Module 6
The Internet and Telecommunications
漫画欣赏
画面描述 The young tree is supported by a stick while growing.However once there is no support,the tree is broken off.
寓意理解 Children need not only support and care but also challenges of difficulties and experiences of hardships.Too much care is not helpful to their growth and development. 你能否对此加以扩展,写一篇120词左右的小短文?
重点单词
  1.contain vt.“包含;包括;容纳”,不用于进行时 “ ” A CD-ROM is a separate disk that contains lots of information. 光驱属于独立的硬盘,含有大量的信息。 The box contains ten bottles. 这个箱子装有十个瓶子。 I could scarcely contain my laughter. 我勉强忍住没笑。[美国传统] 【思维拓展】 be contained between包含于……间,(夹)在……之间(中) be contained within包含于……间,(夹)在……之间(中) contain oneself自制
【轻巧辨析】 include/contain/hold 这三个词都表示“包含”,都不用于进行时态。 (
  1)include作为整体的一部分或其要素之一而包括在内,include还可 用其分词或分词短语作插入语,起补充说明作用(contain无此用法)。 现在分词including(已成为介词)与逻辑主语是主谓关系,表示主动含 义,过去分词included与逻辑主语为动宾关系,表示被动含义。 (
  2)contain则是指包含整个内容,还常指较大的东西里容纳比它小的 东西。 (
  3)hold强调包含能力,作“(能)容纳,(能)装”讲。
即景活用 完成句子 ①The bill includes the cost of the glass you broke. 账单里包括你打碎的杯子的费用。 ②I have to prepare food for seven people,including me. =I have to prepare food for seven people,me included. 我必须准备包括我在内的七个人的饭。 ③This drink doesn’t contain any alcohol.这种饮料不含任何酒精。 ④This bottle holds a liter.这瓶子可容纳一升。
  2.access n.通路,访问,入门;vt.存取,接近 . There is no access to the street through that door. 穿过那个门没有通向大街的路。 The only access to that ancient castle is along a muddy track. 到那座古老城堡去的唯一通道是一条泥泞小路。 The programmer accessed the file.程序员读取了文件。[美国传统]
【知识整合】 (
  1)access to接近……的机会,进入……的权利 have/get/gain/obtain access to得以接近,得以会见,得以进入 give access to接见,准许进入 (
  2)accessible adj.可到达的,可进入的,可理解的 be accessible to易接近的;能进入;易受影响;可以理解 注意:to为介词,后接名词或动名词。 【词汇派生】 accessibility n.易接近,可到达 accessibly adv.可接近地,可亲近地
即景活用 ⑤The hospital is within easy of the park. A.access B.reaches C.range D.touch
解析:句意:“这所医院离公园不远”。考查词义辨析:within easy access of...=not far from...“离……不远”;within easy reach of...“离…… 很近”,within range of...“在射程之内,或……可看见”。 答案:A
  3.design vt.&vi.设计,构思;计划,谋划;n.计划;企图;设计;意图;构思 He designs dresses for the singer. 他为这位歌手设计服装。 She drew up designs for the new gym. 她为新体育馆草拟设计图。[美国传统] This party was designed to bring the two musicians together. 这次聚会是为使那两位音乐家会面而安排的。
【思维链接】 (
  1)design...for...(为……)设计……;为……拟定…… design to do sth.打算干某事…… be designed for.../to do sth.打算给……用的;目的是…… (
  2)by design有意地,故意地 have designs on/against对……有不良企图;企图将……占为己有 【指点迷津】 design,plan与project都含有“计划”的意思。 (
  1)design指“为实现意图或达到目的而作出的精心安排”。 They have a design for a rich,full life. 他们计划过富裕而又充实的生活。 (
  2)plan系常用词,指“为做某事而事先作出的安排或方案”。 I have a plan for overcoming the difficulty.我有个克服那困难的计划。 (
  3)project指“为试验或实验而提出的一项计划或方案,该计划或方案 常是大规模的”。 a project to build a new dam修建新水坝的计划
