing sth. 45 stop to do /stop doing 46 such a +adj. +n. that… 47 take/bring sth with sb. 48 thank sb for sth. 49 The more…the better 50 There is sth. wrong with… 51 too…to 52 used to 53 What about /How about…? 54 What’s the matter with…? 55 What’s wrong…? 56 Why not…? 57 Will (would, could) you please…? All(a.,pron.&n.) all by oneself 独立,单独 above all 首先,特别是,最重要的是 after all 到底,毕竟 first of all 首先 in all 总共 most of all 最最 all at once 突然,同时,马上 all of a sudden 突然 all right 好吧,行,情况不错 all sorts of 各种各样的 all kinds of 各种各样的
all the best 万事如意 all the more 更加 all the same 尽管如此,仍旧(照样) all the year round 一年到头 AS(conj.,adv.& pron.) as…as…与。。。。。。一样 as a matter of fact 事实上 as a rule 通常 as a result 结果 as a whole 总的来说 as if(as though) 好象 as follows 如下 as for 就。。。。。。而言 as(so) long as 只要 as soon as 一。。。。。。就 as soon as possible 尽快 as usual 象往常一样 as well 也,还 as well as 同。。。。。。一样 might(may) as well 不妨 so as to 以便 At(prep.) at a time 一次,每次 at breakfast 早餐时,正在吃早饭 at first 最初 at home 在家 at last 最后,终于 at least 至少 at (the) most 至多,不超过 at one time 以前,曾经 at once 立刻,马上 at night 在夜里,在晚上 at midnight 在半夜 at present 目前,现在 at times 有时候 at sea 在大海上,在航行 at one’s own expense 自费 at the bottom 在底端 at the end (of) 最后,尽头 at the latest 最迟 at the mercy of 在……的支配下 at the head of 在……的前头
at the moment 此刻 at the same time 同时 at work 在工作 laugh at 嘲笑 throw at 向……扔去 work hard at 努力工作(学习) By(prep.) by accident 偶然地 by air(sea,bus…)乘飞机(乘船,乘公共汽车……) by chance 碰巧,偶然地 by day(night) 在白天(夜晚) day by day 一天天地 by and by 不久 by far 得多,最最 learn (know)by heart 记熟,背诵 by mistake 错误地,由于疏忽所致 Bring(v.) bring about 引起,实现,使发生 bring down 使倒下,使下降,击落,推翻 bring
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