2010 年 9 月“大学英语 B”网考强化辅导补充材料 ”
-- 2010 年 4 月实考题 (网考复习重点内容:07 版的“大学英语 B”6 套模拟题和 2010 年 4 月实考题)
第一部分: 第一部分:阅读理解
Passage 1 Nancy and Peter McCall like sports. In the summer they swim and in the winter they ski. They are planning a ski trip for this weekend, but they don't know about the weather. It's 7∶30 now, and they are listening to the weather report on the radio. The weatherman is giving the weather for the weekend. “Friday is going to be cold and cloudy, but it's not going to rain. The temperature is going to be in the thirties. It's going to snow Friday night and maybe Saturday morning. Saturday afternoon and Sunday are going to be cold and sunny.” Now Nancy and Peter are excited. The weather is going to be perfect for a ski trip. They are going to have a wonderful weekend in the mountains.
  1. When did Nancy and Peter listen to the weather forecast? A. Thursday evening B. Friday evening C. Friday morning D. Saturday evening
  2. What are Nancy and Peter planning for the weekend? A. A trip to the mountains B. A trip to a winter resort C. A ski trip in the mountains D. A trip to a sports center
  3. When is it going to snow according to the weather forecast? A. Thursday night B. Friday morning C. Saturday night D. Friday night
  4. What will the weather be like on Sunday? A. Cold and cloudy B. Warm and rainy C. Clear, cold and sunny D. Clear, warm and sunny
  5. What can you infer from the passage? A. Nancy and Peter must live quite near the mountains B. Nancy and Peter like skiing better than swimming C. Nancy and Peter go swimming or skiing every weekend D. Nancy and Peter listen to weather reports very often Passage 2 Great changes have been made in family life because of science and industry. In the past, when more Americans lived on farms, the typical family had many children. In a farm family, parents and their children often lived with grandparents. Often, too, uncles and aunts lived nearby. But when industry became more important than agriculture in American life, families became smaller because industry requires workers who are ready and able to move off the land and to move again whenever necessary. And large families cannot be moved from place to place as smaller families can. So, at present people tent to have smaller families. In the future, because of industrialization, a typical family will be required to move even
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more often than now, so families will be even smaller. The typical family may remain childless and consists only of a man and a woman. A small number of families may take raising children as their chief work. At the same time they may also raise other people's children, leaving those families free to move from job to job.
  1. Which of the following topics is discussed in the passage? A. Development of science and industry in America B. Influence of science and industry on American families C. The harmful effect of industrialization D. Social problems resulting from the highly developed science and industry in America
  2. What kind of families is described in the passage? A. Families of the past B. Families of the present and of the future C. Families of the past and of the future D. Families of the past, the present and the future
  3. According to the writer, what is one of the reasons why families are getting smaller in America? A. children tend to leave their parents and grandparents when they grow up B. People no longer want to have children C. The need for workers who are able to move at any time has been increasing D. Both old and young people prefer to live by themselves
  4. Who will take the chief responsibility of raising children in the future? A. Parents themselves B. Grandparents C. Social workers D. A small number of families
  5. What can you infer from the passage? A. Science and industry have caused thousands of families to split B. Children do not like to live with their parents or grandparents C. Large families can hardly survive in a highly industrialized society D. Americans are very choosy with their jobs Passage 3 A man got into a train and found himself sitting opposite a woman who seemed to be about thirty-five years old. Soon they began talking to each other, and the man said to her, “Do you have a family?” “Yes, I have one son, ” the woman answered. “Oh, really?” said the man. “Does he smoke?” “No, he’s never touched a cigarette,” the woman replied. “That’s good,” the man continued. “I don’t smoke either. Tobacco is very bad to one’s health. And does your son drink wine?” “Oh, no,” the woman answered at once. “He’s never drunk a drop of it.” “Then I congratulate you, ma’am,” he said. “And does he ever come home late at night?” “No, never,” his neighbor answered. “He goes to bed immediately after dinner every night.” “Well,” the man said, “he’s a wise young man. How old is he?” “He’s six months old today. But he will grow up to be a gentleman,” the woman replied proudly.
  1. What are the man and the woman talking about? A. What a wise young man should be like. B. What a young man shouldn’t do. C. The woman’s son. D. The man’s son.
  2. How does the woman feel about her son?
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A. He is still too young to do anything bad. B. He is a very good boy. C. He will grow up to be a wise young man. D. He is born wise.
  3. Where does the conversation take place? A. On a train. B. At the woman’s home. C. In the street. D. At the man’s home.
  4. Which of the following probably best describes the man’s feeling at the end of the conversation? A. Disappointed. B. Surprised. C. Amused. D. Annoyed.
  5. What can’t you learn from the conversation? A. The man didn’t expect that the woman has a young boy. B. The man believes in proper behavior for the young. C. The woman is so proud of her son that she does not really understand what the man’s questions mean. D. The woman is sure that her son won’t do all the things the man mentions when he grows up. Passage 4 Many people now keep animals as pets. Some people have cats and dogs in their houses. Other people like fish, caged birds, tortoises and even snakes, monkeys or lions. Millions of dollars and much time are spent every year on pet food, equipment, taming and medical treatment. Of course, there are some people who do not look after their pets properly or are even cruel to them. For this reason a royal society was created in 1824 in Britain to prevent cruel treatment of animals. In contrast to the love of pets is the fact that blood sports still exist in most countries. People go hunting foxes, elephants, pandas, ducks, rabbits and other animals, or go fishing, not because they need the meat to eat, but just for pleasure. In some countries, blood sports like bull fighting and cock fighting are common and hunting rare animals for commercial purposes has brought about an even more serious problem in the protection of the ecosystem. It is strange that people love certain animals, but enjoy killing others, in cruel ways, too.
