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Unit 5 International charities
(一) 一.词汇识记
  1. international : adj. 国际的 an international meeting / international languages
  2. pocket money 零花钱
  3. be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事 He is used to getting up early every day. Used to do sth 过去常常做某事 He used to go out for a walk after supper, but now he isn't. Be used to do sth. / be used for doing sth. 被用来做--Knives are used to cut things.
  4. further :adv. / adj. too weak to walk any further / further study Farther: adv. He jumped farther than Jack
  5. interviewer :采访者 interview v. / n.
  6. blindness :n. 失明 / blind : adj the blind
  7. affect: v. ( influence, effect) affect 是及物动词,表示"影响, (病)侵袭" ,暗示产生的影响如此强烈,以至能引起反 应,也可表示思想感情受外界事物的影响而感动. The disease affected his mind very much. The film so affected her that she cried. effect 表示"影响"时,是名词,不能误用为动词,常用在 have an effect on sb. influence 通常指对某人的间接影响,多指行为方面的影响 The medicine has little effect on the old man. What we read influences our thinking.
  8. medical adj. 医学的,医疗的 medicine n.
  9. treatment n. treat v. 治疗,对待
  10. volunteer n. 志愿者,义务工作者 voluntary
  11. operation: n. 手术 perform / do an operation on sb operate: v. operate on sb adj. 志愿的,自愿的
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  12. patient: n. 病人 adj. 耐心的
  13. afford: v. (常与 can, could, be able to 连用)买得起;有足够的...(去做...)[+to-v] They did not consider whether they could afford the time or not. 他们没有考虑是否抽得出时间. We can't afford to pay such a price. 我们付不起这个价钱.
  14. skill: n. 技能,技巧 (study skills; teach sb new skills)
  15. train: v. 培训,训练 [(+as/in/for)] The teachers trained us to be more careful. She was trained for nursing. 她被培养成护士. Mother trained us to be honest. 母亲教育我们为人要诚实. We train them to make use of dictionaries. 我们训练他们使用字典.
二.运用与表达
  1. mostly 是副词, "多半地,大多数地" He used his car mostly for going to the shops. She is our mostly on Sunday. most 作形容词, "大多数的,大部分的" ,用作定语,后跟复数名词,指一般的或泛指的人 或物,这时 most 前不可用定冠词 the, Most people like to watch TV. most 作名词, "大多数的,大部分" ,表示特指的人或物,结构为: most of + 代词宾格 most of + 限定词 + 名词 (限定词可以是定冠词,指示代词或形容词性物主代词) Most of the earth is covered with water. Most of the students have come to the meeting. most 作副词时有 very 的意思,只用于肯定句,不可用于条件句,否定句和疑问句
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He is a most clever student in the class. 比较 They are most kind. They are mostly kind.
  2. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事,该短语只用于过去时态 He used to get up early. There used to be a hospital in the town. be used to do sth. 被用来做某事 Knives are used to cut things. be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事, 可用于各种时态, 为介词, to 后接名词, 代词或动名词, 表示一种状态. Are you used to the weather there? Are you used to getting up early now?
  2. carry on 继续 They managed to carry on their experiments in spite of the difficulties. 虽有困难,他们还是设法使试验继续下去. All we need is enough money to carry on with our work.
三.重点词组
  1. international charities
  2. be used to doing sth.
  3. used to do sth
  4. too weak to walk
  5. health care / medical treatment
  6. a flying eye hospital
  7. operate on sb. =do/ perform an operation on sb.
  8. be grateful/thankful to sb. for sth.
  9. try one's best to do sth.
  10. 80 per cent of the cases of blindness
  11. make the world a better place
  12. people all over the world
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  13. carry on with sth= go on with sth.
  14. modern medicine
  15. a flying eye hospital
  16. use the plane as a teaching centre
  17. can be cured or prevented
  18. train local doctors and nurses
  19. do only two or three operations a day
  20. during my last visit
  21. help people see again
  22. be used to working on a plane
  23. volunteer to work for…
  24. be afraid of sb./sth. be afraid of doing sth. = be afraid to do sth.

  25. instead of + n. \ pron. \ v-ing
四. 重点句型
  1. You have some pocket money left.
  2. I'm so weak that I can't walk any further.
  3. Many of our patients are so poor that they can't afford to travel to hospital, so we have to go to them.
  4. By training local doctors and nurses, we hope to help even more people.
  5. Yes, indeed they are.

  6. Modern medicine is developing so quickly that we can treat and cure most eye problems and improve the lives of patients.
