专题 一 │人物传记类
专题一
人物传记类
专题 一 │ 专题导读
专题导读 人物传记是记叙文体的一种, 人物传记是记叙文体的一种,主要描写某人的生平 事迹、趣闻轶事、生活背景、个性特征、 事迹、趣闻轶事、生活背景、个性特征、成长和奋斗历 程等,包含记叙文的时间、地点、人物、事件等要素。 程等,包含记叙文的时间、地点、人物、事件等要素。 其特点是以时间的先后或事件的发展为主线, 其特点是以时间的先后或事件的发展为主线,空间或逻 辑线索贯穿文章始终,脉络清楚,可读性较强。 辑线索贯穿文章始终,脉络清楚,可读性较强。这类文 章常采用倒叙的写作方法, 章常采用倒叙的写作方法,即首先用几句话来简单介绍 这个人,接着介绍这个人的出生、成长过程, 这个人,接着介绍这个人的出生、成长过程,然后再记 述他( 一两件主要的事情或业绩,来反映他( 述他(她)一两件主要的事情或业绩,来反映他(她)的思 品德和情操,最后作者会对他( 进行评论, 想、品德和情操,最后作者会对他(她)进行评论,从而 表达作者对他( 的情感。 表达作者对他(她)的情感。
专题 一 │ 专题导读
人物传记类文章一般较长, 人物传记类文章一般较长,而且该类命题的题量也 较多。文章中往往会出现关于该人物的大量细节信息, 较多。文章中往往会出现关于该人物的大量细节信息, 有些细节很直接,只需理解字面意思即可; 有些细节很直接,只需理解字面意思即可;有些则很间 需要综合、归纳、推理才能得出。因此, 接,需要综合、归纳、推理才能得出。因此,该类命题 既注重考查对特定细节理解的准确性, 既注重考查对特定细节理解的准确性,又注重考查推理 判断能力。 判断能力。 另外,虽然人物传记类文章的时间、 另外,虽然人物传记类文章的时间、空间或逻辑线 索较清晰,但是为了提高难度,命题者往往使用倒叙, 索较清晰,但是为了提高难度,命题者往往使用倒叙, 插叙或补叙等手段故意打乱故事的陈述次序, 插叙或补叙等手段故意打乱故事的陈述次序,使行文的 跳跃性增强,情节复杂化。 跳跃性增强,情节复杂化。
专题 一 │ 真题再现
真题再现 [2010?湖南] [2010?湖南] 湖南 When Mary Moore began her high school in 19
  51, her, 19
  51,her mother told her,“Be sure and take a typing course so when this show business thing out, doesn’t work out,you’ll have something to rely on.”Mary responded in typical teenage on, fashion.From that moment on,“the very last thing I ever thought about doing was taking a course, typing course,”she recalls.
专题 一 │ 真题再现
out, The show business thing worked out,of career, course.In her career,Mary won many recently, awards.Only recently,when she began to write Growing Up Again,did she regret ignoring her mom.“I don’t know how to use a computer, computer,”she admits.
专题 一 │ 真题再现
autobiography, Unlike her 1995 autobiography,After All,her second book is less about life as an award?winning actress and more about living with diabetes (糖尿 (糖尿 病).All the money from the book is intended for (JDRF), the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF), an organization she serves as international chairman.“I felt there was a need for a book like this, lecture, this,”she says.“I didn’t want to lecture,but I wanted other diabetics to know that things get better when we’re self?controlled and do our part in managing the disease.”
专题 一 │ 真题再现
But she hasn’t always practiced what she book, day, teaches.In her book,she describes that awful day, ago, almost 40 years ago,when she received two pieces news.First, of life?changing news.First,she had lost the second, baby she was carrying and second,tests showed act, that she had diabetes.In a childlike act,she left the hospital and treated herself to a box of (甜甜圈 甜甜圈) doughnuts (甜甜圈).