  1. How do most people treat their pets? A. They do not take care of them. B. They train them at home. C. They spend a very large amount of money and time on equipment to give them good exercises. D. They spend a large amount of money and time taking care of them.
  2. Which of the following is not a blood sport? A. Bull fighting. B. Cock fighting. C. Fox hunting. D. Horse racing.
  3. What do you think is the writer’s attitude towards blood sports? A. He thinks they are very cruel. B. He feels strongly they should be banned. C. He is neutral about them. D. He finds them strange.
  4. Which of the following seems to affect the earth’s ecosystem most seriously? A. Hunting animals for pleasure. B. Keeping pets at home. C. Illegal killing of rare animals. D. Maltreating animals.
  5. What does the passage mainly imply? A. People should not keep animals as pets at home.
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B. Rare animals should not be killed for profits. C. Animals should be well treated and protected.
Passage 5
D. Hunting should be forbidden.
Weather has a great influence on people. It influences people's health, intelligence (智力) and feelings. In August, it is very hot and in the southern part of the United States. People there have heart disease (疾病) and other kind of health problems during the month. In the Northeast and Middle West, it is very hot at some times and very cold at other times. People in these places may have heart disease after the weather changes in February or March. The weather can also influence intelligence. For example, in a 1982 study by scientists, the IQ scores of a group of students were very high during a storm, but after the storm their IQ scores were lower than usual level. So storms can increase intelligence. However, very hot weather can lower it. Students in the United States often do badly on exams in the hot months of the year. Weather also has a strong influence on people's feelings. Winter may be a bad time for thin people. They usually feel cold during these months and they may feel unhappy during cold weather. In hot summer weather, on the other hand, fat people may feel unhappy. The summer heat may make them tired and they are easy to get angry. Are you feeling sick, sad, tired or very intelligent today? The weather may be the cause.
  1. If thin people feel unhappy, the weather may be very . A. warm B. cold C. cool D. hot
  2. Students in the U.S. usually do badly on exams in . A. January B. December C. August D. May
  3. People in the Northeast of America usually have heart disease in . A. March B. August C. July D. December
  4. Storms can increase student's IQ, this discovery was made . A. in 1982 B. by 1982 students C. by 1982 scientists D. by a study of 1982 examples
  5. What is the best title for this passage? . A. Weather B. Weather and People C. The Great influence of Weather D. Weather and Health
Passage 6
Very few people were coming to eat at the White Rose Restaurant, and its owner didn't know what to do. The food in his restaurant was cheap and good, but nobody seemed to want to eat there. Then he did something that changed all that, and in a few weeks his restaurant was always full of men and their lady friends. Whenever a gentleman came with a lady, a smiling waiter gave each of them a beautiful menu. The menus looked exactly the same on the outside, but there was an important difference inside. The menu that the waiter handed to the man gave the correct price for each dish and each bottle of wine; while the menu that he handed to the lady gave a much
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higher price! So when the man calmly ordered dish after dish and wine after wine, the lady thought he was much more generous than he really was!
  1. To whom did the waiter give a beautiful menu when a gentleman and his lady friend came into the restaurant? A. The gentleman. B. The lady. C. Both of them. D. Neither of them.
  2. Were the menus for the guests the same? A. Yes, they were. B. No, they weren't. C. They were the same on the outside but different inside. D. They were different on the outside but the same inside.
  3. Why could the male guest remain calm when he ordered dish after dish? A. Because the prices of the dishes were reasonable. B. Because he could have some discount. C. Because he was rich. D. Because he knew that the lady would like to share the cost with him.
  4. What did the lady think of her friend after a meal at this restaurant? A. She thought he wanted to impress her. B. She thought he only pretended to be generous. C. She though he was very rich. D. She thought he was very generous
  5. What does the story mainly suggest? A. Knowledge of customer psychology helps promote business. B. A restaurant owner should design different menus for different guests. C. All men pretend to be generous before their lady friends. D. People like to go to expensive restaurants.
Passage 7
A guide dog is a dog especially trained to guide a blind person. Dogs chosen for such training must show good disposition, intelligence, physical fitness and sense of responsibility. At the age of about fourteen months, a guide dog begins an intensive course that lasts from three to five months. It becomes accustomed to the leather harness and stiff leather handle it will wear when guiding its blind owner. The dog learns to watch the traffic and to cross the street safely. It also learns to obey such commands as "forward", "left", "right" and "sit" and to disobey any command that might lead its owner into danger. The most important part of the training course is a four-week program in which the guide dog and its future owner learn to work together. However, many blind people are unsuited by personality to work with dogs. Only a tenth of the blind find a guide dog useful.
  1. What is a guide dog? A. A dog trained to help the blind. B. A dog trained to play tricks in a circus.
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C. A dog trained to work as a tourist guide. D. A dog trained to help handicapped children.
  2. At what age does a guide dog begin its training course? A. At the age of three to five months. B. At the age of four weeks. C. At the age of fourteen months. D. At the age of ten months.
  3. Which of the following is NOT included in the training course? A. Learning to guide its owner in the street. B. Learning to obey some commands. C. Learning t
 

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