Daneill 2010
届高考英语(任务型阅读) 2010 届高考英语(任务型阅读)题库
(一) At the beginning of the twentieth century, many people thought that the American family was falling apart. A century later, we know that this was not the case. However, although the family is still alive in the United States, its size and shape were very different 100 years ago. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, there were mainly two types of families in the United States: the extended and the nuclear. The extended family usually includes grandparents, parents, and children living under the same roof. The nuclear family consists of only parents and children. Today there are many different kinds of families. Some people live in "traditional" families, that is, a stay-home mother, a working father, and their own biological children. Others live in two-paycheck families, single-parent families, adoptive or foster, families, blended families (where men and women who were married before marry again and , combine the children from previous marriages into the new families) child less families, and so on. What caused the structure of the family to change? In the early 1900s the birthrate began to fall and the divorce rate began to rise. Women were suddenly choosing to go to college and take jobs outside the home. In the 1930s and 1940s, many families faced serious financial, or money problems during the Great Depression, when many people lost their jobs. During World War II(1939-19
  45),5 million women were left alone to take care of their homes and their children. Because many men were at war, thousands of these "war widows" had to go to work outside their home. During the next ten years, the situation changed. There were fewer divorces, and people married at a younger age and had more children than the previous generation. It was unusual for a mother to work outside the home during the years when her children were growing tip. Families began leaving cities and moving into single-family homes in the suburbs. The traditional family seemed to be returning. In the years between 1960s and 1990s, there were many important changes in the structure of the family. From the 1960s to the early 1970s, the divorce rate doubled and the birthrate fell by half. The number of single-parent families tripled, and the number of couples living together without being married doubled again. In fact, the single-parent household, once unusual, has replaced the "traditional" family as the typical family in the States. If we can judge from history, however, this will probably change again in the twenty-first century. The Changes of the American Family Main comparisons Different1 Contexts There were two __2 types of families in the past, 3, the
Daneill 2010
Changes in different
extended and the nuclear. Nowadays __4types of families can be seen than before. Many of the women had to work In the 1900s outside due to the __6of money., and 1940s thus causing the fall of __7__and the rise of divorce rate. Divorce rate slided and there were In the 1950s more children . The families tended to be 8 again. Different types of In the years familes__
  9. Traditional families between 1960s and are no longer the typical ones in 1990s America. A trend worth noting
Author's opinion on changes
  1. kinds/ types birthrate
  8. fewer
The present structure is 10; it will experience changes again in the near future.
  2. main
  3. namely
  4. more
  9. occurred
  10. temporary
  6. lack
(二) The family sphere(^ 围) used to be defined by its isolation from the public realm. There was the public male realm(领 )of "rational accomplishment" and cruel 觉)
competition, and the private female and child-rearing sphere of home, intuition(
and emotion. The private realm was supposed to be isolated from the realities of adult life. For both better and worse, television and other electronic media tend to break down the difference between those two worlds. The membrane around the family sphere is much more permeable(可 ). TV takes public events and transforms them into
dramas that are played out in the privacy of our living rooms, kitchens and bedrooms. Parents used to be the channel through which children learned about the outside world. They could decide what to tell their children and when to tell it to them. Since children learn to read in stages, books provide a kind of natural screening process, where adults can decide what to tell and not tell children of different reading abilities. Television destroyed the system that separated adult from child knowledge and
Daneill 2010
separated information into year-by-year slices for children of different ages. Instead, it presents the same information directly to children of all ages, without going through adult filters. So television presents a real challenge to adults. While a parent can read a newspaper without sharing it with children in the same room, television is accessible to everyone in that space. And unlike books, television doesn't allow us to flip(翻转) through it and see what's coming up. We may think we're giving our children a lesson in science by having them watch the Challenger take off, and then suddenly they learn about death, disaster and adult mistakes. Books allow adults to discuss privately what to tell or not tell children. This also allows parents to keep adult material secret from children and keep their secret keeping secret. Take that same material and put it on The Today Show and you have 800,000 children hearing the very things the adults are trying to keep from them. "Television takes our kids across the globe before parents give them permission to cross the street." More importantly, children gradually learn that adults are worried and anxious about being parents. Actually, television has also places families under a lot of stress. How Television Changes Childhood? Contexts Homes used to be isolated from the 2realm. Distance between 1__and the outside. Homes nowadays are __3__to the outside world. In the past, children might learn __4__about the outside world with the help of parents and
  5. Media through which children can More information is got directly obtain information through TV and other electronic media, which breaks down the __6 between adult world and the child world. Traditionally, kids could only knew what they should learn at their age, carefully8by their parents. 7 of the information children get Everything can possibly be known by children, including many aspects of life. Effects on family education Families are now under greater stress than before. Adults are anxious about Parental instruction being parents and faced with new __
  10. Main comparisons
Daneill 2010