专题 一 │ 真题再现
Years would pass before she realized she had up?again? to grow up?again?and take control of her diabetes, diabetes,not let it control her.Only then did habit, she kick her three?pack?a?day cigarette habit, alcohol, overcome her addiction to alcohol,and begin to follow a balanced diet.
专题 一 │ 真题再现
Although her disease has affected her eyesight floor, and forced her to the sidelines of the dance floor, she refuses to fall into self?pity.“Everybody on ask, me? earth can ask,‘why me?’about something or other, other,”she insists.“It doesn’t do any good.No (免疫的 免疫的) pain, one is immune (免疫的) to heartache pain,and disappointments.Sometimes we can make things better by helping others.I’ve come to realize the importance of that as I’ve grown up this second time.I want to speak out and be as helpful as I can be.”
专题 一 │ 真题再现
( )
  1. Why did Mary feel regretful? A. She didn’t achieve her ambition. B. She didn’t take care of her mother. C. She didn’t complete her high school. D. She didn’t follow her mother’s advice. )
  2. We can know that before 1995 Mary . A. had two books published B. received many career awards C. knew how to use a computer D. supported the JDRF by writing
(
专题 一 │ 真题再现
( )
  3. Mary’s second book Growing Up Again is mainly about her . A. living with diabetes B. successful show business C. service for an organization D. remembrance of her mother )
  4. When Mary received the life?changing news, news,she . A. lost control of herself B. began a balanced diet C. tried to get a treatment D. behaved in an adult way
(
专题 一 │ 真题再现
(
)
  5. A. B. C.
What can we know from the last paragraph? Mary feels pity for herself. Mary has recovered from her disease. Mary wants to help others as much as possible. D.Mary determines to go back to the dance floor.
专题 一 │ 真题再现
【文章大意】 本文主要介绍了玛丽?摩尔职业生涯 文章大意】 本文主要介绍了玛丽? 及与病魔之争。 及与病魔之争。 细节理解题。根据第二段Only
  1. D 细节理解题。根据第二段Only recently, when she began to write Growing Up Again, did she regret ignoring her mom. “I don't know how to computer, admits.可判断选 可判断选D use a computer,” she admits.可判断选D。 细节理解题。根据第二段“
  2. B 细节理解题。根据第二段“The show business thing worked out, of course. In her awards.”可判断选 可判断选B career, Mary won many awards.”可判断选B。
专题 一 │ 真题再现
细节理解题。根据第三段“
  3. A 细节理解题。根据第三段“her second book is less about life as an award?winning actress (糖尿病 糖尿病) and more about living with diabetes (糖尿病).” 可判断选A 可判断选A。 细节理解题。根据第四段“
  4. A 细节理解题。根据第四段“In a childlike act, she left the hospital and treated herself to (甜甜圈 甜甜圈). a box of doughnuts (甜甜圈). Years would pass up?again? before she realized she had to grow up?again? and take control of her diabetes, not let it her.”可判断选 可判断选A control her.”可判断选A。
专题 一 │ 真题再现
推理判断题。根据最后一段中的Mary
  5. C 推理判断题。根据最后一段中的Mary Moore 所说的话“ 所说的话“I've come to realize the importance of that as I've grown up this second time. I want to be.”可推断 speak out and be as helpful as I can be.”可推断 她想尽可能地去帮助他人,故选C 她想尽可能地去帮助他人,故选C。
专题 一 │ 专题预测
专题预测 (一) Roger Yonchien Tsien (born February 1, 19
  52)is an American biochemist and a professor at the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego. He was awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize in chemistry for his discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein (GFP)with two other chemists Osamu Shimomura and Martin Chalfie.
专题 一 │ 专题预测
Tsien had a number of top engineers in his extended family, including his father Hsue?Chu Tsien, Tsien,who was a mechanical engineer and his mother’s brothers who were engineering professors at MIT. Both of Tsien’s parents came from Zhejiang Province, China. The famous rocket scientist Tsien Hsue?shen, regarded as the co?founding father of JPL of Caltech and later the director of the Chinese ballistic?missile program, is a cousin of Tsien’s father.