  7. All we need is enough money to carry on with our work.
  8. After learning from the ORBIS doctors, the local doctors can then help people in their areas.
五.书面表达 根据 Reading 能简要介绍一下 ORBIS 的情况
六.Homework
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  1.背出本单元单词及相关词组
  2.完成《中考作业本》练习
(二) 一.词汇识记
  1. indeed: adv 真正地,确实 A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难之交才是真正的朋友. (表示让步)当然,固然 He is indeed young, but he is competent. 他固然年轻,但他很称职. (表示进一层的意思)更确切地;甚至 I am hungry; indeed, I am almost starving. 我饿了,我简直要饿死了.
  2. improve: v 改进,改善 ORBIS is trying to change the lives of patients. Their working conditions are improving. improvement n. a. 改进,改善;增进[U][C][(+in)] I cannot see any improvement in your writing. 我看不出你在写作方面有什么改进. b. 改进处,改善处[C] Painting the room yellow is a great improvement. c. 改善的事物;胜过他人的人[C][(+on/over)] This composition is a great improvement on the one you wrote last week. 这篇作文比你上星期写的那篇进步了许多
  3. rich: adj (richer, richest ) (反)poor (the rich, the poor)
  4. invention: n. invent v inventor 把这房间漆成黄色确实好多了.
5 punish: v 惩罚 punishment : n. 罚;惩罚,处罚[(+for)] Motorists should be severely punished for speeding. 超速驾车的人应受严厉惩罚. The teacher punished her students for cheating in the exam. 老师处罚学生考试作弊.
  6. ugly: adj (反)beautiful / cute
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  7. instead of 代替,而不是 (后接名词,代词,动名词) He will go to the meeting instead of you. They had to walk there because of the terrible weather instead of driving.
  8. research: n. 调查;研究 She's doing cancer research. For further research, contact us on 833125
  19. They have done a lot of research on the topic.
  9. proud: adj 自豪的,骄傲的 He's too proud to speak to poor people like us. 他太骄傲了,从不与我们这样的穷人说话. 自豪的,得意的[F][(+of)][+to-v][+(that)] She is proud that she is the cheerleader of the school. 她以当学校啦啦队队长而自豪. She is proud of her accomplishments. 她为自己的成就而自豪.
I'm proud to be your friend. 做你的朋友我感到骄傲.
二.重点词组
  1. the lifestyle of a flying doctor
  2. provide sth. for sb. = provide sb. with sth.
  3. be proud of sb./ sth.
  4. all we need
  5. the most important thing for sb
  6. support one's work
  7. far away from
  8. take a shower
  9. make the world a better place for children
  10. leave sth +prep.+ sp.
  11. tell sb not to do sth
  12. save money / time / water
  13. in many parts of the world
  14. improve the life of patients
  15. be treated with kindness
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  16. donate money to World Vision
  17. instead of working to support their families
  18. protect wildlife
  19. be not afraid of flying any more
  20. get good grades on
  21. develop so quickly
  22. so many patients with eye problems / so little education such rich teaching experience
  23. a meaningful job
  24. because of the war
  25. do some volunteer work
  26. sell Christmas cards
  27. to support one's family
  28. do a lot of research on …
  29. keep studying
  30. pay for the book
  31. spend a lot of money on CD / such little children
三.语法句型
  1. 复习用后缀-ment, -ness, -ion 来构成名词
  2. using 'sothat' and 'suchthat'
  3. I spent a lot of money on going out to restaurants and cinemas.
  4. UNICEF believes that all children should have clean water and food so that they can be healthy.
  5. They should go to school instead of working to support their families.
  6. I want to donate money to World Wide Fund for Nature because I love animals.
  7. She does such an important job that many people are grateful to her.
四.书面表达 根据下列提示写一篇短文
  1. Little Stick / get up / 2 a.m. every morning /
  2. He / work on the farm / all day /
  3. He / not read
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or write /
  4. A UNICEF worker /come to his village / one day /
  5. He / give some books / Little Stick /
  6. He / read and write
  7. He / go to school /every day now
  8. He / hope / be a teacher
五.Homework
  1. 背第六单元单词
  2. 完成《中考作业本》
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