  1. Homes
  2. public
  3.connected chosen
  10. challenges

  7. Content

  8. decided/
(三) Some people believe that greed and selfishness has become the basis of modern society, and we should return to the old traditions of family and community then we will have a better life. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the above opinion? In this fast-paced world, many values are undergoing major changes. While people traditionally prioritize caring, sharing and generosity in life and work, modern people seem to be more self-absorbed and self-concerned. Modern people act selfishly to survive the harsh competition of life. They say that it is a jungle out there. To survive, you have to fight with whatever means that come handy. Obviously greedy and selfishness go perfectly well with such ideas. In a company, employees do everything they can to get better pay and higher position, even at the cost of colleagues. We are in any way advocating any selfish conduct. It is just that people are pressured to act in a certain way due to outside influences. In spite of common practice, it is hard to conclude that modern society is built on greed and selfishness, both of which are not newly invented vocabulary. In ancient times people also did greedy and selfish things though such behaviors were more condemned then. But we can not ignore the fact that people in the past lived a relatively more isolated life and faced less pressure compared with their modern counterparts. Are we happier to share with others and be generous to them? There is no fixed answer either. Some people take great pleasure helping and giving to others while others feel happy doing the opposite. But I personally think that people should not be too selfish. Caring for others can actually encourage the development of a mutually beneficial relationship. In conclusion, modern people appear to be more self-centered than those in the past due to strong outside pressure. However, we should encourage people to know the importance of being caring and generous and to build a mutually beneficial relationship with others. Are Modern People Becoming More Selfish? Contexts In the past people put caring, sharing and generosity in the first
  2. Nowadays, people seem to be more 3about themselves. 4are changing too. People in the past appeared to be modest and self-effacing(谦让的). People may strive to achieve their own __5 at the price of their coworkers. The author's understanding Main comparisons __1__ are changing
Daneill 2010
6 for the changes in author's eyes The author's 9towards topic
Fierce __7 and great __8on modern people may be responsible for the changes. A relationship which can 10 two sides should be established.
  4. Behaviors
  5. goals
  10. benefit
  6. Reasons

  2. place
  3. concerned competition
  8. pressure
  9. attitudes
(四) Traditionally, customers may consider more about what they buy the product for. However, the image of product and the consuming circumstance have become the key points to attract customer awareness and stimulate their buying needs. Frequently, customers buy goods just because they are cute, lovely and unique. With a less emphasis on functional utilities, the experience and imaginative space are placed into an increasingly important role. The image of product is emphasized, as well as the communication between products and consumers. "Customer behavior, which appears to be focused and directed at the object and at pleasure, in fact responds to quite different objectives: displaced expression of desire, and the production of a code of social values through the use of differential signs"(Baudrillard) . The reason for image-oriented customer behavior is probably that customers' lifestyle has been continuously virtualized by paying much attention to "Virtual Reality". The evidences can be traced from computer games and Hollywood movies, in which customers' preference for fleeing reality is perfectly matched.
This change requires us to take efforts to enhance product image by integrating style, color, taste, shape and material, and communicate with customers creatively, imaginatively and innovatively, and enable them to enjoy the distinctive experience image brings. "[A] need is not a need for a particular object as much as it is a 'need' for difference" ( Baudrillard). The typical example is Apple Computer's IMAC, which has strong visual impact and outstanding dynamics. By this way, customer relationship can be set up through image, and brand can be treated as living that can transform people. Other examples commonly used are Disney Fairyland and Las Vegas, where new experience and imagination are fully demonstrated. In sum, consumption is negotiation, a never-ending conversation held in the languages of advertising, packaging, branding, fashion, and entertainment.
More Attention to the Image of Product Main comparisons Different aspects 1about by people when they are shopping.
Contexts In the past, people think more about the __2__of the goods. People today are more easily
Daneill 2010
3by the 4 of product and the buying atmosphere. Traditionally, producers may focus more on the functional utilities of goods. Different 5__ to promote sales Nowadays, product image should be __6and there should be more effective 7with customers. More details worth noticing Influenced by computer games and Hollywood movies, people's 9is virtualized. Apple Computer's IMAC/ Disney Fairyland/ Las Vegas
  6. stressed
The8 for image-centered behavior 10are given to prove the importance of image