专题 一 │ 专题预测
Tsien’s brother Richard Tsien is also a renowned scientist at Stanford. Tsien, who calls his own work molecular engineering, once said, “I’m doomed by heredity to do this kind of work”.
专题 一 │ 专题预测
He attended Harvard University on a National Merit Scholarship, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa as a junior. After completing his bachelor’s degree, he joined the Physiological Laboratory at the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England with the aid of a Marshall Scholarship. He received his PhD in physiology from Churchill College, University of Cambridge in 19
  77.He was a Research Fellow at Gonville and Caius College, University of Cambridge from 1977 to 19
  81.
专题 一 │ 专题预测
Academic career After completing his PhD at Cambridge University, he was appointed to the faculty at the University of California, Berkeley, from 1982 to 19
  89.Since 1989 he has been working at the University of California, San Diego, as Professor of Pharmacology and Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and an investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.
专题 一 │ 专题预测
Research Tsien is renowned for revolutionizing the fields of cell biology and neurobiology by allowing scientists to peer inside living cells and watch the behavior of molecules in real time. In 2004, Tsien was awarded the Wolf Prize in Medicine. In 2006 he became a Foreign Fellow of the Royal Society in the UK. Dr. Tsien also helps promote science education to promising young scientists through the first?ever Lunch with a Laureate Program.
专题 一 │ 专题预测
( )
  1.We can infer from the article . A.Roger Yonchien Tsien was born in China and brought up in America B.Roger Yonchien Tsien’s family seem to have a great gift for science C.Roger Yonchien achieved more achievements than Osamu Shimomura and Martin Chalfie D.Tsien Hsue?shen is the nephew of Roger Yonchien Tsien
专题 一 │ 专题预测
( )
  2.The underlined word “renowned”probably means . A.new B.well?known D. C.good D.reliable )
  3.What did Tsien mean when he said “I’m doomed by heredity to do this kind of work”? work”? A.His teacher asked him to do the work. B.He has to do such kind of work for he has no other interest.
(
专题 一 │ 专题预测
(
C.His parents force him to do research into the science. D.He was born to study science because there are so many scientists in his family. )
  4.Which of the following might be a university? B. A.GFP. B.Phi Beta Kappa. D. C.MIT. D.San Diego.
专题 一 │ 专题预测
( )
  5.Which of the following can be chosen as the best title? A.Roger Yonchien Tsien Won Nobel Prize for 2008 B.Roger Yonchien Tsien and His Family C.The Great Achievements of Mr. Tsien D.A Short Introduction of Roger Yonchien Tsien
专题 一 │ 专题预测
【文章大意】 本文主要介绍了Roger Yonchien 文章大意】 本文主要介绍了Roger Tsien获得诺贝尔奖以及他的科学家血统的家族和他的 Tsien获得诺贝尔奖以及他的科学家血统的家族和他的 学习经历。 学习经历。
  1.B 推理判断题。通过第二段”Tsien had a 推理判断题。通过第二段” number of top engineers in his extended family“以及此段后面列举的 以及此段后面列举的Roger Tsien家 family“以及此段后面列举的Roger Yonchien Tsien家 族的父辈,祖父辈等都是工程师、 族的父辈,祖父辈等都是工程师、科学家的表述得知他 们家族在科研方面的天赋。而A中的”born in 们家族在科研方面的天赋。 中的” China“文中没有提到 文中没有提到。 China“文中没有提到。
专题 一 │ 专题预测
由文中第一段” 由文中第一段”He was awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize in chemistry for his discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein (GFP)with two other chemists Osamu Shimomura and Chalfie.并不能说明他获得的成就高于另外两 Martin Chalfie.并不能说明他获得的成就高于另外两 人。由“The famous rocket scientist Tsien Hsue?shen, regarded as the co?founding father of JPL of Caltech and later the director of the Chinese ballistic?missile program, is a cousin .”可以看出 可以看出D of Tsien’s father .”可以看出D的表述刚好反过来
专题 一 │ 专题预测
词义猜测题。通过上文对
 

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