【词汇派生】 designable能设计(计划)的,企图的,能指定的 designed adj.有计划的,原意的;事先设计好的;故意的 designedly adv.特意,故意,有计划地 即景活用 ⑥The success of this car shows the importance of good in helping to sell the product. A.colour B.price C.design D.model 解析:句意为:这种车的成功表明了良好的设计在销售方面的重要性。 答案:C
  4.concentrate v.集中注意力、思想等;(使)集中(于某处) . Concentrate more on your work,or you’ll be dismissed. 集中精力工作,否则你将被解雇。
The migrating geese concentrate at ponds and streams. 迁徙的大雁聚集在池塘和河流处。[美国传统] 【知识整合】 (
  1)concentrate...on/upon(doing)sth.把……专注于…… concentrate on/upon...专注于…… (
  2)concentration n.专心,集中 (
  3)concentrated adj.集中的,强烈的;浓缩的 【相关链接】 focus one’s attention on/upon把注意力集中于…… fix one’s attention on/upon把注意力集中于…… direct one’s attention to将注意力转向…… be absorbed in全神贯注于
即景活用 用适当的介词填空 ⑦The crowd concentrated in the center of the town. ⑧You should concentrate on the road when you are driving. ⑨Pay more attention to your spelling. ⑩He fixed his eyes on the lecture. 经典短语
  1.consist of构成,包括,由…… ……组成 …… The United States consists of 50 states. 美国由50个州组成。[美国传统] Their diet consisted largely of vegetables. 他们的日常饮食以蔬菜为主。
【友情提示】 以下短语不用进行时和被动语态: (
  1)consist of...=be made up of...由……组成 =be composed of... (
  2)consist in...在于,取决于…… (
  3)consist with...与……一致,符合 即景活用 ?His job consists helping old people who live alone. A.of B.in C.with D.over
解析:句意:“他的工作包含帮助那些独居的老人。” 答案:A

  2.come up with提出(计划、答案);追上,赶上 提出( );追上 提出 计划、答案);追上, You have come up with a good idea. 你想出来的主意好极了。? The committee came up with some interesting new ideas.? 委员会提出了一些有趣的新想法。 【归纳拓展】 come up走近,上来;长出,发芽;发生;被提出 catch up with赶上 come up against遭到(困难,反对等) come upon/on想法突然产生,袭来,(灾难等)突然/偶然发现,遇见 come up to达到(愿望,标准) come about/across邂逅 come at袭击;朝……发作 come out出版;开花;(真相)大白 [美国传统] 美国传统]
即景活用 ?That was a really very difficult question.But a little child a good answer. A.came up to B.came up with C.caught up with D.came upon 解析:come up with提出(答案)。 答案:B
  3.compare with和…… ……相比;匹敌,可与…… ……相比 …… …… I compared the translation with/to the original. 我把译文拿来和原文对照一番。 Let’s compare cooking over heat with cooking in a microwave oven. 咱们比较一下用火和用微波炉的烹饪。[美国传统] Compared with/to her mother,she is tall. 和她妈妈比较起来,她算很高了。
【归纳拓展】 compare...with/to...把……和……比较 compare...to...把……比作…… compare notes交换意见、情况 compared to/with...和……比较而言 comparison n.比较(可数,不可数) beyond comparison无可比拟地 【指点迷津】 若用compare的过去分词作状语,compared to和compared with在应用上 无区别。 表示“与……相比”时,compare...with与compare...to可互换,但当表示 比喻的意义“把……比作……”时只能用compare...to...。
即景活用 ? Japan,China has a larger population. A.Comparing to B.Compared to C.Compare to D.Compare with 解析:compared to/with...可用作状语,表示“与……比较”。 答案:B
  4.instead of代替,取代 If you can not go,he’ll go instead of you. 如果你不能去,他将代替你去。 They walked home instead of taking the bus. 他们没坐公共汽车,而是走回了家。[美国传统] 【温馨提示】 (
  1)instead除作“代替”解之外,还意为“然而”。 (
  2)instead of除作“代替”解之外,还意为“而不,而没有”。这时, 不能与in place of替换,但可以与rather than互换。 They went there by bus instead of(rather than)on foot. 注意:instead of+doing/pron./prep. phrase/n.