  1.concerned/ cared
  2. use/ function
  3. attracted
  5. ways
  8. reason
  9. lifestyle
  10. Examples (五)
A listener has written from China for advice about how to lose weight. Michael in Shanghai says he is 26 and has battled obesity for most of his life. Obesity , a severe weight problem, is a complex condition. A doctor may advise taking medicine along with changing one's behaviors. Experts say that the most successful weight?loss plans include a well-balanced diet and exercise. People who want to avoid weight gain have to balance the number of calories they eat with the number of calories they use. To lose weight, you can reduce the number of calories you take in, increase the number you use, or both. A recent study looked at four of the most popular dieting plans in the US. Researchers at Stanford University in California studied over 300 overweight women, mostly in their thirties and forties. Each woman



   湖北2010届高考英语听力试题 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C二个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对活后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。   例:How much is the shirt?    A. £19.15. B. £9.15. C. £9.18.   答案是B。   1. What will the man probably d ...


   Daneill 2010 届高考英语(任务型阅读) 2010 届高考英语(任务型阅读)题库 (一) At the beginning of the twentieth century, many people thought that the American family was falling apart. A century later, we know that this was not the case. However, although the family is still ...


     安徽2010届高考英语听力试题   第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)   回答听力部分时,请先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束前,你将有两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。   第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)   听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。   例:How much is the shirt?    ...

全国I 2010届高考英语听力试题

   全国I 2010届高考英语听力试题 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节 (共5小题;每小题l.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. £19.15. ...


   2010 届高考英语阅读表达热点新题型解题方法与技巧 1、主旨概括:这类问题要求考生归纳文章的要点,了解题目,速读全文,了解大意和主题, 概括中心思想,考查考生对文章内容的整体把握能力。要想答好该题,考生必须有很强的概 括能力或归纳能力,标题要简洁,要善于寻找能够概括全文的主题段落或者主题句,剔除文 中的细节事实或者作者所用的论据, 即要分清主旨和细节, 概括出来的中心意思一定要能够 覆盖全文或整个段落, 绝对不可太笼统离题太远或者以偏概全, 可以抓住文章开头的主题句 或文章最后的结论,尤其 ...


   2010 年高考全国卷 I 英语听力原文 的听力相同) (说明:2007-2010,宁夏、海南卷和全国卷 1 的听力相同) 说明: ,宁夏、 第一节 Text 1 M: Do you have any plans for the weekend, Dorothy. Would you like to join me for an outing? W: Thanks, but I am going to work on my paper all weekend. Text 2 W: So wh ...


   中考英语任务型阅读题型分析及复习策略 泉州市城东中学 泉州市城东中学 赖丽萍 2001 年,我国教育部颁发的《英语新课程标准》倡导任务型的教学模式,要求教师依据课程的总体 目标并结合教学内容,灵活地和有创造性地使用教材,设计贴近学生实际的教学活动,吸引和组织他们积 极参与,并在此过程中培养学生用英语解决实际问题的能力,让学生学会用英语“做事”。任务型教学中 包含的一个很重要的组成部分就是任务型阅读。新课程背景下英语中考命题以全面地考查学生的综合语言 运用能力为宗旨,特别是要考查学生在具体情境 ...


   中考英语任务型阅读题型分析及复习策略 2001 年,我国教育部颁发的《英语新课程标准》倡导任务型的教学模式,要求教师依据课 程的总体目标并结合教学内容, 灵活地和有创造性地使用教材, 设计贴近学生实际的教学活 动,吸引和组织他们积极参与,并在此过程中培养学生用英语解决实际问题的能力,让学生 学会用英语"做事".任务型教学中包含的一个很重要的组成部分就是任务型阅读.新课程背 景下英语中考命题以全面地考查学生的综合语言运用能力为宗旨, 特别是要考查学生在具体 情境中运用英语知 ...


   7B 英语任务型阅读 (一) Having a good breakfast is important for you.(1)You can easily understand it. By breakfast time you have not eaten anything about twelve hours. Your body needs food for morning activities. (2)One good breakfast should be rice or brea ...


   摘要: 摘要:任务型阅读是江苏省高考题中近几年才出现的 新题型,其要求和特点已渐为许多师生所熟悉。 新题型,其要求和特点已渐为许多师生所熟悉。本文 就任务型阅读题型的特点和解题策略进行了分析和 归纳,以备高考复习中使用。 归纳,以备高考复习中使用。 关键词:任务型阅读;特点;解题步骤; 关键词:任务型阅读;特点;解题步骤;技巧 作者简介:李梅青,任教于江苏省丹阳市访仙中学。 作者简介:李梅青,任教于江苏省丹阳市访仙中学。 江苏省高考试卷自从把原来的改错题型删除, 而 江苏省高考试卷自从把原来 ...



   新目标八年级(上)英语复习提纲(全套) Unit 1: How often do you exercise? 【复习目标】 会使用频率副词及短语; 能描述课余时间的活动安排; 会描述基本饮食结构。 【语言目标】 ● What do you usually do on weekends? I sometimes go to the beach. ● How often do you eat vegetables? Every day. ● Most students do homewor ...


   福州教育学院 郭琳榕 一、为什么要进行评价改革? 为什么要进行评价改革? 现行的评价与考试制度 过于强调甄别与选拔, 过于强调甄别与选拔,忽视 促进学生发展的功能; 促进学生发展的功能; 评价指标单一, 评价指标单一,过于关注学 业成绩的结果, 业成绩的结果,忽视对学生学习 过程的考查; 过程的考查; 评价方法单调, 评价方法单调,过于重 视纸笔测验,强调量化成绩, 视纸笔测验,强调量化成绩, 对其他考查方式和质性评价 方法不够重视; 方法不够重视; 学生基本处于被动地位, 学生基本处于被动 ...


   《小学英语教学与研究》自评报告 小学英语教学与研究》 一、教学队伍 本课程负责人林红副教授,教育硕士,现为广东省高级讲师专业技术资格评审委员、广 东省小学英语教学成果评比专家组成员、 人教社课程标准小学英语实验教材培训团专家、 广 东外语艺术职业学院学术委员会委员、 广东外语艺术职业学院小学英语教育研究所所长。 曾 赴美国、英国、香港等国家和地区进修小学英语教学及教师培训。林红副教授在广东省小学 英语教学研究领域具有较大的学术影响。2001 年担任广东省转岗教师岗前英语培训项目主 任,设计的 ...

英语:Unit1《Other countries, other cultures》Task课件(1)(译林牛津版选修9)

   inferring information when listening listen to the following dialogues and then answer the questions by inferring 1. M: We can drive there by 3 p.m.. How about you? W: I’ve got only a bicycle. What does the woman mean? A. She drives there too. B. S ...


   2006 年 6 月 17 日大学英语六级(CET-6)真题试卷(A 卷) 注意事项 一,将自己的校名,姓名,准考证号写在答题卡上.将本试卷代号(A,B 卷) 划在答题卡上. 二,试卷和答题卡均不得带出考场.考试结束,监考员收卷后考生才可离开. 三,仔细读懂题目的说明. 四, 多项选择题的答案一定要划在答题卡上, 凡是写在试卷上的答案一律无效. 每题只能选一个答案:如多选.则该题无分,选定答案后,用铅笔在相应字母的中 部划一条横线.正确方法是:A) B) C) D).使用其他符号答题者不给分 ...