(
  3)注意和instead单独使用用法上的不同,instead为副词,一 般放在句末,否定上文提到的事物,而instead of则为介词短 语,一般放在句首或句中,否定of后面的宾语。例如: We’ll have tea in the garden instead of in the house. =We’ll not have tea in the house.Instead,we’ll have tea in the garden. 我们将在花园里而不是室内喝茶。 (
  4)若要点明“被代替的人或物”,instead之后则须加of;若 不需要具体点出来“被代替的人或物”,则不加of。
即景活用 根据提示完成句子 ?She never studies Instead,she plays tennis all day (而是整天打网球). ?I don’t like coffee;give me tea instead (给我茶好了). ?I’ll go there by bus instead of on foot (而不是步行去). ?Please post this letter for me (替我). ?Tractors have taken the place of horses (已取代了马)in many places. ?We use gas in place of coal (代替煤)in cooking. 重要句型
  1.Use as many expressions from Everyday English as you can.尽量 多地应用日常用语。 as...as和……一样
You should do it as well as possible. 你应尽量把这件事做好。 He owed as many thanks to his parents as(he owed)to his teachers. 你同样地感激他的父母和老师。 He is not so friendly to me as(I am)to him. 他对我不像我对他那样友好。 Your house is twice as large as mine. 你的房子是我的房子的两倍大。 【联想拓展】 as...as为同级比较,中间用形容词或副词的原级: (
  1)as+adj./adv.+as (
  2)as+adj.+可数名词复数形式或不可数名词+as (
  3)as+adj.+a/an+可数名词单数形式+as
即景活用 翻译句子 ?亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。 Asia is four times as large as Europe. 昨晚我们散步远到湖边。 We walked as far as the lake last night.
  2.It then became possible for universities to use the system as well. 之后它也使大学院校利用网络成为可能。 It+be/become+adj.+for sb. to do...某人做……(变得)…… 【归纳拓展】 It+be+adj.+to do sth. It be+adj.+for/of sb. to do sth. It be+n.+that从句/doing/to do sth. 【指点迷津】 It is no good/use doing sth.(当表语为good,use时后接动名词)
即景活用 is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. A.There B.This C.That D.It 解析:It为形式主语,真正的主语为后面的that从句。 答案:D
  3.He came up with the idea of the World Wide Web in 1989 while he was working in Switzerland.1989年当他在瑞士工作期间,他提出了万 维网的想法。 句中while引导时间状语从句。 He watched TV while(he was)eating. 他边吃边看电视。 While I understand your viewpoint,I don’t agree with you. 虽然我理解你的见解,我不同意(你)。
【用法指津】 (
  1)while此处意为“当……时候,在……期间”,强调从句中动作 与主句同时发生,从句中动词多为延续性动词,常用进行时态。 (
  2)while也可作并列连词使用,意为“然而,但是”,强调两者的 对比关系。 (
  3)while作从属连词时,也作“虽然;尽管;如果”讲。 【轻巧辨析】 (
  1)as也与when或while通用,但主要强调主句和从句中谓语动作同时 发生或同时进行,一般时间不长。 (
  2)when既可指某一时间点,也可指一段时间,主从句的两个动作可 以同时发生,也可以先后发生。
即景活用 my brother was watching TV,I was doing my homework. A.While B.Unless C.Although D.Because 解析:句意:当我哥哥看电视时,我在做作业。while表示“当……时”。 答案:A
高考经典解读 【例
  1】 It just isn’t fair; I was working as a waiter last month, my friends were lying on the beach.(2009?辽宁,
  30) A.whenever B.though C.for D.While 【解题方法指导】 本题句意为:这真不公平。上个月当我在做服务员的 时候,我的朋友们正躺在沙滩上。表示“与此同时”用while,引导时间 状语从句。 答案:D
教材原文对照 He came up with the idea of the World Wide Web in 1989 while he was working in Switzerland. (P
  52)
【例
  2】 Washing machines made by China have won worldwide attention and Haier has become popular name.(2009?重庆,
  26) A
 

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